CSSH http://www.csh-delhi.com/ Mon, 16 Jan 2017 12:46:39 GMT FeedCreator 1.8.0-dev (info@mypapit.net) __404__ http://www.csh-delhi.com/434-404 Mauvaise pioche : cette page est introuvable !

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Thu, 09 Apr 2015 08:13:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/434-404
Dengue spatial analysis in Delhi (Analyse de l’Emergence de la Dengue Et Simulation Spatiale - AEDESS) http://www.csh-delhi.com/71-analyse-de-l-emergence-de-la-dengue-et-simulation-spatiale-aedess-dengue-spatial-analysis-in-delhi
Dengue, a viral infection transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, is a rapidly growing public health problem in tropical and sub-tropical countries. An estimated 2.5 billion people live in affected areas according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). The annual number of dengue infections is estimated to be 70 million to 500 million according to the Dengue Vaccine Initiative (DVI)


Mon, 24 Aug 2015 05:03:01 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/71-analyse-de-l-emergence-de-la-dengue-et-simulation-spatiale-aedess-dengue-spatial-analysis-in-delhi
Presentation http://www.csh-delhi.com/72-presentation

A social science centre engaged in major issues facing contemporary India and South Asia in an era of globalization


The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH)
is part of a network of research centres of the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

The institution traces its origins to 1980 when the French Archaeological Delegation in Afghanistan moved, from Kabul to Delhi, following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The CSH was officially created in 1990 and initially conducted research on history and Indo-Persian culture. In 1995, the CSH became a centre specialising in the study of contemporary dynamics of development in India and South Asia.

  • Objectives and mission

As a research centre, the overall objective of the CSH is to examine the various transition processes that affect India and the South Asian region along with the impacts of globalization. The research fields cover the entire spectrum of Social Sciences and Humanities (economics, political science, international relations, international law, geography, demography, sociology, anthropology and other areas).

In pursuit of its mission, the CSH follows a three-way strategy 

    • Production of social science knowledge
Through its numerous collaborations with Indian and Global partners in the field of Social and Human Sciences, the CSH fulfils its function of scientific cooperation.

    • Social science outreach
In organizing a variety of events, the CSH gives opportunities to its researchers to share the fruits of their work, to compare them with those of Indian and South Asian institutions and also to disseminate research beyond academic circles, working on topics that are relevant for economic agents and political decision-makers.

    • Promotion of research
Thanks to its dynamic publications and its collaborations with reputed academic journals and publishing houses, the CSH aims to promote the diffusion of research works across South Asian countries and beyond. 
Tue, 23 Feb 2016 12:27:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/72-presentation
Muslims in Indian Cities: Trajectories of Marginalisation http://www.csh-delhi.com/74-muslims-in-indian-cities-trajectories-of-marginalisation

Numbering more than 150 million, Muslims constitute the largest minority in India, yet they suffer the most politically and socioeconomically. Forced to contend with severe and persistent prejudice, India's Muslims are often targets of violence and collective acts of murder.

While the quality of Muslim life may lag behind that of Hindus nationally, local and inclusive cultures have been resilient in the south and the east. Within India's cities, however, the challenges Muslims face can be harder to read. In the Hindi belt and in the north, Muslims have known less peace, especially in the riot-prone areas of Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Jaipur, and Aligarh, and in the capitals of former Muslim states -- Delhi, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Lucknow. These cities are rife with Muslim ghettos and slums. However, self-segregation has also played a part in forming Muslim enclaves, such as in Delhi and Aligarh, where traditional elites and a new Muslim middle class have regrouped for physical and cultural protection.

Combining firsthand testimony with sound critical analysis, this volume follows urban Muslim life in eleven Indian cities, providing uncommon insight into a little-known but highly consequential subject.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:42:58 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/74-muslims-in-indian-cities-trajectories-of-marginalisation
Urban Policies and the Right to the City in India : Rights, Responsibilities and Citizenship http://www.csh-delhi.com/75-urban-policies-and-the-right-to-the-city-in-india-rights-responsibilities-and-citizenship This Research Policy Paper is the result of a collaboration between the CSH and the MOST-UNESCO Programme. It appears timely to open up this debate when various governmental programmes are being launched and when this question is debated internationally.

The “World Charter for the Right to the City”, elaborated at the Social Forum for the Americas (Quito, July 2004) and at the World Urban Forum (Barcelona, September 2004) resulted from a series of struggles, by various social movements and organizations, to promote a rights-based approach to the challenges of urbanization. This charter received the support of several local governments, which took up the task of elaborating city charters, and of international organizations, including the UN-HABITAT and the UNESCO. Since 2005, the UN-HABITAT and the UNESCO have launched a series of actions on the question of urban citizenship and the right to the city. In particular, in 2005, UNESCO and UN-HABITAT started a project entitled “Urban Policies and the Right to the City: Rights, Responsibilities and Citizenship” (Brown and Kristianson, 2009) and the latest UN-HABITAT report on the state of the world’s cities articulates the importance of taking forward the right to the city as a vehicle for social inclusion.

The objectives of this research-policy paper are twofold: (i) to discuss the Right to the City (RTTC) approach and to examine its analytical and pragmatic value for the case of Indian cities; and (ii) to take stock, on a number of themes (women in the city, access to decent housing and urban services, discrimination, livelihoods, land, etc.), of the existing situation and problems, including the legal and policy framework, and of the directions that are - or should be - taken towards the promotion of social justice. As part of this exercise, the report aims at assessing various public policies in terms of their inclusiveness, understanding their limits, and proposing a series of recommendations.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:42:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/75-urban-policies-and-the-right-to-the-city-in-india-rights-responsibilities-and-citizenship
Team http://www.csh-delhi.com/76-team Wed, 24 Sep 2014 06:40:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/76-team Contact http://www.csh-delhi.com/78-contact HOW TO FIND US ?

For further information, feel free to contact us


Telephone Operator: Mr. Kumar
phone Phone:
+91 72 90 00 65 82

General Secretary
: Mr. Amit Arora
phone Phone:
72 90 00 65 83

Director's Secretary: Ms. Sneha Kapoor
phone Phone: +91 72 90 00 65 81

mail Mail: communication@csh-delhi.com

Our library is open to 

Monday to Friday 9.00 am to 5.30 pm
Librarian: Priyanka JAIN
mail Mail: priyanka.jain@csh-delhi.com


Address : 2 APJ Abdul Kalam Road, New Delhi 110011 India

Metro :     Yellow line "Race Course"  
                Purple line "Khan Market"

- 13 kilometres from the Indira Gandhi International Airport, 5 kilometres from Connaught Place (city centre) and close to Taj Mahal Hotel -


{loadposition gmap}

Click here for CSH Website Privacy Policy
Mon, 19 Sep 2016 06:56:51 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/78-contact
The 'Indian' communities of the Réunion: national and transnational identity politics http://www.csh-delhi.com/80-the-indian-communities-of-the-reunion-national-and-transnational-identity-politics Defining the body politics and the perimeter of the nation is an ever-evolving task for policy makers and governments. In the past decades, the surge in international migrations has accelerated their reformulation. In India, like in France, the definition of citizenry is fiercely debated. This project, run conjointly with Dr Anouck Carsignol, wishes to look at the population of Indian origin in the French département of the Réunion, a peripheral population in a peripheral territory, in order to highlight the social and political engineering at work in both countries' understanding of national identity and assess the role of a diaspora in bilateral relations and its possible transformation into a lobby. This project aims at providing a historical and sociological account of an understudied and overlooked group, shedding light on the role of diasporas as an original form of power in international relations, and on the political economy between Paris and New Delhi via Saint Denis de la Réunion.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:30:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/80-the-indian-communities-of-the-reunion-national-and-transnational-identity-politics
China and India in Central Asia: A New "Great Game"? http://www.csh-delhi.com/82-china-and-india-in-central-asia-a-new-great-game Summary:

Chinese and Indian growing interests in Central Asia disrupt the traditional Russian-U.S. “Great Game” at the heart of the old continent. Though for the moment India is unable to equally compete against the Chinese presence in post-Soviet Central Asia, New Delhi is well-established in Afghanistan and has begun to cast its eyes toward the north to the shores of the Caspian Sea. In the years to come, both Asian powers are looking to redeploy their rivalry on the Central Asian and Afghan theaters on a geopolitical, but also political and economic level.

List of Illustrations :

Notes on Contributors
1 Why Central Asia? The Strategic Rationale of Indian and Chinese Involvement in the Region
The Editors
Part I Negotiating Projections of Power in Central Asia
2 Russia Facing China and India in Central Asia: Cooperation, Competition, and Hesitations
Marlène Laruelle
3 Central Asia-China Relations and Their Relative Weight in Chinese Foreign Policy
Jean-Pierre Cabestan
4 An Elephant in a China Shop? India’s Look North to Central Asia…Seeing Only China
Emilian Kavalski
5 Afghanistan and Regional Strategy: The India Factor
Meena Singh Roy
6 Afghan Factor in Reviving the Sino-Pak Axis
Swaran Singh
Part II India and China in Central Asia, between Cooperation, Parallelism, and Competition
7 Indian and China in Central Asia: Mirroring Their Bilateral Relations
Jean-François Huchet
8 India-China Interactions in Central Asia through the Prism of Paul Kennedy’s Analysis of Great Powers
Basudeb Chaudhuri and Manpreet Sethi
9 Cooperation or Competition? China and India in Central Asia
Zhao Huasheng
Part III Chinese and Indian Economic Implementations from the Caspian Basin to Afghanistan
10 Scramble for Caspian Energy: Can Big Power Competition Sidestep China and India?
P. L. Dash
11 Comparing the Economic Involvement of China and India in Post-Soviet Central Asia
Sébastien Peyrouse
12 The Reconstruction in Afghanistan: The Indian and Chinese Contribution
Gulshan Sachdeva
Part IV Revisited Historical Backgrounds, Disputed Religious Modernities
13 From the Oxus to the Indus: Looking Back at India-Central Asia Connections in the Early Modern Age
Laurent Gayer
14 Uyghur Islam: Caught Between Foreign Influences and Domestic Constraints
Rémi Castets
15 The Jama’at al Tabligh in Central Asia—A Mediator in the Recreation of Islamic Relations with the Indian Subcontinent
Bayram Balci

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:43:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/82-china-and-india-in-central-asia-a-new-great-game
Bollywood: Cinema et mondialisation http://www.csh-delhi.com/83-bollywood-cinema-et-mondialisation Today all eyes in the West are riveted on Asia to an extent that some have started to ask if the global economic centre is now shifting from the Atlantic towards the Indian Ocean. The trajectory of development in India has given her a great cultural credibility on the international plane and helped to look at popular Indian cinema from fresh perspectives. In the present age of globalisation of cultural industry, Bollywood’s resistance to Hollywood productions in its internal market and its presence outside constitute an exception.

An analysis of the strengths acquired in the course of decades, the ongoing metamorphosis and the major challenges to meet, can give the clue to an in-depth understanding of Indian cinema. A transversal analysis of the different steps in the process of cinematographic creation – production, distribution of films, the technical industry, reception by public, the cinematographic forms and content, representative of the past two decades – reveal the major challenges and limitations involved in this confrontation of popular Indian cinema with the model of Hollywood and that of large multimedia groups.

Taking contemporary issues into account, this book proposes for the first time to approach Bollywood from the perspective of cultural industry. This work launches us into the heart of a unique system – expanding and profitable, entertaining and innovative.

Keywords: Cinema, Globalisation, Cultural industry

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:32:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/83-bollywood-cinema-et-mondialisation
Agriculture and Food in India: A Half-century Review from Independence to Globalization http://www.csh-delhi.com/84-agriculture-and-food-in-india-a-half-century-review-from-independence-to-globalization More than a fifth of the world’s farmers live in India, which has over a billion inhabitants to support and feed. From Independence in 1947 to the lifting of trade barriers in 2001, this book explains how the Indian Union has succeeded in becoming one of the world’s leading food producers, but also why it is still a land of poverty.
The various aspects of the question are addressed, from the environment (cultural and natural, local and international) to institutions and food products. The ins and outs of the green revolution are obviously discussed, but so are those of other less familiar coloured revolutions (white for dairy, yellow for vegetable oils, blue for aquaculture), not forgetting horticultural and poultry dynamics, as well as products that give India its flavor (spices, tea, and other plantation crops). Three core issues are debated at the end: the unsolved problem of poverty and under-nutrition, the worrying deterioration of natural resources, and the recent economic liberalization.
This half-century review, which takes the form of a handbook for a broad readership, enlightens us on both the past and future paths of the world’s biggest democracy.

• Nature: From Sandy Desert to Evergreen Forest
• Population: A Melting Pot
• Government: Between Centralism and decentralization
• Land: A Focus for Reform and Conflict
• Food: A Cultural Issue

• Spices and Nuts: A Taste of Ancient India
• Tea, Coffee, Tobacco: Colonial Plantations under State Boards
• Cotton: Between Agriculture and Industry
• Sugar Cane: A Green Revolution Flavour

• The Motive: To Assert the Independence of a Young Nation
-- Hunger in British India
-- Agriculture or Industry?
-- The Decisive Crisis
• The Technical Solution: A ‘Package’ of Three Ingredients
-- High-Yielding Seeds (HYV)
-- Chemical fertilizers
-- Irrigation
• The Economic Solution: Procurement and Redistribution
-- Procuring Goods with Attractive Farm Prices
-- Redistributing Stocks to Consumers at Low Prices
-- Collecting and Distributing Savings More Efficiently
• The Reward: Cereal Self-sufficiency

• The White Revolution of Milk: Recycling Food Aid
-- Getting up Steam
-- The Liberalization Circuit Breakers
• The Yellow Revolution of Oilseeds: An Impossible Mission?
-- The Workings of the Scandal
-- Sam’s Oilcan
-- Business as Usual

• Horticulture: A Growing Nursery
-- A Garden for Middlemen
-- A Slow Process
-- A Political Ground
• Animal Protein: Hatcheries and Hindrances
-- Cattle Meat: A World Apart
-- Aviculture: Soaring over Cities
-- Fish and Shellfish: Fishing for Currency

• A Multitude of Poverty Alleviation Programmes
• Centralization, Bureaucracy and Corruption
• Chronic Poverty and Under-nutrition

• The Water War
• Environmental Damages
• Endangered Biodiversity

• The Jump into Free-market Economy (1991)
• The GATT Agreements on Agriculture (1994) and after
-- Domestic Support: A Missed Opportunity for Domestic Reform
-- Export Support: On the Offensive
-- Market Access: A Comfortable Reform
• A Huge Market to Satisfy (up to 2030)


Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:43:52 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/84-agriculture-and-food-in-india-a-half-century-review-from-independence-to-globalization
Governing India's Metropolises http://www.csh-delhi.com/85-governing-india-s-metropolises Urban governance today is characterized by a multiplicity of actors involved in the management of local affairs. The questions for inquiry are: who are the individuals and institutions, public and private, who actually plan and manage urban affairs? In what ways do they do so? Whose interests are accommodated, and under what conditions can co-operative action be taken? And, more generally, in what ways are interactions between the many actors of urban governance patterned?

This volume, based on a series of case studies from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Hyderabad, discusses the governance of Indian metropolises with these questions in mind. It analyses the changes that have taken place in governance over the last 15 years as a result of liberalization and decentralization, focusing on six collective services: primary education, healthcare, subsidized food, slum rehabilitation, water and sanitation, and solid waste management.

The book documents the continued appropriation of the state by an enlarged elite (including the vast middle class) and an incomplete democratization of urban local bodies (evident in the lack of empowerment of municipal councilors), which goes along with a new economic regime as defined by new modes of engagement between the private sector and the state. Also, the concept of governance as it is operationalized in this volume highlights the importance of class in interactions between actors. By disentangling formal elements of governance (legitimized by the state) from informal ones (involving actors who are beyond the recognition of the state) the book ultimately reveals various power equations at play.

This volume will be of interest to scholars and students of sociology, political science, development studies, development economics, urban planning, and public policy studies.

Part A: Themes and Issues in Governance
1.    Engaging with the Concept of Governance in the Study of Indian Metropolises
Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
2.    A Comparative Overview of Urban Governance in Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai
Archana Ghosh, Loraine Kennedy, Joël Ruet, Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal, and Marie-Hélène Zérah
3.    New Patterns of Participation Shaping Urban Governance
Loraine Kennedy
4.    Class in Metropolitan India: The Rise of the Middle Classes
Jos Mooij and Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
5.    Vertical Governance:  Brokerage, Patronage and Corruption in Indian Metropolises
Girish Kumar and Frédéric Landy (with T. François, D. Ruby and P. Sekhsaria)
Part B: Sectors, Programmes, Access, and Publicness in Urban Governance
6.    Primary education in Delhi, Hyderabad and Kolkata: Governance by Resignation, Privatization by Default
Jos Mooij and Jennifer Jalal
7.    Assessing Urban Governance through the Prism of Healthcare Services in Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai
Loraine Kennedy, Ravi Duggal and Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
8.    From Polarization to Urban De-integration: Water and Sanitation in Delhi, Kolkata and Hyderabad
Joël Ruet, Keshab Das, Agnès Huchon, and Guillaume Tricot
9.    Participatory Urban Governance and Slum Development in Hyderabad and Kolkata
Archana Ghosh
10.    Reforming Solid Waste Management in Mumbai and Hyderabad: Policy Convergence, Distinctive Processes
Marie-Hélène Zérah
11.    Thinking the Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai Experience: Emerging Modes of Urban Governance and State Intervention
Joël Ruet

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:44:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/85-governing-india-s-metropolises
Health Sector Reforms in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/86-health-sector-reforms-in-india Health sector reforms, initially touted as the World Bank’s prescription and hence roundly rejected by concerned scholars, have slowly but gradually started to gain grounds in India. Indeed, some of the reform measures adopted in a few states had preceded 1991 economic reforms.

The objective of this book is to capture the various strands of reforms which had started unfolding since the late 1980s itself. Following the case study method, this volume also looks into the functioning of Rogi Kalyan Samities (RKS) and lady health volunteers, both adapted as critical components of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), a flagship program of the UPA government which aims at injecting new life into the public health care system by strengthening the health infrastructure and providing a functional link between the community and the hospitals.

Not only does this volume draw on experiences of some of the states but by offering empirical evidences on some of the successful initiatives it enriches our understanding of the impact of reform measures.

1.    Introduction: Health Sector Reforms in India: Issues, Experiences and Trends
Girish Kumar
2.    Decentralizing Health Care Delivery System in West Bengal: A Review of Recent Initiatives
Buddhadeb Ghosh
3.    Health Sector Reforms in Kerala: Decentralization Initiatives and the Lessons
Joy Elamon
4.    Access to Medicines in Public Health Care: Lessons from Tamil Nadu
N. Lalitha
5.    Health Sector Reforms in Orissa: Some Experiences
Subrata Kundu
6.    The Myth of the Mitanin: Political Constraints on Structural Reforms in Health Care in Chhattisgarh
Binayak Sen
7.    User Fee in Public Health Care Institutions
Abusaleh Shariff and Subrata K. Mondal
8.    Public Hospital Reforms in Madhya Pradesh: Perceptions and Trends
Girish Kumar
9.    Making of a Primary Health Centre: The SEWA Rural’s Experiment of NGO-GO partnership
Pankaj Shah, Lata Desai and Shobha Shah
10.    For Whom the Reform Tolls?
Alain Vaguet
11.    Ideology and Health Sector Reforms: A State-Level Analysis
Rama V. Baru

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:45:09 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/86-health-sector-reforms-in-india
Indian Health Landscapes under Globalization http://www.csh-delhi.com/87-indian-health-landscapes-under-globalization This volume brings together a varied array of perspectives on contemporary health and health care in India. Since Independence, in spite of reduced budget, India has been able to achieve a notable improvement in the life expectancy of the population. After the recent liberalization of the economy, whether the government can safeguard the autonomy of public health, promote efficiency and escape the invariable commodification of health services is the question this very timely volume raises.
French and Indian geographers, sociologists, economists, lawyers, make use of a global perspective to introduce the outcome of the process of globalization in the field of Indian health systems in this volume. This systematic examination of costs and benefits seems a good indicator of the level of integration of a rapidly developing country. The authors have clearly stated their preferences, but the comparative studies will enable the reader to obtain a balanced point of view.
Finally, working within the field of health, viewed as a key component of the state and society mutations under globalization processes, allowed the authors to demonstrate its risks, as well as its advantages through vital case studies. The major changes can only take place when the global and the national interact in the same direction, otherwise the indigenization of global process will get subsumed under social flux.

1.    Introduction: Indian Health Landscapes under Globalization Treatment?
Alain Vaguet

A.    Contrasting Landscapes of Globalization
2.    Spatial Dimensions and Emergence of HIV/AIDS in India: Geographic Concepts for Understanding AIDS
Emmanuel Eliot
3.    Health, Societies and Identities in the Globalization Era: The Example of Yoga Therapy
Anne-Cécile Hoyez

B.    Towards Landscapes of Globalization
4.    Bringing World-class Health Care to India’. The Rise of Corporate Hospitals
Bertrand Lefebvre
5.    Delhi: Towards a Healthy City
Surinder Aggarwal

C.    Allopathic Landscapes under Global Competition
6.    India in the World of Pharmaceuticals: Dualities of a New Challenger
Pierre Chapelet
7.    International Legal System on Pharmaceutical Patents and its Impact on the South: Economic and Legal Analysis of India's Case
Julien Chaisse and Samira Guennif
8.    Why Should we Produce More Doctors?: Socio-economic and Political Framework of a Doctor in India
Rais Akhtar

A.    Pending Globalization Landscapes
9.    Delhi NGOs Take Charge of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: An Obligation for Proximity
Mathilde Clerc
10.    From Global Policy to Local Politics: The Eradication of Leprosy in India
Fabienne Martin
11.    Water and Re-emergence of Epidemics in Chennai (Tamil Nadu): Along the Path of Globalization
Sandrine Brisset

B.    Unequal Globalization Landscapes
12.    The Paradox of Proximity: Accessibility to Maternal Care Infrastructure in Rural South India
Virginie Chasles
13.    Local Democracy and Access to Health Services in Delhi: Preliminary Remarks
Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
14.    Indian Health Landscapes: Concluding Remarks
Sarah Curtis

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:45:51 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/87-indian-health-landscapes-under-globalization
Spatial Trends and Social Change Among South Asian Religious Minorities http://www.csh-delhi.com/88-spatial-trends-and-social-change-among-south-asian-religious-minorities This project deals with religious minorities in contemporary India. These minorities account for nearly 20% of the Indian population, out of which Muslims represent the “dominant” religious minority. The members of the project will examine how religious minorities, be they Indian Muslims or Christians in India, or Hindus in Pakistan, are socially and politically constructed during the contemporary period.

The competing processes of registering social and religious identities are of particular interest here. While the implementation of the decennial census and its social effects during the colonial period has been the subject of numerous works, few researchers, however, have attempted to deconstruct the more complex processes whereby the production of social and religious statistics by various groups and organizations led to controversies which, in turn, generated conflicts of representation of the social and political spaces of these minorities. The study of these politics of numbers will enable us to better understand, on one hand, how certain segments of society are categorized and, on the other, the renegotiation of the status of religious minorities.

In parallel, attention will be paid to the contents of affirmative action-like policies towards social and religious minorities, which have not only structured the public and political debate during the postcolonial period, but also fostered processes of socio-spatial marginalization. For instance, various public policies (linguistic, reservation, education) designed by the government since Independence to better integrate weaker sections of society also contributed to the marginalization of religious groups in the social and educational landscapes.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:47:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/88-spatial-trends-and-social-change-among-south-asian-religious-minorities
Efficiency and productivity of Indian pharmaceutical industries since the reforms: Malmquist-Meta-Frontier approach http://www.csh-delhi.com/89-efficiency-and-productivity-of-indian-pharmaceutical-industries-since-the-reforms-malmquist-meta-frontier-approach The object of this research project is to examine how best the Indian Drugs and the Pharmaceutical firms are performing in the post reform era. The importance of analyzing the ‘performance’ of the Indian pharmaceutical firms arises because the industry has evolved around the process patent regime of 1970 by‘re-engineering’ the ‘patented-product’ of the foreign companies. However, the recognition of product patent in the amended patent act of 2005 and the changes in the domestic regulation in 1991 has opened up new challenges for the Indian Pharmaceutical firms. It is expected that all firms may not benefit equally from a competitive environment in a knowledge-intensive sector like pharmaceuticals, where firms differ with respect to their access to technology and state-of-knowledge. The present study therefore examined who are the gainer and the loser due to the policy changes and what implication it has on the structure of the industry. Using firm level panel data that spans from 1991 to 2005, the performance of the firms has been evaluated by examining their efficiency, productivity and profitability. An in-depth analysis of the efficiency and the productivity of the firms have been done using the advanced technique of Malmquist Productivity Index and Meta-Frontier Approach to efficiency analysis. The profitability of the firms has been examined using the dynamic panel data models.

Results from the analysis shows that the policy changes have generated new production possibilities and there is an outward shift in the production frontier of the sector. However, it is interesting to note that on an average; only a few firms have been able to access the benefit of technical change. Consequently, the efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms has deteriorated whenever there is technological progress. We also notice that due to policy changes the profitability of the firms has also declined. Thus, we can conclude by stating that while the market reforms has indeed opened up new production opportunities due to the entry of new firms in the market with better technologies or due to access to better technology, a large section of small and medium sized firms have failed to appropriate the growing market opportunities. Consequently, on an average the performance of the firms has deteriorated due to market reform. A look into the determinants of the efficiency of the firms reveals that small firms can gain efficiency if they grow in size. However, large-sized firms cannot gain efficiency if they simply merge in size. Significant gain in the efficiency is, however, possible if firms integrate vertically with the down-stream firms that produce the raw material or bulk drugs. It is also interesting to note that the recent R&D initiatives of the firms can be useful to achieve higher efficiency only when it is targeted for high value products and done in large scale. However, few firms have the financial capacity to undertake R&D in large scale. Thus, the study underlies the importance of public-private partnership to boost up the R&D ambience of the country. Results from the profitability analysis indicate that by spending more on marketing the profitability of the firm falls. Instead, a firm should spend more on R&D to come out with new product and then market its product.

Paper Presented in National and International Seminars:

‘Globalization and Indian Industries : A Case of Pharma sector’ paper presented in the Symposium ‘The Challenges of Globalisation: Australian and Indian Perspectives’ on 27 and 28th April 2010 New Delhi organized by the University of Melbourne, in partnership with the University of Delhi.

“Examining the Efficiency and Productivity Changes of the Indian Pharmaceutical Firms: A Malmquist –Meta Frontier Approach” paper presented in the 6th North American Productivity Workshop June 2-5 2010 organised in the RICE university Houston USA.

“The Sources of Heterogeneity in the Efficiency of Indian Pharmaceutical Firms” paper presented in the 6th North American Productivity Workshop June 2-5 2010 organised in the RICE university Houston USA.

Publication in 2010 from the Project:
(1)”Comparing the Efficiency of the Indian Pharmaceutical Firms: A Meta-Frontier Approach” The Indian Economic Journal Vol 57, Number 4 pp 60-83 by Mainak Mazumdar and Meenakshi Rajeev.

Papers under Revision :
(2)‘Do Higher Spending in Marketing Enables Firms to Earn Higher Profits: the case of Indian Pharmaceutical Industry’ under revision in the ‘International Journal for Industrial Organisation, Elsevier Publication ’

(3) ‘A Group-Wise Comparison of the Efficiency of Indian Pharmaceutical Firms’ under revision in the ‘Bulletin of Economic Research, Blackwell Publication’

(4) ‘Product Patent, Emerging Strategies and Productivity & Efficiency of the firms: A Malmquist-Meta-Frontier Approach’ under revision in the Empirical Economics Springer Publication’.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:48:41 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/89-efficiency-and-productivity-of-indian-pharmaceutical-industries-since-the-reforms-malmquist-meta-frontier-approach
Product Patent and its implication on the Problem of Availability of Patented Drugs http://www.csh-delhi.com/90-product-patent-and-its-implication-on-the-problem-of-availability-of-patented-drugs This project theoretically examines the potential effect of product patent on the availability of an essential drug in developing countries like India under different scenarios. Previous studies have indicated the possibility of a product patent making a drug unavailable in a developing nation. This has been shown under the uniform pricing policy adopted by the multinational company (MNC) that produces the drug. Allowing for price discrimination and comparing it with the above situation, we have argued that the problem of non-availability of a patented drug is, indeed, much less serious. However, successful price discrimination is not possible when markets are not perfectly segmented and ‘‘parallel trade’’ (a form of arbitrage) by the distributors exists. Our theoretical model incorporates such a possibility and establishes that even in the presence of parallel trade and cournot competition among the distributors, the MNC can earn higher profits by supplying the drug to both the developed and the developing nations than by confining itself to the markets of developed countries.

Publication from the project in 2010:

“Product Patent, the Problem of Availability of the Patented Drugs and Parallel Trade: A Theoretical Approach” Journal of World Intellectual Property Right (2010) Vol 13, Issue 4 The Journal of World Intellectual Property pages 581–604, co-authored with Meenakshi Rajeev

Under Second Round of Revision:

“The Problem of Availability of Patented Drugs Due to Parallel Trade: A Theoretical Approach”; International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier Publication.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:49:35 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/90-product-patent-and-its-implication-on-the-problem-of-availability-of-patented-drugs
Militarizing Women: The Individual Trajectories and Organizational Shaping of Female Irregular Combatants in South Asia http://www.csh-delhi.com/91-militarizing-women-the-individual-trajectories-and-organizational-shaping-of-female-irregular-combatants-in-south-asia This research project focuses on the enrolment of women into irregular armed groups in South Asia, and more particularly in three conflict zones where women were found involved in political violence against the state and the civilian population: the Indian Punjab, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In a comparative perspective, this study revolves around three complementary questions. The first part of the study consists in a comparative assessment of the recruitment policies of the major armed groups active in the three regions: the Sikh guerillas fighting for ‘Khalistan’, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of Nepal and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka. What was the response of these armed groups to the ‘offer’ of militancy coming from women? And how did they implement and justify this militarization of women in the face of local taboos aiming to keep women at a distance from violent activities ?

The second part of the study consists in a longitudinal analysis of individual recruits’ trajectories, through a life-histories approach relying upon interviews with former combatants, personal observations and autobiographical texts produced by these veterans.

Finally, this project is concerned with the impact of militancy on women’s personal trajectories and on women in the larger society. To what extent, and for how long, is it possible to talk of an empowerment through the gun, as Nepalese or Tamil martial feminists claim ? Is such an empowerment conditional to the pursuit of the war or can it be consolidated after the guns fall silent ? And is the notion of ‘empowerment’ the most appropriate to assess these trajectories of violent subjectivation, or should we reclaim the part of subjection inherent to such violent becomings ?

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:38:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/91-militarizing-women-the-individual-trajectories-and-organizational-shaping-of-female-irregular-combatants-in-south-asia
Muslims of Indian Cities, between Enclavement and Ghettoization http://www.csh-delhi.com/92-muslims-of-indian-cities-between-enclavement-and-ghettoization This collective research project came into being in 2009, in the continuity of the CSH research program « Restructuring of Contemporary Islam in Asia, from the Caucasus to China », financed by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

This CSH-CERI joint-initiative involved around 15 participants, including a large number of French and Indian PhD candidates. Following the publication of the reports of the Sachar Committee (2006) and Mishra Commission (2007), the participants looked at the trajectories of marginalization of Indian Muslims and their spatial outcomes in urban environments. Indeed, if the majority of Indian Muslims (65 %) still live in rural areas, their community is also the most urbanized in the country. And unlike the situation which prevails among other religious communities, urban Muslims are on average poorer than their coreligionists in the countryside. They have also been more exposed to the threat of communal violence, whose intensification since the 1980s reshaped the social geography of many Indian cities, contributing to the mushrooming of Muslim enclaves, slums and –less frequently– ghettos.

This project and the collective volume which will be published in 2011 supplement an ethnographic approach of Muslims in 12 Indian cities (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Varanasi, Aligarh, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Bhopal, Cuttack, Calicut and Bangalore) with a quantitative methodology in order to give a first-hand account of an untold story.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:46:10 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/92-muslims-of-indian-cities-between-enclavement-and-ghettoization
The Making of Indian Engineers http://www.csh-delhi.com/93-the-making-of-indian-engineers Among the new professions that have emerged since the 1950s, engineers are the most eminent groups to have gained a great amount of social recognition and prestige, far ahead of lawyers, doctors and those belonging to intellectual professions. Principal actors of Indian economic and industrial development, symbol of Indian modernity, mostly highly successful in the US, engineers are in a profession that many urban middle class families push their children (preferably boys rather than girls) to get into. Benefiting from the import substitution industrial State policy initiated by Jawaharlal Nehru after Independence, engineers have expanded in number and shifted to new specialisations from the 1980s onwards, with the liberalisation of the economy and the export oriented policy defended by private entrepreneurs and regulated by the State. We hypothesise that within half a century, Indian engineers who were closely linked with the State in the fifties and the sixties are by and large now dependant on market forces. Yet the sociology of professions is not a well-developed field of research in Indian sociology, despite the fact that the Indian caste system, whose religious and political aspects have been laboriously worked upon by scholars, rely partly on the specialisation of occupations and the social division of labour. Among the modern professions that have emerged, only the most ancient, i.e. doctors and lawyers whose genesis dates back to the colonial era, have been studied and that too not very thoroughly. Academic studies dealing with the sociology of Indian engineers are almost non-existent, and only recently has the Information Technology (IT) sector attracted the attention of social anthropologists. However, we almost know nothing about the social background of engineers whatever be their specialised disciplines.

