Pavitra PAUL


Dr. PAUL Pavitra, PhD. is an economist working in the areas of health and wellbeing, and sustainable development. Dr. PAUL was an “Academy of Finland” scholar [Grant number: 318573; 2018] during 2018 – 2019 for his study, “the welfare effect of choice in a compulsory insurance based health system in the Russian Federation”. He is credited with scientific publications in high impact journals like Applied Economics, International Journal of Health Economics and Management, and so on. His scientific publications can be accessed in

His research streams are (1) evaluating public policy, and equity of health policies and healthcare services, (2) choice modelling for healthcare service/s consumption and welfare measures, and (3) measuring health systems’ performance. He is having  an advanced level of training in “Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development” from United Nations System Staff College, Turin, Italy, and in “International Health and Policy Evaluation” from Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Pavitra is spearheading the ongoing initiative of “Examining Health Systems’ efficiency” under the auspices of International Health Economics Association –

During the period between 2012 and 2018, Pavitra was the course teacher for “Public Health Economics”, “Health Policy” and “Health Systems” in the Master’s program of University of Eastern Finland, Finland. Till 2019, he was uninterruptedly a European Union Erasmus + teacher for “Public Health Economics” course in MPH program of Rīga Stradiņš University, RIga, Latvija, the course that Pavitra has introduced in 2014.

Dr. PAUL is an Associate Editor of International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care (IJTAHC), and is a member in the scientific review panel (s) of (1) Applied Economics; (2) BMC Health Services Research; (3) International Journal for Equity in Health; (4) International Journal of Health Economics and Management; (5) Medical Decision Making; (6) PLOS One; and (7) Transportmetrica A: Transport Science.

Recent Publications

Paul P, Arra B., Hakobyan M., Hovhannisyan MG. and Kauhanen J. (2021): ”The determinants of under-5 age children malnutrition and the differences in the distribution of stunting — A study from Armenia”. PLoS ONE 16(5):e0249776,

Paul P. (2019): “The distributive fairness of out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure in the Russian Federation”. International Journal of Health Economics and Management, 2019,
[This study examines the effect of (1) changes in the distribution of socioeconomic position on out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure distribution and (2) urban-rural segmentation of population in the distribution of out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure].

Paul P., Berlin C., Maessen M. and Valtonen H. (2018): “A comparison of regret-based and utility-based discrete choice modelling – an empirical illustration with hospital bed choice”. Applied Economics, 2018,
[This empirical study compares two approaches – regret minimization and utility maximization in choice modelling using Swiss hospitalisation data (2005-2012)].

• Berķe-Berga A., Paul P. and Valtonen H. (2017): “Examining Health Inequalities in Latvia – “A Decade of Association between Socioeconomic Position and Perceived Health Status”. BioMed Research International, 2017,
[This study identifies the determinants of health inequalities in Latvian population and estimates the changes over time in proportional contribution of different socioeconomic strata related determinants in Latvian health inequalities].

Paul P. and Valtonen H. (2016): “Health inequality in the Russian Federation: An examination of the changes in concentration and achievement indices from 1994 to 2013”. International Journal for Equity in Health, 15(36), DOI: 10.1186/s12939-016-0325-9.
[This paper estimates the magnitude of health inequalities ascribed to socioeconomic strata from 1994 to 2013 in the Russian Federation].

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