[CSH-CPR Urban Workshop #146 ONLINE] How the content of demands shapes government responsiveness: theory and evidence from Mumbai (T. Kumar)
The Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH) & The Centre for Policy Research (CPR)
How the content of demands shapes government responsiveness: theory and evidence from Mumbai
Tuesday, 26 April 2022, 6:30 PM IST onwards.
The session will be online via Zoom. To register, kindly fill This Form
The session will also be live-streamed on the CPR Facebook page.
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About the Talk
When citizens lodge formal complaints with bureaucrats, how does the content of their demands shape government responsiveness? This paper distinguishes between complaints demanding the reallocation of resources between citizens and those that simply require some level of state capacity to address. Bureaucratic handlers are less likely to address reallocating demands because their resolution may generate new complaints by other citizens who lose out because their resources have been redistributed. Furthermore, communities with better services are more likely to make non-reallocating demands, and more responsiveness to these demands can encourage future complaint-making. When controlling for other channels of mediation and political influence, formal complaint institutions can generate a virtuous cycle of complaint-making and responsiveness, but only where levels of service provision are already high. The theory is supported using a differences-in-differences design, supervised learning for text classification, and original data on the universe of digital complaints in Mumbai’s water sector from 2016-2018.
About the Speaker
Tanu Kumar is a postdoctoral researcher at William & Mary. Starting July 2022, she will be an Assistant Professor at Claremont Graduate University. She studies urban politics and political behavior in India and is working on a book exploring the role of subsidised homeownership in social mobility in low- and middle-income countries.
This is the hundred and forty-sixth (146) in a series of Urban Workshops planned by the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), New Delhi and the Centre for Policy Research (CPR). These workshops seek to provoke public discussion on issues relating to the development of the city and try to address all its facets including its administration, culture, economy, society, and politics. For further information, please contact: Aprajita Sarcar of CSH at email@example.com, Mukta Naik at firstname.lastname@example.org or Marie-Hélène Zerah at email@example.com