This project, co-directed by Roland Lardinois (CSH) and Vigneswara Ilavarasam (IIT-Delhi), aims at filling up these gaps and will focus on four main themes: the history and structure of the engineers as professional groups embedded in a hierarchical and ordered society; degrees, labour market, employment and work; engineering ethics and values in a multi-denominational society; and the gender issues.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:48:04 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/93-the-making-of-indian-engineers
Newsletter http://www.csh-delhi.com/441-newsletters-pattrika  pattrika


Pattrika is the bulletin of the French Research Institutes in India :

  • Centre de Sciences Humaines de New Delhi
2016 : 
2015 :

2014 :

2013 :

2012 :

2011 :

2010 :

2009 :

2005 :

2004 :

2003 :
Tue, 29 Nov 2016 10:31:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/441-newsletters-pattrika
Dynamiques péri-urbaines : Population, habitat et environnement dans les périphéries des grandes métropoles http://www.csh-delhi.com/95-dynamiques-peri-urbaines-population-habitat-et-environnement-dans-les-peripheries-des-grandes-metropoles Centre Population et Développement, Les numériques du CEPED, Paris

Available on CDROM and at the CEPED Web site

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:24:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/95-dynamiques-peri-urbaines-population-habitat-et-environnement-dans-les-peripheries-des-grandes-metropoles
Dynamiques périurbaines : population, habitat et environnement dans les périphéries des grandes métropoles indiennes Rapport Final http://www.csh-delhi.com/96-dynamiques-periurbaines-population-habitat-et-environnement-dans-les-peripheries-des-grandes-metropoles-indiennes-rapport-final Rapport soumis au Ministère de la Recherche et des nouvelles Technologies, Action Concertée Incitative "Espaces et Territoires", 36 pages Annexes :

  • Compilation des références et notes bibliographiques : 70 pages
  • Papers presented at the International Workshop, New Delhi, 25-27 August 2004: 361 pages
  • Communications présentées à l’Atelier international de mise en perspective comparative, CEPED, Nogent sur Marne, 15 Novembre 2004 : 151 pages
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:33:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/96-dynamiques-periurbaines-population-habitat-et-environnement-dans-les-peripheries-des-grandes-metropoles-indiennes-rapport-final
La mondialisation des paysages sanitaires Les groupes hospitaliers privés en Inde http://www.csh-delhi.com/97-la-mondialisation-des-paysages-sanitaires-les-groupes-hospitaliers-prives-en-inde Université Paris X-Nanterre, Nanterre

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:35:07 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/97-la-mondialisation-des-paysages-sanitaires-les-groupes-hospitaliers-prives-en-inde
Globalisation and Opening Markets in Developing Markets in Developing Countries and Impact on National Firms and Public Governance The Case of India http://www.csh-delhi.com/98-globalisation-and-opening-markets-in-developing-markets-in-developing-countries-and-impact-on-national-firms-and-public-governance-the-case-of-india Report by CSH, CERNA, LSE, ORF, NCAER, New Delhi

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:33:55 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/98-globalisation-and-opening-markets-in-developing-markets-in-developing-countries-and-impact-on-national-firms-and-public-governance-the-case-of-india
Etude du réseau de distribution d'électricité à Mumbai Interaction entre le mode de gestion du réseau et les dynamiques de fragmentations urbaines http://www.csh-delhi.com/99-etude-du-reseau-de-distribution-d-electricite-a-mumbai-interaction-entre-le-mode-de-gestion-du-reseau-et-les-dynamiques-de-fragmentations-urbaines MPhil dissertation, ENTPE, Vaux-en-Velin

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:34:10 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/99-etude-du-reseau-de-distribution-d-electricite-a-mumbai-interaction-entre-le-mode-de-gestion-du-reseau-et-les-dynamiques-de-fragmentations-urbaines
Market Development of Water & Waste Technologies through Environmental Economics http://www.csh-delhi.com/100-market-development-of-water-waste-technologies-through-environmental-economics Final Synthetic Report to the French Ministry of Research

CERNA, Meed SA, Paris

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:22:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/100-market-development-of-water-waste-technologies-through-environmental-economics
Resisting Neo-liberal Globalisation? A Study of Social Movements and the World Social Forum in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/101-resisting-neo-liberal-globalisation-a-study-of-social-movements-and-the-world-social-forum-in-india CSH, New Delhi

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:16:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/101-resisting-neo-liberal-globalisation-a-study-of-social-movements-and-the-world-social-forum-in-india
International Relations in South Asia: Directory of Institutions http://www.csh-delhi.com/102-international-relations-in-south-asia-directory-of-institutions Manohar-CSH, New Delhi

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:16:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/102-international-relations-in-south-asia-directory-of-institutions
The Costs of water pollution in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/103-the-costs-of-water-pollution-in-india Network DEMATEDEE, Paris

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:15:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/103-the-costs-of-water-pollution-in-india
Biotechnology in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/104-biotechnology-in-india CSH-CERNA, New Delhi

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:15:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/104-biotechnology-in-india
Metropolisation et offre de soins Une approche SIG a Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/105-metropolisation-et-offre-de-soins-une-approche-sig-a-delhi Université de Rouen, CSH

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:34:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/105-metropolisation-et-offre-de-soins-une-approche-sig-a-delhi
Les ONG face au VIH/SIDA Entre institutions nationales, état, et societe civile L'exemple de Delhi, Inde http://www.csh-delhi.com/106-les-ong-face-au-vih-sida-entre-institutions-nationales-etat-et-societe-civile-l-exemple-de-delhi-inde Université de Rouen, CSH, Rouen

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:34:35 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/106-les-ong-face-au-vih-sida-entre-institutions-nationales-etat-et-societe-civile-l-exemple-de-delhi-inde
The Slum Sanitation Programme: a community-participative approach At what conditions co-production of sanitation services can achieve higher sustainable operation and maintenance by the communities through construction ... http://www.csh-delhi.com/107-the-slum-sanitation-programme-a-community-participative-approach-at-what-conditions-co-production-of-sanitation-services-can-achieve-higher-sustainable-operation-and-maintenance-by-the-communities mémoire de DEA, Université Paris-X Nanterre

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:35:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/107-the-slum-sanitation-programme-a-community-participative-approach-at-what-conditions-co-production-of-sanitation-services-can-achieve-higher-sustainable-operation-and-maintenance-by-the-communities
Rural impact of farmers selling water to Chennai Metropolitan Water Board: a case study of Magaral Panchayat http://www.csh-delhi.com/108-rural-impact-of-farmers-selling-water-to-chennai-metropolitan-water-board-a-case-study-of-magaral-panchayat CSH-Institut National d'Agronomie, New Delhi

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:10:35 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/108-rural-impact-of-farmers-selling-water-to-chennai-metropolitan-water-board-a-case-study-of-magaral-panchayat
L’enseignement supérieur en Inde http://www.csh-delhi.com/109-l-enseignement-superieur-en-inde Report by the CSH (with the cooperation of the Cultural Service of the French Embassy), New Delhi
1. Presentation
2. L'Education dans la Constitution
3. Les Politiques Educatives
4. Le dispositif administratif de l'Enseignement Superieur
5. Le dispositif administratif des Universites
6. Typologie des Etablissements d'Enseignement Superieur
7. Les Grandes Universites Indiennes
8. Essai de Hierarchisation des Etablissements
9. Le Financement de l'Enseignement Superieur Indien
10. La Demande d'Enseignement Superieur
11. Dysfonctionnements de l'Enseignement Superieur Indien
12. Conclusion

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:10:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/109-l-enseignement-superieur-en-inde
Le Patronat en Inde: Contours Sociologiques Des Acteurs et des Pratiques http://www.csh-delhi.com/110-le-patronat-en-inde-contours-sociologiques-des-acteurs-et-des-pratiques This 105 page study, published in French by the CSH in June 2000, was commissioned and sponsored by the Economic and Financial Mission of the Embassy of France, the Indo-French Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and 13 private companies settled in India (Aérospatiale, Alcatel, Alstom, Crédit Lyonnais, Faurecia, Lafarge, Pernod Ricard, Sanofi, Société Générale, Sofema, Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux, Thomson CSF, Schneider Electric) willing to have a better understanding of the sociological background of Indian entrepreneurs (family, caste, education, religion, politics, managerial practices, etc.).

The research team which took up this challenge under B. Dorin's leadership focused on three aspects: the socio-cultural background of the Indian businessmen (family, community, thought and value, by P. Lachaier, EFEO), the business families and the political arena (Ambani, Bajaj, Birla, Godrej and Tata's history from the British rule till the present, by A. Vaugier-Chatterjee, CSH), and the managerial class in its day-to-day practices (case study of a leather industry in Tamil Nadu, by N. Flamant, IFP).

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:10:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/110-le-patronat-en-inde-contours-sociologiques-des-acteurs-et-des-pratiques
L’Inde à la recherche d’une doctrine stratégique pour le 21ème siècle http://www.csh-delhi.com/118-l-inde-a-la-recherche-d-une-doctrine-strategique-pour-le-21eme-siecle Dans une période de crise économique internationale et d’incertitudes géopolitiques, la place de l’Inde en tant que puissance émergente n’est plus mise en question, malgré quelques inquiétudes récentes sur la baisse du taux de croissance et la lenteur des réformes économiques. Plusieurs responsables politiques indiens répondant récemment à des questions sur les grandes lignes d’une doctrine stratégique indienne dans les domaines économiques, géostratégiques et militaires, ont déclaré que l’Inde préférait montrer (ou être) l’exemple plutôt que de fonder ses choix sur des idéologies à priori, notamment par rapport aux grandes idéologies universalistes des pays développés.

Néanmoins, deux ouvrages récents (Raja Menon et Rajiv Kumar 2010, Sunil Khilnani et al 2012) réunissent les contributions d’experts reconnus du milieu des thinks-tanks et des éminences grises indiennes, dans lesquels ces derniers esquissent ce que pourraient être les grandes orientations stratégiques d’une Inde en quête de puissance pour les décennies à venir....

Complete article 
Thu, 23 Jan 2014 07:01:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/118-l-inde-a-la-recherche-d-une-doctrine-strategique-pour-le-21eme-siecle
Fragmented governance, divided cities The need for an integrated view on urban waste water: A Case Study of Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/119-fragmented-governance-divided-cities-the-need-for-an-integrated-view-on-urban-waste-water-a-case-study-of-delhi Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:35:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/119-fragmented-governance-divided-cities-the-need-for-an-integrated-view-on-urban-waste-water-a-case-study-of-delhi Closing the Gap between ‘Expert’ and ‘Lay' Knowledge in the Governance of Wastewater: Lessons and Reflections from New Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/120-closing-the-gap-between-expert-and-lay-knowledge-in-the-governance-of-wastewater-lessons-and-reflections-from-new-delhi Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:42:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/120-closing-the-gap-between-expert-and-lay-knowledge-in-the-governance-of-wastewater-lessons-and-reflections-from-new-delhi Re-nationalization of India's Political Party System or Continued Prevalence of Regionalism and Ethnicity ? Evidence from the 2009 General Elections http://www.csh-delhi.com/121-re-nationalization-of-india-s-political-party-system-or-continued-prevalence-of-regionalism-and-ethnicity-evidence-from-the-2009-general-elections Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:42:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/121-re-nationalization-of-india-s-political-party-system-or-continued-prevalence-of-regionalism-and-ethnicity-evidence-from-the-2009-general-elections Le rôle des associations de résidents dans la gestion des services urbains à Hyderabad http://www.csh-delhi.com/122-le-role-des-associations-de-residents-dans-la-gestion-des-services-urbains-a-hyderabad Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:42:14 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/122-le-role-des-associations-de-residents-dans-la-gestion-des-services-urbains-a-hyderabad Villes indiennes sous tutelle ? Une réflexion sur les échelles de gouvernance à partir des cas de Mumbai et Hyderabad http://www.csh-delhi.com/123-villes-indiennes-sous-tutelle-une-reflexion-sur-les-echelles-de-gouvernance-a-partir-des-cas-de-mumbai-et-hyderabad Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:43:08 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/123-villes-indiennes-sous-tutelle-une-reflexion-sur-les-echelles-de-gouvernance-a-partir-des-cas-de-mumbai-et-hyderabad Are South Indian farmers adaptable to global change? A case in an Andhra Pradesh catchment basin http://www.csh-delhi.com/124-are-south-indian-farmers-adaptable-to-global-change-a-case-in-an-andhra-pradesh-catchment-basin Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:07:08 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/124-are-south-indian-farmers-adaptable-to-global-change-a-case-in-an-andhra-pradesh-catchment-basin Employment Trends in India : A Re-examination http://www.csh-delhi.com/125-employment-trends-in-india-a-re-examination Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:06:52 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/125-employment-trends-in-india-a-re-examination Prem, vivah ra yaun (Amour-mariage-sexe [parmi les combattantes féminines de la PLA népalaise]) http://www.csh-delhi.com/126-prem-vivah-ra-yaun-amour-mariage-sexe-parmi-les-combattantes-feminines-de-la-pla-nepalaise Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:05:44 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/126-prem-vivah-ra-yaun-amour-mariage-sexe-parmi-les-combattantes-feminines-de-la-pla-nepalaise Cultes et cultures populaires au Pakistan : entre traditions et transgressions http://www.csh-delhi.com/127-cultes-et-cultures-populaires-au-pakistan-entre-traditions-et-transgressions Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:05:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/127-cultes-et-cultures-populaires-au-pakistan-entre-traditions-et-transgressions Castes et musulmans http://www.csh-delhi.com/128-castes-et-musulmans Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:05:10 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/128-castes-et-musulmans Interview on Small Town Governance Indian Institute of Ahmedabad, Newsletter The Globalizing State, Public Services and the New Governance of Urban Local Communities in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/129-interview-on-small-town-governance-indian-institute-of-ahmedabad-newsletter-the-globalizing-state-public-services-and-the-new-governance-of-urban-local-communities-in-india Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:36:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/129-interview-on-small-town-governance-indian-institute-of-ahmedabad-newsletter-the-globalizing-state-public-services-and-the-new-governance-of-urban-local-communities-in-india Why Not a Universal Food Security Legislation http://www.csh-delhi.com/130-why-not-a-universal-food-security-legislation Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:03:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/130-why-not-a-universal-food-security-legislation Compte-rendu de lecture : Les mutations de la société indienne http://www.csh-delhi.com/131-compte-rendu-de-lecture-les-mutations-de-la-societe-indienne Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:03:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/131-compte-rendu-de-lecture-les-mutations-de-la-societe-indienne Maoïsme et lutte armée en Inde contemporaine http://www.csh-delhi.com/132-maoisme-et-lutte-armee-en-inde-contemporaine Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:03:04 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/132-maoisme-et-lutte-armee-en-inde-contemporaine Delhi's Noor Masjid : Tales of a Martyred Mosque http://www.csh-delhi.com/133-delhi-s-noor-masjid-tales-of-a-martyred-mosque Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:02:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/133-delhi-s-noor-masjid-tales-of-a-martyred-mosque Le système indien de surveillance des maladies infectieuses face au risque denguien, croyances et actions de luttes sur les espaces endémiques http://www.csh-delhi.com/134-le-systeme-indien-de-surveillance-des-maladies-infectieuses-face-au-risque-denguien-croyances-et-actions-de-luttes-sur-les-espaces-endemiques Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:02:14 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/134-le-systeme-indien-de-surveillance-des-maladies-infectieuses-face-au-risque-denguien-croyances-et-actions-de-luttes-sur-les-espaces-endemiques Towards Universal Food Security http://www.csh-delhi.com/135-towards-universal-food-security Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:02:01 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/135-towards-universal-food-security Urban Democracy: A South Asian Perspective http://www.csh-delhi.com/136-urban-democracy-a-south-asian-perspective Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:01:54 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/136-urban-democracy-a-south-asian-perspective Gouvernance, nouvelles spatialités et enjeux sociaux dans les métropoles indiennes http://www.csh-delhi.com/137-gouvernance-nouvelles-spatialites-et-enjeux-sociaux-dans-les-metropoles-indiennes Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:01:44 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/137-gouvernance-nouvelles-spatialites-et-enjeux-sociaux-dans-les-metropoles-indiennes Sociabilités juives : parentèle et réseaux savants autour de Jean-Richard Bloch http://www.csh-delhi.com/138-sociabilites-juives-parentele-et-reseaux-savants-autour-de-jean-richard-bloch Wed, 26 Sep 2012 11:07:01 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/138-sociabilites-juives-parentele-et-reseaux-savants-autour-de-jean-richard-bloch “Slums in Indien - ein Überblick” (Slums in India - An overview) http://www.csh-delhi.com/139-slums-in-indien-ein-uberblick-slums-in-india-an-overview Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:01:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/139-slums-in-indien-ein-uberblick-slums-in-india-an-overview India and an Indian Village: 50 Years of Economic Development in Palanpur http://www.csh-delhi.com/140-india-and-an-indian-village-50-years-of-economic-development-in-palanpur Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:01:06 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/140-india-and-an-indian-village-50-years-of-economic-development-in-palanpur Non-Farm Diversification and Rural Poverty Decline : A Perspective from Indian Sample Survey and Village Study Data http://www.csh-delhi.com/141-non-farm-diversification-and-rural-poverty-decline-a-perspective-from-indian-sample-survey-and-village-study-data Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:00:55 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/141-non-farm-diversification-and-rural-poverty-decline-a-perspective-from-indian-sample-survey-and-village-study-data Poverty, Inequality and Mobility in Palanpur : Some Preliminary Results http://www.csh-delhi.com/142-poverty-inequality-and-mobility-in-palanpur-some-preliminary-results Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:00:45 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/142-poverty-inequality-and-mobility-in-palanpur-some-preliminary-results Tenancy in Palanpur http://www.csh-delhi.com/143-tenancy-in-palanpur Fri, 08 Feb 2013 06:00:37 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/143-tenancy-in-palanpur Change and Continuity: Agriculture in Palanpur http://www.csh-delhi.com/145-change-and-continuity-agriculture-in-palanpur Fri, 08 Feb 2013 05:56:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/145-change-and-continuity-agriculture-in-palanpur Compte-rendu de lecture: Annick, Fenet, Documents d’archéologie militante La mission Foucher en Afghanistan (1922-1925) http://www.csh-delhi.com/146-compte-rendu-de-lecture-annick-fenet-documents-d-archeologie-militante-la-mission-foucher-en-afghanistan-1922-1925 Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:36:19 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/146-compte-rendu-de-lecture-annick-fenet-documents-d-archeologie-militante-la-mission-foucher-en-afghanistan-1922-1925 An alternative to conventional public water service : “user group networks” in a Mumbai slum http://www.csh-delhi.com/147-an-alternative-to-conventional-public-water-service-user-group-networks-in-a-mumbai-slum Providing universal access to drinking water remains a formidable challenge in the cities of developing countries and all potential technical and institutional solutions need to be taken into account. By looking at the specific example of “user group networks” set up in a poor neighbourhood in the North-East of Mumbai, this article aims to highlight the ability of local communities to design and run functional systems that compensate for shortcomings in the public service. We will analyse the effective role that users play in regulating these groups at local level as well as the political-territorial implications of this type of management. After providing a clear overview of the systems that have emerged and their modus operandi, we will describe and assess them from a critical technical/economic perspective in order to suggest possible improvements.
More generally, our research is part of a broader attempt to study the different ways of providing access to urban water and the legitimacy of local communities in taking the process in hand. We wish to contribute to the debate that focuses on providing a differentiated service to the inhabitants of the same city.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:17:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/147-an-alternative-to-conventional-public-water-service-user-group-networks-in-a-mumbai-slum
Water, City and Urban Planning : assessing the role of groundwater in urban development planning in Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/148-water-city-and-urban-planning-assessing-the-role-of-groundwater-in-urban-development-planning-in-delhi This paper emphasises that the quality of our lives is dependent on the quality of our
environment, which, in turn, is dependent on the quality of land use as a result of urban
planning. In the process of urbanisation, the subsurface environment, namely the presence or
absence of groundwater is a key factor. This paper examines the role of groundwater in urban
development and planning from the point of view of sustainability of the in-situ resource in
the long term as an important source to meeting increasing water requirements of urban
agglomeration. The study area for the paper is the National Capital Territory (NCT) Delhi and
its peri-urban areas.

The existing urban agglomeration of Delhi is increasingly dependent on groundwater extraction
to meet the constant water demand - supply gap. This is resulting in a rapid decline of the
groundwater table in the NCT Delhi. In terms of the available and utilisable groundwater for
domestic and non-domestic requirements, the existing city core as well as the peri-urban areas
of Delhi have fallen into the category of overdrawn groundwater resources.
The paper examines the stages and patterns of urban evolution in the Delhi metropolis and
its peri-urban areas and links the role of groundwater in urban development from the past
to the present. With the help of a case study -‘Dwarka sub-city’ within the immediate urban
extensions in NCT Delhi, the paper establishes the systemic role that groundwater plays in the
various stages of urban development and planning in NCT Delhi and its peri-urban areas. Based
on the findings, the paper suggests policy interventions in developing a land use strategy for
urban areas reflecting concerns of sustainable use of groundwater in Delhi.

The above-stated research has been conducted by the author for his doctoral thesis submitted
at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland and has, in-part been supported by the Centre
de Sciences Humaines, New Delhi.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 11:59:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/148-water-city-and-urban-planning-assessing-the-role-of-groundwater-in-urban-development-planning-in-delhi
Voluntary Contribution in the Field: An Experiment in the Indian Himalayas http://www.csh-delhi.com/149-voluntary-contribution-in-the-field-an-experiment-in-the-indian-himalayas The public goods problem (Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons,1968), either viewed as a problem of extraction and optimal use of a resource, or that of shared contributions to the cost of a resource, has had a long history in the social sciences. Our experimental design, using methods in experimental economics, uses a standard Voluntary Contributions Mechanism (VCM) game with a moderately large group of ten and face-to-face communication between the participants. The subjects, who are villagers in the Gori-Ganga Basin of the Central Himalayas, are not re-matched every period. Our results are somewhat different from laboratory experiments using a similar design such as Isaac and Walker (1988a, 1988b). A noteworthy general observation is that even with a relatively low Marginal Per Capita Return (MPCR = 0.2) and a large group we find a steady contribution rate of around 55 per cent which diminishes slightly at the end of the session to around 50 per cent. We also delve into the demographic characteristics of our subject pool and find that individual contribution to the common pool is determined by gender, age, caste, literacy and the history of cooperation in the experiment. However, face-to-face communication is not seen to increase average individual contribution to the common pool.

Keywords: Voluntary contributions mechanism, field experiments, gender, caste, minority

JEL: C93; C72, H41; Q23

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:18:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/149-voluntary-contribution-in-the-field-an-experiment-in-the-indian-himalayas
The French Nuclear Energy Experience: Lessons for India http://www.csh-delhi.com/150-the-french-nuclear-energy-experience-lessons-for-india In September 2008, the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) granted a waiver to India for allowing nuclear commerce with the country without its having to accept full-scope safeguards on its nuclear programme. In October 2008, President Obama signed the 123 agreement. A few months later, India and the IAEA concluded the India Specific Safeguards Agreement (ISSA). With the conclusion of these three steps, India became an equal opportunity partner in international nuclear commerce after suffering from a long period of technology denial regimes.

Over the last two years, since the opening up of the opportunity, India has reached out to many countries for nuclear fuel and reactors. Amongst these, France stands out for several reasons.
For one, France is today a nation that is generating a large share of its electricity from nuclear reactors, having embarked on an ambitious nuclear power programme after the oil crisis in the
early 1970s in order to substantially reduce its dependence on imported energy sources. Nearly 80 per cent of French electricity needs are presently being met from nuclear power plants. Secondly, France is an active exporter of all nuclear activities and materials and has a lot to offer to an India that strives to put its nuclear energy generation on the fast track. Thirdly, India has a long-standing and largely cordial nuclear relationship with France.

The French tryst with nuclear energy holds several relevant lessons for India. The trigger for their nuclear programme, the manner in which it was pursued, the policy initiatives that made the rapid establishment possible, the kind of a role that the government played in the process, the nature of public-private relationship etc. are some of the questions that are of great relevance to India. This study seeks to derive lessons from the French nuclear energy experience that can be used to guide the Indian programme as it steps on the pedal to fast track nuclear expansion.

Keywords: Nuclear energy programme, India, France, nuclear cooperation, PHWR, FBR, nuclear waste management

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:18:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/150-the-french-nuclear-energy-experience-lessons-for-india
Sources of Heterogeneity in the Efficiency of Indian Pharmaceutical Firms http://www.csh-delhi.com/151-sources-of-heterogeneity-in-the-efficiency-of-indian-pharmaceutical-firms Using the non parametric approach of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) this paper examines the input and output efficiencies of the Indian pharmaceutical firms for the period 1991 to 2005. The analysis establishes that although the output efficiency level of firms reveals a declining trend, firms have been able to make efficient use of labour and raw material inputs. An analysis carried out to identify the determinants of output efficiency reveals that firms can attain higher efficiency by integrating with down-stream raw-material industry. We also find that increased spending in R&D related outlay is a possible strategic option for firms to gain higher efficiency
but it is applicable only to large-sized firms.

Keywords: Pharmaceutical, Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Non-Radial

JEL Classification: C14, C61, D21 L6

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:18:39 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/151-sources-of-heterogeneity-in-the-efficiency-of-indian-pharmaceutical-firms
The Impact of Slum Resettlement on Urban Integration in Mumbai: The Case of the Chandivali Project http://www.csh-delhi.com/152-the-impact-of-slum-resettlement-on-urban-integration-in-mumbai-the-case-of-the-chandivali-project Developing viable public policies of slum resettlement is a challenge faced by most urban policy-makers. It has, however, become a critical one in Mumbai – a city, housing some of the world’s highest population densities - a record number of slums-dwellers, but also the world’s largest urban protected forest: the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. By 1999 it was estimated that 60,000 households had illegally ‘encroached’ into the Park’s land and were to be evicted by local authorities.

This paper focuses on the Chandivali project, an unconventional slum resettlement scheme known as one of the largest ever developed, and targeting up to 25,000 of the families settled in the Park. Based on a stratified quantitative survey and an econometric analysis, it provides a detailed picture of the settlement history and the legal struggle that followed, emphasizing the links between demolitions, perceived security of tenure and housing investment.

The paper then concentrates on the key structural changes taking place at the time of shifting, in terms of the dwellers’ integration to their urban environment. We show that resettlement has positive short-term impacts on the access to basic infrastructure and to tenure security (mainly because of large-scale demolitions in initial slums), but has a negative effect on the access to social and transport infrastructure. Furthermore, employment comes out as the fundamental driver of long-term integration.

The project’s estimated disruptive effect on labour patterns remains limited, due to the satisfactory localization of the resettlement site: unemployment rates remain stable and job creations roughly compensate for loss of jobs. Adjustments mainly take place in the casual labour and self-employed sectors. Most alterations are due to a ‘family nuclearization process’, resulting from the lack of flexibility of the new tenements and leading to an illusory concentration of the employment structure in stable and better-paid jobs. We finally point out a significant increase in commuting distances and a strong job dependence on the initial area of living.

Keywords: Slum resettlement, Mumbai, Urban Economics, urban India, urban forest.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:18:48 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/152-the-impact-of-slum-resettlement-on-urban-integration-in-mumbai-the-case-of-the-chandivali-project
Nuclear Deterrence in Second Tier Nuclear States: A Case Study of India http://www.csh-delhi.com/153-nuclear-deterrence-in-second-tier-nuclear-states-a-case-study-of-india Nuclear deterrence today anchors the national security of all states that possess nuclear weapons. Certain principles or requirements of nuclear deterrence are the same for all such countries. For instance, the ability to threaten with ‘unacceptable damage’, or the ability to ‘raise the costs’ of an action that an adversary might want to take by threatening punishment that would make the act seem meaningless and even regrettable. But must every nuclear nation indulge in an exercise of large-scale warhead accumulation or yield refinements through nuclear testing, or creation of elaborate nuclear war fighting plans in order to claim credible deterrence? Can the practice of deterrence in the second tier states follow a different course?
The study examines the manner in which India is engaged in constructing a credible and stable deterrence relationship with two of its nuclear armed adversaries, Pakistan and China with an arsenal much smaller, and command and control structures far simpler than in any of the P-5 nations. Does this difference impact the nature of its nuclear deterrence? In its efforts at creating and sustaining credible nuclear deterrence should India necessarily be expected to follow the same path and rules as those of the P-5? Would it be compelled to build hundreds of warheads and a huge weapons infrastructure? Would a deterrence based on anything less not be credible or stable?
The study concludes that even countries with small nuclear arsenals behave no differently from states that possess several thousands of such weapons. The assumption that small nuclear arsenals and rudimentary command and control lend themselves to temptations of easy nuclear use is misplaced. Credible nuclear deterrence between India and Pakistan or India and China would hold on the same bases it has held elsewhere – fear of nuclear destruction, imposition of unacceptable damage, and the ability to rationally calculate and weigh the benefits against the costs of use of nuclear weapons.

Keywords: Nuclear deterrence, India, Pakistan, China, nuclear risk reduction

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:28:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/153-nuclear-deterrence-in-second-tier-nuclear-states-a-case-study-of-india
Negotiating the Terms of a New Social Contract: Private Companies, Civil Society and the State in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/154-negotiating-the-terms-of-a-new-social-contract-private-companies-civil-society-and-the-state-in-india The post-interventionist development strategy adopted by the Indian government from mid-1980s onwards has led to an increased contribution of private companies to the country’s economic growth. However, the benefits of the growth momentum are very unequally shared, at a time when social and environmental externalities weigh heavily on Indian society. In reaction to the state’s policies that seek to loosen social and environmental regulatory constraints, which presumably act as impediments to private investments, numerous civil society organizations are multiplying their efforts to improve the social behaviour of companies. They also advocate more balanced public policies, so as to protect affected social groups and preserve the environment in a more effective fashion. In this context, private companies operating in India are revising their strategies and practices in the field of CSR (corporate social responsibility), in order to promote their social legitimacy and preserve the investor-friendly attitude of public authorities. Based on a vast array of primary and secondary data, including qualitative interviews both at the national and local levels, this paper offers a detailed analysis of the stakes and dynamics at play in the public, civil and self-regulation of companies in India. With the rapid growth and modernization of the country as the backdrop, this paper points towards a reconfiguration of relationships and the balance of power among market players, the state and civil society organizations.

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, social and environmental regulation of companies, civil society, State in India

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:28:14 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/154-negotiating-the-terms-of-a-new-social-contract-private-companies-civil-society-and-the-state-in-india
Fiscal Federalism, State Lobbying and Discretionary Finance in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/155-fiscal-federalism-state-lobbying-and-discretionary-finance-in-india In a quasi-federal democratic polity such as India’s, lobbying for central funds by the states is often done in a covert fashion. Unlike as in the USA’s fully federal structure, lobbying is not institutionalized in India and hence lacks legitimacy. It thus becomes difficult to gauge how much lobbying has been done towards a particular end. The present paper is one of the first attempts at constructing certain proxy political variables to quantify the extent of such lobbying in India. Here an effort has been made to quantify lobbying in terms of ministerial representation in the council of ministers. We use several time and state dummies to account for the constituent states’ political alignment with the Centre as well as the ‘breaks’ in the Indian system represented by economic reforms and the advent of coalition politics. Taking panel data covering 20 years and 14 major states, the study shows that its constructed variables do explain disparity in central fund disbursements under the discretionary head in a robust way. Discretionary disbursement mainly refers to that part of the central fiscal disbursement to states distributed through union ministries or the Planning Commission but which is, at every instance, non-formulaic. These findings remain valid even after we take into account the impact of income on the transfers, dealing with it as an endogenous variable. Finally, the present exercise leaves open the question that coalition governments and economic reform measures tend to impact on state lobbying at the Centre in a significant manner.

Keywords: state lobbying, discretionary disbursement, political variables

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:28:24 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/155-fiscal-federalism-state-lobbying-and-discretionary-finance-in-india
Between Citizens and Institutions: The Dynamics of the Integration of Water Supply and Sanitation Services in Hyderabad http://www.csh-delhi.com/156-between-citizens-and-institutions-the-dynamics-of-the-integration-of-water-supply-and-sanitation-services-in-hyderabad Abstract

Urban growth in Hyderabad has underscored the need for restructuring urban services, starting with public utilities. What changes are taking place in this sector? Who initiates and implements policies? What is their impact on the public? These questions are addressed in this detailed study of Hyderabad's water supply and sanitation services. The paper focuses on institutional changes with regard to the main service providers - the Hyderabad Metro Water Supply and Sewerage Board and the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad - and provides a critical analysis of restructuring and policies ostensibly aimed at providing uniform service throughout the metropolitan region. In order to evaluate how policies play out on the ground, two distinct areas of the city were selected for field surveys. In this way, the spatial dimension of urban service delivery - including deployment of physical infrastructure networks as well as social infrastructure - was examined in order to analyze the relative integration of a city and to determine the main factors of segregation. The findings dispel a number of conventional ideas about unequal service levels between the old and new parts of the city and between different income groups, and offer a more nuanced explanation for differential access using both social and spatial variables. The paper also addresses the demand side of the water supply and sanitation equation, analyzing the ways in which different categories of users try to improve access or service levels. The authors explore user expectations and the various means deployed to channel grievances, which reveal different modes of democratic interaction between the public and the authorities.

This study contributes to debates surrounding urban governance and decentralization in India's cities. On one hand, it enhances understanding of recent developments in Hyderabad, a city on the forefront of many urban reforms in recent years. On the other hand, its analytical method - combining a macro study of institutional changes on the supply side with field surveys to analyze differential social and spatial access to service and household practices for improving service levels - offers numerous insights that are significant for studies of other metropolitan cities.

Table of Contents




1.Medium and Long-term Objectives: Rationalizing the Service

a.Infrastructural Requirements

b.Outsourcing of Operations at the Consumers' End

c.Integration of Municipal Services into a Single Entity for the Whole City

d.General Trends in Andhra Pradesh

2.Short-term Objectives: Reinventing the Relationship with Consumers

a.Customer Satisfaction

b.Improvement of Public Image

3.At What Level should the Service be Standardized?

a.Connecting Individual Lines to the Network

b.Sewerage Network

c. Storm Water Drainage


1.Slight Difference in Service between the Two Sections

2.Old Urban Infrastructure and Economic Dynamism

3.The Special Case of Slums and Underprivileged Localities

4.Inadequate Correlation between Standard of Living and Level of Service

5.Is there Uniform Implementation of Directives from Above by Section 0ffices?


1.Individual Complaints: Differences in Response according to Locality

2.Representation: Need for Intermediaries

a.Neighbourhood Democracy

b.The Municipal Corporator: A Representative of the People and a Partner of the Administration?

3.Arrangements of Residents' Associations: Joint Representation and Common Equipment

a.To Support and Relieve or Substitute Public Authorities?

b.Question of Social Redistribution





The CSH Occasional Papers can be downloaded for free on the CSH website

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:28:30 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/156-between-citizens-and-institutions-the-dynamics-of-the-integration-of-water-supply-and-sanitation-services-in-hyderabad
Aligning Development, Air Quality and Climate Policies for Multiple Dividends http://www.csh-delhi.com/157-aligning-development-air-quality-and-climate-policies-for-multiple-dividends Abstract

This paper proposes that environment protection should be made complementary to the development process, by aligning different policies that avoid trade-offs and generate multiple dividends during policy implementation. This is especially true for developing countries where crucial development policies with long-term implications are being formulated. There is a good opportunity to align development, local air quality management and climate change policies that both reduces costs and achieves multiple dividends. Empirical evidence, including the Environmental Kuznets’ Curve, shows that, as a country progresses economically, concern develops for the environment due to availability of resources and public pressure. This is found more for local pollutants, while preventing greenhouse gas emissions need conscious policymaking. This approach is reflected in developing countries, where air quality problems are being addressed individually. A more pro-active approach would generate no-regrets options, moving a country on a pathway that prevents local air quality deterioration and is also less carbon-intensive. Since developing countries fear that climate change negotiations can impede development, developed countries should support their move to align policies by directing climate-related as well as public/private flows towards a development-oriented pathway. This would create leverage effects on implementation of domestic policies and help overcome transaction costs. A win-win situation can thus emerge, which addresses the developing countries’ concerns of development and local air quality management along with the global concern for climate change.


Taking India’s case, this paper looks at policies in the planning process incorporating the environmental agenda. The focus is on preventing local air quality deterioration. But, since benefits related to preventing greenhouse gas emissions often lie at the margin, conjoint benefits can be obtained at optimal costs. This paper looks at measures like use of CNG in public transport and development of mass rapid transit systems. Systems like the Metro Rail address congestion problems besides providing suitable means of public transport. Similarly, promoting CNG on environmental grounds would enhance CNG availability for power generation. Research shows opportunities for conjoint mitigation of CO2 and SO2 emissions from the power sector. Adoption of these measures requires conscious attempts by national policymakers, with support in the form of technological and investment flows from developed countries.


Table of Contents


1. Inter-linkages between development, climate change and air quality

2. Development and energy use

3. Existing policy approaches of developed and developing countries

4. Case for aligning policies in developing countries

5. Paper structure

I. Economics of Alignment

1. Environmental Kuznets’ Curve

2. No-regrets options

3. Leverage effects of alignment

II. Multiple Dividends from Alignment: Indian Experience

1. Energy and environment profile

2. Existing policies linking development and environment

3. Alternate policies and measures

III. Developing an Architecture for Alignment

1. Policy approaches

2. Shifting towards an environment-friendly pathway

3. Global mechanisms to facilitate alignment, with emphasis on climate change negotiations

4. Some specific policy options

IV. Conclusion


Appendix I: AIM/Local Model

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:28:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/157-aligning-development-air-quality-and-climate-policies-for-multiple-dividends
Is India Better off Today than 15 Years Ago? A Robust Multidimensional Answer http://www.csh-delhi.com/158-is-india-better-off-today-than-15-years-ago-a-robust-multidimensional-answer Abstract

This paper provides a robust normative evaluation of the spectacular growth episode that India has experienced in the last 15 years. Specifically, the paper compares the evolution, between 1988, 1996 and 2001 of the distribution of several individual attributes on the basis of ethically robust dominance criteria. The individual attributes considered are real consumption (measured at the individual level), literacy rate, infant mortality and violent crime rates (all measured at the district levels). District level variables are interpreted as (local) public goods which, along with consumption, are assumed to contribute to individual well-being. The robust criteria used are generalizations, to more than two attributes, of the first and second order dominance criteria of Atkinson and Bourguignon (1982) and are known to correspond to the unanimity of utilitarian value judgements taken over a specific class of individual utility functions. The main result of the empirical analysis is that all utilitarian rankings of distributions of the four attributes who assume that individual utility functions satisfy the assumptions of second order dominance agree that India is better off in 2002 than in 1988 or 1996 but that these rankings disagree as to how to rank 1988 and 1996. Furthermore, if one removes crime from the list of attributes, the dominance is shown to apply steadily over the whole period.


Table of Contents


Presentation of the criteria

One-dimensional setting

Multidimensional setting

Empirical implementation


Statistical methodology

One-dimensional comparisons

Distributions of consumption

Distributions of district public goods

Multidimensional comparisons


Appendix A. Proof of the sufficiency part of proposition 3

Appendix B. Statistical Inference

Appendix C. Details of statistical tests


Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:28:52 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/158-is-india-better-off-today-than-15-years-ago-a-robust-multidimensional-answer
Trade and Economic Arrangements between India and South East Asia in the Context of Regional Construction and Globalisation http://www.csh-delhi.com/159-trade-and-economic-arrangements-between-india-and-south-east-asia-in-the-context-of-regional-construction-and-globalisation The economic and trade relations between India, on one hand, and South-East Asia, on the other hand, are shaped by numerous agreements and groupings, which may become formal international Organisations in the future. They are indeed based not only on comprehensive economic agreements or free trade agreements between India and ASEAN or at the bilateral level with Thailand and Singapore in particular, but also on the BIMST-EC and MGC groupings. After having been mainly based on informality and ad hoc arrangements, they are today more institutionalised and founded on a more formal corpus of law. This paper first presents those regional initiatives, and how they are governed and managed. Then, it makes the statement that they are overlapping but, at the same time, they are also influenced by the same philosophy of trade and economic liberalization and influenced by the WTO system, in terms of law, institutions and dispute settlement. They are also the result of a tension between the multilateral, regional and bilateral levels and they aim to protect different interests at different levels. The paper finally discusses the possible influence of these arrangements between India and South-East Asia on the future organisation of the regional economic and trade integration of East-Asia.


Table of Contents


About the Author

List of Tables


Trade and Economic Arrangements and Groupings between India and South-east Asia: An Overall Presentation

- ASEAN’s (Association of South-East Asian Nations) Evolution

- India’s External Policy on Economy and Trade

- Development Trade and Economic Relations between India and ASEAN

- New Regional Groupings between India and South Asian States: BIMST-EC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Cooperation) and Economic Cooperation and MGC (Mekong-Ganga Cooperation)

- Bilateral Trade and Economic Relations

- Regional Trade and Economic Arrangements and the World Trade System

The Institutional Frame for Trade Liberalization and Economic Cooperation between India and South-East Asia

- The Institutional Frameworks at the Regional Level

- Legal and financial instruments

- Regional Disputes Settlement Mechanisms

- Trade management at the International Level: The World Trade Organisation system

- The World Trade Organisation system

Arrangements between India and South-East Asia: Creation of a Regional Legal System on its own or Decentralisation of the Multilateral Trade and Economic Law

- The Compatibility of Regional Trade Agreements (RTA) with the WTO Regime

- An Infinitely Variable Trade and Economic Law: Overlapping or Complementary Agreements between India and South-East Asia

- The Ongoing Creation of Multilateral and Regional System of Law


- Which Future for the Ongoing East Asian Community?

- Is ASEAN-India Partnership a Premise for a more Integrated East-Asia Community?


- Appendix 1: Asean and Indian Foreign Direct Investments

- Appendix 2: Comparative GDP Per Capita

- Appendix 3: India’s Trade with ASEAN Countries


Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:15:24 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/159-trade-and-economic-arrangements-between-india-and-south-east-asia-in-the-context-of-regional-construction-and-globalisation
IBSAC (INDIA, BRAZIL, SOUTH AFRICA, CHINA): A Potential Developing Country Coalition in WTO Negotiations http://www.csh-delhi.com/160-ibsac-india-brazil-south-africa-china-a-potential-developing-country-coalition-in-wto-negotiations The Doha Round of WTO trade negotiations is currently witnessing a deadlock, owing to the divergence of opinions between the developed and developing countries on future reform modalities. The deadlines for conclusion of the negotiation, as set by the WTO after the Hong Kong Ministerial (2005), have already been missed. While the blame game between the developed and developing countries is on, it cannot be denied that the absence of multilateral trade reform is hurting the interests of the developing countries more as compared to their developed counterparts. Therefore, it is imperative that the developing countries with similar trade interest come closer and jointly negotiate with developed countries in order to extract maximum benefits.

Developing country negotiating blocs at the multilateral trade forums is not something new. However, with the rising market share of the developing countries in world trade, both in case of merchandise products and services trade, their presence in the negotiating forum is more noteworthy vis-à-vis the same observed during the Uruguay Round. The recent developing country blocs with sectoral focus like G-20 and G-33 on agriculture, NAMA-11 on industrial products and G-24 on services could be quoted in this context. However, it has been argued that drafting a negotiating agenda which will be suited to a large number of developing countries and the LDCs on agriculture, manufacturing and services is quite difficult, while doing the same by a smaller group of developing countries at a comparable level of development is much easier. India, Brazil, South Africa and China (IBSAC), the four leading developing countries, could form one such group.

The current paper analyzes the ongoing collaborations between the IBSAC countries on various issues and looks into the possibility of the formation of a formal IBSAC bargaining coalition in the coming future. It further considers the possibility of strengthening the bond between the IBSAC countries through formation of a Free Trade Area (FTA) or by entering into a Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). It concludes that while the IBSA collaboration seems more likely, the participation of China in this proposed initiative is expected to be limited and issue-based, depending on its perceived gains from that move. Protecting developing country interests is currently not, and neither is likely to emerge as a major driving force behind China’s trade policy-making exercises in coming future.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
List of Abbreviations
List of Groupings at the GATT / WTO quoted in the volume
1. Introduction
2. India, Brazil, South Africa and China: A Trade Profile
3. The WTO Negotiations towards a Developing-Country Alliance: Past, Present and the Future
4. IBSAC and the Growing Regionalism: A Response to Slow pace of Multilateral Negotiation?
5. The Possible Emergence of IBSAC as a Negotiating Coalition at WTO: An Analysis of Commonalities and Concerns
6. The Role of IBSAC-Plus: Strengthening the Negotiating Bond?
7. In lieu of Conclusion

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:15:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/160-ibsac-india-brazil-south-africa-china-a-potential-developing-country-coalition-in-wto-negotiations
Peri-urban dynamics: Case studies in Chennai, Hyderabad and Mumbai http://www.csh-delhi.com/161-peri-urban-dynamics-case-studies-in-chennai-hyderabad-and-mumbai This Occasional Paper is the third and last volume of a series on Peri-urban Dynamics. It focuses on selected case studies, drawing from the experiences of peripheral development in Chennai, Hyderabad and Mumbai. The broader context of metropolitan growth in India, as well as the background of the urbanization pattern in the states where these cities are located, are at the outset introduced by N. Sridharan.

The dynamism of the peripheral areas of Chennai has been captured by Pushpa Arabindoo (Chapter 2) by comparing the changes that have occurred over a period of time in terms of socio-spatial transformations in two contrasted peri-urban neighbourhoods.

The outward growth of Hyderabad triggered by the development of the Information Technology sector is examined by Leclerc and Bourguignon (Chapter 3) through the case study of the urbanized village of Madhapur and its IT Park (HITEC City); The authors explore and analyse population mobility as a key indicator of the level of integration of an IT cluster within the whole city.

Himanshu Burte and Malini Krishnankutty’s essay (Chapter 4) adopts a different perspective of the urban edge and conceptualizes it in the form of ecological footprints and how the city invades and expands over natural landscapes on the western coast of Mumbai.

These papers highlight conditions of development on the periphery, and how these affect the urban core and the periphery’s spatial, economic and other linkages.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
N. Sridharan

2. Neighbourhood Transformations in Peri-Urban Chennai
Pushpa Arabindoo

3. Defining the urban fringe through population mobility: the case of Madhapur and its Information Technology Park (HITEC City – Hyderabad)
Eric Leclerc & Camille Bourguignon

4. On the Edge: Planning, Describing and Imagining the Seaside Edge of Mumbai
Himanshu Burte & Malini Krishnankutty

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:15:10 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/161-peri-urban-dynamics-case-studies-in-chennai-hyderabad-and-mumbai
Instability at the Gate: India’s Troubled Northeast and its External Connections http://www.csh-delhi.com/162-instability-at-the-gate-india-s-troubled-northeast-and-its-external-connections India’s Northeast has long been described as a remote and sensitive area, racially and culturally disconnected to mainland India but strategically attached to it. Expressions of ethnic identities since India’s independence have been very blunt in the whole region and many sub-nationalists developed a strong separatist stream from the late 1940s.
Rapidly, the ethnic struggle became a well-organised and multidimensional militancy which took up arms and launched various enduring insurgencies against India’s central government. Facing a harsher repression orchestrated by New Delhi, the few separatist groups that had burgeoned in the region turned rapidly radical. Moreover, most of them had found in the local population their main back-up : the “Robin Hood syndrome” they had created enabled them to benefit from a wide popular support.

This paper intends first to give a brief overview of the rise and growth of some of those separatist groups, with a special focus on the Nagas, the Mizos and the Assam movement.
Insurgency took different forms in the Northeast as ethnic leaders chose different paths, means and patrons to pursue their struggle for recognition and/or separatism. Indeed, most of the armed ultras soon criminalised their activities in order to sustain their struggle.
An analysis of the degeneration of these sub-nationalist movements into mere criminal groups has been proposed in this paper. With the Indian Armed Forces having more and more capacities and discretionary power of action, insurgency has radicalised its forms and activities. The criminalisation process will be broached by focusing the study on few separatist groups that have dropped their original revolutionary and lofty ideals to concentrate their struggle on easy money and underground activities, in spite of the fact that individualised interests, internecine rivalries and indiscriminate violence have often
turned the population against those outfits.

Finally, how has the externality of the insurgency influenced this phenomenon? The third part of the paper will propose an overview of the rapid externalisation of all the insurgent groups. The linkages they have established across borders enabled them to obtain friendly support (Pakistan), funding (China, LTTE) and strategic shelter (Burma, Bangladesh). We will attempt to demonstrate how these external connections fuelled the instability in the Northeast and conceptualised their struggle and survival. However, in the meantime, the external factor could also be the solution to the problem: by opening up the Northeast and developing it as a result of a more globalised local economy, the stalemate could possibly be overcome.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:15:03 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/162-instability-at-the-gate-india-s-troubled-northeast-and-its-external-connections
Peri-urbanisation in Tamil Nadu : a quantitative approach http://www.csh-delhi.com/163-peri-urbanisation-in-tamil-nadu-a-quantitative-approach In a context of fast socio-economic transition, the primary role of towns on rural change is to question. By endeavouring to free ourselves of ideological baggage (rural or urban bias), this paper is an attempt to measure the extent of peri-urbanisation that has taken place in Tamil Nadu.

This work is based on geographical data, based on the 1991 census for Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. The author undertook a systematic exploration of the relation between the 225 urban areas and the 16,085 villages in Tamil Nadu in order to estimate the influence of the urban areas on the surrounding villages.

After re-examining the definition of urban areas, this paper underlines the diversity of peri-urbanisation, not only according to the type of town, but also on the basis of accessibility to these towns.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:14:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/163-peri-urbanisation-in-tamil-nadu-a-quantitative-approach
Peri-urban dynamics – population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises http://www.csh-delhi.com/164-peri-urban-dynamics-population-habitat-and-environment-on-the-peripheries-of-large-indian-metropolises Specific forms of urbanisation are evolving on the peripheries of the large developing metropolises. These processes of peri-urbanisation result in the formation of “mixed spaces”, midway between urban centres and rural spaces – transitional spaces subject to rapid and multiple transformations: physical, morphological, socio-demographic, cultural, economic and functional.

Our initial hypothesis in order to understand these processes is that within the metropolitan areas ‘location’ is never neutral. The urban peripheries do not constitute a simple framework of analysis, but a specific space pin which settlement patterns, and land use correspond to diverse and often conflicting stakes, indicative of processes signifying a political and societal vision of the city and access to it.

Mixed spaces, apportioned between populations with contrasting lifestyles and varied land use, peri-urban spaces are also disputed spaces, bringing into play divergent and even conflicting interests. The need for housing, especially by the poor, the development and maintenance of greenbelts and new industrial zones, enter into competition.

The papers included in this first volume of the series of three Occasional Papers on peri-urban dynamics highlight the forces that govern peri-urbanisation and reflect upon the main issues at stake, as presented in the introduction (Véronique Dupont). They also attempt, more specifically, to refine the concepts related to the ‘peri-urban’ spatial category, and to better define and delimit this research ‘object’. The authors examine not only the literature related to the Indian and Asian metropolises (Hans Schenk), as well as other developing countries (Suresh Rohilla), but also explore the concepts and models elaborated to analyse the evolution of the western metropolis, drawing in particular on the North American case (Paul Jargowsky, Pushpa Arabindoo) and the French case (Philippe Cadène).

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:14:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/164-peri-urban-dynamics-population-habitat-and-environment-on-the-peripheries-of-large-indian-metropolises
Ensuring the Conformity of Domestic Law With World Trade Organisation Law India as a case study http://www.csh-delhi.com/165-ensuring-the-conformity-of-domestic-law-with-world-trade-organisation-law-india-as-a-case-study The World Trade Organisation (WTO), established in 1995, provides a contractual framework within which Member States undertake to implement law and regulations regarding foreign trade in a wide range of sectors. The purpose of this study is to examine why and how WTO rules are actually implemented and to what extent they have changed Indian law.

The conformity of Indian law to WTO regulations is compulsory for two reasons. Firstly, by declaring that “each member shall ensure the conformity of its law, regulations and administrative procedures with its obligations as provided in the annexed Agreements”, the Agreement establishing WTO affirms the obligation for all the Members to ensure such compliance. The legal consequences of this obligation are discussed with regard to the effective adaptation of Indian domestic law. Secondly, WTO has set up a new dispute settlement mechanism to monitor the compliance of domestic law with WTO regulations. The contribution of this mechanism in ensuring conformity to WTO rules has been assessed with reference to India’s involvement in disputes.

On the theoretical side, the study identifies the characteristics peculiar to WTO that ensure the implementation of its regulations and oblige India as well as other Members to comply with international norms. On the practical side, it gives an overview of the recent innovations or changes in Indian law that are presently applicable and simultaneously assesses India’s integration in international trade governance.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:36:51 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/165-ensuring-the-conformity-of-domestic-law-with-world-trade-organisation-law-india-as-a-case-study
Assessing Policy Choices for Managing SO2 Emissions from Indian Power Sector http://www.csh-delhi.com/166-assessing-policy-choices-for-managing-so2-emissions-from-indian-power-sector Air quality management has become a focal issue in public policymaking in India since the 1990s. Among the different sources, coal consumption in large point sources (LPS), especially power plants, is a major source of air pollution. In the case of power generation, 82 power plants, accounting for more than 70% coal-use, contributed to around 54% of all-India SO2 emissions in 2000. But, replacing coal with other energy sources could lead to national energy security concerns, since coal is an indigenous resource in abundance, while other hydrocarbon resources are limited in supply. Thus, a growing concern for policymakers is to utilize coal cleanly and the paper addresses some of these concerns.


The paper analyses policy choices for managing SO2 emissions from the LPS, especially from power plants. We compare the existing technology-push policy instruments with alternate instruments like emissions trading that would control SO2 emissions from these plants in an economically efficient manner. An energy-environment model, Asia-Pacific Integrated/Local Model (AIM/Local), is used for mapping future SO2 emissions from power plants and comparing the implications of alternate instruments.


Compared to a technology-push instrument, an emissions trading system generates an annual average cost-savings of US$ 96 million during 2005-2030 for equivalent emission reductions. This is because an emissions trading system allows every plant to consider factors that influence their abatement costs, such as economic and logistical constraints, fuel quality and efficiency in operations and then make their abatement choice by comparing these costs vis-à-vis the allowance price. But, the technology-push instruments specify the abatement measure to be adopted by each plant, thereby resulting in higher compliance costs. The paper lays emphasis on the need for stringent local air quality standards to complement an emissions trading system. It further highlights the design elements of an emissions trading system in India. This is an initial assessment and other sources could participate in later phases of the program.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:14:08 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/166-assessing-policy-choices-for-managing-so2-emissions-from-indian-power-sector
Contextualizing the Urban Healthcare System Methodology for developing a geodatabase of Delhi's healthcare system http://www.csh-delhi.com/167-contextualizing-the-urban-healthcare-system-methodology-for-developing-a-geodatabase-of-delhi-s-healthcare-system This paper introduces the setting up of a Geographical Information System on Delhi for studies in the Social Sciences. Through an explanation of their methodological procedure and demonstration of thematic applications focusing on the healthcare system’s spatial organization, the authors lead us through the inherent difficulties of building a GIS in an emerging country like India. They also attempt to demonstrate that this kind of tool remains, however, a relevant support for research in the Social Sciences as long as it is used with care and knowledge of the dataset frame. From this perspective, Exploratory Data Analysis coupled with the play of scales provide powerful ways to assess socio-spatial dynamics taking place in the Indian capital.

GIS, Social Sciences, Healthcare system, Data Exploratory Analysis, Multiscalar, Delhi, Census 1991/2001

In order to help researchers in discovering the spatial database underlying discourse, we decided to publish this Occasional Paper on a digital support (CDROM). This has especially allowed us to incorporate basic interactive mapping tools throughout the text. Moreover, a basic mapping interface is provided in the heading "Resources", allowing users to build up their own maps. We hope this will give the opportunity to readers to experience by themselves the potential offered by GIS.

You can discover this interactive version online!

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:37:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/167-contextualizing-the-urban-healthcare-system-methodology-for-developing-a-geodatabase-of-delhi-s-healthcare-system
China-India Economic Engagement Building Mutual Confidence http://www.csh-delhi.com/168-china-india-economic-engagement-building-mutual-confidence With their annual GDP growth rates hitting respectively at 9.1 and 8.5 per cent for 2003 and at 9.5 and 6.9 per cent for 2004, China and India have since come to be recognized as the two largest as also the fastest growing economies of the 21st century. Thanks, however, to their colonial and cold war legacies, this economic boom had, for long, remained mutually exclusive exercise. It is only rather recent that their political initiatives at confidence building have begun to develop areas of mutual engagement which remains remised on their new mantra of mutual accommodation and mutual benefit. Their economic engagement as a result has since come to be the most reliable as also most agreeable instrument of China-India rapprochement so assiduously evolved during the last three decades or more.


Especially in the last few years, China-India economic engagement has picked up its own momentum with a steak-of-autonomy to say the least. From being once driven by their bold political initiatives, their economic engagements today symbolizes as the most decisive force that promises to potentially circumscribe (and direct) their mutual policy initiatives. It is in this context, that two sides have since come to appreciate how to use their economic engagement to deal with their long-standing political concerns and difficulties. Border Trade, for one, has clearly earned the epithet of being an ideal approach to building atmospherics that can help resolve their boundary dispute, bilateral and regional dynamics, their new-found bonhomie remains as yet fragile and this calls for caution and serious planning on part of bith Beijing and New Delhi.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:37:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/168-china-india-economic-engagement-building-mutual-confidence
EXPORTING THROUGH E-COMMERCE: How Indian Exporters have harnessed the IT Revolution http://www.csh-delhi.com/169-exporting-through-e-commerce-how-indian-exporters-have-harnessed-the-it-revolution This monograph looks at how Indian exporters of goods and services have used e-commerce to promote exports. Based partly on surveys and partly on interviews the study concludes that when it comes to garments Indian exporters have failed to use telecommunications to significantly boost exports. This failure is attributed to organisational failings (induced by regulations that reserve certain commodities for small scale industries) rather than the nature of the commodity or other commonly cited factors like credibility, trust et al. This is contrasted with the successful use by larger corporate bodies like ITC, of e-ventures designed to operate under conditions far more primitive than what garment exporters surveyed are used to and yet have proved far more successful. The study offers the view that the Digital Divide so often cited in the literature on IT is as much organisational as it is geographical in nature.

When it comes to export of services specifically of IT and IT enabled services, the study concludes that exporters of services have used the telecommunications revolution better because of the nature of goods exported; here telecommunications are not just a mode of delivering information, it is also a mode of supply delivery. The latter is an outcome of the telecommunications revolution that has made services hitherto non-tradable into tradable services. While shortcoming like the lack of skilled manpower and a correspondingly advanced IT hardware sector will probably see India ceding ground to economies like China, things will look better where IT enabled services especially BPOs are concerned. Here India's vast pool of educated manpower familiar with English ensures that India's cost advantages are considerable. Here the expansion of this sector may not be in doubt but of particular concern is the participation of Indian firms in this expansion. This study offers the view that, as in the previous case, organisational shortcomings of Indian firms fostered by archaic laws have ensured that they have lagged behind foreign firms in this field, which is technologically less advanced than the IT sector where Indian firms have the dominant presence.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:08:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/169-exporting-through-e-commerce-how-indian-exporters-have-harnessed-the-it-revolution
AIDS In India: Public health related aspects of industrial and intellectual property rights policies in a developing country http://www.csh-delhi.com/170-aids-in-india-public-health-related-aspects-of-industrial-and-intellectual-property-rights-policies-in-a-developing-country Today, 40 million people are infected by HIV/AIDS worldwide. The epidemic essentially affects the developing countries where over 98% of HIV infections have been documented. To control the spread of the epidemic as well as avoid dramatic a socio-economic impact, a public health policy must address the issues of prevention and access to anti-AIDS treatment. On these points alone, the Indian case is of a considerable interest for two reasons. The AIDS epidemic is noticeably spreading in India. There are 4 million infected persons in the country and an explosion in the number of cases is feared due to the country's enormous population. In addition, the Indian companies are key players in the anti-AIDS treatment market. They offer generic versions of drugs at considerably lower prices than those practiced by their northern competitors. Firstly, the report provides a detailed analysis of the epidemiological situation in India and introduces the preventive measures used to abate the spread of the epidemic among the general population. Secondly, the report identifies the factors that have to an acceleration in the supply of anti-AIDS drugs at competitive prices and to observe whether this has initiated a greater access to anti-AIDS treatments for Indians in reality. As a result, the report questions the link between intellectual property rights, industrial development and public health concerns in a developing country.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:08:16 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/170-aids-in-india-public-health-related-aspects-of-industrial-and-intellectual-property-rights-policies-in-a-developing-country
Straddling Faultlines: India’s Foreign Policy Toward the Greater Middle East http://www.csh-delhi.com/171-straddling-faultlines-india-s-foreign-policy-toward-the-greater-middle-east India’s foreign policy has had an anomalous quality since the time Jawaharlal Nehru resolutely attempted to steer clear of Cold War alliances. This continues to be so given India’s unique situation of establishing “strategic relations” with both Israel and Iran, as part of its Greater Middle East policy. A study of this paradox assumes significance for various reasons. One, it offers a glimpse into the way India is reordering its foreign policy in the post Cold War, as part of its clamour for Great Power status, thus presenting a westward complement to its familiar ‘Look East policy’ which seeks to engage regions beyond South Asia. It also provides a view of the complexities involved in endorsing the American agenda in a geopolitical neighbourhood, transformed by the September 11 attacks, and yet, one that affects India’s security because of its energy reserves and Islamist ferment. To this end, this study analyses India’s foreign policy toward the Middle East and Central Asia since the late 1990s, with a specific focus on its relations with Israel, Iran and Iraq that reviews the way it reconciles immediate security needs with competing realities of economic interdependence and political sensitivities. The paper also evaluates the challenges India faces in strengthening links with Afghanistan and Central Asia.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:08:04 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/171-straddling-faultlines-india-s-foreign-policy-toward-the-greater-middle-east
The Water & Sanitation Scenario in Indian Metropolitan Cities: Resources and Management in Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai, Mumbai http://www.csh-delhi.com/172-the-water-sanitation-scenario-in-indian-metropolitan-cities-resources-and-management-in-delhi-calcutta-chennai-mumbai Urban water supply and sanitation in India is at a crossroads. Faced with an increased demand and growing poluution probelms, Indian cities are not able to provide services that are adequate, neither in quantity nor in quality.
Additional but also new types of investments are required, as well as a change in management of the sector, to be able to ensure supply for all as far as water is concerned, and to fill the gap as far as sewerage and sanitation is concerned.

This paper relies on four case studies (Calcutta, Chennai, Delhi and Mumbai). It deliberately chooses to leave aside classical questions such as the use of performance indicators of the water boards/corporations to assess supply efficiency or questions regarding demand analysis. Conversely, it focuses on:

- the institutional and organisational structure of the service providers by looking at the level of technical and managerial decentralisation reached in the four cities

- the question of property rights and the debate on usage conflicts in order to fill the gap for the future demand

- revisiting the question of reforms that were launched in the 1990s for all infrastructure sectors and demonstrate that in the UWSS, the term of reform does not reflect a reality where only marginal changes are introduced.

This study actually concentrates on two directions the sector could look at for changes: the look at the water cycle through the development of conservation-based strategies, and the need for a more participative approach by involving the civil society.

This would mean a paradigm shift for the sector. Indeed, demand side solutions are rarely considered and the probelm of water supply is mostly addressed by the supply angle.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:07:52 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/172-the-water-sanitation-scenario-in-indian-metropolitan-cities-resources-and-management-in-delhi-calcutta-chennai-mumbai
The Impact of Education Policy Reforms on the School System : A Field Study of EGS and Other Primary Schools in Madhya Pradesh http://www.csh-delhi.com/173-the-impact-of-education-policy-reforms-on-the-school-system-a-field-study-of-egs-and-other-primary-schools-in-madhya-pradesh This paper presents the results of fieldwork on rural primary schools of two districts of Madhya Pradesh, India, conducted from December 2001 to March 2002. Since the mid-1990's, the government of this state has initiated reforms aiming to extend the public primary school sector, to decentralise its management, and to facilitate the development of the private sector. Fieldwork focused on the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS), a school creation programme relying on decentralisation that the state government presents as epitomising its approach to universalising access to primary education.

EGS has strongly improved access to schools in villages under study. However, EGS centres have low input levels, especially in terms of teaching positions and teacher training, and constitute classes rather than proper schools. The quantity and quality of teaching appear deficient, and achievement levels of pupils about to complete the primary curriculum are low. Neighbouring government schools, predating EGS, happen to be potentially stronger institutions, but suffer from comparable deficiencies.

Despite key changes in recruitment rules, teachers still consider themselves civil servants. Many show little interest in interacting with children, and existing incentives fail to generate and sustain their motivation. Decentralised management procedures, common to all public schools do not provide enough control or support. Notably, the involvement of village panchayat and Village Education Committes or parents-Teachers Associations is yet to have a strong impact on education matters. However, the provision of inputs and the basis supervision of teachers would have improves through the creation of local units of the state education administration.

Parents are motivated for sending their children to school, but face high (mostly direct) costs of and uncertain returns to schooling, and the structured 'community' demand for education on which the reforms rely fails to emerge. Conceptions by teachers, parents and other villages of what education is and who should have access to it remain inadequate. Village-level socio-political structures do not further the interests of children of deprived backgrounds who attend EGS or even government schools, as opposed to private ones. A notable consequence in one of the areas under study is the proliferation within each village of schools of different types that are typically too small to be efficient.
Recent government policies have led to a remarkable increase in the public and private supply of primary education in rural Madhya Pradesh. It is now necessary to guarantee the quality of the new schools, address equity issues raised by the co-existence of different school types, and make the school system suitable. Change in educational values, however difficult to promote, may well be required for the necessary increases in resources devoted to primary education and further alteration of the incentive structure of the school system -if they take place- to produce their expected results.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:07:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/173-the-impact-of-education-policy-reforms-on-the-school-system-a-field-study-of-egs-and-other-primary-schools-in-madhya-pradesh
Constitutionalising Panchayats: The response of state legislatures http://www.csh-delhi.com/174-constitutionalising-panchayats-the-response-of-state-legislatures The Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992 was the third attempt on the part of the Government of India to strengthen the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). Prior to that, two earlier attempts made in this direction in 1957 and 1978 had failed to yield desired results. The lukewarm response of state governments across the country, notable exceptions apart, was attributed to the lack of constitutional support to panchayats. The apparent lacunae were removed through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment which ensured the continuity of panchayats by making it mandatory in all states to hold regular panchayat elections. It also ensured the representation of weaker sections, including women in PRIs. But it was left to the discretion of the state legislatures to decide the devolution of functions, power and finances to PRIs in their respective states. How did the legislators react to it ?

The paper presents the proceedings of the Assembly debates collected from Maharastra, West Bengal, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. Taken together, these four states represent the three generations of panchayats in India. What happened in the Assemblies of the four states when the respective State Panchayat Acts were placed for their consideration ? Did the Assemblies witness informed debate ? Were they alive to their legislative functions ? The paper takes a critical look at these aspects in the light of their tryst with panchayats since early 1960s.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:06:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/174-constitutionalising-panchayats-the-response-of-state-legislatures
Renewable Energy Strategies for Indian Power Sector http://www.csh-delhi.com/175-renewable-energy-strategies-for-indian-power-sector India's energy scenario is characterized by growing demand-supply gap, inherent inefficiencies, distorded pricing mechanisms, weak institutional structure, environmental unsustainability and socio-political influences. The future economic development trajectory is likely to result in rapid and accelerated growth in energy demand, with attendant shortages and problems. Development and promotion of alternative energy sources that can lead to sustainability of energy system is imperative, in which context generation from renewables assumes increasing importance. A number of techno-economic, market-related, institutional barriers impede technology penetration. Although at present the contribution of renewable electricity is small, the capabilities promise the flexibility for responding to emerging economic, socio-environmental and sustainable developments needs.
This paper assesses the long-term renewable energy trajectories for the Indian power sector under different future scenarios. Looking into past performance trends and likely future developments under scenarios, the analysis results are compared with officially set targets for future renewable energy penetration. Specific policy interventions are outlined for overcoming the barriers and enhancing deployment of renewables, some of which relate to decentralised power supply policies, intense R&D efforts, redefined public-private partnerships, investment mobilisation, institutional reforms, market development strategies, global environmental interventions and international collaborations. It consider integration of renewable energy strategies with liberalization of energy markets, withdrawal of government interventions in energy sector and regulatory reforms.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:06:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/175-renewable-energy-strategies-for-indian-power-sector
Women in the Calcutta Municipal Corporation : A Study in the Context of the Debate on the Women's Reservation Bill http://www.csh-delhi.com/176-women-in-the-calcutta-municipal-corporation-a-study-in-the-context-of-the-debate-on-the-women-s-reservation-bill This paper presents the findings of a survey conducted in 2000 in the Calcutta Municipal Corporation, to assess the first phase of the implementation of women's quotas - 33% of seats - in this urban local body. The study proceeds by testing the major arguments expressed during the debate over the Women's Reservation Bill, which proposes to implement similar quotas in legislative assemblies at the States and Union levels. Based on a questionnaire, interviews, direct observation and archive analysis, the paper addresses in turn the five major issues raised in the course of that debate: do women's quotas favour or hinder gender and social justice? Do they hinder the efficiency of the assemblies to which they apply? Do they favour the representation of women's interests? Do they have an impact on the general functioning of the urban body? Lastly, is the system of rotating reserved constituencies detrimental to (women) politicians and to voters?

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:07:07 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/176-women-in-the-calcutta-municipal-corporation-a-study-in-the-context-of-the-debate-on-the-women-s-reservation-bill
Winners and Losers of the SEB Reform : An Organisational Overview http://www.csh-delhi.com/177-winners-and-losers-of-the-seb-reform-an-organisational-overview The power sector in India is often described - in newspapers, in official reports, in reform programmes - as too 'poor' in money... and too 'rich' in politicians. These analyses hence propose corporatisation, unbundling, setting up of regulatory commissions, as a vade mecum. The sole problem is that they have proved insufficient in improving the health of State Electricity Boards (SEBs). The ultimate tool, privatisation, has also been a deceptive one.This paper suggests that the above analyses should be balanced and completed with another element : the internal organisation itself of SEBs has to be questioned, which, surprisingly enough, is not done in the current reforms. This is not because SEBs actually behave and are organised as administrations, whose objectives are different from those of a public enterprise. This is not done because consultants implicitly regard SEBs as inefficient enterprises.

This paper thus enters into the black box of SEBs, and shows why and how the behaviour of its agents is rational, given the administrative system in which they are. It gives some pratical ways to change this system, by developing the 'enterprisation' of SEBs (turning them from bodies with an administration-style way of running into actual public enterprises), a concept which was coined from the reform in Eastern Europe.

But ultimately reforms are not undertaken per se. Their final aims is a better quality and availability to the people. Their impact on various categories of users and stakeholders can be discussed within this framework of enterprisation, to establish on which conditions reforms can be beneficial to everybody but the 'waste consumer'.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 05:06:54 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/177-winners-and-losers-of-the-seb-reform-an-organisational-overview
The globalization of production models and innovation in emerging economies: comparative research on subnational industrial policies. http://www.csh-delhi.com/178-the-globalization-of-production-models-and-innovation-in-emerging-economies-comparative-research-on-subnational-industrial-policies The original motivation for this programme was to bring together researchers at the French Centre for Research on Contemporary China, Hong Kong (CEFC) and the CSH examining in an independent fashion similar research themes pertaining to the evolution of production models in some regions of India and China, in relation to the progressive opening of the two economies to trade and FDI. Loraine Kennedy has been conducting and supervising research on the industrial policies of several Indian states (Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Orissa), as well as the politics of India’s special economic zones. In China, Jean-François Huchet and Jean Rufier (CNRS research fellow, posted to CEFC) have been examining in recent years industrial restructuring and attempts at technological upgrading in the provinces of Guangdong, Hubei (around the city of Wuhan) and in the Yangtze delta, mainly textiles, automobiles and IT.

Researchers in both Centres had made similar observations about the constraints and opportunities prevailing at subnational levels in India and China, in relation to their particular positions in the international division of labour. Especially remarkable were the similarities in the policy objectives, both national and regional, in both countries concerning industrial policies: promoting sectors with higher value added, technological upgrading, and various efforts to generate local employment. At the same time, their research as well as the academic literature published in the field of economic and technological growth in emerging economies stress differences in the way subnational regions in each country articulate with global industrial markets. Regional capacities and modes of global articulation appear intimately linked with the specific historical trajectories of industrialization in the concerned regions (past industrial policies, degree of opening to foreign investment and trade, political and social factors, to name just a few).

In order to support this programme, a research proposal was submitted in April 2009 to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAEE) and a grant was awarded in
September 2009. The CEFC and CSH have committed to matching the grant to ensure adequate funding for organising a research meeting in 2010. An international seminar is currently beng planned in collaboration with the Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID, http://isidev.nic.in/) in Delhi on 19-20 November 2010.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEFC : Centre d'Etudes Français sur la Chine contemporaine (Hong-Kong)

Related resources

- Go to the website Concept note and Call for Papers.
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:54:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/178-the-globalization-of-production-models-and-innovation-in-emerging-economies-comparative-research-on-subnational-industrial-policies
The Politics of India’s Special Economic Zones http://www.csh-delhi.com/179-the-politics-of-india-s-special-economic-zones This collaborative research project, which involves a comparative study of 12 Indian states, is jointly coordinated by Rob Jenkins (Hunter College, CUNY, New York), Loraine Kennedy (CSH) and Partha Mukhopadhyay (Centre for Policy Research, Delhi). It is funded with support from the Ford Foundation, Delhi and the CSH.
India’s Special Economic Zone Act 2005 has catalyzed an enormous response from private-sector developers and state government officials eager to attract investment to their jurisdictions. More than 550 Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have been approved since the Act’s provisions came into force in 2006. The SEZ Act – both its substantive provisions and its actual implementation in the form of concrete projects – has spurred other reactions as well, notably immense protest action in the immediate vicinity of some proposed SEZs, and more diffuse opposition to the idea of SEZs in the wider public discussion. It has prompted debates concerning how SEZs will be integrated into local and regional political jurisdictions and regulatory regimes. There is also considerable interest in the question of how the as yet largely untested structures for governing SEZs will function in practice.

Project Website: : www.indiasezpolitics.org

Further reading: www.reseau-asie.com

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:55:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/179-the-politics-of-india-s-special-economic-zones
“Palanpur: India’s Economic “Revolution”: A Perspective from Six Decades of Economic Development in a North Indian Village” http://www.csh-delhi.com/180-palanpur-india-s-economic-revolution-a-perspective-from-six-decades-of-economic-development-in-a-north-indian-village

The village of Palanpur, in Moradabad District, Uttar Pradesh, has been the subject of close study by economists since the late 1950s. Five waves of intensive field-level data collection have occurred in the villages in the years 1957/8, 1962/3, 1974/5, 1983/4 and 1993. A great deal of analysis has been carried out with these data. Bliss and Stern (1982) and Lanjouw and Stern (1998) provide detailed overviews of the full research programme and its outputs. The Palanpur study occupies a fairly unique place in development literature in that it brings together very rich and detailed information about the circumstances and economic behaviour of the entire population of one village, over a period spaning generations.

An important strand in recent debates on economic development in India, and beyond, focuses on the meaning and achievability of inclusive economic growth. The World Bank’s 2008 World Development Report on Agriculture and Development emphasizes that an integral part of the economic development process involves a transition from exclusive reliance on (largely subsistence) agriculture towards a more diversified economy. This transition involves both a shift out of agriculture into manufacturing and services, as well as a shift from a heavily rural-based population into one where the urban sector at first matches and ultimately surpasses the rural sector in population size. The rapidly evolving global economy, and India’s significant participation in this process, provides an essential backdrop against which to examine this transition process. There are many questions amongst policy makers and development practitioners concerning the pace of this change, its sustainability, its capacity to involve the weaker segments of society, and the way it can best be managed. Fundamentally, how does the broad shape of India’s growth trajectory involve the rural sector, and particularly the rural poor? How can growth and inclusion be encouraged or promoted by policy?

The unique nature of the Palanpur study offers an important opportunity to examine these questions anew, at a very detailed, micro-level. Much is known about the structure of Palanpur’s economy: the operation of village institutions (such as land, labour and credit markets); the expanding importance – since the early 1970s – of links to the broader Indian economy; the evolution of incomes, poverty and inequality. This knowledge stems not from some earlier “snap-shot” of the village, but from a very close study of the evolution of the village economy over many decades. It is possible therefore to have a sense of the dynamic process of development in Palanpur and to consider, now, how this dynamic process is being affected by recent changes occurring in the wider Indian economy. However, the current data stop at 1993 and the past two decades have been of great importance for both growth and changing structures of poverty and inequality in India. What has happened to income, standard of living and activities of different groups and individuals in Palanpur?

To pursue some of these questions, the sixth round of survey based study of the village led by Prof Nicholas Stern was undertaken. This is a joint collaboration of Centre de Sciences Humaines and London School of Economics and Political Science. During this field-work, information was collected on all aspects of the village economy – in a way that maximizes comparability with data collected in earlier rounds. Two key features of the earlier data collection efforts were sought be preserved: collection of data on all households and individuals in the village; and linkage of individuals across data rounds so as to be able to track individuals over time. By collecting a detailed census of households as opposed to a sample survey of the village, and combining this with village-level information we would be in a good position to analyse the functioning of markets and institutions. And by tracking individuals and households over time, we intend to study dynamic processes in a way that would be unavailable from cross-sectional data. We pay particular attention to fill certain knowledge gaps from earlier surveys and thereby round out more fully our understanding of the village economy and society– notably by collecting consumption data for the first time, and by making a concerted effort to collect and analyse data relating to gender. We collected information on movement during the period 1993-2008 as well as taking a full a survey for 2008-09 itself.

  • "Household Wealth in Palanpur Round 2008-2009", written by DUFFOUR Camille,, (19 pages).
  • "An economic study on recent agricultural outcomes in Palanpur", written by Kawatra Aditya,, August 2009 (61 pages).
  • "Understanding Child Labour and Its Impact On Education", written by Minière Soline,, June 2009 (51 pages).
  • "Education in rural India: perspective from a North-Indian village", written by Bersier Florian,, July 2008 (35 pages).
  • "“Will we have another child?” fertility behaviour in rural areas of north India, an empirical study of the village of Palanpur.", written by Watine Loïc,, July 2008 (50 pages).
  • "Women in Palanpur: An Empirical Study of the Determinants of Autonomy in a North Indian Village", written by ,, January 2010 (52 pages).
  • "Tenancy and Sharecropping in Palanpur", written by Tyagi Ashish,, November 2010 (27 pages).
  • "Networks and mobility in Palanpur", written by Floriane Bolazzi,, July 2013 (30 pages)

Palanpur Data

Wed, 16 Dec 2015 06:03:08 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/180-palanpur-india-s-economic-revolution-a-perspective-from-six-decades-of-economic-development-in-a-north-indian-village
Economic Reforms, Regional Economies and Evolving Federal Governance http://www.csh-delhi.com/181-economic-reforms-regional-economies-and-evolving-federal-governance This research project aims to study the economic reform process, and its implications at different levels of analysis. The point of departure is India’s uneven growth process in the wake of reforms, across sectors and across national territory. The research will undertake to explain these inter-regional variations by focussing on the response of state governments to reforms in rhetoric and action, and on their growth strategies, which tend to rely increasingly on the differentiation of space. In particular, three main themes will be explored (a) the capacity of local and regional institutions to favour a dialogue between economic and political elites, (b) the modalities of the definition and implementation of state-level economic policies, and (c) the social compromises that such policies require. To the extent possible, the effects of such policies on economic performance and spatial dynamics will also be analysed.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:02:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/181-economic-reforms-regional-economies-and-evolving-federal-governance
Growth and Convergence Clubs in Indian States, 1965-2002 http://www.csh-delhi.com/182-growth-and-convergence-clubs-in-indian-states-1965-2002 Among the large developing and transitional economies, India’s political and geographic structure makes it one of the most interesting cases to test the convergence/divergence problem in growth theory and its applications. The fact that a large economy with considerable heterogeneity can have different regions growing with widely different trajectories gave rise to concerns about “unbalanced growth” and regional disparities.

Growth economics tries to verify, in the context of large economies like India, whether one of the predictions of growth theory – that less developed regions or countries will “catch up” with the more developed ones (through faster capital accumulation) – is confirmed or not. In this “convergence” debate, and in the Indian context, empirical evidence points to “divergence” in the growth path between Indian states. The empirical method employed in this project helps highlight non-linearities and multiple equilibria in growth. The notion of convergence, a major subject of debate, is structured by the relationship between initial conditions and the long-term output. The economic interest in convergence comes from the question of knowing up to what point the initial conditions lead to persistent differences in the per capita output between countries or regions.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:05:35 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/182-growth-and-convergence-clubs-in-indian-states-1965-2002
Poverty, Inequality and Growth: Exploring the Inter-linkages in Rural India http://www.csh-delhi.com/183-poverty-inequality-and-growth-exploring-the-inter-linkages-in-rural-india Growth of Indian economy in the last decades has attracted attention from both academicians as well as policymakers, not only in India but also internationally. However, behind the highest growth rates since independence is also the reality that for the first time in the country’s history the distribution of this growth of aggregate output is highly unequal. This unequal income distribution in the last decade was omnipresent in all spheres of the economy: across rural and urban areas, across formal and informal sectors, across employment categories, across household types, across states and even across regions within states. In this context, this research is an attempt to explore the relationship between output growth and its distribution (poverty and inequality), and the various channels through which the growth of output is distributed across the various constituents of population for the rural areas. While the primary focus will be on exploring the inter-linkages in terms of economic relationship (employment, workforce structure, wages and factor productivity) the issue of poverty and inequality will also be explored in greater detail by including other dimensions of human welfare such as nutrition, education, health and access to public goods. The analysis will be carried out using the available secondary data sources, more specifically NSSO, Ministry of Agriculture data, Census and NFHS. Given the large heterogeneity across states, and regions within states, an attempt will be made to take the analysis to the highest level of disaggregation possible from the secondary sources. As part of this research project, a village survey is also integrated to understand the dynamics of poverty reduction from a micro perspective.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:07:12 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/183-poverty-inequality-and-growth-exploring-the-inter-linkages-in-rural-india
Estimating the Impact of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme http://www.csh-delhi.com/184-estimating-the-impact-of-the-national-rural-employment-guarantee-scheme The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005 is landmark case in India’s history of social security legislation. Enacted after a successful struggle, this legislation is a partial victory towards a full-fledged right-to-employment in any developing country context. Along with the Right to Information Act, this legislation has the potential to bring about a silent revolution in rural areas of the country.

In brief, the Act provides for 100 days of employment for all households in rural areas in manual work, if demanded. Read with various transparency and accountability measures and provisions for social audits, this Act for the first time brings the role of the state as provider of livelihood within the reach of the participants/beneficiaries themselves. The recipients have a greater role, at least by design, not only in demanding the employment but also in deciding on how the Act will be implemented. For the first time, mechanisms are in place for penalising the government if it fails to provide employment on time. Precisely because of these measures, despite the well-intentioned nature of the Act, it poses necessarily new challenges and enables new forms of exploitation as well as new forms of fighting such exploitation.

This research project aims at evaluating the possible impact of NREGA on poverty and labour supply based on a “treatment-effect” methodology. In order to study in detail the scheme’s impact on the distribution of public goods among individuals within households, we consider two districts where NREGA is operational and two ‘control’ districts, where the scheme has not been implemented but which are chosen for resembling the other two as closely as possible. The treatment’s effectiveness is gauged by comparing the reactions of a treated group and an untreated group (the latter a sample of inhabitants of districts where NREGA has not been implemented).

In 2008, the CSH will organise an international colloquium on NREGA, in collaboration with the Institute of Human Development, New Delhi.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:10:07 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/184-estimating-the-impact-of-the-national-rural-employment-guarantee-scheme
TERMOS - Trajectoires Energétiques dans les Régions Métropolitaines des Suds http://www.csh-delhi.com/185-termos-trajectoires-energetiques-dans-les-regions-metropolitaines-des-suds Energy resources play a fundamental role in economic development and poverty reduction. In most Southern countries, the challenge rests on the capacity to providing a reliable supply with respect to necessities – especially at the industrial level – while ensuring access to modern energy services for the entire population. This challenge has also to take into account long term environmental concerns, particularly those linked to climate change, although actions are going to take place in an uncertain context. Are big metropolises in emerging countries taking into account the energy challenge? This project analyses the transformations of energy systems in the economies with strong economic growth perspectives and increased energy consumption, by investigating the progressive isolation of metropolitan areas within the energy governance systems. The project explores the resulting transformations with respect to the equilibriums amongst mobilized resources (hydrocarbons, hydroelectricity, renewable energies, etc.) to the current concerns linked to a post-carbon economy, to the evolution of consumption volumes and practices. Furthermore, it aims at comparing the bulk of these transformations with the dominant models of “energy transitions”. This proposal focuses on several metropolitan regions (Durban, The Cape, Mumbai and Sao Paulo) of 3 emerging countries with intermediate revenues (Brazil, India and South Africa) and on the analysis of the changes in the energy policies and systems with respect to the urban services for residential, industrial and commercial uses (with the exclusion of transports).

Funding sources

- Go to the website French National Agency for Research

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website Centre de Recherche et de Documentation de l’Amérique Latine (UMR CNRS 7227)
- Go to the website Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés (UMR CNRS8134)
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:13:01 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/185-termos-trajectoires-energetiques-dans-les-regions-metropolitaines-des-suds
SUBURBIN – Subaltern Urbanization in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/186-suburbin-subaltern-urbanization-in-india The SUBURBIN project questions both the scholarly representation and the measurement of the ongoing process of shift from rural to urban areas. It seeks to counter a vision of urbanization as reduced to a process of agglomeration and a competition between global cities. The project’s hypothesis is that there exists a diversity of trajectories of urbanization, which it seeks to understand with a focus on India’s small towns. It aims at bringing these marginal small agglomerations to the forefront of the analysis of urbanization dynamics, which are more complex than what is often presented: beyond the ongoing growth of megacities, a double process of slowing down of residential migration and an increase in the number of small towns coexist.

The principal research questions are: (i) What are the characteristics of these small towns or "grey spaces", which are both recipients and motors of economic change? (ii) What are their contemporary economic dynamics? (iii) How does land get used and how is land ownership transferred? What are the growing non-agricultural uses of land? How are these changes spatially located? (iv) How is the distribution of public goods in emerging towns shaped, and what are the main explanatory factors behind the existing distribution?

The project proposes to combine quantitative and qualitative analyses. The quantitative dimension will enrich a geo-localized and rich database consisting of cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants into which existing statistical data will be fed (e-Geopolis programme). The qualitative dimension is based on fieldwork observation, using detailed case-studies regarding access to and distribution of land, socio-spatial distribution of basic services, and economic activities.
SUBURBIN is a joint project of IFP and CSH, under the responsibility of Eric Denis and Marie-Hélène Zérah. It brings together a team of scholars from various disciplinary backgrounds (economics, geography, urban studies and, anthropology).

Funding sources

- Go to the website French National Agency for Research

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website Centre for the Study of Regional Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi
- Go to the website CPR : Center for Policy Research (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website Department of Geography, University of Burdwan
- Go to the website IFP : Institut Français de Pondichéry (Pondicherry, India)
- Go to the website SPA, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
- Go to the website Urban Research & Policy Program, National Institute of Advance Study, Bangalore

Related book :

Urban Policies and the Right to the City in India : Rights, Responsibilities and Citizenship

Working Paper :

Measuring Urbanization around a Regional Capital, the Case of Bhopal District]]>
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 10:25:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/186-suburbin-subaltern-urbanization-in-india
Chance2Sustain – City Growth and the Sustainability Challenge http://www.csh-delhi.com/187-chance2sustain-city-growth-and-the-sustainability-challenge Chance2Sustain addresses how governments and citizens in cities with differing patterns of economic growth make use of participatory spatial knowledge management to direct urban governance towards more sustainable development. A focus on the politics of knowledge generation and sharing and the forms of knowledge that are used or ignored in urban policy-making provide an innovative prism through which to approach urban governance.
The analytical framework combines five thematic areas: large-scale economic and infrastructure projects; policies and politics to address urban inequality and informal settlements; environmental risk assessment and inclusive scenario building for reducing costs; participatory spatial knowledge models in metropolitan governance networks; fiscal decentralization and participatory budgeting for promoting inclusive development.
At CSH, research will focus on the articulation between governance patterns and large-scale projects, and on assessing social and spatial impacts of the latter on the basis of case studies in Delhi, Chennai and Kalyan. Proceeding on the assumption that mega-projects are concrete manifestations of a strategy of international competition to attract investment, research will analyse the agenda-setting process, the main actors and the explicit or implicit vision driving urban development. It is further assumed that such megaprojects are shaping the future of large cities through changes in land use, dislocation of people, changes in employment and local economies, distribution of environmental costs, and as such they are influencing the resilience of cities, their future capacity to resist or recover from exogenous shocks. Assessing the impacts will include analysis of settlement dynamics related to project establishment (e.g., slum demolitions, displacement of local population) and outcomes (e.g., specialized infrastructure, production platforms, mixed-use residential territories), raising the crucial issue of how urban scales are articulated from the metropolis to the scale of the project, the neighbourhood or the building.

Funding sources

- Go to the website European Commission-FP7

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEIAS : Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CNRS/EHESS, Paris, France)
- Go to the website IFP : Institut Français de Pondichéry (Pondicherry, India)
- Go to the website UvA : Universiteit van Amsterdam (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

Related resources

- Download file Large-scale Economic and infrastructure projects in India's metropolitan cities. New policies and practices among competing subnational states.
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:20:12 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/187-chance2sustain-city-growth-and-the-sustainability-challenge
Democracy and governance in India and South Africa http://www.csh-delhi.com/188-democracy-and-governance-in-india-and-south-africa This research program questions the tensions between three phenomena which have been observed worldwide in the past decade, in the specific context of two emerging countries, India and South Africa: Firstly, globalization translates into a restructuration of big cities worldwide. Secondly, the government of cities is today typically fragmented between a multiplicity of actors, a phenomenon captured by the notion of « urban governance ». Thirdly, democracy is being reinvented at the local level, and particularly in cities.
Our objective is to observe how political participation (in its various forms, conventional or not, institutionalized or not) has an impact on the current reshaping of cities. Through the study of a series of mobilizations, we aim to identify the modes of operation of the democratic principle (i.e. the actual forms of democratic control, accountability and legitimacy) in the governance of six Indian and South African cities (Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata; Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town). Research will be organized around four themes: (i) the loci of decision-making in urban governance; (ii) the representative dimension of local democracy; (iii) participative procedures; and (iv) extra-institutional modes of participation.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:20:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/188-democracy-and-governance-in-india-and-south-africa
Impact of decentralization on basic urban services in small and medium towns http://www.csh-delhi.com/189-impact-of-decentralization-on-basic-urban-services-in-small-and-medium-towns This program is a Ph. D research(*) project aiming to assess the impact of urban governance reforms on small towns, especially regarding improvement of basic public services like water, sewerage, removal of garbage, electricity and street lighting.
Various research projects have dealt with these subjects in rural areas and large metropolises but little attention has been paid to the same issues in smaller urban settlements. Yet more than half of the urban population in India lives in these towns. There has been a bias within Indian urban studies against small towns, because the idea of “urban” has always designated large urban settlements. This scientific disinterest translates into a more characteristic way of thinking about the urbanization process and resource allocation in India where big cities have been glorified as part of “Shining India”, while at the same time forgetting the rest of urban India. However, small towns are vital to sustain the regional agricultural economy and to support the local industrial, manufacturing and service sectors. The hypothesis is that neglect of these necessary urban settlements has led more and more people to emigrate to larger towns in the hope of finding better jobs, better facilities, better environment and, simply, a better life.
At the same time, the various problems of infrastructure deficiency in big towns have led policy planners to seek new forms of urban management. Dissatisfied with the old centralized approaches prevailing since the Independence, they are decentralizing responsibility for urban services to the lower-level, locally elected governments. Improving service delivery is one the main goals of that reform. It is believed that it will bring more transparency, democratic functioning and efficiency in the management of public facilities. Through the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act (74th CAA) and the corresponding legislation, this new paradigm has become the keyword in urban governance.
While the costs and benefits, in terms of service delivery, are not really known yet, results seem to be mixed, and most reports focus only on big towns and cities. It is because these reforms have primarily been created for these big towns. Indeed, this “Shining India” offers greater visibility and is the seat of policy makers. Therefore, enthusiasm for reform related to decentralization is not accompanied by an appropriate assessment of its impact in smaller towns. Given their disparity in economic strength and resource capacity, the latter could be disadvantaged by the new system. Nowadays, however, extensive research on this subject has not yet been conducted.
Hence, it is the objective of this research to assess the actual impact of the various reforms on smaller towns. In other words, have they led to better service delivery, especially for the urban poor, or have they lowered the general level of public facilities? The changing relationships between citizens, local politicians (or political representatives) and state-level actors should also be studied in order to understand why decentralization does not guarantee improvement of the existing situation. The social, economic, political and cultural contexts of various small towns need to be considered. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the 74th CAA in small towns in terms of public service delivery?

This research focus on some small towns in eastern Uttar Pradesh (UP). The choice of eastern UP is justified by criteria ranging from the economic to the symbolic. The aim is to arrive at a general overview of the present situation concerning the management of public services like water, sewerage, roads, garbage collection. In the final analysis, the research should provide a more precise idea of the specificities of urban governance in the small towns of eastern UP, in the context of decentralization.

A sample survey has been conducted in a few selected towns comprising around 20,000 inhabitants. The choice of size is justified by the principal focus which questions the suitability of the 74th CAA for smaller urban settlements: not yet fully “urban”, yet not completely “rural”, between tradition and modernity, these small towns appear to be the ideal field for the analysis of the (non)effects of reforms.
Four towns have been selected: Chandauli (in Chandauli district) and Kushinagar (in Kushinagar district), Siddarthnagar (in Siddarthnagar district) and Phulpur (in Allahabad District).
The fieldwork has focused on urban local bodies and interviews will be conducted with political leaders, government officials appointed at different levels (local, regional and state) and other actors such as engineers. Other interviews have been conducted with citizens as users to verify the information collected on effective service delivery and to understand what their relationships are with elected public servants and service providers.
The preliminary results of the study under way town are:
-from a functional point of view: a lack of resources (financial but above all human) to undertake the new functions provided by the 74th CAA. Most of the responsibility for public service delivery (planning and implementation) still lies with the state agencies. When state agencies are not the real decision-makers with regard to network expansion, political interests rather than social needs are served. Furthermore, development of public infrastructure by private contractors chosen on the basis of clientelist rather than professional considerations seems to have an impact on the quality of infrastructure (like new roads which pavement is already broken after only one year of utilization).
-from a democratic point of view: although the reservation policy is implemented, this does not mean that the local government is much more accountable to the citizen. The representative system seems purely formal, perverted by appropriation by the elite. The Nagar Panchayat Committee seems dysfunctional because it is dominated by the figure of the Chairman and because councilors do not have any financial and decision-making powers. Given this situation, the councilors enter into political alliances with MPs and MLAs so as to bypass the chairman. In contrast, the executive officer (appointed by the state government) seems to be the only authority capable of countering the chairman’s misuse of power.
-from a spatial point of view: effective service delivery is not clearly differentiated in the town. The differentiation is less directly linked to the 74th CAA than to historical and social factors (such as the caste system and urban development). However, the actual expansion of some public facilities manifests a distinction between areas according to their political connections. Lastly, development of the most backward areas clearly does not depend on the Nagar Panchayat but on state involvement.
Thus, the 74th CAA, whose stated aim was to empower people and especially the urban poor, does not appear to be efficient in the case of service delivery.

In 2011, the analysis of the data collected since February 2008 is still currently in process and will be soon completed.

(*)The Ph. D supervisor is Sylvy Jaglin, Prof. of Geography at the University of Nantes and Researcher at the LATTS, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées in Paris At the Centre de Sciences Humaines, Marie–Hélène Zérah, Researcher at the Institut de Recherche Développement detached at the CSH will co-coordinate this research work. The Ph.D is from the University Paris Est and “Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires, Sociétés” (Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris). It started in February 2008 and will finish in 2011.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 07:19:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/189-impact-of-decentralization-on-basic-urban-services-in-small-and-medium-towns
Social Exclusion, Territories and Urban Policies (S.E.T.U.P.) - A Comparison Between India and Brazil http://www.csh-delhi.com/190-social-exclusion-territories-and-urban-policies-s-e-t-u-p-a-comparison-between-india-and-brazil This project addresses some of the challenges faced by both Indian and Brazilian mega-cities, namely a severe housing problem, the spectacular growth of slums or favelas, spatial disjunction, rapid and socially contrasted peri-urbanisation and threats to the ecology. Public actors try to solve these problems through housing, rehabilitation or conservation programmes. Our hypothesis is that the evolution of these policies, in terms of their ideological background as well as their implementation, induces comparable social changes in the urban space, which raises similar questions. For instance, is social exclusion increasing? Are new conflicts emerging between spaces (centre/periphery) and between sectors (housing / 'natural' resources)?


Two topics constitute the core of the project: i) poor urban areas in contexts of social exclusion, urban splintering and globalization; ii) urban and peri-urban environment and their inter-relationships with poverty. These issues will be addressed through case studies in Mumbai, Delhi, Sao Paolo and Rio de Janeiro, and by examining two sets of policies: public policies regarding urban poverty for the 'treatment' of slums; and policies linking access to housing, poverty and conservation of the peri-urban forest. Three approaches, namely territorial, socio-political and legal, will be combined.


Analysing the issues at stake from these different angles and comparing the policies adopted in mega-cities of India and Brazil will allow us to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of exclusion and to better appraise the validity of the actions undertaken, and more generally to promote reflection and to better appraise the validity of the actions undertaken, and more generally to promote reflection on the urban policies, programmes and instruments employed.


For a detailed description of the project, download the S.E.T.U.P. presentation


S.E.T.U.P. Web site : http://setup.csh-delhi.com


Funding sources

- Go to the website French National Agency for Research

Institutional partnerships

- Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CNRS-EHESS, Paris)
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:26:33 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/190-social-exclusion-territories-and-urban-policies-s-e-t-u-p-a-comparison-between-india-and-brazil
Basic Urban Services, Decentralization and Local Development in Mumbai http://www.csh-delhi.com/191-basic-urban-services-decentralization-and-local-development-in-mumbai The main purpose of this research project is to examine and analyse the differentiated changes affecting various urban services (water, power, sewerage and solid waste management) in the context of liberalisation, decentralisation and the ongoing reforms of the public sector.

Our starting point is the existing diversity of transformations according to sectors as well as the local political context.
This project will first examine the diversity of reforms (unbundling of public monopolies, introduction of private sector, participation of civil society et al.), the implementation of new modalities of service delivery (new coordination mechanisms among actors, modes of financing, spatialized policies according to the types of habitat) and their impact on access to services. It will also place this analysis in the context of urban reforms envisaged by the Central government (municipal accounting reforms, city challenge fund, output-based financing of urban local bodies). It finally aims at assessing how these new forms of urban governance, by contributing to the emergence of a hybrid model of service delivery, participate in the reshaping of the relationships between States and Urban Local Bodies and enable urban local bodies to drive their own economic development. Field work will be carried out in Mumbai, through quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews. This project is part of a collaboration between IRD (French Institute of Research for Development), the CSH and the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai.


Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website IGIDR : Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research (Mumbai, India)
- Go to the website IRD : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (Paris, France)

Occasionnal Papers

- Download file "An alternative to conventional public water service : “user group networks” in a Mumbai slum", written by DE BERCEGOL Rémi, DESFEUX Adeline, edited by CSH Occasional Paper N°30, New Delhi (37 pages). Year of publishing: 2011.


- "Splintering urbanism in Mumbai: Contrasting trends in a multilayered society.", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène,, 2008.
- "Middle Class Neighborhood Associations as Political Players in Mumbai.", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène,, 2007 (XLII, 61-68 pages).
- "Le rôle des associations de résidants dans la gestion des services urbains à Hyderabad.", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène,, 2007.
- "A l’heure de la participation pour la desserte des services urbains : le cas de Mumbai - Inde -", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène,, 2006 (191-204 pages).
- "Reconfiguration of Power Relationships: Policies towards Urban Services in Mumbai.", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène, edited by International Conference on Accumulation and Dispossession: Cities in the New Global Order., 2006, Mumbai.
- "Gouvernance métropolitaine et pilotage de réseaux techniques. Le cas de la région métropolitaine de Mumbai", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène, edited by Revue Française d’Administration Publique, 2003, Ecole Nationale d’Administration, Paris, n°107 (395-407 pages).
- "Gouvernance métropolitaine et pilotage de réseaux techniques. Le cas de la région métropolitaine de Mumbai.", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène,, 2003 (395-407 pages).
- "Dix ans de libéralisation de l'économie indienne : les effets limités de la gouvernance dans le secteur de l'eau et de l'assainissement.", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène,, 2003 (91-106 pages).


- "Etude du réseau de distribution d'électricité à Mumbai. Interaction entre le mode de gestion du réseau et les dynamiques de fragmentations urbaines", written by FILIOR F. edited by MPhil dissertation, ENTPE, Vaux-en-Velin (70 pages). Year of publishing: 2004.
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 06:38:04 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/191-basic-urban-services-decentralization-and-local-development-in-mumbai
India’s Afghan policy since 1947 http://www.csh-delhi.com/192-india-s-afghan-policy-since-1947 The project is part of a doctoral research at the Sciences Po. This study intends to assess the extent to which the Pakistan (and Kashmir) factor plays a role in the Indo-Afghan relations since Partition, and hopes to bring to light the various forms this relationship has taken in course of time, depending on shifts in India’s foreign policy and orientations.

The Afghanistan case is of great importance for New Delhi’s regional calculi but also for its global ambitions since the NATO intervention following the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001. In this process, this work will also try to establish the nature and extent of the links between New Delhi’s dual management of the Pashtunistan and Kashmir issues which have been the major obstacles for South Asian regional cooperation and stability.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CERI : Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (Sciences-Po / CNRS, Paris, France)
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:34:56 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/192-india-s-afghan-policy-since-1947
Long-Distance Regionalism and Non Resident Telanganites http://www.csh-delhi.com/193-long-distance-regionalism-and-non-resident-telanganites After the end of the Cold War, the development of ethno-nationalist movements in conjunction with the rise of international migrations has led to an increased academic focus on transnational politics and on what Benedict Anderson's termed "long-distance nationalism". The Palestinian and Israeli support from outside the Middle East, the Tamil diaspora's involvement in the LTTE war for a Tamil nation in Sri Lanka have been stock examples in the 1990s and 2000s. At the same time, the school of transnationalism studies, led by Peggy Levitt and Leslie Sklair, insisted on the non-monetary forms of remittances sent by the migrants and on the space migrants occupy outside the purview of the State. After examining the role of long-distance nationalism in India at the national level, this paper will strive to understand the involvement of the diaspora in regional party dynamics in Andhra Pradesh. The Telangana movement constitutes indeed a striking case of long-distance regionalism. Non Resident Indians from the Telangana region are indeed particularly active in lobbying for the creation of a new State carved out of Andhra Pradesh and in election campaigning. This study will examine the transnational dynamics and implications of such lobbying, along with the impact of this long-distance regionalism on the very idea of India.

The mechanisms of long-distance nationalism have hardly been studied. Worse, long-distance regionalism, which does not necessarily oppose the State or aim at its dissolution, has remained ignored in spite of bringing a new light on expatriate political mobilisation and on State-diaspora relationships. This project explores, through the case-study of the pro-Telangana movement, the relationship of long-distance regionalists with the state of their country of origin and aims at understanding the conditions and the driving forces of their mobilization. Drawing from rational choice and mobilization theories, but bearing in mind the politics of emotion also at play, this project examines the social, historical and cultural context that has cradled and helped develop the diaspora’s discourse and mobilisation as well as the motivations of the different actors. In doing so, it hopes to shed new light on the complex relationship between the home country, the home region and international migrants.


Presentation :

- Les Telanganais de l’extérieur et le régionalisme... on Novembre 22th 2010 at EHESS

- Presentation at the BASAS annual conferenceon April 2011 at University of Southampton, UK

- Presentation at the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI) on April 2011 at CERI

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:33:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/193-long-distance-regionalism-and-non-resident-telanganites
E-diaspora: Hindu nationalism online http://www.csh-delhi.com/194-e-diaspora-hindu-nationalism-online This project is part of bigger, ANR-funded study leading to the publication of an Atlas of e-diasporas which will attempt to map the online presence of transnational communities. The project is headed by Dr Dana Diminescu. Ingrid Therwath, along with Anouck Carsignol, an affiliated researcher at the CSH, is part of the India team working on various aspects of the online presence of the 30-million strong Indian diaspora.

The World Wide Web constitutes a prime locus for migrant mobilisation, community-building and diaspora construction, very much in the wake of Benedict Anderson's analysis of "print capitalism". The case of Hindu nationalism constitutes a prime example of this phenomenon since it champions the advent of a Hindu state in India while projecting the universal appeal of its ideology and lays claims to a very modernist and techno-savvy ethos. Its very territorialised yet universal ambitions have been finding particular resonance among migrant populations, particularly in North America. These ethnic groups, which grew in strength in the 1990s, were generally upper middle-class and had professional computer training. The web very early on thus became the sphere of expression of Hindu nationalism and the motherboard of ideology-based diasporic community-building, particularly through forums and online meetings (e-shakhas).

This project, largely based on fieldwork conducted over a period of 10 years and on a database of Hindu nationalist websites (obtained through the use of a crawler and to mapping and cartography softwares developed for the e-diaspora atlas project), strives to go beyond content analyses and shift the focus from voices to traces and gaze in order to present new transnational practices of nationalism. Two main points emerge from this in-depth scrutiny. On the one hand, Hindu nationalism outfits have transferred their online activities mainly to the USA, where the Indian diaspora has a 3,2 million strong presence, and constitute therefore a prime example of long-distance transnationalist nationalism. On the other hand the morphological discrepancies between the online and the offline networks point to new politics of discretion developed to evade the gaze of authorities in countries of residence. Strategies of visibility as well of invisibility will be further deconstructed while revisiting the relationship between diaspora and the homeland.

This particular work on Hindu nationalism online will strive to show the extend of the Sangh Parivar's cyber networks along with the wider connections of pro-Hindutva groups. It will also point out, thanks to a corpus of several hundred websites, the proximity of transnational Hindu nationalists with other religious groups and movements, particularly Evangelicals and extremist Jews.

Preliminary findings will be published in Social Science Information in 2011 and the final book with the contributions of all teams will come out in 2012.


Related resources

- Go to the website ediasporas.ticmigration.fr.
- Go to the website ticmigration.fr.
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:27:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/194-e-diaspora-hindu-nationalism-online
Feeding India The Spatial Parameters of Food Grain Policy http://www.csh-delhi.com/195-feeding-india-the-spatial-parameters-of-food-grain-policy With the support of numerous maps, this unique volume retells the spatial history of the Indian public food system: initially based on compulsory sales and imports, later graduating to agricultural support prices; from a restricted number of only urban beneficiaries in the beginning, to its spread to rural areas; from an import-dependent State to a self-sufficient cereal producing State. A system that played its part in the success of the Green Revolution by guaranteeing outlets for farmers, which showed the way to an improvement in the calorie intake of the population, but seldom that of the nutritional situation and had significant pernicious effects in terms of its ecological consequences. A system that also contained obvious geopolitical dimensions which made the integration of the four corners of the Indian Union possible within the same structure.

The author argues that, if successive governments did not reduce the PDS’ enormous spatial coverage, it was partly because of a concept of territorial integration and aggregation, developed in equal measure by Hindu nationalism and Nehruvian thought.

This book shall be of immense interest to scholars, students, decision makers and layman readers interested in the history, geography and political economy of food policy and food issues.

Achievement of national self-sufficiency in cereals
Absence of food security
(a) Ambiguous cereal and calorie intake situations
(b) The Hindu food transition
Box: The Five Conditions for Food Security

Laissez-faire, letting them die
The 1943 famine

Smoothing curves, filling bellies: theoretical and practical tools
(a) Controls or freedom?
(b) No homogenization without stocks
(c) Domestic procurement or imports?
(d) Territorial integration through redistribution
(e) Spatial segmentation: The mosaic effect

The procrastinations of the food policy
(a) Controls and decontrols (1947-1956)
(b) Imports—a short-term option (1956-65)

Hunger justifies the means: the Green Revolution
Precursors to the Green Revolution
Three fundamentals of the green Revolution
• A technical triptych
• An inputs and services distribution policy
• A pricing policy
Spectacular results
• Substantial increase of production and yields
• Achieving national foodgrain self-sufficiency
• Building buffer stocks
The two balance
• An economic balance between producers and consumers
• A spatial balance leading to a food network
Balancing the economic scales
(a) State intervention in the agricultural production market: The FCI
• Procurement price
• Each year, a new food system
• The hazards of short-term planning and the extent of frauds
(b) State intervention in the consumer market: The PDS
• A two-tier system
• The expansion of the system
Balancing space
(a) How could the entire territory be covered?
(b) ‘Cooperative disputes’ between the centre and the states
• An ambiguous balance of power
• When food feeds tension
National integration or regionalist disintegration?
State rivalries


Reappraising procurement
(a) Concentration in time
(b) Concentration in space
(i) Inequalities of the Green Revolution perpetuated by procurement
(ii) The storage issue
(c) Crop concentrations: Preference for wheat and rice to the detriment of the environment

Reappraising the PDS
(a) In time
(b) In space
(c) Badly targeted customers

Few clients are poor
Few of the poor are clients
Few of the poor clients buy a lot
(a) When wheat and rice drive out other crops
(b) The urban bias: A comparison with China
(c) The prevalence of fraud

Between a food policy and an agricultural policy
The vicious circle of food subsidies, or how to satisfy exporters alone
The solutions implemented, or how to dispose stocks
(a) Resale in the open market
(b) The rise in distribution in the name of the ‘right to food’
(c) Increasing ‘Food for Work’ and free midday meal schemes
(d) Growing criticism of beneficiary selection

Spatial equality not totally discarded
(a) Railway logistics, above all
(b) Market integration
(c) New powers devolved to the states:
Decentralizing the system
1. Decline of national solidarity in procurement
2. Resorting to alternative systems
3. A typology of the states

What about the future?

The discourse
(a) Centralized or participative planning?
(b) Spatial concentration or dispersion?
The reality
Gandhi’s revenge? The rebirth of ‘localism’


Failed secularization of the holy land
Hinduism—A geographical religion
The chequering of Hindu territory


Urban-based distribution systems
Working towards self-sufficiency through procurement

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:37:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/195-feeding-india-the-spatial-parameters-of-food-grain-policy
Patterns of Middle Class Consumption in India and China http://www.csh-delhi.com/196-patterns-of-middle-class-consumption-in-india-and-china This book explores the complex history and sociology of the middle class from a comparative perspective. It has papers written by sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists rather than economists, so the emphasis is on cultural shifts rather than economic statistics. The major contribution of this volume is that these two emerging powers of Asia are not, as is usual, compared to the West but with each other. Considering that these two societies have so much in common in scale, civilizational history and as emerging economies, the book is timely. Its focus is on the social and political implications of new consumption patterns among the middle classes of India and China in the context of economic growth, market liberalization and globalization. Reflecting upon and critically engaging with traditional sociological notions on which definitions of the middle class have been based, the book analyzes the intermingling of these notions with new attitudes in the wake of the consumer revolution. An entire gamut of aspects of consumer culture is explored – tourism, leisure activities and the entertainment industry (art, karaoke and soap operas) – as well as the consumption of experiences through these. It is argued that these phenomena have particular Indian and Chinese incarnations, which need to be analyzed in a manner that does not privilege a limited western experience of globalization. With fresh insights and perspectives, the book will appeal to students of anthropology, sociology, political science, media studies and cultural studies. It will also be useful for market research professionals.



List of Tables
List of Figures

1. Introduction
Christophe Jaffrelot and Peter van der Veer

2. ‘Why Should We Vote?’: The Indian Middle Class and the Functioning of the World’s Largest Democracy
Christophe Jaffrelot

3. Rewriting the Code: Software Professionals and the Reconstitution of Indian Middle Class Identity
Carol Upadhya

4. The Indian Corporate Hospitals: Touching Middle Class Lives
Bertrand Lefebvre

5. Middle Class: Reality or Illusion?
Xiaohong Zhou

6. Power of Knowledge: The Imaginary Formation of the Chinese Middle Stratum in an Era of Growth and Stability
Anand V. Taneja

7. A Requiem for Songpan, or Once More about China’s Civilizing Mission
Pál Nyíri

8. History and Heritage Woven in the New Urban Fabric: The Changing Landscapes of Delhi’s ‘First City’. Or, Who Can Tell the Histories of Lado Sarai?
Anand V. Taneja

9. Eat, Drink and Sing, and Be Modern and Global: Food, Karaoke and ‘Middle Class’ Consumers in China
Xun Zhou

10. Transnational and Transcultural Circulation and Consumption of East Asian Television Drama
Chua Beng Huat

11. Sex, Television and the Middle Class in China
Jacqueline Elfick

12. Aspirational Weddings: The Bridal Magazine and the Canons of ‘Decent Marriage’
Patricia Uberoi

13. Yeh Dil Maange More…Television and Consumer Choices in a Global City
Shoma Munshi

14. Consuming Art in Middle Class China
Puay-peng Ho

About the Editors and Contributors

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:49:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/196-patterns-of-middle-class-consumption-in-india-and-china
Globalisation in China, India & Russia: Emergence of National Groups and Global Strategies of Firms http://www.csh-delhi.com/197-globalisation-in-china-india-russia-emergence-of-national-groups-and-global-strategies-of-firms No study of globalisation is possible, nor is it thinkable, without referring to China, India, Russia, that is to say, without an analysis of their firms and including them in the global network of firms. The three countries under study had socialist economies and are now going through a process of transition towards a market economy with various degrees of success and, more importantly, using different methods as far as the relationship between the State and the firms is concerned. Also, to a large extent, researchers in economics have until now viewed these countries in a somewhat unbalanced manner and they have seldom been the object of a comparative study from the perspective of the globalization of their firms. The evolution in policy issues has been strongly backed by a similar evolution in economic theory, the effects strongly felt in former socialist countries, namely Russia and China, as well as in countries which had and still have a large ‘public sector’ like India. Neither the markets nor the States are nowadays seen as perfect, and this book deals at many places much more with their subtle interactions or coordination, than opposition.



List of Tables, Figures, Boxes and Appendices





1. Emergence of National Groups and Global Strategies of Firms: Globalisation in China, India and Russia


Part I : The Private in Context: Public Reforms

2. Between Bureaucracy and Market: Chinese Industrial Groups in Search of New Forms of Corporate Governance


3. Economic Reforms, Privatisations and Public Private Developments in India since 1991


4. Productivity and Competitive Challenges for the Russian Economy: Room for a More Proactive Policy?


Part II : Markets and Competitivity

5. Impact of Liberalisation of Trade and Investment on Chinese Industrial Firms


6. Firm and Industry Response to Liberalisation in India: Theory and Evidence


7. The Indian Power Sector in a Command Economy: Liberal Reforms or Indian-style Development?


8. Subcontracting in Indian Industries, Market Structure and Product Quality: Implications under Globalisation


9. India-Russia Economic Relations: Gradual Shift from State Dominant Linkages to Private Initiatives


Part III : Restructuring and Strategies of Firms

10. Foreign Direct Investment in China’s Automotive Industry


11. On the Role of Foreign Investment in the Development of a Market Economy in China


12. A Theory of Buy-outs in Joint Ventures


13. Asset Specificity, Partnerships and Global Strategies of Information Technology and Biotechnology Firms in India


14. Emergence and Entry of Industrial Groups in Russia: The Case of the Car Industry



Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:49:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/197-globalisation-in-china-india-russia-emergence-of-national-groups-and-global-strategies-of-firms
China-Pakistan Strategic Cooperation: Indian Perspectives http://www.csh-delhi.com/198-china-pakistan-strategic-cooperation-indian-perspectives This book is an attempt to collate Indian perspectives on the multifaceted themes and sectors of China-Pakistan strategic cooperation. China-Pakistan ties have been a major obsession with Indian opinion and policy makers. While this obsession remains restricted to China’s transfers of sensitive technologies, the essential backdrop sustaining such a unique ‘axis’ has not been explored with sufficient rigour. Given the secrecy that shrouds these transfers of missiles and nuclear material, technologies and knowhow, occasional outbursts in the Indian media suggest that commentary remains vulnerable to political populism, emotional outrage and calculated Western media leaks. These commentaries trigger flashes of interest but no substantive follow-up debate or dedicated research for evolving India’s policy options. The volume tries to fill this essential gap so as to generate serious debate on the contours and implications of China-Pakistan ties. The project locates itself primarily in a new context where the events following 9/11 and the growing India-China and India-Pakistan understanding seem to undermine the China-Pakistan axis. In addition to providing a wealth of information and analyses on a subject of critical importance, the volume aims at shedding populism and busting several myths that continue to burden Indian debates on China-Pakistan strategic cooperation.





Part I – Mutual Perceptions and Policies

1: Introduction

Swaran Singh

2: The Changing Imperatives

Anindyo J. Majumdar

3: Pakistan in China’s Security Perceptions

Srikanth Kondapalli

4: China in Pakistan’s Security Perceptions

Satyabrat Sinha

5: Strategic Thinking and Traditions

M.V. Rappai

6: Role of Political Culture

Sonika Gupta

Part II – Defence and Strategic Cooperation

7: Proliferation Concerns: An Overview

Arpit Rajain

8: Nuclear Proliferation Concerns

Savita Pande

9: Ballistic Missile Technology Transfers

Rajiv Nayan

10: Air and Aerospace Partnership

M. Matheswaran

11: Naval Cooperation

Vijay Sakhuja

12: The Maritime Convergence

W. Lawrence S. Prabhakar

Part III – Fundamentals of Strategic Engagement

13: Geopolitics of Economic Relations

Madhu Bhalla

14: Civilian Technology Transfer

D. Varaprasad Sekhar

15: Civilian Nuclear Cooperation

Arvind Kumar

16: Pakistan in China’s Arms Trade

Aparna Kher

17: The Karakoram Highway

Virendra Sahai Verma

18: The Xinjiang Factor

Abanti Bhattacharya



Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:49:36 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/198-china-pakistan-strategic-cooperation-indian-perspectives
India, Europe and the Changing Dimensions of Security http://www.csh-delhi.com/199-india-europe-and-the-changing-dimensions-of-security Containing 16 essays by Indian and European security experts, policy analysts and academics, this book assesses the impact of the changing dimensions of security since the end of the Cold War on defence and security policies of India and Europe and the political-military ramifications of the events of 11th September 2001.

The volume covers a broad range of contemporary security issues including European Security and Defence Policy, non-proliferation, humanitarian intervention, conflict resolution, reform of the United Nations, and the causes and consequences of terrorism.

The study critically evaluates the recent trends in the policy of the European Union towards South Asia and Afghanistan.

The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, defence and security studies.




    1. India, Europe and the Changing Dimensions of Security MICHEL CAILLOUET


    1. Security in the New Millenium: An Indian Perspective C RAJA MOHAN
    2. Security in the 21st Century: Terrorism and the Stability of the International System HARTMUT ELSENHANS


    1. Fundamentalism, Terrorism and Recognition: New Security Problems in the Era of Globalization THOMAS MEYER


    1. Security and Conflict Resolution JASJIT SINGH


    1. Security: Does European Civil Society Have a Say? SERGIO MASCARENHAS


    1. Europe and Non-Proliferation: Controlling Exports SAVITA PANDE
    2. Europe and Nuclearisation in South Asia JACQUES FONTANEL and JEAN-FRANCOIS GUILHAUDIS


    1. Germany and the War against Terrorism JOHANN-HINRICH ERNST
    2. The French Anti-Terrorism System JEAN-LUC MARRET


    1. India, the European Union and Indo-Pakistan Relations G. PARTHASARTHY


    1. India and Terrorism in South Asia KULBIR KRISHNAN


    1. Europe and Humanitarian Intervention UMMU SALMA BAVA
    2. Europe and Afghanistan MAHENDRA VED


    1. Indian and European Approaches to UN Reforms CSR MURTHY


  1. European Security and Defence Identity: Challenges and Opportunities SAPONTI BARROOWA
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:49:47 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/199-india-europe-and-the-changing-dimensions-of-security
India, the European Union and the WTO http://www.csh-delhi.com/200-india-the-european-union-and-the-wto The World Trade Organisation has merged as the most significant multilateral institution regulating international trade. The 13 essays in this volume by Indian and European policy analysts, policy-makers and academics critically examine the role of the European Union and India in international trade negotiations against the background of liberalization, globalisation and regionalism.

The book evaluates the impact of the WTO on developing countries. It examines the convergence and divergence between India and the European Union towards critical multilateral trade issues, including agriculture, services, and labour standards.

This study will be of interest to policy-makers and those engaged on the fields of economics, political science, and international relations.




  1. WTO as a Regime in International Relations MANMOHAN AGARWAL
  2. Regionalism, Multilateralism and the WTO PAOLO GUERRIERI
  3. The WTO, Globalisation and New Political Movements of the South HARTMUT ELSENHANS
  4. The European Union, India and the Doha Round BRIAN MCDONALD
  5. Strangers on the Road, India and the European Union on the Way to Cancun B. BHATTACHARYA
  6. EU-India Trade and Investment Relations S. CHAUVIN, FRANCOIS LEMOINE and DENIZ UNAL-KESENCI
  7. India, the enlarged European Union and the WTO BURKHARD STEPPACHER
  8. India, the EU and Agriculture in WTO Negotiations O P SHARMA
  9. India, the European Union and Labour Standards PRADEEP S MEHTA and BIPUL CHATTERJEE
  10. India and the European Union: From GATT to GATS RL CHAWLA
  11. Civil Society and EU Trade Policy TERESA MOREIRA
  12. Non-Tariff Barriers, Indo-EU Trade and the World Trade Organisation SWAPAN K BHATTACHARYA
  13. India, the European Union and Geographical Indications SACHIN CHATURVEDI
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:50:05 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/200-india-the-european-union-and-the-wto
Against the Current (Volume III) Electricity Act and Technical Choices for the Power Sector in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/201-against-the-current-volume-iii-electricity-act-and-technical-choices-for-the-power-sector-in-india The State Electricity Boards (SEBs) present huge potential for daily change in the lives of a billion-strong Indian

population. Often described as nearly impossible to reform, SEBs offer huge untapped potential for higher technological efficiency, that in turn could mean reliable electricity

for day-to-day life, reduced bills for the users and the public exchequer, higher environmental sustainability.

For this potential to appear clearly in the public debate,

the so-called ‘technicalities’ of the power sector should no longer be the monopoly of a few specialists and technocrats. And indeed, India’s history of economic regulation

has entered into a new era when, in the power sector, the model of ‘independent regulation’ for utilities got enacted through the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act,

1998, then followed by the new Electricity Act 2003. The regulatory commissions gained a saying in virtually all technical matters within the utilities. The biggest chasse

gardée of the State Electricity Boards engineers had not resisted.

This volume comes as third in a series on the power sector reforms in India. The series attempts

at understanding (i) the organizational tasks, (ii) the tariffs aspects, (iii) the role of the private, (iv) the role of technology in the complex, variegated, state-specific Indian


A clear and sound public debate of tariffs, service, advantages and limits of privatization of the Indian scenario can only come from the an informed

assessment of current margins in technological enhancement of SEBs and on the relevance of the Act in framing such a new Indian power system. This volume wishes to

contribute to this.


1. Electricity Act and ‘Enterprisation’ of the State Electricity Boards - JOEL RUET
2. Central Act and State

3. Markets through the Back Door - SUDHA MAHALINGAM
4. Benchmarking of Electricity Distribution Companies in India - PREM K. KALRA, V.P. SINGH and YOGESH K. BICHPURIYA
5. Need for Distribution System Reforms and Customer Training - A.K. SAXENA and PREM K. KALRA
6. Application of Information Technology to Improve Performance in Power Distribution - SANJAY GUPTA
7. Broad Technology Choices and Technology Mix for the Power Sector - R.K. BELAPURKAR
8. Voltage Control through Reactive Power Management – Case Studies - MAHENDRA KUMAR
9. Transmission Line Congestion Management Using Bid-Areas Division Technique - D.P. KOTHARI and PARUL GOYAL
10. Integrated Resource Planning in Supply Side Management in Power System - PREM K. KALRA, YOGESH K. BICHPURIYA and V.P. SINGH
11. A Benchmarking of Performance of Indian State-level Electricity Utilities in the Post-Liberalization Period - N. BALASUBRAMANIAM
12. Generation Choices: A Retrospective Account of the Ninth Plan - JOEL RUET
13. Electricity Reforms, Firm-level Responses and Environmental Implications - DEEPA MENON-CHOUDHARY, P.R. SHUKLA, TIRTHANKAR NAG and DEBASHISH BISWAS
14. The Act as a Base for Rethinking Technology and Managerial Mixes - JOEL RUET

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:37:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/201-against-the-current-volume-iii-electricity-act-and-technical-choices-for-the-power-sector-in-india
Castes, Communities and Parties in Uttar Pradesh http://www.csh-delhi.com/203-castes-communities-and-parties-in-uttar-pradesh A profiling of the caste backgrounds of candidates fielded by the four main political parties in Uttar Pradesh in the assembly elections, the elected legislators and ministers reveals some interesting trends. There is a stable presence of upper caste candidates from all major parties, with the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Congress continuing to field them predominantly, while the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party have become more of "catch-all" parties, similar yet very different from the Congress Party of the past. The study of ministers and MLAs reveals a more complex picture of upper caste strength in representation.]]> Thu, 23 Jan 2014 06:57:12 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/203-castes-communities-and-parties-in-uttar-pradesh Political Turmoil in Karachi : Production and Reproduction of Ordered Disorder http://www.csh-delhi.com/204-political-turmoil-in-karachi-production-and-reproduction-of-ordered-disorder Fri, 08 Feb 2013 05:55:35 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/204-political-turmoil-in-karachi-production-and-reproduction-of-ordered-disorder Subaltern Urbanisation in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/205-subaltern-urbanisation-in-india The concept of subaltern urbanisation refers to the growth of settlement agglomerations, whether denoted urban by the Census of India or not, that are independent of the metropolis and autonomous in their interactions with other settlements, local and global. Analysing conventional and new data sources "against the grain", this paper claims support for the existence of such economically vital small settlements, contrary to perceptions that India's urbanisation is slow, that its smaller settlements are stagnant and its cities are not productive. It offers a classification scheme for settlements using the axes of spatial proximity to metropolises and degree of dministrative recognition, and looks at the potential factors for their transformation along economic, social and political dimensions. Instead of basing policy on illusions of control, understanding how agents make this world helps comprehend ongoing Indian transformations.]]> Thu, 23 Jan 2014 06:57:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/205-subaltern-urbanisation-in-india Our Partners http://www.csh-delhi.com/206-our-partners



  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) www.cnrs.fr/
  • Instituts Français de Recherche à l'Étranger (IFRE)  www.ifre.fr/







  • CSDS Delhi : Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (New Delhi, India) : http://www.csds.in/
  • National Institute of Advance Study, Urban Research & Policy Program (Bangalore, India) : http://www.nias.res.in/




  • CEIAS : Centre d'Études de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud (CNRS/EHESS, Paris, France) : http://ceias.ehess.fr/
  • CLERSE : Centre Lillois d'Etudes et de Recherches Sociologiques et Economiques (UMR 8019, Université de Lille 1, France) : http://clerse.univ-lille1.fr/
  • IFEAC : Institut Français d'Etude sur l'Asie Centrale (Tachkent, Ouzbékistan) : http://www.ifeac.org/
  • IRASEC : Institut de Recherche sur l''Asie du Sud-Est Contemporaine (Bangkok, Thailand) : http://www.irasec.com/
  • UMR IDEES : Identités et Différentiations de l'Environnement des Espaces et des Sociétés : http://www.umr-idees.fr/




Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:21:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/206-our-partners
Rise of the Plebeians? The Changing Face of Indian Legislative Assemblies http://www.csh-delhi.com/207-rise-of-the-plebeians-the-changing-face-of-indian-legislative-assemblies
One of the first comprehensive studies of the sociological patterns of Indian political personnel at the state level, the work will be of interest to scholars of political science, modern political history, sociology, South Asian studies as well as the general reader.

Mukulika Banerjee
Yogendra Yadav

Christophe Jaffrelot

I: The Hindi Belt towards Social Engineering
1: The Marginalisation of the Savarnas in Uttar Pradesh?
Jasmine Zérinini-Brotel
2: Bihar: The New Stronghold of OBC Politics
Cyril Robin
3: The Uneven Rise of Lower Castes in the Politics of Madhya Pradesh
Christophe Jaffrelot

II: The North-western Pattern
4: Legislative Elite in Punjab: A Socio-political Study
Ashutosh Kumar and T. R. Sharma
5: Towards Jat Empowerment in Rajasthan
Christophe Jaffrelot and Cyril Robin
6: Gujarat: When Patels Resist the Kshatriyas
Kiran Desai and Ghanshyam Shah

III: The Reign of Dominant Castes in the Deccan
7: Maharashtra or Maratha Rashtra?
Rajendra Vora
8: Legislators in Karnataka: Well-entrenched Dominant Castes
Sandeep Shastri
9: Two Dominant Castes: The Socio-political System in Andhra Pradesh
Anne Vaugier-Chatterjee

IV: Tribal States?
10: Jharkhand: Between Tribal Mobilisation and the Rise of the OBC
Cyril Robin
11: Tribals, OBC, Reformist Movements and Mainstream Politics in Chhattisgarh
Samuel Berthet

V: Where the Upper Castes Resist
12: The Resilient Bhadralok: A Profile of the West Bengal MLAs
Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
13: Socio-economic Background of Legislators in Kerala
G. Gopa Kumar

VI: The Domain of Proportionality
14: Himachal Pradesh: The Well-established Domination of Majoritarian Upper Castes
Ramesh K. Chauhan, S. N. Ghosh and T. R. Sharma
15: Changing Face of Delhi’s Politics: Has it Changed the Face of the Political Representatives?
Sanjay Kumar

VII: The Tamil Exception: The Subalternist Tradition
16: Caste and Beyond in Tamil Politics
Jean-Luc Racine]]>
Tue, 04 Sep 2012 10:30:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/207-rise-of-the-plebeians-the-changing-face-of-indian-legislative-assemblies
Milices armées d’Asie du Sud : Privatisation de la violence et implication des États http://www.csh-delhi.com/208-milices-armees-d-asie-du-sud-privatisation-de-la-violence-et-implication-des-etats
Very influential in India and Nepal, maoist organizations claim to be revolutionary. But the people they aspire to liberate are more often than not made up of lower castes and tribes, with the result that their guerrilla appear more ethnic than universalist.

They resemble in this aspect national liberation movements whose goal is the political independence of linguistic, religious and tribal communities. However, in Sri Lanka, Kashmir or Myanmar, these groups are also part of movements of national oppression.

This again is the case with nationalist or religious movements in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, where Islamist militia, Hindu nationalists or Sikh militants exercise brutal control over their respective communities by means of a veritable cultural police.

Militia and states share a complex relationship. At times on the way to becoming true states within a State, these militia may equally be instrumentalized by the powers-that-be in order to enforce their authority at the local level.

Laurent Gayer is researcher at the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), New Delhi, and associate researcher at the Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CEIAS).

Christophe Jaffrelot is director of research at the CNRS and director of the Centre for International Studies and Research (CERI) at Sciences Po.

Mariam Abou Zahab, Amélie Blom, Gilles Boquérat, Jérémie Codron, Renaud Egreteau, Nicolas Jaoul and Chris Smith have contributed to this volume.


– Laurent Gayer and Christophe Jaffrelot

I: The Maoist Phenomenon

Chapter 1
Naxalites of Bihar:  Between Arms and Urns
– Nicolas Jaoul

Chapter 2
Maoism and the Ethnic Factor in Nepal’s People’s War
– Gilles Boquérat

II: National Liberation Movements?

Chapter 3
The LTTE: A Movement of Liberation and National Oppression
– Chris Smith

Chapter 4
Myanmar’s Militia: Between Insurrection and Maintenance of Order
– Renaud Egreteau

III: Politico-religious Movements: Relays of State Power?

Chapter 5
The Hizb-ul Mujahidin of Kashmir, Imaginaries and Clientelism
– Amélie Blom

Chapter 6
The SSP, Herald of Sunni Militancy in Pakistan
– Mariam Abou Zahab

Chapter 7
Islamist Militia in Bangladesh: Symptoms of a Weak State?
– Jérémie Codron

Chapter 8
The Hindutva Brigade and Cultural Policing
– Christophe Jaffrelot

Chapter 9
Militia of Khalistan: Servants and Users of the State
– Laurent Gayer

– Laurent Gayer and Christophe Jaffrelot

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:28:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/208-milices-armees-d-asie-du-sud-privatisation-de-la-violence-et-implication-des-etats
La Ville en Asie du Sud Analyse et mise en perspective / Cities in South Asia: Analyses and prospectsud http://www.csh-delhi.com/209-la-ville-en-asie-du-sud-analyse-et-mise-en-perspective-cities-in-south-asia-analyses-and-prospectsud Language : French & English

The city in South Asia, descendant of the world’s most ancient urban civilization, is situated in a predominantly rural region, which nonetheless produces mega-cities. These large cities, which are at the forefront of the subcontinent’s economic liberalisation process, are undergoing rapid changes in the face of globalisation. Three main themes engage with these transformations: urban re-structuring and social and spatial dimensions; urban conflict and social tensions; the reshaping of economic spaces.

The edited volume mobilizes various disciplinary fields in the social sciences and offers a comparative approach that aims to situate the South Asian urban experience in relation to trends observed elsewhere in Asia and on other continents as well.

Sommaire / Table of Contents

Structure de la ville et recompositions socio-spatiales Structure of the town and socio-spatial reshaping

Images et formes urbaines. L'héritage précolonial du pays Tamoul
Urban forms and images : the pre-colonial legacy in Tamil Nadu

Villes saintes, villes fortifiées. Réflexions depuis la Chine sur le cas tamoul
Holy cities, fortified cities. On the Tamil case, as viewed from China

Du traitement des slums à Delhi. Politiques de « nettoyage » et d’embellissement
Dealing with slums in Delhi : clearance and beautification policies

Une autre politique de centre ville en Amérique latine. La place réservée aux pauvres dans les « vieux » quartiers de São Paulo
A new policy for town-centers in Latin America: the space for the poor in the “old” districts of Sao Paulo.

Les nouveaux quartiers du Grand Katmandou : conception et composition The new suburbs of Greater Kathmandu: conception and patterns

Quel statut urbanistique pour la ville héritée ?
Which town-planning for the inherited town?

Village dans la ville ou village imaginaire ? Communautés migrantes de Mumbai
Village in town, or in imagination? The migrant communities in Mumbai.

Les villages urbains : concept ou abus de langage ?
Urban villages: concept or abuse of language?

Tensions sociales et tensions urbaines
Social tension, tension in the city

Violence, défragmentation sociale et intégration urbaine à Karachi dans la perspective de la courte durée Violence, social de-fragmentation, and urban integration: Karachi within a short prospect

La violence et la ville : le cas de Mumbai durant les deux dernières décennies du XXe siècle
Violence in the city: the case of Mumbai in the last two decades of the 20th century

Violences et territoires
Violence for territories

La ville et le développement économique local et mondial
The city and the local and global economic development

Shaping economic space in Chennai and Hyderabad. The assertion of State-level policies in the post-reform area.

Libéralisation économique et disparités générales : des évolutions contrastées entre l'Inde et le Brésil ?
Liberalisation policies and regional disparities: contrasts in the evolution of India and Brazil ?

Désindustrialisation, précarisation du travail et transformation des réseaux politiques urbains : la ville de Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
De-industrialization, labour precariousness and changes in urban political networks: Kanpur City (Uttar Pradesh)

Après l'usine, la ville. L'indispensable économie endogène en Uttar Pradesh et ailleurs
After the factory, the town: on the unavoidability of an endogenous economy in Uttar Pradesh and elsewhere.


Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:37:34 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/209-la-ville-en-asie-du-sud-analyse-et-mise-en-perspective-cities-in-south-asia-analyses-and-prospectsud
Eastward Bound: India’s New Positioning in Asia http://www.csh-delhi.com/210-eastward-bound-india-s-new-positioning-in-asia A long historical perspective would probably describe India as a country that has always been at the very centre of things in Asia. An ancient cultural matrix of Asian civilizations, India had close interactions with its eastern neighbours through centuries and was deeply involved in the pan-Asianist and decolonization movements during the first part of the 20th century. Nevertheless, by the early 1990s, India found itself so estranged from its eastern neighbourhood that it had to formulate a proactive policy to return to the Asian fold. A Look East policy was thus officially launched as a deliberate attempt on India's part to emulate the 'Asian Miracle' and to associate itself with East Asia, a region that stood as one of the most dynamic in the world.

In this volume, Isabelle Saint-Mézard analyses the Look East policy in a comprehensive way, stringing together its various developments and nuances over one decade and a half. Her focus is on the politico-economic dynamics of the policy. At the same time, she acknowledges the multifaceted nature of the Look East policy and underlines its ideological and cultural dimensions, as well as its security-related aspects. Shifting in perspectives, her study also shows how countries and regional organizations in East Asia have responded to India's opening up. The repercussions of the 1997 financial crisis on the multidimensional rapprochement between India and East Asia have also been analysed.

The study proceeds to evaluate the results of the policy. The Look East policy has no doubt stimulated economic, political, institutional and strategic ties with East Asia, and more importantly India has increasingly identified itself with Asia. Thus, the author shows that the Look East policy has become a major dimension of India's new external relations with the post-Cold War era. One of the most remarkable features of this policy is that it has been cleverly pursued in congruence with trends in regionalization and that it has helped India to reposition itself as a major player in Asia.





Conceptualizing East Asia
The Indian Opening up to East Asia

1. India’s Look East Policy
1.1. An Outcome of India’s Economic Liberalization
1.2. East Asian States’ Interest in India’s Overtures
1.3. The Impetus for the Look East Policy: Catching up with the Regionalization of the World

2. Evolution of Trade and Investment Flows
2.1. Trade and Investment Flows between India and North-East Asia
2.2. The Economic Interactions between India and South-East Asia
2.3. People-to-People Networks between India and East Asia

3. Challenges to the Look East Policy
3.1. The Limitations of India’s Economic Opening
3.2. East Asia’s Misgivings about India
3.3. The Look East Policy Challenged by the Asian Crisis

4. Ideological Underpinnings
4.1. Back to the 1930s and 1940s: India’s pan-Asian Dreams
4.2. India’s Asianism in the 1990s: Catching up with the ‘New Asia’
4.3. The Hindu Nationalist Approach

5. Institutional Integration
5.1. Some Successful Forays in South-East Asia
5.2. India’s Exclusion from the Core of East Asian Regionalism

6. Cultural and Religious Links
6.1. The Indian Civilization on the Periphery of the ‘New Asia’
6.2. India as a Minor Source of Inspiration for Asianism

7. Harmonizing the Strategic Environment
7.1. Changes in the ASEAN’s Perceptions
7.2. An Indian Counterweight to China’s Might?

8. Integrating Defence Interests
8.1. A Growing Strategic Influence in Asia
8.2. India’s Integration in the ARF

9. India’s Nuclearization and the Changed Security Dynamics
9.1. The Repercussions of India’s Nuclear Tests in Asia
9.2. Towards a Concert of Powers in Asia?

10. Conclusion



Wed, 05 Sep 2012 06:39:36 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/210-eastward-bound-india-s-new-positioning-in-asia
Cultural Dynamics and Strategies of the Indian Elite (1870-1947) – Indo-French Relations during the Raj http://www.csh-delhi.com/211-cultural-dynamics-and-strategies-of-the-indian-elite-1870-1947-indo-french-relations-during-the-raj The British authorities were prompt to react and tried to contain the development of French culture within the educative institutions. The new space for culture making created by the Indo-French dialogue is now open to political interpretations, at times conflicting. The relations between Rabindranath Tagore and Sylvain Lévi is one instance of the difficulties for a colonizing power to acknowledge the modern ferment within the colonized regions of the world in the twentieth century. Nevertheless, as the volume so eloquently portrays, the dynamics of cultural and scientific exchanges were in motion between France and India, through the Indian diaspora and French intellectuals associating themselves with India and Indian reformist movements.




1. The British in India and French Culture
2. The Roots of Francophilia among the Indian elite
3. The Birth and Growth of the French Language in India
4. The French Community in India
5. Elite Mobility: The Indian Diaspora and France
6. France and the Indian Nationalist Movement: From Sovereignty to Solidarity
7. Foreign Influence and the French Culture in India
8. French Indologists and the Debate about Indian Civilization
9. Conclusion



Wed, 05 Sep 2012 06:40:06 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/211-cultural-dynamics-and-strategies-of-the-indian-elite-1870-1947-indo-french-relations-during-the-raj
Inde-France (1870-1962): Enjeux Culturels http://www.csh-delhi.com/212-inde-france-1870-1962-enjeux-culturels The country controlling India is the most powerful in the world, Napoleon said. As soon as the end of the Eighteenth century arrives, Indian culture impulses a new trend in French humanism, notably with Anquetil Duperron. In the early Nineteenth, the elites of the sub-continent ruled by the British start to conceive of French culture as an instrumental factor in modernity making. From 1870 onwards, the attempts of the British authorities to contain their emancipation increased the interest of the Indian elites in French language and culture. If the effort towards emancipation from the British rule takes the Indian elite closer to the country of the Revolution and of the lingua franca of the cosmopolitan elite, the Third Republic leads irrevocably the French nation towards the colonial path. Political, economic but also cultural dynamics will deeply be affected by this choice. Solidarity with the British will prohibit France to start playing the role of privileged partner wished by the Indian elite. By the time of Independence and in the following years, the perception of India and of the relations between the two countries will be considerably altered by the French colonial experiment of the past decades.

Wed, 05 Sep 2012 07:15:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/212-inde-france-1870-1962-enjeux-culturels
Local Democracy in India - Interpreting Decentralization http://www.csh-delhi.com/213-local-democracy-in-india-interpreting-decentralization The author covers a host of important issues including whether

  • panchayats empower people and strengthen democracy at the local level
  • the policy of reservation has created space for the weaker sections, including women
  • the people are satisfied with the performance of panchayats

Understanding decentralization in the context of the existing political system as also recognizing the needs of the people, this volume will be of considerable interest to students and scholars of politics, history and sociology, as well as to social activists and journalists.


List of Tables
1. Introduction
2. Regime Character, Governability and Panchayats: An Overview
3. Panchayat Leaders: Profiles, Perceptions and Performances
4. Panchayats and the People: Expectations, Realities and Constraints
5. The Village Assembly: Issues, Discourses and Participation
6. Decentralization in Education and Health: The Promises and Pitfalls
7. Conclusion: An Unfinished Quest for Local Democracy
About the Author

Wed, 05 Sep 2012 07:23:37 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/213-local-democracy-in-india-interpreting-decentralization
The European Union in World Politics http://www.csh-delhi.com/214-the-european-union-in-world-politics This book examines the role of the European Union as an influential actor in world politics. The 17 essays in this volume evaluate EU enlargement and the Common Foreign and Security Policy. They assess the European Union’s trade policy and role in multilateral trade negotiations, international crises and conflict resolution. The study discusses the impact of the Iraq war (2003) on transatlantic relations.

This study critically evaluates the role of France, Germany and Britain in the process of European integration and assesses the challenges of institutional reform.

This volume will be of interest to policy-makers as well as those engaged in the fields of economics, international relations and area studies.



    • The European Union in World Politics MICHAEL CAILLOUET
    • Contestations over Sovereignty: Revisiting the Role of EU in International Politics A K RAMAKRISHNAN

    • EU’s Trade Policy and its Global Role PAOLO GUERRIERI and IRENE CARATELLI
    • The European Union, Multilateralism and World Trade Governance B BHATTACHARYA

    • The Euro in the World Economy HARTMUT ELSENHANS

    • France, the European Union and India DOMINIQUE GIRARD

    • France and European Integration BRIGITTE VASSORT-ROUSSET
    • Germany and European Integration HARTMUT ELSENHANS

    • Quest for a Role: Britain in the European Union PURSHOTTAM BHATTACHARYA

    • Enlargement of the European Union AMARJIT S NARANG

    • India and EU Enlargement RAJENDRA K. JAIN

    • Enlargement and the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union CONSTANCE CHEVALLIER-GOVERS
    • The European Union and Conflict Resolution GERD JUNNE

    • The Atlantic Triad: The United States, Europe and the Iraq War PARMIT PAL CHAUDHURI

    • The Transatlantic Relationship: the European Union and the United States VEENA-RAVI KUMAR

  • The European Convention on the Future of Europe MANUEL PORTO
  • European Integration and the Challenges of Institutional Reform UMMU SALVA BAVA
Mon, 10 Sep 2012 09:21:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/214-the-european-union-in-world-politics
Beyond the Transition Phase of WTO: An Indian Perspective on Emerging Issues http://www.csh-delhi.com/218-beyond-the-transition-phase-of-wto-an-indian-perspective-on-emerging-issues Mon, 10 Sep 2012 10:43:36 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/218-beyond-the-transition-phase-of-wto-an-indian-perspective-on-emerging-issues Reconfiguring Identities and Building Territories in India and South Africa http://www.csh-delhi.com/219-reconfiguring-identities-and-building-territories-in-india-and-south-africa The spaces, territories and identities (re)produced in the complex contexts in which the global, national, regional and local meet lie at the heart of the research from which the papers in this book have been generated. The research investigated the reconfiguration of Indian and South African identities and territories through dialogue primarily between geographers, but also other social scientists, from India, South Africa and France.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 05:41:05 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/219-reconfiguring-identities-and-building-territories-in-india-and-south-africa
Democratization in Progress Women and Local Politics in Urban India http://www.csh-delhi.com/223-democratization-in-progress-women-and-local-politics-in-urban-india To what extent, in what ways and under which conditions can increased political representation of women at the local level empower women? Is the functioning of urban local bodies truly participatory and inclusive? What are the (other) reforms needed to make women elected to urban local bodies more effective agents of urban development?

The first part of the book presents the theoretical, legal, material and institutional contexts in which the implementation of reservations for women must be situated. The second part analyses the empirical findings of the study and reflects on the relevance of gender in urban local self-government. The book thus provides new, concrete data on the question of women’s political representation. It also contributes to the ongoing global debate about the relationships between democracy, inclusive urban governance, social justice and development.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:37:41 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/223-democratization-in-progress-women-and-local-politics-in-urban-india
Against the Current (volume II) – Fixing Tariffs, Finance and Competition for the Power Sector in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/224-against-the-current-volume-ii-fixing-tariffs-finance-and-competition-for-the-power-sector-in-india A non-starter for years, reforms of the power sector in India has finally started. In relation to the country’s growth and general economic buoyancy, the power sector has not only been slow with its reforms, but is also impeding the furthering and fostering of general reforms. In that respect, delays in reform not only bear a cost in terms of budgetary and human resource, but also in terms of credibility and opportunity. Every delay worsens the situation and the margin for wider option reduces. Some opportunities that are missed today will remain irremediably so.

An articulate vision makes a pivotal difference and this is now the time of understanding (i) the organizational tasks, (ii) the tariff aspects, (iii) the role of the private sector, (iv) role of technology in the complex, variegated, state-specific, Indian scenario. This new volume in the series, Against the Current, deals with tariffs and the effective role of the private sector, and offers analyses by specialists and practitioners of different disciplines. The objective is to give leads for creation of a diversity suitable to face challenges of a post-developmentalist running of the power sector.

This book includes studies and papers presented and discussed at a seminar jointly organized by the Centre de Sciences Humaines and the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur in September 2003.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 09:21:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/224-against-the-current-volume-ii-fixing-tariffs-finance-and-competition-for-the-power-sector-in-india
India's North-East - Developmental issues in a historical perspective http://www.csh-delhi.com/225-india-s-north-east-developmental-issues-in-a-historical-perspective This volume India’s North-East: Developmental Issues in a Historical Perspective provides a comprehensive study of the economic and political history of the north-east region. The main objective of the exercise is to understand the major developmental constraints witnessed by this region over the years and suggest policy prescriptions for future growth strategies.

The analysis pertains to the entire north-eastern region, although the focal point is Assam for obvious reasons. First, from the viewpoint of geography, except Manipur and Tripura, all the other states of the north-east region were parts of undivided Assam for a fairly long time even after Independence. Second, there exists a rich corpus of historical research material for Assam but the same is not available for the other states. True, the region varies in terms of culture, ethnicity, geography and history of individual states but nonetheless the basic problems of underdevelopment are the same for all of them. The book attempts to contribute towards an in-depth understanding of the multi-faceted social, political, historical and economic problems that have beset the region over the years.

Any analysis of economic development devoid of a historical perspective often ends up in a misadventure. Reputed economic historians and trained modern economists and political scientists thus attempt to put forward their views on developmental problems and their solutions. In doing so the volume adopts a framework in which the region is cast not in isolation, but as a part of the Indian mainstream.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:10:12 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/225-india-s-north-east-developmental-issues-in-a-historical-perspective
Urbanization and Governance in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/226-urbanization-and-governance-in-india To govern Indian cities seems to be one of the biggest challenges in the twenty-first century. However, governance occurs at various levels and is employed for a limited economic sector as well as for the whole globe. Since this volume deals with urban India, the definition of UN HABITAT will serve as a point of departure stating that power exists inside and outside the formal authority and institutions of government. In this way, governance emphasizes ‘process’ recognizing that all decisions are based on complex relationships between many actors with different priorities.

All chapters are informed by the authors’ specific views on urban problems and urban governance. Yet all chapters contribute to our understanding of urban governance in various ways and read together serve to widen our horizon on this extremely complex issue of urban problems and urban governance in India.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 09:27:03 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/226-urbanization-and-governance-in-india
Electoral Reservations, Political Representation and Social Change in India : A Comparative Perspective http://www.csh-delhi.com/227-electoral-reservations-political-representation-and-social-change-in-india-a-comparative-perspective Reservations aim at recording the individual, egalitarian premises of democracy with the traditionally major role of communities and hierarchies in the Indian society. Through reservations, the law tackles frontally the contrast between the political system and the social structure of India – and one can wonder which of the two comes out more transformed in the process. This series of empirical case studies – dealing with different levels of political life, different regions and different timeframes – brings elements of answer to that question; indeed the very heterogeneity of the collection allows us to go beyond the specific problematic usually associated with each beneficiary category.

The chapters analyse the working of reservations in reference to two closely connected yet distinct issues: the effectiveness of reservations as a means towards political representation; and their relevance as instruments of social change.

The book thus offers a collective, though partial, stock-taking exercise, and adds to our understanding of reservations as a policy, their limitations, and their principal and secondary effects.


Introduction Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
  1. A Quest for Identity through Politics: The Scheduled Castes in Uttar Pradesh
    Sudha Pai
  2. Safeguards or Segregation? Reservations for the Scheduled Castes in Bihar
    Prakash Louis
  3. Reservations and Social Change: The Case of the North-East
    Walter Fernandes
  4. The Policy of Reservations for Scheduled Tribes
    Bhupinder Singh
  5. Electoral Reservations for Scheduled Tribes : The Legitimization of Domination
    Virginius Xaxa
  6. Empowered without Reservations: OBCs in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
    Meenakshi Jain
  7. Reservations for Backward Classes in Kranataka’s Panchayati Raj Institutions
    K.S. Narayana
  8. Reservations for Women in Urban Local Bodies : A Tentative Assessment
    Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal
Mon, 15 Oct 2012 09:31:55 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/227-electoral-reservations-political-representation-and-social-change-in-india-a-comparative-perspective
Privatising Power Cuts? Ownership and Reform of State Electricity Boards http://www.csh-delhi.com/228-privatising-power-cuts-ownership-and-reform-of-state-electricity-boards Beyond ideologies, beyond hiccups and cycles of reforms, privatization of State Electricity Boards of India (SEBs), just alike their public reform, are structurally stalled. The book argues, the emphasis on ownership is misleading, and needs being articulated more subtly to a look at organizational structure of SEBs.

An in-depth enquiry in SEBs shows how privatization is a one-sided game that has no real takers as long as SEBs remain organizations in which all technical, accounting, financial parameters are at the least hazy, often unknown. No investor will come without guarantees, thus the public has the impression that SEBs are ‘privatised for a song’, while the economist feels they are virtually value less… while in practice awaited investors do not even turn up.

The book pinpoints, as the core of the stalemate, to the misconception in the very concepts generally used to analyse the internal organization, the functioning, and the nature of SEBs. SEBs have now to undergo a specific and structural series of organizational changes, that the author calls ‘enterprisation’. Privatisation is far from being the only tool for achieving this, among a wide set of public-private partnerships.

The matter is of importance, for not all States can afford, the way Delhi did, paying for endlessly re-negotiable financial guarantees.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 09:42:39 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/228-privatising-power-cuts-ownership-and-reform-of-state-electricity-boards
India, China, Russia – Intricacies of an Asian Triangle http://www.csh-delhi.com/229-india-china-russia-intricacies-of-an-asian-triangle Mon, 15 Oct 2012 09:54:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/229-india-china-russia-intricacies-of-an-asian-triangle Education and Democracy in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/230-education-and-democracy-in-india Against this backdrop, the enduring class, caste and gender imbalances in education called for a political will to make access to schools a priority. Moreover, as schools form a natural arena for the construction of nationalism, it is not a surprise that the gradual withdrawal of the state from the educational sphere has created a vacuum for its use by ideological groups and organizations.

Some of these significant changes and present trends are reflected and commented upon in the present volume, which is the outcome of two international conferences organized by the Centre de Sciences Humaines, New Delhi. Cutting across research fields, the two seminars gathered on a common platform, historians, political scientists and educationists from Indian and Europe to reflect on the most central issues in the education sector: its history and development, its decentralization, its finances, its sociology and some of its ideological trends.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:19:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/230-education-and-democracy-in-india
Who is a Brahmin? The Politics of Identity in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/231-who-is-a-brahmin-the-politics-of-identity-in-india Brahmins, originally in charge of the sacred sphere, followed different paths, creating therefore, within the community, many subcultures and ways of apprehending the world. From textual definitions, to socio-economic adjustments, political influences and historical evolution, they went through multiple processes of identity building. The Brahmin identity is indeed not an absolute notion. The various manifestations of Brahmanical identities have to be taken in contexts defined in connection with specific expressions of otherness. This book aims at understanding this dialogue between identity and otherness, creating phenomena of differentiation. The relations to a Brahmin model, the strategies to remain part of the elite as well as the discourses on secularism and casteism and identity repercussions of reservation policies in favour of backward populations are some of the factors which can elucidate the construction of such separate identities. So who is a Brahmin? This study questions the notion of Brahmanical identity in India today, through the contextualisation of discourses coming from contemporary urban middle class Brahmins settled in Delhi, Agra and Chennai. It falls within the framework of an analysis of the cultural context of politics.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:22:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/231-who-is-a-brahmin-the-politics-of-identity-in-india
Examining the Spatial Dimension: Globalization and local Development in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/232-examining-the-spatial-dimension-globalization-and-local-development-in-india This collective volume brings together the interdisciplinary work of a group of French social science scholars who have specialized on India. By focusing on the different levels or 'scales' of development - local, regional, national and international - of India in the last few decades, multidisciplinary perspectives from geography, economics, anthropology, sociology, agronomy and history try to highlight the complexity of the Indian development process, in particular the fact that India's development cannot be pinpointed down as occurring at one single level.

Most of the essays are based on fieldwork in India, and the introduction raises methodological and conceptual issues on globalization from a specifically French social science perspective. This book will be useful to students and researchers who are interested in both sectoral studies and also a wider social sciences perspective on Indian development, with a very realistic appraisal of globalization and its impact on India. The long-term perspectives that are highlighted in this book will enable both scholars and a wider audience to evaluate the strengths and the problems that face India's economy and its vibrant democracy.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:36:03 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/232-examining-the-spatial-dimension-globalization-and-local-development-in-india
Agricultural Incentives in India: Past Trends and Prospective Paths towards Sustainable Development http://www.csh-delhi.com/233-agricultural-incentives-in-india-past-trends-and-prospective-paths-towards-sustainable-development This book gathers twelve papers which sustained the discussions and conclusions of an Indo-French seminar organized by the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH, New Delhi) on 3rd and 4th April at the India International Centre (IIC, New Delhi).

The objective of this meeting was rather ambitious and sensitive: to debate the relevance and sustainability of a nearly forty-year old system of public incentives to Indian agriculture, mainly subsidies to water, electricity and fertilizers.

The sensitivity of the subject, as also its pertinence, is rooted in the difficult challenge that India had to take up since the early 1990s: to liberalize and open to the world its domestic market in order to bypass some inefficiencies or failures of its mixed economy, without selling of in the process its decision-making independence, as well as some social and environmental objectives peculiar to the sub-continent or to the world community.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:51:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/233-agricultural-incentives-in-india-past-trends-and-prospective-paths-towards-sustainable-development
Femmes et politique en Inde et au Népal : Image et présence http://www.csh-delhi.com/234-femmes-et-politique-en-inde-et-au-nepal-image-et-presence South Asia is the only region in the world where women have regularly occupied the top posts in government since the 1950s. But what is the place of women as a group in the political life of the subcontinent? Firstly, who represents women in the political arena in these two countries? And secondly, what do women stand for in their country’s politics? In the world’s largest democracy as well as in the small Himalayan kingdom women first entered national politics as symbols: women represented the home, the family and the nation before they demanded electoral representation and political rights. Their chronic under-representation in elected assemblies and councils since the 1950s does not however mean that women have been absent from public life. The author identifies four types of actors who can claim to represent women as a group. The study of the resources available to these actors as well as of the obstacles they have to overcome brings out the competition between two definitions of representation – “representation as a mandate” and “mirror representation”. It also shows how difficult it is to bring together women as a group, above differences of class, caste, religion, region et al. Lastly, the recent introduction of reserved seats for women in local bodies in both countries, and the demand for reservation of seats in the Indian national parliament, reveal the advances made by women in the political field as well as the limitations of gender as a political category.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 05:48:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/234-femmes-et-politique-en-inde-et-au-nepal-image-et-presence
India in the Mirror of Foreign Diplomatic Archives http://www.csh-delhi.com/235-india-in-the-mirror-of-foreign-diplomatic-archives Tue, 16 Oct 2012 05:48:56 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/235-india-in-the-mirror-of-foreign-diplomatic-archives Wooing The Generals – India’s New Burma Policy http://www.csh-delhi.com/236-wooing-the-generals-india-s-new-burma-policy Relations between India and Burma (now Myanmar) date back to the 3rd century BC and Burma happened to be the largest province of British India. After a close partnership resulting from Nehru and U Nu's friendship, the advent of a military rule in Burma in 1962 isolated the country by throwing a "bamboo curtain" on it. India has thus long ignored its eastern neighbour, choosing not to deal with another military regime. With the dramatic up-rising of 1988 and the renewal of the Burmese Junta, the idealist policy India defined towards Myanmar was not altered.
But with the launch of its Look East Policy, along with the geopolitical upheaval in Asia's regional order in the 1990s, India's Burma policy showed a radical U-turn. After years of political rejection and isolation of the Burmese Junta, India clearly opted for a realist policy and began to "court" the Burmese Generals. Since many crucial stakes are involved in the region (including the Chinese thrust in South-East Asia) India could not afford to alienate itself from the Burmese regime. Thus, New Delhi opted for a realist approach and decided to engage the Burmese Military in its own interest.


Press Reviews :

Seminar Magazine (2005), by M.S. Prabhakara

The Irrawaddy, Vol 12. No. 2 (February 01, 2004), by Satya Sivaraman
Tue, 16 Oct 2012 06:19:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/236-wooing-the-generals-india-s-new-burma-policy
The Indian Entrepreneur: A Sociological Profile of Businessmen and Their Practices http://www.csh-delhi.com/237-the-indian-entrepreneur-a-sociological-profile-of-businessmen-and-their-practices Tue, 16 Oct 2012 06:38:24 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/237-the-indian-entrepreneur-a-sociological-profile-of-businessmen-and-their-practices Minorities and Human Rights in Bangladesh http://www.csh-delhi.com/238-minorities-and-human-rights-in-bangladesh This edited volume is an attempt to chart out and explain the retreat of secularism in Bangladesh and the consequent decline in the status of minorities. The contributors point to the historitical reasons for predominantly Muslim Bangladesh to adopt a secular constitution when it won independence from Pakistan as well as the socio-politico-economic reasons for its abandonment.

The volume shows how the quest for legitimacy by unelected leaders who had come to power under questionable circumstances led them to make compromises with fundamentalist political formations who had opposed the formation of Bangladesh itself. The result, the volume shows the de facto retreat of secularism followed by its de jure abandonment as exemplified by the adoption of Islam as the State religion. The status of the minority communities became worse and the reestablishment of democracy actually may have made things worse.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 06:55:14 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/238-minorities-and-human-rights-in-bangladesh
Pakistan – In the Face of the Afghan Conflict 1979-1985 at the Turn of the Cold War http://www.csh-delhi.com/239-pakistan-in-the-face-of-the-afghan-conflict-1979-1985-at-the-turn-of-the-cold-war It is paradoxical that though the Afghan conflict has inspired a great deal of writing little is known about its regional dimension. The first act - and also its symbol - in what some have described as a 'new cold war', it has often been viewed through the sole, misleading prism of the ideological confrontation, which formed the edifice of international relations till the collapse, towards the end of 1991, of the Soviet empire.

Pakistan played a special, and in many ways a crucial role in this conflict. Being the main outlying base of the Mujahideen and the principal, if not the sole country through which arms from the West to the resistance were transited, its role remains largely unknown.

The present work proposes to look for the motivations of Pakistan's Afghan policy in the structure of the South Asian security complex. Its thesis is that the source of Pakistan's objectives and its management of the Afghan conflict, is essentially, but not entirely, this country's relationship with its neighbour, India. The choices made by Pakistan are mainly explained by an analysis of the structuring of this complex. Consequently, this brief study attempts to throw some light on the different elements of Pakistan's foreign policy, and on their interactions. It is the importance of the Afghan conflict at the global level which allowed Pakistan, for the first time in its short history, to fuse these different elements, notably by obtaining economic and military aid from the United States, thus very partially reducing the disparity between its armed forces and those of India.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 07:04:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/239-pakistan-in-the-face-of-the-afghan-conflict-1979-1985-at-the-turn-of-the-cold-war
State Politics and Panchayats in India, http://www.csh-delhi.com/240-state-politics-and-panchayats-in-india Why were PRIs retained in certain states even without a constitutional mandate? conversely, why did others lag behind? These facts draw attention to the question of "political will". But what prompts certain political regimes to adopt a pro-panchayat approach and others to oppose them, even though all states are operating within the same democratic system?

In their quest to answer these questions, the authors have tried to look into the linkages between the panchayats and state level politics. This, in turn, has enabled them to identify the political factors that have so far determined the course of decentralization in this country. Their findings are based on the case studies of four states, namely, Maharashtra, Gujarat, West Bengal and Bihar. Apart from highlighting the political variables whose presence or absence make or mar the prospects of panchayats, this volume also raises serious questions about the capacity of the present political system to provide genuine support to the project of decentralization and local democracy.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 09:41:33 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/240-state-politics-and-panchayats-in-india
Violence/Non-Violence, Some Hindu Perspectives http://www.csh-delhi.com/241-violence-non-violence-some-hindu-perspectives These ways of acting may in fact allow us to reconsider the understanding of the concepts of violence and non-violence in Hinduism, for there are are many aspects of Indian society and culture which effectively contradict ideas, often taken for granted since Gandhi, about the role of violence in it. In reality, how the concepts of "violence" and "non-violence" are defined in different aspects of the Hindu tradition cannot be understood if they are dissociated from each other. Rather, as the articles in this volume show, violence very frequently legitimates itself in the name of non-violence as well.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 09:49:09 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/241-violence-non-violence-some-hindu-perspectives
Beyond the Rhetoric: The Economics of India’s Look East Policy http://www.csh-delhi.com/242-beyond-the-rhetoric-the-economics-of-india-s-look-east-policy This volume is part of research programme on "India's Foreign Policy at the Turn of the Millenium: Forging New Partnerships in South-East Asia". As the strategic and security issues have been addressed in the earlier volume, the present volume deals exclusively with economic issues. It comprises eight contributions, and is the result of a second workshop organized in New Delhi in April 2001.

In this connection the authors examine the potential for increased economic relations between India and ASEAN, as well as the manner in which the structural problems of the Indian economy could undermine these relations. The various essays also seek to draw some lessons for India from the Asian financial crisis.

With a market around 500 million people and a combined gross domestic product of US $800 billion, ASEAN, one of the most dynamic groups of nations in the world economy, was also perceived as a zone of economic opprtunity for India. Starting from a very low level, trade and investments between the two partners developed rapidly. However, they remain even today far below their full potential.
The Asian financial crisis of 1997 is only a partial explanation for the unrealized and untapped potential. Although improving at a remarkable pace, India's attractiveness remains limited while its economy is still not export driven.
These are some of the pivotal issues addressed in this present volume.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 09:58:19 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/242-beyond-the-rhetoric-the-economics-of-india-s-look-east-policy
Insurgency in North-East India – The Role of Bangladesh http://www.csh-delhi.com/243-insurgency-in-north-east-india-the-role-of-bangladesh This edited volume seeks to explain the persistence of terrorism and armed rebellion in India's North East, which in some places is at least half of a century old. It also seeks to examine the role of Bangladesh and Pakistan, which are currently busy in fomenting trouble in this region. The contributors point out that there exist commonalities as well as differences in the insurgencies that affect different parts of the northeast.

The volume shows how Assam that struggled to be part of the Indian Union almost against the wishes of Congress High Command in contrast to Nagaland where separatist feeling were displayed from the time of the transfer of power are today both in the grip of violent separatist movement. The contributors show how persistent economic exploitation, neglect, disempowerment of the local governments as a result of centralized planning as well as encouragement of infiltration by illegal migrants from Bangladesh for short term political gain have embittered sections of the local population leading them to take part and support militancy and separatism. The volume shows how Bangladesh and Pakistan have taken advantage of the situation to make things worse and thwart chances of a negotiated peace.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 10:14:32 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/243-insurgency-in-north-east-india-the-role-of-bangladesh
China – South Asia: Issues, Equations, Policies http://www.csh-delhi.com/244-china-south-asia-issues-equations-policies China’s much celebrated revolutionary zeal, communist ideology, and Marx-Lenin-Mao thought have never been the dominant force behind its South Asia policy. This was determined instead by Beijing’s hard-headed cost/benefit analysis so aptly cloaked in the famous Five Principles of peaceful-co-existence (Panchsheel) aimed at ensuring non-interference in China’s fragile regions of Tibet and Xinjiang. Quite in line, neither the local communist parties nor ethnic Chinese were ever the main instruments of China’s South Asia policy. Instead, China was to rely on its generous indulgence with South Asia’s ruling regimes cultivating them as pawns of its understandably India-centric and security-centric South Asia policy.

The same remains true of the China policies of South Asian countries. At the very outset, these were never any coherent exercise but only a set of ever evolving knee-jerk reactions fluctuating with the change in ruling regimes. Also, given their size, stature and mutual animosity, India and Pakistan have been the major players in South Asia and equations between these two have been both cause as well as consequence of Beijing’s activism with these countries. With smaller states, China has continued even with virtually one-sided relationships and these have continued to engage China primarily as a counterweight to New Delhi.

However, having fortified its security, prosperity and identity has since transformed China’s equations with South Asian countries. It has weakened China’s older motivation of prompting smaller South Asian states to keep India tied down to immediate periphery. Also, India’s rise as a major player and the China-India rapprochement since 1990s, have greatly facilitated such a tilt in Beijing’s policy. China has gradually distanced itself from these smaller South Asian states allowing them to sort out their ties with New Delhi on bilateral basis. Nevertheless, China’s shift towards a more balanced posture of neutrality in intra-South Asian affairs remains too piecemeal and discreet.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 10:22:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/244-china-south-asia-issues-equations-policies
No Strings Attached ? India’s policies and Foreign Aid (1947-1966) http://www.csh-delhi.com/245-no-strings-attached-india-s-policies-and-foreign-aid-1947-1966 Tue, 16 Oct 2012 10:26:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/245-no-strings-attached-india-s-policies-and-foreign-aid-1947-1966 Pakistan: Nationalism without a Nation ? http://www.csh-delhi.com/246-pakistan-nationalism-without-a-nation Pakistan has become a key actor in the realm of international relations post 11 September 2001. Like after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, its geopolitical situation has made it the main base for military operations and the fight against Bin Laden's jihadist network. But the strategic position, this time round, was also due to its special links with the Taliban.

Pakistan is involved in regional tensions and is itself undermined by a great deal of ethnic tensions. This book provides an up to date account of the country's extraordinarily complicated political tapestry which throws up many questions -the definition of identity, the intersection of religious and ethnic factors, a deeply flawed institutionalization of democracy, control of the state, and the potentially explosive cross impacts of regional and domestic politics.

While they built Pakistan on the basis of 'islamic ideology', the Mohajirs are now developing separatist tendencies. The Pashtun, the Sindhi and the Baluch nationalists are not as vocal but they still endorse centrifugal forces due to their resentment of what they call the 'Punjabi hegemony'. Islam too has failed as a cementing force because of the increasingly violent Shia-Sunni conflict.
National integration remains a remote prospect, but Pakistani nationalism exists, largely because it expresses itself against others -India, first of all. Kashmir has been for years the main bone of contention between India and Pakistan and it has helped this country to mobilize unitedly. Pakistan's foreign policy, be it shaped by civilians or military rulers, is largely over-determined by this strategy.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:38:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/246-pakistan-nationalism-without-a-nation
The Muslims of the Indian Sub-continent after the 11th September Attacks http://www.csh-delhi.com/247-the-muslims-of-the-indian-sub-continent-after-the-11th-september-attacks The aggression against America evoked a special kind of response in the Indian sub-continent whose fragile geopolitical balance has been put to the test. The American action of putting anti-Pakistani elements at the head of government in Afghanistan, has also affected Islamabad's policy towards India….. a chain reaction which, from terrorist attacks to retaliatory measures, has lead India and Pakistan to the brink of a confrontation.

These attacks were perpetrated in the name of Islam, awakened in the Indian sub-continent more than anywhere else, the fear of the stepping up of fundamentalism among the Muslim populations and of their eventual tilt towards Islamic extremism. This led numerous Western observers to raise doubts over the stability of a Pakistan always perceived as likely to lapse at any moment into a radical form of Islamism, and sparked off once again, particularly in India, the debate on the issue of terrorism, and more generally of recourse to violence as an intrinsic component of Islamic fundamentalism, at a time when the Palestinian question was once again leading to eruptions of violence in the Middle East. This latter interrogation raised in tandem the question in this region of the world, of the manner in which non-Muslims perceive Muslims, raising implicitly that of a possible 'clash of civilisations'.

The present study examines the two issues, of the evolution of the geopolitical balance in the Indian sub-continent and that of the dialectics of the relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims. It is made up of four studies devoted respectively to the reactions of the Indian Muslim community, the situation in Kashmir after the September 11 attacks, the diaspora of the Indian sub-continent in the United States, and the political stability of Pakistan viewed by way of the role being played by the Islamist parties.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 10:46:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/247-the-muslims-of-the-indian-sub-continent-after-the-11th-september-attacks
India and the European Union in the 21st Century http://www.csh-delhi.com/248-india-and-the-european-union-in-the-21st-century The European Union is India’s largest trading partner and a leading source of development aid, foreign direct investment, industrial collaborations, and technology. Containing fourteen papers by European and Indian specialists, this volume critically evaluates the economic and political challenges confronting India and the European Union in the new millennium.

The book examines the issues confronting Indian and European security in the post-Cold War era, the sociological roots of Islamic radicalism in Western Europe, and responses of India and the EU to international terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

The study critically analyses economic relations between India and the European Union and their respective positions in the New Millenium Round of trade negotiations in the World Trading Organisation.

The contributors make a comparative assessment of India’s relations with the European Union and the United States since the 1990s and discuss relations between the EU and SAARC. The book evaluates European and Indian responses to globalization and assesses the impact of the Euro on India.

The book will be of interest to all those involved in the study of economics, international affairs, political science and area studies.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 06:14:16 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/248-india-and-the-european-union-in-the-21st-century
The European Union in a Changing World http://www.csh-delhi.com/249-the-european-union-in-a-changing-world At the beginning of the 21st century, the European Union is an economic super-power, the world’s largest economic bloc, the biggest trader, and the biggest market in the industrialized world. This multi-disciplinary volume by Indian and European subject-area experts provides a comprehensive analysis of the role of the European Union as an influential actor in the world against the background of globalisation, regionalism, and the challenges confronting European integration today.

The book examines the European Union’s economic and political relations with the United States and Russia as well as Africa and Latin America. It discusses the issues and implications of eastward enlargement of the European Union. The contributors assess EU’s relations with Asia, especially China and India and critically evaluate the ASEM process.

The study looks at the European Union’s role as a multilateral negotiator in the World Trading Organisation and highlights the convergence and divergence in Indian and EU approaches. It addresses the implications of Euro on the world economy.

This volume will be of interest to policy makers as also those engaged in the fields of economics, international relations and area studies.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 06:17:03 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/249-the-european-union-in-a-changing-world
Against the Current – Organizational Restructuring of State Electricity Boards http://www.csh-delhi.com/250-against-the-current-organizational-restructuring-of-state-electricity-boards On paper, State Electricity Boards in India, are supposed to provide electricity to a billion people accross the country. In reality, however, what they provide to the consumers are poor quality power and endless power cuts. Besides, they are forever incurring losses and are thus a burden on State exchequers. We are told that this is only due to their 'politicization' and 'inefficiency'. But is that the whole truth?

This book brings together ten specialists, with different 'ideological' backgrounds, who examine the issue of privatization of SEBs and argue that this is not the only solution to the problem The contributors have a deep familiarity of the SEBs' workings at all levels -from the meter reader to the higher echelons of the bureaucraty. And it is this intimate knowledge which the contributors have utilized to suggest key aspects of reforms of SEBs.

The book explains in detail how 'de-politicization' is not an issue in itself. On the contrary the book shows how SEBs can first be managed and then reformed. It goes on to examine the issue from different perspectives and then reveals what people within the system know about 'inefficiency', and what they don't; what they can decide, and what they can't; what they actually do, and what they don't. In short, it proposes a journey through the organizations to which hundreds of million Indians stand connected,. day and night, through a maze of electric networks. The book thus not only raises issues but primarily suggests possible solutions.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 06:25:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/250-against-the-current-organizational-restructuring-of-state-electricity-boards
The Voice and the Will - Subaltern Agency : Forms and Motives http://www.csh-delhi.com/251-the-voice-and-the-will-subaltern-agency-forms-and-motives A depth of reflection: a rigorous analytical framework takes us step by step from the most intimate assertion of dignity to social commitment via a variety of forms of discourse, dissent and protest. In so doing, through reviewing and assessing methods and concepts, the book proves an outstanding contribution to the vexing debate on the essence, means, and ends of a social knowledge worth a status of science as well accurate and relevant to the needs of social actors. It also suggests new approaches to the study of culture.
An epistemological innovation: meaningful suggestions between construction of knowledge and social action are clearly spelt out so as to dissipate the usual dilemmas of the researcher and subject's emotional involvements. Weaving of theory, method and epistemology makes the present study a pathfinder.]]>
Wed, 21 May 2014 12:08:36 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/251-the-voice-and-the-will-subaltern-agency-forms-and-motives
Chitra: Cities and Monuments of Eighteenth-Century India from French Archives http://www.csh-delhi.com/252-chitra-cities-and-monuments-of-eighteenth-century-india-from-french-archives In the book Jean-Marie Lafont brings together for the first time a collection of drawing and maps of cities and monuments in eighteenth-century India. The fifty colour illustrations of plans and views of palaces, cities and monuments by French and Indian architects and engineers published here are drawn from the Centre des Archives d’Outre-Mer, Archives Nationales and the Gentil Album of Palais Indiens at the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

A lucid introduction gives the historical background of these collections and traces them to the French Compagnie des Indes Orientales with its trading posts on the sea-shores of India. It also links them to the French specialists who entered the service of the Indian states which emerged in India after the collapse of the Mughal empire, while other political units like the Maratha Confederation, the sultanate of Mysore or the kingdom of Travancore were evolving into their own political and peculiar identities. India, as seen in this book through its thriving cities and beautiful monuments, is astonishingly “modern”, with its own urban dynamics and a flourishing trade with the world.

Lavishly illustrated and beautifully produced, as part of the French Sources of Indian History series, this book will appeal to historians and general readers interested in India’s encounter with the West.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 07:20:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/252-chitra-cities-and-monuments-of-eighteenth-century-india-from-french-archives
India and ASEAN: The Politics of India’s Look East Policy http://www.csh-delhi.com/253-india-and-asean-the-politics-of-india-s-look-east-policy Can international relations be explained by geopolitics alone? More precisely, does geographical proximity necessarily lead to intense interconnections? The principal concerns of the present volume on the India-ASEAN security relationships are rooted in these questions. India's association with Southeast Asia goes back in history, and it has had great influence on the region, both linguistic and cultural. As is well known, economic and cultural relations flourished in the pre-colonial era, only to decline over time. At the beginning of the 1990s, economic and political relations between South and Southeast Asia were minimal and often antagonistic.

The situation changed considerably with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent reduction of the American forces in the region. There were fears in most ASEAN states of a power vacuum that a politically and economically dynamic China could easily fill. India too faced growing concerns at the possibility of a potentially hegemonic China wanting to dominate the region. This shared perception, together with India's own liberalized economic policies compelled New Delhi to look East.

This evolving relationship between India and ASEAN, however, raises many questions: How does India perceive itself on the regional and international scene? How is it perceived by the ASEAN States? What are India's and ASEAN's main security concerns? Do they share a common threat perception and is there a consensus on the ways and means to manage common threats? What does India have to offer to the ASEAN States both politically, economically and militarily?

These are some of the issues that the CSNS (JNU, New Delhi), the ISEAS (Singapore) and the CSH (New Delhi) sought to address in a joint research programme entitled 'India's Foreign Policy at the Turn of the Millennium: Forging New Partnerships in Southeast Asia' of which the present volume is the first result.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:16:09 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/253-india-and-asean-the-politics-of-india-s-look-east-policy
Political Islam in the Indian Subcontinent: The Jamaat-i-Islami http://www.csh-delhi.com/254-political-islam-in-the-indian-subcontinent-the-jamaat-i-islami Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:30:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/254-political-islam-in-the-indian-subcontinent-the-jamaat-i-islami The European Republic http://www.csh-delhi.com/255-the-european-republic Reversing the classical interaction between space and politics (the politics of States are dependent on their geography, according to Napoleon), the author argues that it is politics that define the geography of modern Europe. It is the very people of Europe -aware of history in all its progressive and regressive stages and valuing above all, public opinion as well as the right to question- who will decide its fate. It is in this perspective that the revived questions of the final frontiers of Europe, should be appoached, as a political decision.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:42:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/255-the-european-republic
India and France in a Multipolar World : Proceedings of the Seminar http://www.csh-delhi.com/256-india-and-france-in-a-multipolar-world-proceedings-of-the-seminar The word 'multipolarity' is open to various interpretations. While some believe that it is essentially an aspiration, the world being considered as unipolar and dominated by the US, others already regard it as a reality. Although there is a unanimous desire for a more democratic international order, one area of differing interpretations relates to the attitude of the United States. Perceived by some as a hegemony, willing to exercise its dominance to prevent the emergence of other poles in international relations, others including the Americans themselves, consider it to be a power aware of its own limitations, including its own liberal tradition, willing to co-operate with its allies for the promotion of some form of balance of power at the world level.

This volume is an attempt to present the Indian and French perspectives on Multipolarity and to compare them with those of the major international actors. It includes contributions from international experts and decision-makers and intends to contribute to the ongoing debate on the new international order.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:47:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/256-india-and-france-in-a-multipolar-world-proceedings-of-the-seminar
Maharaja Ranjit Singh http://www.csh-delhi.com/257-maharaja-ranjit-singh Ranjit Singh respected the ethnic and religious diversity of the people of the Punjab and successfully forged a political, social, and cultural synthesis among them. He also introduced innovative measures in the political, economic, and cultural spheres of his kingdom. His secular policy was matched by his modernising drive, seen most spectacularly in the military field where innovative measures were introduced with the help of French and Italian military officers who had served under Napoleon. Some of the most serious military challenges which the British encountered in their century-long conquest of India (1757-1849) occurred on the battlefields of Ferozeshah and Chillianwala.

In addition to the political, military, and economic aspects of Ranjit Singh’s administration, the book also throws light on some of the little-known yet fascinating cultural achievements of his rule. These include the Imam Bakhsh Lahori school of painting, the discovery of Gandhara art, and the exploration of the Himalayas, which are presented here for the first time.

This volume elaborates on the catalogue of the exhibition Life and Times of Maharaja Ranjit Singh organised by the Government of Punjab at the Rambagh Palace, Amritsar to celebrate and commemorate the bicentenary of the coronation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (13 November 1801-2001). It is lavishly illustrated with 216 colour illustrations and six maps.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:53:06 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/257-maharaja-ranjit-singh
India's Energy : Essays on Sustainable Development http://www.csh-delhi.com/258-india-s-energy-essays-on-sustainable-development India is emerging on the world scene as a major energy consumer. Growing imports of oil, gas and coal re-define the conditions that guarantee India's energy security. India's final energy demand grows faster than the development of its own national resources. Beyond, one can observe a regular growth in the intensity of polluting energy emissions of the economic activity. This is worsened by the misallocation of resources due to pricing policies, management systems, and more generally, policies that induce a lot of inefficiency and waste.

To tackle the long run constraints of the present demand and supply trends, drastic changes in the management of the sector are required. Implementation of reforms began in 1991. Some options exist but a number of bold decisions still have to be taken and implemented to fulfill the energy needs of a population that has now crossed one billion inhabitants. Hence the need to contribute to the debate on sustainable development and scenarios for the twenty-first century.

The present book intends to do so through a series of cogent articles on one specific energy sector, hydrocarbons. Energy and area experts analyse the economic, infrastructural, environmental and security stakes of India's energy supply and provide some elements of solution for an issue whose development will dramatically affect the future of India, both as an economic and political power.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:59:47 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/258-india-s-energy-essays-on-sustainable-development
Indika – Essays on Indo-French Relations (1630-1976) http://www.csh-delhi.com/259-indika-essays-on-indo-french-relations-1630-1976 The core of the research is about the French in the service of Indian States (Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, Madhoji Sindhia, Shuja ud-Daula, Asaf ud-Daula and Ranjit Singh) before the onset of British rule in India. It focuses on the modernisation of the armed forces of these states and the transfer of military know-how and technologies in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

It also deals with French curiosity towards Indian history and civilization: French involvement in the cultural life of these states, collection of manuscripts, sponsoring of artists like Nevasi Lal, Mohan Singh or Imam Baksh Lahori, a passionate taste for Indian architecture, archaeological excavations in Punjab and Peshawar, early Indo-Greek and Graeco-Bactrian studies and the discovery of Gandhara Art. Such intimate connections between some Frenchmen and Indian society at large come through their marriage into Indian families. One full chapter is devoted to Bannou Pan Deï, wife of General Allard, and to the history of this family in Lahore and in Saint-Tropez (France).

The last two chapters bring the story down to 1976 in analysing Indian influence on Albert Camus and André Malraux, two key figures of the contemporary French intelligentsia.The book has 72 black and white illustrations.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 10:22:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/259-indika-essays-on-indo-french-relations-1630-1976
Delhi : Urban Space and Human Destinies http://www.csh-delhi.com/260-delhi-urban-space-and-human-destinies Bringing together the work of Indian and European academics and activists working in the domains of anthropology, demography, geography, architecture, photography, history and political science, this book would be of interest to anyone keen to move beyond stereotyped representations of India's capital city.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 10:55:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/260-delhi-urban-space-and-human-destinies
Facets of Rationality http://www.csh-delhi.com/261-facets-of-rationality Thu, 18 Oct 2012 05:22:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/261-facets-of-rationality Water: Unreliable supply in Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/262-water-unreliable-supply-in-delhi Thu, 18 Oct 2012 05:32:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/262-water-unreliable-supply-in-delhi The Making of Indo-Persian Culture: Indian and French Studies http://www.csh-delhi.com/263-the-making-of-indo-persian-culture-indian-and-french-studies The first part on 'Political Institutions and Ideas', is a reflection on the political ideology of Indo-Persian empires. From the two papers it contains, it is clear that the political theory of the Muslims of India seldom limited itself to a narrow interpretation of Sharica : pre-islamic ideas, rational traditions of Islam, as well as Sufi inspiration gave it its specific shape.

The second part of the book on 'Religious Traditions' is devoted to this Sufi dimension. It contains four papers which cover diverse aspects of Indian Sufism from its formative phase down to its recent developments. The third part on 'Painting' contains three papers on the formative phase of Mughal painting and book-illustration, with examples of Mughal narratives and illustrated Persian manuscripts from the Deccan.

Two papers on 'Music' examine the contribution of Indo-Persian texts to the history of art-music in the Sultanate of Gujarat and at the Awadh Court.The five articles in the fifth and final part of the volume on 'Literature, Historiography and Archives', analyse some Indo-Persian texts, survey sources and also endeavor to examine issues relating to Persian literary culture in India. The present volume highlights the emerging trends representative of current Indo-Persian studies in India and abroad and underlines the richness and the vitality of this field of research.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 05:36:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/263-the-making-of-indo-persian-culture-indian-and-french-studies
National Identity and Regional Cooperation : Experiences of European Integration and South Asian Perceptions http://www.csh-delhi.com/264-national-identity-and-regional-cooperation-experiences-of-european-integration-and-south-asian-perceptions The first part on 'Political Institutions and Ideas', is a reflection on the political ideology of Indo-Persian empires. From the two papers it contains, it is clear that the political theory of the Muslims of India seldom limited itself to a narrow interpretation of Sharica : pre-islamic ideas, rational traditions of Islam, as well as Sufi inspiration gave it its specific shape.

The second part of the book on 'Religious Traditions' is devoted to this Sufi dimension. It contains four papers which cover diverse aspects of Indian Sufism from its formative phase down to its recent developments. The third part on 'Painting' contains three papers on the formative phase of Mughal painting and book-illustration, with examples of Mughal narratives and illustrated Persian manuscripts from the Deccan.

Two papers on 'Music' examine the contribution of Indo-Persian texts to the history of art-music in the Sultanate of Gujarat and at the Awadh Court.The five articles in the fifth and final part of the volume on 'Literature, Historiography and Archives', analyse some Indo-Persian texts, survey sources and also endeavor to examine issues relating to Persian literary culture in India. The present volume highlights the emerging trends representative of current Indo-Persian studies in India and abroad and underlines the richness and the vitality of this field of research.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 05:46:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/264-national-identity-and-regional-cooperation-experiences-of-european-integration-and-south-asian-perceptions
L’accès à l’eau dans les villes indiennes http://www.csh-delhi.com/265-l-acces-a-l-eau-dans-les-villes-indiennes Malgré des investissements importants, l’offre d’infrastructure insuffisante et inadaptée aux besoins freine le développement économique des villes des PED.

Dans le secteur de l’alimentation en eau, on utilise comme indicateur des progrès réalisés, le pourcentage de la population ayant accès à l’eau potable, sui ne permet pas de décrire la complexité de la réalité. Cette vision dichotomique et quantitative est imparfaite : elle suppose qu’il y a des ménages qui ont accès à l’eau et des ménages qui n’ont pas accès alors que le problème est surtout celui du cout de cet accès.

Par conséquent, cet ouvrage se propose d’éclairer les dimensions qualitatives de l’offre d’eau pour les ménages raccordés à un réseau municipal, d’évaluer les conséquences du manque de fiabilité de l’offre sur le comportement des ménages et d’en mesurer les couts. Cet ouvrage s’appuie en grande partie sur une étude réalisée à Delhi.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 05:51:48 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/265-l-acces-a-l-eau-dans-les-villes-indiennes
L’Etat entrepreneur en Inde et au Brésil: Economie du sucre et de l’éthanol http://www.csh-delhi.com/266-l-etat-entrepreneur-en-inde-et-au-bresil-economie-du-sucre-et-de-l-ethanol La canne à sucre séduit. Son exploitation a longtemps évoqué pour de nombreux scientifiques, ingénieurs ou décideurs publics la possibilité d’un développement industriel durable des zones rurales tropicales. Certains en ont fait l’attribut d’un modèle de modernisation alternatif, reposant sur une matière première agricole par définition renouvelable, et potentiellement transformable en une multitude de produits. Comment dès lors expliquer qu’en dépit du volontarisme dont ont fait preuve les pouvoirs publics pour favoriser son expansion, l’industrie de la canne à sucre se soit si faiblement diversifiée, au détriment de sa compétitivité ?

Pour le comprendre, il fallait croiser les résultats d’une enquête empirique menée dans les deux plus grands pays producteurs de canne à sucre du monde, l’Inde et le Brésil, avec les avancées les plus récentes de la théorie économique. Il fallait mettre en parallèle des expériences de diversification longues et de grande ampleur, comme celle du Brésil substituant l’éthanol de canne à l’essence automobile, avec les choix publics et les instruments des politiques de substitutions d’importations.

C’est ce que fait cet ouvrage. Dépassant les habituelles évaluations de l’efficience des politiques publiques, il démonte les ressorts de l’innovation d’un secteur agro-industriel et les relations entre l’intervention de l’Etat et le changement technique, source de compétitivité. De cette analyse originale émergent des pistes utiles pour penser à l’avenir des formes publiques d’incitation à l’innovation industrielle.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 05:57:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/266-l-etat-entrepreneur-en-inde-et-au-bresil-economie-du-sucre-et-de-l-ethanol
Crossings: Early Mediterranean Contacts with India http://www.csh-delhi.com/267-crossings-early-mediterranean-contacts-with-india Modern Euro-centric scholarship has until the recent past been preoccupied with Greco-Roman sources and the problems they posed. But in the last few decades Indian archaeology, literature and history have added new dimensions and stimulated radical reappraisals of the routes to India and Sri Lanka, the trading networks in both the Indian and Roman world and the impact of such trade on the Roman and Indian economies.

This book collects and translates into English some of the studies that have been recently published by French and Italian scholars. It also includes a specially contributed overview by the eminent Indian historian Romila Thapar that demonstrates how far the ethnocentric vision of Indo-Roman history has shifted. The intention is to open up European scholarship to Indian scholars and encourage the ongoing dialogue between scholars on both sides of the Indian Ocean.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 06:05:55 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/267-crossings-early-mediterranean-contacts-with-india
Webs of Trade – Dynamics of Business Communities in Western India http://www.csh-delhi.com/268-webs-of-trade-dynamics-of-business-communities-in-western-india When people speak of the ‘liberalisation’ of the Indian economy and plead for its ‘deregulation’, they are referring primarily to the control that the state exercises over the market. However, there are many other factors which play a crucial role in the definition, organisation and evolution of trade in India. This book reminds us of them and of the implicit rules according to which markets function.

Through individual case studies based on fieldwork in different locations of western India, this book sets out to explore the processes by which social, cultural and economic factors are woven together into webs of trade. While all these studies focus on the role played by business communities in the organisation of trade at the local level, the authors go beyond the simple dichotomy between sociological reification and economic formalism. It is in this perspective that particular emphasis has been placed on the role of kinship and credit networks and on the spatial organisation of commercial activities at the local level.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 06:16:05 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/268-webs-of-trade-dynamics-of-business-communities-in-western-india
Les Avatars du non-alignement: l’Inde et les politiques de l’aide américaine et soviétique, de l’indépendence à la conférence de Tachkent (1947-1966) http://www.csh-delhi.com/269-les-avatars-du-non-alignement-l-inde-et-les-politiques-de-l-aide-americaine-et-sovietique-de-l-independence-a-la-conference-de-tachkent-1947-1966 En axant la politique extérieure sur le non-alignement et en optant pour un développement autocentré qui traduisait une grande méfiance à l’égard du capital étranger, l’Inde de Nehru laissa clairement entendre une volonté de s’affranchir des interventions extérieures quant à la détermination de ses orientations politiques. Un nationalisme ombrageux qui dut s’accommoder d’un recours croissant à l’aide étrangère, nécessité par des difficultés économiques ou des besoins militaires.

L’évocation des motivations qui animèrent les Etats-Unis et l’Union Soviétique dans leurs politiques d’aide à un pays dont l’importance géostratégique, les ressources humaines et naturelles représentaient un enjeu important de la guerre froide, et les réactions que ces motivations suscitèrent en Inde, au centre de cette étude et permettent de cerner les facteurs sur lesquels les dirigeants indiens s’appuyèrent pour endiguer les menaces pesant sur l’indépendance nationale.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 06:21:54 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/269-les-avatars-du-non-alignement-l-inde-et-les-politiques-de-l-aide-americaine-et-sovietique-de-l-independence-a-la-conference-de-tachkent-1947-1966
Conversions and Shifting Identities - Ramdev Pir and the Ismailis in Rajasthan http://www.csh-delhi.com/270-conversions-and-shifting-identities-ramdev-pir-and-the-ismailis-in-rajasthan With the decline of that central authority from the fifteenth century onwards, such communities apparently broke away from the parent body and came under the control of various Pirs and gurus, whilst at the same time interacting with other religious groups such as the Nath Jogis and the Sants. Although they retain traces of their former Ismaili affiliation, these communities have in modern times come under increasing pressure to either adopt a more conventional Hindu identity or assimilate to Sunni or Twelver Shia Islam.

In short, the study opens up new research prospects which are likely to alter the general landscape of its major themes: Rajasthan, popular religion, Ismailism and beyond.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 06:28:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/270-conversions-and-shifting-identities-ramdev-pir-and-the-ismailis-in-rajasthan
Economic and Political Atlas of the SAARC http://www.csh-delhi.com/271-economic-and-political-atlas-of-the-saarc Trade did not cease with the decline of empires; instead there were relocations in routes and changes in the participants involved. The focus of traditions of ship-building and navigation for a study of maritime contacts emphasizes the role of innovation and technological change vis-à-vis tradition and continuity.

This addition to the corpus of research on Indian Ocean studies would be useful to the archaeologist, the historian, as also the ethnographer investigating ancient boat-types. It also endeavours to set the tone for a series of research-oriented seminars on the Indian Ocean, the second being held at Lyon in 1996 on Seafaring Communities.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 07:10:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/271-economic-and-political-atlas-of-the-saarc
Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean http://www.csh-delhi.com/272-tradition-and-archaeology-early-maritime-contacts-in-the-indian-ocean Trade did not cease with the decline of empires; instead there were relocations in routes and changes in the participants involved. The focus of traditions of ship-building and navigation for a study of maritime contacts emphasizes the role of innovation and technological change vis-à-vis tradition and continuity.

This addition to the corpus of research on Indian Ocean studies would be useful to the archaeologist, the historian, as also the ethnographer investigating ancient boat-types. It also endeavours to set the tone for a series of research-oriented seminars on the Indian Ocean, the second being held at Lyon in 1996 on Seafaring Communities.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 09:05:03 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/272-tradition-and-archaeology-early-maritime-contacts-in-the-indian-ocean
Indian Art from Afghanistan: The legend of Sakuntala and the Indian Treasure of Eucratides at Ai Khanum http://www.csh-delhi.com/273-indian-art-from-afghanistan-the-legend-of-sakuntala-and-the-indian-treasure-of-eucratides-at-ai-khanum The discovery of these objects helps throw new light on ancient ties between Central Asia and India. A series of economic inscriptions, which not only enable a precise dating but also show evidence of payments in Indian coins, permits to restitute the historical context of the findings, more precisely the reign of Eucratides, the Greek king who reigned in Ai Khanum during this period and was also the last Greek king to govern Eastern Bactria.

The collection of Indian products in the treasury seems to prove that their presence at Ai Khanum has nothing to do with any commercial relations – the silk road having opened only later – but is to be connected with the military expedition of Eucratides. In fact, during the last years of his reign, Eucratides made a number of raids against the Indo-Greek territories on the southern slope of the Hindukush, probably against the well-known hellenistic king Menander. But the progression of the Graeco-Bactrian king was brutally halted by the sudden nomadic invasions of the Yueh-chih and the assassination of Eucratides around the year 145 BC. This date permits attributing the Indian objects illustrated here to the first half of the second century B.C. and to put them among the most ancient representatives of the Indian art.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 09:20:09 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/273-indian-art-from-afghanistan-the-legend-of-sakuntala-and-the-indian-treasure-of-eucratides-at-ai-khanum
Gods, Men and Territory - Society and Culture in Kathmandu Valley http://www.csh-delhi.com/274-gods-men-and-territory-society-and-culture-in-kathmandu-valley The Newar town not only has a religious centre but a political centre as well. For instance, at Bhaktapur the royal goddess Taleju is the political figure head and the goddess Tripurasundari the religious figure head and the goddess. The royal goddess Taleju being the sovereign deity of the town, it is obvious that the political centre has primacy over the religious centre. The seats of the deities within a territory are situated in concentric circles.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 09:42:09 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/274-gods-men-and-territory-society-and-culture-in-kathmandu-valley
Athens, Aden, Arikamedu: Essays on the interrelations between India, Arabia and the Eastern Mediterranean http://www.csh-delhi.com/275-athens-aden-arikamedu-essays-on-the-interrelations-between-india-arabia-and-the-eastern-mediterranean Four papers refer to what can be called “Graeco-India”, i.e. the relations between the Greek world itself and India, and the vision the Greeks had of India or borrowed from her, from the early classical period to the late Roman times, mainly seen from the literary sources. A major contribution on the Yavanas in India which provides another version of the Greek presence in India, has also been included. Another essay helps us understand better the history and culture of the Indo-Greek kingdoms through numismatic data.

Two papers deal with the archaeological as well as literary evidence on the trade between Rome and India, a subject recently revived both in India and European/American research. Maritime traditions which facilitate understanding of international trade have been studied from an Indian and ethnographical point of view.

Finally, two contributions emphasize that the Arabian peninsula is the natural bridge between India and the Eastern Mediterranean – a fact so obvious that it is often ignored in archaeological and historical studies of the Indian Ocean in the pre-islamic period.

The book presents new and original insights on the themes covered.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 09:49:41 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/275-athens-aden-arikamedu-essays-on-the-interrelations-between-india-arabia-and-the-eastern-mediterranean
Painters, Paintings and Books: An Essay on Indo-Persian Technical Literature, 12-19th Centuries http://www.csh-delhi.com/276-painters-paintings-and-books-an-essay-on-indo-persian-technical-literature-12-19th-centuries The introduction presents the geographical and chronological dimensions of the study. After a brief history of Persian painting before the 12th century, the book discusses mural painting, manuscripts, origin of paper and its fabrication, the composition of the page, colours/pigments used in the paintings, painting subjects, bookbinding etc.

The painter, man and artist, his origin, his training, his status, aesthetics and taste, his workshop and its organisation and distribution of tasks therein, molecular construction of the manuscripts, library, the calligraphy surrounding the painting, itsq illuminations and binding are all analysed.

In fact the book reconstructs the entire process of making an illustrated manuscript from its ground work to its binding. Persian text and illustrations enhance the utility of the work.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 09:53:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/276-painters-paintings-and-books-an-essay-on-indo-persian-technical-literature-12-19th-centuries
Confluence of Cultures: French Contributions to Indo-Persian Studies http://www.csh-delhi.com/278-confluence-of-cultures-french-contributions-to-indo-persian-studies The editor’s introduction briefly surveys the history of Persian and Indo-Persian studies in France from its origins in the seventeenth century to the present day and presents an overview of the papers. The papers themselves are extensively illustrated with plans and photographs. They range in their interest from an analysis of the Persian translation of an Arabic treatise on occult sciences of the thirteenth century, to the modern-day Indo-Persian cuisine of Hyderabad as viewed from a part-anthropological and part-historical perspective. Their strength lies in that they combine textual studies with the analysis of artefacts (such as metalwork objets d’art) or field studies. Several papers focus on religious and doctrinal themes, but music, art-history and architecture (monumental architecture and Mughal-style gardens) also receive due attention.

This volume thus represents the confluence of not two but three cultures, the Indian, the Persian, and the French.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 10:20:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/278-confluence-of-cultures-french-contributions-to-indo-persian-studies
Graeco-Bactrian and Indian Coins from Afghanistan http://www.csh-delhi.com/279-graeco-bactrian-and-indian-coins-from-afghanistan The coins are catalogued and their historical, socio-religious and economic significance assessed. This book is, therefore, likely to interest a wide range of scholars working on that period.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 10:30:04 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/279-graeco-bactrian-and-indian-coins-from-afghanistan
Analysis of Reasoning in Archaeology: the Case of the Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Numismatics http://www.csh-delhi.com/280-analysis-of-reasoning-in-archaeology-the-case-of-the-graeco-bactrian-and-indo-greek-numismatics In the present volume, the author examines how numismatists have described and classified these coins and how historians have reconstructed the history of these kingdoms from the numismatists’ catalogues. The theoretical framework of this study is ‘logicist analysis’ as propounded by J.-C. Gardin.

This book is intended not only for the specialist of the Graeco-Bactrians and Indo-Greeks but also for all those interested in the nature and validity of the modes of reasoning in history and social sciences.

Thu, 18 Oct 2012 10:36:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/280-analysis-of-reasoning-in-archaeology-the-case-of-the-graeco-bactrian-and-indo-greek-numismatics
Nuclear Deterrence in Second Tier Nuclear Weapon States - A Case Study of India http://www.csh-delhi.com/281-nuclear-deterrence-in-second-tier-nuclear-weapon-states-a-case-study-of-india
This study intends to examine India’s nuclear strategy as it finds its own route to effective practice of nuclear deterrence.]]>
Thu, 25 Oct 2012 06:12:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/281-nuclear-deterrence-in-second-tier-nuclear-weapon-states-a-case-study-of-india
Managing Common Pool Resources in India Using Experimental and Empirical Methods http://www.csh-delhi.com/282-managing-common-pool-resources-in-india-using-experimental-and-empirical-methods
The objective of this new project at the CSH is to open up the discussion of CPR management through one or more empirical cases in India, on the basis of experiments to be conducted in the field. The field-based research in northeastern Uttaranchal State will be launched in 2008 in collaboration with researchers from Indian Statistical Institute and the Indian Institute of Technology. The research seeks to understand the reasons why some van panchayats (forest councils) appear to work better than others and examine the effect of variation in pre-existing cooperation in forest management on tendencies to cooperate, these tendencies to be measured by cooperation in a field experiment, where the stakes are real money provided by the investigators. In a sense, the aim is to test experimentally the question: Do people who have co-operated in the past find it easier to co-operate in the future?]]>
Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:19:58 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/282-managing-common-pool-resources-in-india-using-experimental-and-empirical-methods
Lobbying, Economic Disbursement and Redistributive Politics in India’s Federal Polity http://www.csh-delhi.com/283-lobbying-economic-disbursement-and-redistributive-politics-in-india-s-federal-polity Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:18:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/283-lobbying-economic-disbursement-and-redistributive-politics-in-india-s-federal-polity The evolution of national identities through a comparative analysis of Japanese and Indian popular cultures. http://www.csh-delhi.com/284-the-evolution-of-national-identities-through-a-comparative-analysis-of-japanese-and-indian-popular-cultures The comparative analysis of Indian movies and Japanese anime will focus on the evolution of national identities through the latest developments of cultural globalization. The multiplication of foreign references entailed by globalization raises issues as for the phenomenon of inclusion/exclusion of these references into popular culture or the definition of self. Bollywood and Japanese animation have experienced success outside the national territory, in both countries’ traditional spheres of influence, and increasingly in the West. I will try to examine the consequences of the exportation of both Medias on national identity, whether entailing a homogenization by adapting to the demand of foreign audiences, creating a kind of “global culture”, or by highlighting particular features of both national cultures. The question of the relevance of considering Japan and India mainly as “soft powers” will also be raised, and how the role that both countries aim at playing in the international order is reflected in the works.

Through content analysis, I will particularly focus on a few themes such as: the relation that both countries developed towards modernization; the representation of the Other, embodied by the West or not; the use of tradition as a semiotic basis for promoting one’s identity; finally, how changes entailed by globalization affect people and how desires and fears considered to be created by globalization differ or not in Japanese anime and Indian movies.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 05:06:14 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/284-the-evolution-of-national-identities-through-a-comparative-analysis-of-japanese-and-indian-popular-cultures
Lobbying, Economic Disbursement and Redistributive Politics in India’s Federal Polity http://www.csh-delhi.com/285-lobbying-economic-disbursement-and-redistributive-politics-in-india-s-federal-polity Thu, 25 Oct 2012 05:08:39 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/285-lobbying-economic-disbursement-and-redistributive-politics-in-india-s-federal-polity The evolution of national identities through a comparative analysis of Japanese and Indian popular cultures. http://www.csh-delhi.com/286-the-evolution-of-national-identities-through-a-comparative-analysis-of-japanese-and-indian-popular-cultures The comparative analysis of Indian movies and Japanese anime will focus on the evolution of national identities through the latest developments of cultural globalization. The multiplication of foreign references entailed by globalization raises issues as for the phenomenon of inclusion/exclusion of these references into popular culture or the definition of self. Bollywood and Japanese animation have experienced success outside the national territory, in both countries’ traditional spheres of influence, and increasingly in the West. I will try to examine the consequences of the exportation of both Medias on national identity, whether entailing a homogenization by adapting to the demand of foreign audiences, creating a kind of “global culture”, or by highlighting particular features of both national cultures. The question of the relevance of considering Japan and India mainly as “soft powers” will also be raised, and how the role that both countries aim at playing in the international order is reflected in the works.

Through content analysis, I will particularly focus on a few themes such as: the relation that both countries developed towards modernization; the representation of the Other, embodied by the West or not; the use of tradition as a semiotic basis for promoting one’s identity; finally, how changes entailed by globalization affect people and how desires and fears considered to be created by globalization differ or not in Japanese anime and Indian movies.

Thu, 01 Jan 1970 01:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/286-the-evolution-of-national-identities-through-a-comparative-analysis-of-japanese-and-indian-popular-cultures
Appraising the redistributive properties of the Indian fiscal equalization transfers http://www.csh-delhi.com/287-appraising-the-redistributive-properties-of-the-indian-fiscal-equalization-transfers The purpose of this research project is to develop a methodology for appraising the equalization transfers and to appraise the specific Indian equalization scheme. As India is well-structured federation and a developing country, it seems to be a very interesting study-case. Indeed, economic literature have shown the crucial importance of public goods such education or health in the growth and economic development. The allocation of them amongst Indian citizens and states could be an important issue for an well-balanced and fair economic development. Thus, that highlights the importance of a better understanding of the redistributive properties of equalization transfers.

Wed, 01 Nov 2006 00:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/287-appraising-the-redistributive-properties-of-the-indian-fiscal-equalization-transfers
India’s Nuclear Nationalism: the Politics and Symbolic of Nuclear Power in a Post-Colonial State http://www.csh-delhi.com/288-india-s-nuclear-nationalism-the-politics-and-symbolic-of-nuclear-power-in-a-post-colonial-state Thu, 25 Oct 2012 06:14:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/288-india-s-nuclear-nationalism-the-politics-and-symbolic-of-nuclear-power-in-a-post-colonial-state Challenges to Indian Federalism : Politics of Identity and Self Determination http://www.csh-delhi.com/289-challenges-to-indian-federalism-politics-of-identity-and-self-determination This is a contemporary study with some references to the historical context. We intend to use both qualitative and quantitative methods. Historical survey of the evolution of Indian federalism with special reference to these two states, based on content analysis of important documents both government and non-government, including manifestos and pamphlets issued by some of the separatist organizations, will be supplemented with a sample survey in those states. This survey will seek to gather the opinion of the people in the two states. It will try to measure, establish and prioritize various factors/variables responsible for separatist demands in those regions.

Though mainly theoretical and empirical in nature, the study intends to prescribe, at the end, some solutions to the problem, which may have policy implications.

Sun, 01 Jan 2006 00:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/289-challenges-to-indian-federalism-politics-of-identity-and-self-determination
India’s democratic renewal in question http://www.csh-delhi.com/290-india-s-democratic-renewal-in-question

Funding sources

- Programme transversal « Mutations démocratiques dans les pays émergents » (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
- Projet « Peuples premiers » (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:48:36 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/290-india-s-democratic-renewal-in-question
Restructuring of Contemporary Islam in Asia, from the Caucasus to China http://www.csh-delhi.com/291-restructuring-of-contemporary-islam-in-asia-from-the-caucasus-to-china We propose to investigate two complementary research directions:

The first one aims to identify the various religious currents and new practices within contemporary Asian Islam and to analyse the restructuring under way in order to relate the spread of radical Islam to the diverse developments that are moulding the Muslim societies under study.

The second one will examine the reciprocal effects of these religious ideologies and practices and the economic development of the countries in question and/or their Muslim communities.

Funding sources

- DGCID : Direction Générale de la Coopération Internationale et du Développement
- Go to the website French Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEFC : Centre d'Etudes Français sur la Chine contemporaine (Hong-Kong)
- Go to the website CEIAS : Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CNRS/EHESS, Paris, France)
- Go to the website IFAS : Institut Français d'Afrique du Sud (Johannesburg, Afrique du Sud)
- Go to the website IFEAC : Institut Français d'Etude sur l'Asie Centrale (Tachkent, Ouzbékistan)
- Go to the website IRASEC : Institut de Recherche sur l''Asie du Sud-Est Contemporaine (Bangkok, Thailand)
Thu, 01 Dec 2005 00:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/291-restructuring-of-contemporary-islam-in-asia-from-the-caucasus-to-china
Challenges to Indian Federalism : Politics of Identity and Self Determination http://www.csh-delhi.com/292-challenges-to-indian-federalism-politics-of-identity-and-self-determination This is a comparative study of separatist movements in Nagaland and Mizoram. Both the states of North-East India have predominantly tribal and Christian (though of different denominations) populations, have a long history of organised separatist movement and are peaceful at present. But whereas in Nagaland there exists political groups which are still demanding ‘sovereignty’ and are engaged in protracted negotiations with the Government of India for the same, there are no such groups or demands in Mizoram as of now. Therefore, it would be useful to compare the two cases to ascertain the nature and role of identity politics and elites in separatist movements in these states.

This is a contemporary study with some references to the historical context. We intend to use both qualitative and quantitative methods. Historical survey of the evolution of Indian federalism with special reference to these two states, based on content analysis of important documents both government and non-government, including manifestos and pamphlets issued by some of the separatist organizations, will be supplemented with a sample survey in those states. This survey will seek to gather the opinion of the people in the two states. It will try to measure, establish and prioritize various factors/variables responsible for separatist demands in those regions.

Though mainly theoretical and empirical in nature, the study intends to prescribe, at the end, some solutions to the problem, which may have policy implications.

Sun, 01 Jan 2006 00:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/292-challenges-to-indian-federalism-politics-of-identity-and-self-determination
India’s democratic renewal in question http://www.csh-delhi.com/293-india-s-democratic-renewal-in-question The main objective of this project is to build a collective reflection on the thesis of India’s democratic renewal, with a focus on the cumulated impact of two of its dimensions: the renewal of political elites (through reservations and identity based political parties), and the renewal of mobilizing structures (through new participatory practices: ward committees, neighbourhood associations…). The project will proceed through the regular confrontation of ongoing individual research programmes, mainly in the form of a monthly seminar on “the forms, objects and stakes of political mobilizations in contemporary India” which started in July 2006.

Funding sources

- Programme transversal « Mutations démocratiques dans les pays émergents » (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
- Projet « Peuples premiers » (French Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website IFAS : Institut Français d'Afrique du Sud (Johannesburg, Afrique du Sud)
Sun, 01 Jan 2006 00:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/293-india-s-democratic-renewal-in-question
The experience of upward social mobility http://www.csh-delhi.com/294-the-experience-of-upward-social-mobility This study is part of a comparative research on social mobility in France, in the United States and in India. Its main objective is to collect data on how people experience social success in India. The study mainly consists of interviews of persons from low social background (from lower as well as from upper caste) who achieved relatively high status positions in the fields of Civil Service (mainly IAS and IFS), in the private sector (IIMs and IITs diplomas – or equivalent), and in Academics (Professors and researchers in Humanities).

Close attention will be paid to the tension between the origin group and the new group produced by social mobility. The tension between the origin group and the new group involves two essential dimensions: a sociological dimension (the difference between two styles of life, between two habitus, between two worlds constructed on different referents, between two languages, etc.) and a moral and affective dimension (the feeling of “betraying” the origin group). How do they deal with the gap that exists between their group of origin and their new group? Do they get the impression that they are betraying their group of origin? Does success compel them to break the bonds they had with persons who were important for them? Does their social background impact the way they look at society?

Asking such questions will thus make it possible to highlight the links between the type of discourse on success and the kind of career (for example, are the discourses of people who experienced success similar in the case of civil servants, professors and professionals?).

This project is part of an institutional collaboration between the Institute of Political Studies of Paris (IEP Paris) and the CSH.

Funding sources

- French Ministry of Research

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website Northwestern University : The French Interdisciplinary Group (Chicago)
- Go to the website OSC (Observatoire sociologique du changement), Sciences-po Paris / CNRS
Tue, 01 Nov 2005 06:56:48 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/294-the-experience-of-upward-social-mobility
Exploring the Metropolitan Area of Delhi: A Spatial Exploratory Data Analysis of the Metropolisation Process http://www.csh-delhi.com/295-exploring-the-metropolitan-area-of-delhi-a-spatial-exploratory-data-analysis-of-the-metropolisation-process We can define metropolisation as an urban phenomenon based on two movements: the concentration of population and wealth in the biggest agglomerations and an expansion of these agglomerations that overwhelmed the classical opposition between rural and urban areas (MORICONI-EBRARD, 2001). Delhi has been one of the fastest growing metropolises over the past few decades in India (the population multiplied nine times in 50 years). With the development of a Geographical Information System (GIS) on the National Capital Region of Delhi (an area covering 33,578 sq. km and comprising 37 Millions inhabitants) we would like to assess and analyse the spatial and the social changes produced by metropolisation. By using data from 1991 and 2001 Census, our objective is to build specific indicators that can help us to define metropolisation and the metropolitan area of Delhi. Can we picture different levels of integration in the metropolitan area of Delhi? What areas of NCR are taking an active role in the metropolisation process? What areas are left behind by the metropolisation? How is metropolisation transforming the economic and social structure of former rural areas? Is metropolisation accelerating some social changes observed in the North Western part of India, such as the decrease of fertility or the degradation of Sex Ratio?

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website JNU : Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website Université de Rouen, Département de geographie (Rouen, France)
Thu, 01 Sep 2005 07:07:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/295-exploring-the-metropolitan-area-of-delhi-a-spatial-exploratory-data-analysis-of-the-metropolisation-process
Contemporary forms and stakes of (sub)political mobilizations in urban India http://www.csh-delhi.com/296-contemporary-forms-and-stakes-of-sub-political-mobilizations-in-urban-india Thu, 01 Sep 2005 08:44:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/296-contemporary-forms-and-stakes-of-sub-political-mobilizations-in-urban-india Aligning Development, Climate Change and Air Quality Management: Multiple Dividends in the Developing Countries’ Context http://www.csh-delhi.com/297-aligning-development-climate-change-and-air-quality-management-multiple-dividends-in-the-developing-countries-context Mon, 01 Aug 2005 08:59:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/297-aligning-development-climate-change-and-air-quality-management-multiple-dividends-in-the-developing-countries-context Managing Nuclear Tensions: China-India-Pakistan http://www.csh-delhi.com/298-managing-nuclear-tensions-china-india-pakistan Sat, 01 Jan 2005 09:01:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/298-managing-nuclear-tensions-china-india-pakistan Appraising multidimensional inequalities and poverty in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/299-appraising-multidimensional-inequalities-and-poverty-in-india

The aim of this project is to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of the liberalization of the Indian economy on multidimensional inequalities and poverty using dominance criteria. As recalled for instance in Deaton and Drèze, the poverty and inequalities trend in India in the nineties have been a matter of intense controversy. While most studies have concluded that poverty, as measured by the poverty gap and headcount ratio, has been reduced in all regions of India in the nineties, other researchers (for instance Bhalla) have concluded in a reduction of income inequality on the basis of the Gini coefficient. Yet, as all these conclusions are based on the use of very specific indexes, they are not robust. These conclusions also suffer from the fact that they are limited to a uni-dimensional appraisal of the inequalities based on the sole monetary income. The aim of the research will be to re-examine the recent “poverty and inequality in the nineties” controversy using a multidimensional dominance approach that Patrick Moyes and myself are developing, along the lines suggested by a literature initiated in the eighties. Using, as in most studies, the National Sample Survey as the main data source for consumption expenditure (interpreted in all studies as a proxy for disposable income), the research will complete these data with information, collected at the state and district level, about the access to various public goods (especially infant mor-tality, literacy rate and, if available, criminality and teacher/pupil ratio).

Sat, 01 Jan 2005 09:06:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/299-appraising-multidimensional-inequalities-and-poverty-in-india
Evaluating diversity and freedom http://www.csh-delhi.com/300-evaluating-diversity-and-freedom The aim of the project is to apply the diversity indicators developed by economists to the measurement of biological diversity in India. Biologists and ecologists have a long standing field experience in measuring the biological diversity of various eco-systems. Yet the numerical indices they use to perform the measurement suffer from the weakness of not attaching importance to the pairwise dissimi-larities of the various species. In recent years, economists have proposed various criteria for measuring diversity on the basis of an explicit notion of dissimilarity between the objects measured. In this research, we plan to apply these indicators to the appraisal of the intertemporal evolution of the biological diversity in the forest of Western Ghats, an ecosystem which has been defined as a “hotspot” by the international convention on biological diversity signed at the Rio summit in the mid nineties.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website IFP : Institut Français de Pondichéry (Pondicherry, India)
Sat, 01 Jan 2005 09:22:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/300-evaluating-diversity-and-freedom
Globalisation and Opening Markets in Developing Countries and Its Impact on National Firms and Public Governance: The Case of India http://www.csh-delhi.com/301-globalisation-and-opening-markets-in-developing-countries-and-its-impact-on-national-firms-and-public-governance-the-case-of-india This 12 months project aims at evaluating the impact of the opening of the domestic market and the globalisation process on Indian enterprises. The evaluation will be focused on three main areas:

  1. The impact on industrial policy and the relationship between the economic administration and Indian firms.
  2. The impact on the corporate governance of Indian industrial groups.
  3. The impact on technological strategy of Indian corporate groups and their relationship (conflict - cooperation) with foreign multinationals operating in the Indian market.
The field research and the two round table conferences will complement a broader comparative research program on the above topics, which is underway in China.

The project aims to study the following aspects of globalization process in the Indian context:

    1. Public Governance and support for national firms
      Various studies show the central role of the State in the take-off of national industries and services. Not necessarily through simple protectionist measures, but also through an overhaul of regulation, research transfer and targeted infrastructure investment. The related question is, from the viewpoint of the state, how to redefine its role and position in the context of an open internal market?
    2. Impact on corporate governance in Indian public and private corporate groups
      In India, some industries like manufacturing, cars, equipment that find themselves in the public sector for either historical or maturity reasons, now globalise worldwide. However, power, water and environment management, but also public works, or mining remain, despite reforms, profoundly embedded into an administrative-style management. The research will try to analyse if progressive deregulation of internal market combined with a series of privatisation in different industrial sectors can bring an evolution in this administrative-style management.
    3. Technological catching-up and emancipation
      For national groups to emerge from former planned, command or imports substitution systems, they have to catch-up technologically, and to achieve emancipation through R&D and both technological and commercial agreements and partnerships. The question is whether they go for sub contracting, on producing for “niches”, or directly target global competitions. More and more FDI are also dominating internal markets in different sectors through joint-venture or Greenfield affiliates, which put several limitations on the possibility for national firms to achieve technological catch up.

Funding sources

- European Union (under the EU-India SPF Program)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEPII : Centre d''Etudes Prospectives et d''Informations Internationales
- Go to the website CERNA : Centre for Industrial Economics at the Ecole des Mines de Paris (Paris, France)
- Go to the website EHESS: Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (France)
- Go to the website FES India : Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website IDF : India Development Foundation
- Go to the website IIMA : Indian Institute of Management (Ahmedabad, India)
- Go to the website IWEP : The Institute of World Economics and Politics (Beijing, China)
- Go to the website JNU : Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website LSE : London School of Economics (London, UK)
- Go to the website NCAER : National Council of Applied Economic Research
- Go to the website ORF : Observer Research Foundation (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 (France)
- Go to the website Université Rennes 2 - Haute Bretagne (France)
Sat, 01 Jan 2005 09:27:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/301-globalisation-and-opening-markets-in-developing-countries-and-its-impact-on-national-firms-and-public-governance-the-case-of-india
Democracy in South Asia. Historical and Comparative Analysis of the Democratization Process in India and Pakistan between 1947 and 1958 through the Prism of Elites and Civil Society http://www.csh-delhi.com/302-democracy-in-south-asia-historical-and-comparative-analysis-of-the-democratization-process-in-india-and-pakistan-between-1947-and-1958-through-the-prism-of-elites-and-civil-society The main objective of this research project is to determine the factors which could explain why there is such a divergence between India and Pakistan concerning the democratization process while they are so close to each other from a historical and cultural point of view.

In order to answer this problematic, I intend to focus on the first ten years after independence and partition, as I believe that the first years of the transition process are fundamental, and on elites and civil society, as during that period they are in charge of the implementation of democratic institutions and their consolidation respectively.

For that purpose I will use the datas available in the National Archives of India and Pakistan, such as the Indian and Pakistani Constituent Assembly debates, the Indian Congress and Muslim League Working Committee proceedings, the contemporary press. I will also use memoirs, biographies and semi-directive interviews with officials and scholars related to my topic.

As I believe that the study of the interaction between institutional structures and sociopolitical dynamics will allow me to go beyond the mere observations of the transitology school, I intend to cross the analysis of four hypothesis (colonial legacy, institutional situation at the independence, party-system and ethnic pluralism) with the study of two political processes, the constitution-making and institution-building processes.

The historical and comparative study of the constitution-making and institution-building processes in India and Pakistan between 1947 and 1958 should allow me to enlighten the role of the elites and the civil society in the transition and consolidation phases respectively, to know to what extent the previously identified factors have influenced these dynamics and finally to answer my problematic about the divergence between India and Pakistan concerning the democratization process.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CERI : Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (Sciences-Po / CNRS, Paris, France)
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 10:56:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/302-democracy-in-south-asia-historical-and-comparative-analysis-of-the-democratization-process-in-india-and-pakistan-between-1947-and-1958-through-the-prism-of-elites-and-civil-society
The informal economy of water and sustainable development: A study of the territories of Mumbai http://www.csh-delhi.com/303-the-informal-economy-of-water-and-sustainable-development-a-study-of-the-territories-of-mumbai The subject of the thesis falls in line with a micro-economic approach of actors in the informal drinking water supply sector. It is positioned at the intersection of the theories of economic development, water economics and social relations in the framework of sustainable development.

The research project proposes to first identify the place of the informal water economy in peri-urban territories, and examine the functions this sector fulfils and the position of its actors. It will then examine the manner in which the informal water economy is replicated in time and space and define its institutional, socio-economic and cultural framework.

The project envisages conducting a field survey in the peri-urban areas of Mumbai. A questionnaire-based survey shall be conducted among the local inhabitants and service providers (both formal and informal). In addition, meetings and public meetings with local actors (academicians, parliamentarians, households, NGOs et al.) shall also be organised.

Funding sources

- Go to the website LEPII : Laboratoire d’Economie de la Production et de l’Intégration Internationale (UPMF / CNRS, Grenoble, France)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website IGIDR : Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research (Mumbai, India)
- Go to the website LEPII : Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale (UPMF / CNRS, Grenoble, France)
Mon, 01 Nov 2004 10:03:54 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/303-the-informal-economy-of-water-and-sustainable-development-a-study-of-the-territories-of-mumbai
The emergence of corporate hospitals in Indian metropolises http://www.csh-delhi.com/304-the-emergence-of-corporate-hospitals-in-indian-metropolises The Indian healthcare is undergoing major transformations. The economic liberalization, the continuous decrease of public investment in healthcare has created a new frame in the supply of healthcare. In this renewed context, the corporate hospitals try to tap the middle class market by offering high quality treatment and first class amenities to their patients.

The main focus of this research (PhD) is to describe and analyze the spatial consequences of the emergence of this new class of actors. Considering the corporate hospitals as an innovation in the Indian hospital sector, we will analyse their diffusion over the past 20 years in the Indian metropolises (Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai) and their various impacts of the rest of the hospital sector. By studying spatial strategies of corporate hospitals we aim at revealing the transformations faced by the Indian economic geography and the rejuvenated role played by metropolises in that regard.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website Université de Rouen, Département de geographie (Rouen, France)


- "De la planification au marché. La privatisation du secteur hospitalier en Inde (1947-2007)", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand edited by Transcontinentales, December 2007Paris, No. 5 (39-55 pages).

Presented Papers

- "Medical tourism in India and Thailand: an heterotopia in the time of globalization", written by BOCHATON Audrey, LEFEBVRE Bertrand for Asia Research Institute. Took place in National University of Singapore, Singapore, September 7th – 9th 2006.
- "Studying Medical Tourism in India and Thailand: The challenges of a multi-sited fieldwork", written by BOCHATON Audrey, LEFEBVRE Bertrand for Asia Research Institute. Took place in National University of Singapore, Singapore, September 5th – 6th 2006.
- "Consumerism and Healthcare: Reading the corporate hospitals in Delhi", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand for IIAS-CERI-CSH-ICS. Took place in Indian International Centre, New Delhi, India, November 7th – 9th.
Tue, 30 Oct 2012 05:43:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/304-the-emergence-of-corporate-hospitals-in-indian-metropolises
The Representation of the Other Backward Classes in the main political parties in Bihar and Rajasthan (1952-2005) http://www.csh-delhi.com/305-the-representation-of-the-other-backward-classes-in-the-main-political-parties-in-bihar-and-rajasthan-1952-2005 The main objective of this thesis project is to go beyond the mere observation of the increasing representation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) among the Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) in Bihar and the strengthening of the conservative pattern in the Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha (the state Legislative Assembly). In order to achieve this aim, the research will focus on the qualitative angle of this process by analysing the meaning and significance of democracy in terms of the larger representation of OBCs in Bihar. Indeed, has the nature of democracy been improved by the transition from high caste politics to an OBC based politics?

What enabled the OBC MLAs to be represented in slightly larger numbers than the upper caste MLAs in the Bihar Vidhan Sabha in 1990 (34.9 % as against 34.6 %) is not the assertion of an individual status but the effect of belonging to a certain social category, to a certain caste. As a consequence, there is no reason to think that a greater political representation of OBCs could improve the quality of the democracy. Indeed, this process just corresponds to the strengthening of the differences between the caste categories.

Therefore, how can the representation of Other Backward Classes among the Members of the Legislative Assembly and the democrati-zation of the political class in Northern India be interpreted?

The research is based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative data. A previously constituted database on the caste profile of the MLAs in the two states under study has been used. In addition, interviews will be conducted with Members of the Legislative Assembly, political parties’ cadres, scholars and journalists about the evolution of the political personnel.

Fri, 01 Oct 2004 10:11:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/305-the-representation-of-the-other-backward-classes-in-the-main-political-parties-in-bihar-and-rajasthan-1952-2005
Comparing decisions with radically uncertain consequences http://www.csh-delhi.com/306-comparing-decisions-with-radically-uncertain-consequences Decision theory is the branch of social sciences that studies the various criteria used by individual agents (firms, heads of organizations, individuals, groups, et al.) to make decisions in various environments. Most, if not all, decisions involve uncertainty. When choosing a particular course of action, the decision maker does not know exactly which consequences this course of action will entail. In conventional decision theory, which develops along the lines set forth in the seminal contribution of J.L. Savage, this uncertainty is accounted for by assuming the existence of a set of mutually exclusive “states of natures” (for instance the various possible results of the toss of a pair of dies) and by describing decisions as rules (acts) that associate to every state of nature a unique consequence. A more demanding theory, that is nonetheless widely used by researchers, go even further by assuming that the uncertainty faced by the decision maker is described by a complete list of probabilities assigned to the consequences. Yet, for many complex decisions (regulating the environment, mating, investing in a foreign country), these assumptions seem unduly demanding.

In this research, we are working on an axiomatic characterization of a criterion for deciding in situations of radical uncertainty when this standard approach does not apply. In the framework we are considering, the only elements that serve as describing the various actions that the decision maker can take care are the consequences (assumed to be in finite number) that these actions can have. No knowledge of the mechanism by which the consequences can come about, nor of their probabilities of occurrence is assumed. The criterion we are attempting to axiomatize can (but need not) be thought of as resulting from the assignment of the same probability of occurrence to every possible consequence and from the comparisons of the various decisions on the basis of the average utility of their consequences.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website ISI : Indian Statistical Institute (New Delhi, India)
Wed, 01 Sep 2004 10:17:41 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/306-comparing-decisions-with-radically-uncertain-consequences
Estimating the preferences of the households for urban amenities in Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/307-estimating-the-preferences-of-the-households-for-urban-amenities-in-delhi The object of the research is to examine the robustness of a result, obtained in a paper written with S. Thoron, which provides a condition on households preferences which is necessary and sufficient for a process of endogenous formation of jurisdictions to give rise to stratifications. An assumption that clearly needs some weakening is the absence of a housing, or land, market. In the Gravel and Thoron model, households can live in a jurisdiction, and participate in the collective choice of the tax rate without buying or renting housings. It appears therefore important to enlarge the decision space of the household from the public-private spending one to the public spending, housing space and private spending and to see how the conditions identi-fied in the Gravel and Thoron paper can be reformulated in this enlarged decision space. Once housing is incorporated into the analysis, one can use data on the housing market to test, using hedonic methodology, whether or not the condition on households’ preference is satisfied. Hedonic methodology consists in using cross-section data on housing prices, housing characteristics and households’ characteristics to estimate the households’ preferences.

The socio-spatial dynamics of Indian cities, especially in Delhi, appears quite suitable for this sort of test. The aim of this case study will be, therefore, to test whether or not households’ preferences in Delhi, as they can be estimated by hedonic methods, satisfy the condition identified in Gravel and Thoron.

We plan to construct a data set on of some 5000 housing units in Delhi, based on sample surveys. The sample will be representative of the various segments of the housing market and of the geographical spread of the urban agglomeration. The data set will then be completed by matching the information on individual housing prices and characteristics with aggregate data on the local environment of the housing.

Besides its use for testing the particular hypothesis of the Gravel and Thoron model, the availability of such a rich data set will be of invaluable help to better understand the urban dynamics in Delhi, as well as the behaviour of housing price, and the implicit valuation of the various urban amenities that these prices reveal.

Sun, 01 Aug 2004 10:47:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/307-estimating-the-preferences-of-the-households-for-urban-amenities-in-delhi
The actors and political models of the indian diaspora http://www.csh-delhi.com/308-the-actors-and-political-models-of-the-indian-diaspora Recent years have witnessed the Indian Diaspora being elected as one of the top priority areas for India’s foreign policy. This has resulted from (a) India growing more confident of itself – given its improved record of economic reforms/growth as well as political stability since 1990 – and (b) the gradual rise in the prosperity and influence of Indians abroad with its special linkages to home and host nations. This makes this proposed project extremely valuable for India’s foreign policy in the coming years.

This project intends to focus on exploring various models and actors in the Indian Diaspora and not in simply focusing on inter-state relations and the role of the Indian Diaspora in determining trends in India’s relationships with other nations that host people of Indian origin. This project will try to move beyond this conventional wisdom of inter-national relations and undertake an inter-disciplinary study on the subject by exploring their cultural, economic, security linkages across continents to highlight the independent person-ality of the Indian Diaspora. There will be a special focus on evolving a comparative approach by comparing its role and personality with those of others like Jews and the Chinese to develop a theoretical framework on this subject.

This project has conducted five workshops, held at the CSH, from September 2004 to march 2005. They have been used as a laboratory to test the ideas of the researchers involved.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website Jamia Millia Islamia - A Central University (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website JNU : Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi, India)
- Nehru Memorial Trust and Museum (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website University of Delhi (Delhi, India)

Presented Papers

- "L'invention d'une diaspora indienne: enjeux politiques et sociaux", written by LECLERC Eric for Espaces et sociétés aujourd'hui (la géographie sociale dans l'espace et dans l'action). Took place in Rennes, UMR 6590, Université de Rennes 2, 2004.
- "Indian Diaspora: scientific concepts and common folks", written by LECLERC Eric for lecture given at the Center for Indian Ocean Studies. Took place in Osmania University, Hyderabad, 6 May 2004.
Tue, 01 Jun 2004 10:53:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/308-the-actors-and-political-models-of-the-indian-diaspora
Structuring a SO2 emissions trading system for Indian power plants http://www.csh-delhi.com/309-structuring-a-so2-emissions-trading-system-for-indian-power-plants The research focuses on the ongoing reforms in India, especially in the power sector, and their environmental implications. 82 large power plants contribute to nearly 45% of all-India SO2 emissions, thereby providing focussed opportu-nities for SO2 mitigation. The research analyzes existing technology-push policies with alternate instruments as emissions trading to control SO2 emissions optimally.

The first step was to identify power plants, under different ownership structure, that would participate in the emissions trading system. Discussions were carried out with plant officials, policymakers in Ministry of Environ-ment and Forests and Ministry of Power and other related Ministries. These, together with published data, provide an understanding of abatement strategies in different plants. The SO2 emissions from power plants are projected for future (till 2030) under different scenarios using an energy-environment optimization model, namely AIM/Local (Asia-Pacific Integrated Model).

Funding sources

- Go to the website ICSSR : Indian Council of Social Science Research (New Delhi, India)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website ICSSR : Indian Council of Social Science Research (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website IIMA : Indian Institute of Management (Ahmedabad, India)
Mon, 01 Mar 2004 11:04:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/309-structuring-a-so2-emissions-trading-system-for-indian-power-plants
The construction of a collective identity in India: the case of Hindutva in a theoretical perspective http://www.csh-delhi.com/310-the-construction-of-a-collective-identity-in-india-the-case-of-hindutva-in-a-theoretical-perspective India is witnessing a seemingly paradoxical situation: the processes of globalization and standardization of socio-cultural environments are accompanied by a re-emerging political significance of ethnic and territorial identities.

The main objective of the project is to analyse the construction of collective identity and its role in the processes of democratic and socio-economic transition in India. In this backdrop, the project will investigate the application of the theoretical concept, ‘collective identity’ to the case of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his concept of Hindutva (‘Hindu-Nationalist movement’). The central question is whether and to what extent European, in particular German, concepts and experience in the construction of collective identity are applicable to the Indian context. The aim is, on the one hand to make a theoretical contribution in clarifying the concept of collective identity and to explore whether collective identity can be an object of empirical research, and on the other hand, to investigate what we know about a ‘Hindu-nationalist collective identity’ in empirical terms.

The methodology applied in this research uses a case-study method comprising the main theoreticians of the ‘Hindu-nationalist move-ment’, in particular Savarkar, their constructions of collective identities and the related organisations created to implement their theoretical ideas. This included the collection and analysis of primary and secondary materials and information: literature on and by Savarkar as well as qualitative, open-ended interviews, direct observation of the campaign of some candidates in the Maharashtra State Assembly Election 2004.

Funding sources

- Go to the website Global Panel Foundation (Germany)
- Go to the website SAI : South Asia Institute (University of Heidelberg, Germany)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website SAI : South Asia Institute (University of Heidelberg, Germany)

Presented Papers

- "Collective Identity and Identity Politics in India: The case of Hindutva in a theoretical perspective", written by WOLF Siegfried O. for 18th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies. Took place in Lund University, Sweden, 6-9 July 2004.
Sun, 01 Feb 2004 11:06:51 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/310-the-construction-of-a-collective-identity-in-india-the-case-of-hindutva-in-a-theoretical-perspective
The circulation of highly qualified indian professionals: role of the indian transnational community in the Information Technology revolution from India http://www.csh-delhi.com/311-the-circulation-of-highly-qualified-indian-professionals-role-of-the-indian-transnational-community-in-the-information-technology-revolution-from-india The objective of this project is to analyse India’s entry into an intra-global arena through the influence of a professional group that constitutes a small proportion of the Indian Diaspora. Rejecting all cultural, social or territorial demarcations, the choice of this social group choice is also justified by its incorporation in the globalisation process. Emblematic of the communication economy, these hi-tech enterprises allow us to study the various ‘distance’ modalities they used – ubiquity, mobility and co-presence, in order to structure an international division of work. The analysis of the movements of their employees at different scales of time (migration, business trips) and space (national, international) serves as an indicator of the changes in the spatial dimension of Indian society as a whole. It also enables us to place this particular group in relation to a nascent world-society.

Presented Papers

- "Distance management among IT professionals: Issues for a global workforce", written by LECLERC Eric for Workshop Cross border dynamics in India's IT sector: implications for performance and policy making. Took place in Bangalore, 2 July 2004.
- "Circulation of Indian IT Profes-sionals to Hyderabad and Beyond: Integrating India in a Global work force", written by LECLERC Eric for International Seminar India and the Indian Diaspora. Took place in School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, 29-30 March 2004.
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 11:13:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/311-the-circulation-of-highly-qualified-indian-professionals-role-of-the-indian-transnational-community-in-the-information-technology-revolution-from-india
The future of the Global Economy : regional trajectories http://www.csh-delhi.com/312-the-future-of-the-global-economy-regional-trajectories This project investigates the future of the Global Economy 25 years from now, through the following approach:

  • A disaggregation of the Global Economy into certain regional economic blocs based on certain rational criteria and the detailed study of these blocs regarding growth, poverty, inequality, composition of output and trade, technological progress and development.
  • An analysis of the interactions between the various blocs and the global economy to find the effect of globalisation on these blocs as well as the effect on the global economy due to the participation of these blocs.
  • An analysis of the effect of international institutions (the IMF, World Bank, WTO) and laws (like intellectual property rights) that govern economic globalisation on the various blocs as well as the global economy.


Funding sources

- Go to the website JNU : Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website MSH : Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (Paris, France)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website JNU : Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi, India)
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 11:25:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/312-the-future-of-the-global-economy-regional-trajectories
Beyond the Transition Phase of the WTO: An Indian Perspective http://www.csh-delhi.com/313-beyond-the-transition-phase-of-the-wto-an-indian-perspective India’s dilemma is to manage to pursue economic integration (necessary for economic efficiency) without undue structural upheaval given the risk of protectionism that the developed world gives to its producers. In this context, the objective of the project is to take stock of: developments in the various sectors of the Indian economy in the last decade; the compatibility of Indian laws with the WTO framework; implication of environmental and labour laws; implications of Regional Trading Arrangements; implications of e-commerce.

The project surveys existing literature and also uses primary documents and data available in the public domain.

Thu, 01 Jan 2004 11:37:12 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/313-beyond-the-transition-phase-of-the-wto-an-indian-perspective
The IBSAC (India Brazil South Africa China) : a possible coalition in WTO negotiations http://www.csh-delhi.com/314-the-ibsac-india-brazil-south-africa-china-a-possible-coalition-in-wto-negotiations The Cancun Round of Trade Negotiations revealed among other things that the G-15 (the group of developing countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America, that was set up to foster cooperation and provide input for other international coalitions) as a group is not as effective and coherent as the G-8 (the Group of Seven rich industrialized nations plus Russia) is. Shortly after, the IBSA (India, Brazil and South Africa) cam e into being in the middle of 2003 with the meeting of the heads of Governments of the three countries on the sidelines of the Evian Summit. A meeting of the foreign ministers of the three countries at Brasilia in early June of 2003 quickly followed this. Post Cancun WTO ministerial in September 2003, the need to build a coalition of large, industrialized and increasingly sophisticated emerging economies, was felt with greater urgency. China joined this group later (IBSAC).

In this context, the project aims to investigate the following questions:

  • What are the chances of IBSAC coming together as a coalition as effective as the G-8?
  • Can IBSAC be strengthened economically by promoting trade among themselves?
  • What are the issues on which IBSAC has a common ground and how potentially important are these issues in keeping IBSAC together?
  • As IBSAC become regional hubs, can it also count on the support of economies that form part of these hubs?

The study will require an examination and analysis of the major items being negotiated as also the examination of how strongly the observed stances on these positions are. The positions are on public record while the importance of such positions will have to be gauged from trade data and National Industrial Statistics that are in the public domain. As this is a projective study econometric exercises like forecasting and simulation may also be required. Secondly, theorizing coalitions to gauge behaviour to different stimuli requires the use of tools like Bargaining Theory and/or Core Theory, which may be fruitfully used to predict coalition behaviour and its sustainability.

Presented Papers

- "Brazil as a Partner: The Importance of Non-state Agents", written by CHAKRABORTY Debashis, KANT Tushar for Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales. Took place in Brasilia, 7-8th November 2005.
- "India and Economic Global Governance: The Search for an Appropriate Coalition", written by BANERJEE Pritam, SENGUPTA Dipankar for G-3: An Agenda for Improving Global Governance. Took place in Johannesburg, South Africa, July 2004.
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 11:48:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/314-the-ibsac-india-brazil-south-africa-china-a-possible-coalition-in-wto-negotiations
Role of ground water in urban development : study of Delhi and its peri-urban areas http://www.csh-delhi.com/315-role-of-ground-water-in-urban-development-study-of-delhi-and-its-peri-urban-areas Through this research project, an attempt is made to assess the role of water/ground water in the planning of metropolises and in urban development. It is based on the case study of Delhi metropolis and its peri-urban region. The objectives of the research are to study the stages and patterns of urban evolution, to study the interdependence of ground water and urbani-sation, to analyse urban hydro-geomorpho-logical structure. Further, an attempt will be made to identify urban ground water manage-ment issues in peri-urban areas vis-à-vis land use planning in order to suggest practical changes in land use planning of peri-urban areas.

The research methodology combines the collection of updated secondary data on ground-water and land use, and primary surveys (interviews using semi-structured questionnaire with primary and secondary stakeholders of the selected study area).

Funding sources

- Go to the website Queen’s University Belfast (Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK)

Presented Papers

- "Defining Peri-urban – a review", written by ROHILLA Suresh Kumar for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics: population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in CSH-India International Centre, New Delhi, 25-26-27 August 2004.
- "Urban Water Augmentation in Delhi (a Techno-Feasibility for rainwater harvesting in and around Delhi metropolis)", written by ROHILLA Suresh Kumar for IInd DEMATEDEE Conference Market Development of water and waste technologies through environmental economics. Took place in CERNA, Paris, 29 May 2004.
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 06:02:19 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/315-role-of-ground-water-in-urban-development-study-of-delhi-and-its-peri-urban-areas
China-Pakistan strategic cooperation http://www.csh-delhi.com/316-china-pakistan-strategic-cooperation The Scientific problematic of China-Pakistan strategic co-operation for India lies in it being the one of the most critical issues for India’s foreign policy and perhaps the most common hindrance in China-India confidence building. Secondly, it becomes problematic particularly as this subject is little researched, though the hype continues in the regular political rhetoric. While both China and Pakistan continue to deny allegations made by India or other powers, substantive information on this issue of transfer of sensitive technologies as part of China-Pakistan strategic co-operation remains illusive and very little has developed either in terms of evidence or analysis to strengthen this thesis.

The research objectives, in this backdrop, broadly include examining various sectors of China-Pakistan strategic co-operation in exhaustive detail and then trying to gauge its overall impact for regional security and peace, for India’s foreign and security policies and especially for India-China ties. This will also be aimed at assessing the evolving nature of China-Pakistan ties given the change in China’s worldview in recent years as well as the evolution in global and regional priorities and ground realities.

The Methodology applied in this research project remains participatory brainstorming of contribution written in advance for which a seminar has been organised. These contributions depend primarily on secondary materials (both published and online) and care has been taken to balance the perspective by incorporating views from all different perspectives.

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CPR : Center for Policy Research (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website ICS : Institute of Chinese Studies (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website IDSA : Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website Jadavpur University (Calcutta, India)
- National Institute for Security Analysis (Bangalore, India)
- Go to the website ORF : Observer Research Foundation (New Delhi, India)

Presented Papers

- "Joint Ventures and Procurement", written by SINGH Swaran for Seminar China-Pakistan Strategic Cooperation: Indian Perspectives. Took place in India International Centre, New Delhi, 19-20 March 2004.
- "India-Pakistan Nuclear Risk Reduction Measures", written by SINGH Swaran for International Conference, University of Birmingham on South Asian Security Perspectives. Took place in Birmingham, 14-15 April 2003.
Wed, 31 Oct 2012 06:12:47 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/316-china-pakistan-strategic-cooperation
Labour migration : an analysis of the modes of entry into the labour force of construction workers in Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/317-labour-migration-an-analysis-of-the-modes-of-entry-into-the-labour-force-of-construction-workers-in-delhi Institutional partnerships
- Go to the website CLERSE : Centre Lillois d'Etudes et de Recherches Sociologiques et Economiques (Université de Lille 1, France)
Sat, 01 Nov 2003 06:09:45 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/317-labour-migration-an-analysis-of-the-modes-of-entry-into-the-labour-force-of-construction-workers-in-delhi
Beyond the World Social Forum : a study of the dynamic between NGOs and social movements http://www.csh-delhi.com/318-beyond-the-world-social-forum-a-study-of-the-dynamic-between-ngos-and-social-movements Apart from referring to the literature available on social movements, NGOs and the WSF, the study will be based on fieldwork and meetings and interviews with the people participating in the WSF India process. It proceeds by taking account of the differences between the positions of NGOs and radical social movements. The problematic then consists of examining how, given that both are participating in the WSF India, this affects and influences the WSF process itself. What for example are the political and organizational faults and fissures that show up in the WSF India, given the increasing presence of NGOs since its inception three years earlier. Conceptually, the study will be operationalised through the prism of the concepts of the state and civil society.

Presented Papers

- "Labour and Global Civil Society: The World Social Forum in India", written by GIRI Saroj for the 18th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies. Took place in Lund University, Sweden, 6-9 July 2004.
- "Global Civil Society and Traditional Struggles; New Subjectivity in the light of the WSF in India", written by GIRI Saroj for International Sociological Association Confe-rence Globalisation and New Subjectivities. Took place in Paris, 11-12 June 2004.


- "Resisting Neo-liberal Globalisation? A Study of Social Movements and the World Social Forum in India", written by GIRI Saroj edited by CSH, New Delhi (110 pages). Year of publishing: 2004.

Other Activities

-Anti-Globalisation Movement in India, written by: GIRI S.. Took place in the Altermondialist festival, Charivari, organised in Paris by Vive l'action pour une Mondialisation des solidarités (VAMOS), Paris in the Altermondialist festival, Charivari, organised in Paris by Vive l'action pour une Mondialisation des solidarités (VAMOS), Paris.
Resume: .
Sat, 01 Nov 2003 06:15:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/318-beyond-the-world-social-forum-a-study-of-the-dynamic-between-ngos-and-social-movements
“Refugee” identity : the building of a globalised citizenship? The case of refugees in Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/319-refugee-identity-the-building-of-a-globalised-citizenship-the-case-of-refugees-in-delhi The main purpose of this research on Delhi's refugees is to examine the process of identity construction in a refugee environment and especially the impact of the refugee status on the re-definition of oneself and one's belonging to a group. In this connection, the study focuses on groups which avail different status: the United Nations' refugees (Burmese and Afghans), those under the Indian administration (Tibetans) and those without any status (to be identified). The general problematic of this research is expressed as follows: on the basis of the case of refugees in Delhi, it consists of studying a specific aspect of multidimensional social and cultural interaction and to evidence the social rationale followed by these refugees as well as the strategies developed within migratory networks.

The research will tackle, on the one hand, the networks in which the refugees are circulating or which are established around them (local and international networks). On the other hand, it will be directed towards the collection of life stories.

Related resources

- Go to the website Article en ligne sur le site de TERRA.
Wed, 01 Oct 2003 06:22:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/319-refugee-identity-the-building-of-a-globalised-citizenship-the-case-of-refugees-in-delhi
Indo-French perspectives on local government and democracy http://www.csh-delhi.com/320-indo-french-perspectives-on-local-government-and-democracy The main objective of this Indo-French collaborative project is to compare and contrast the course of democratic decentralisation in India and France.

The outcome of this project will be a book to be published both in English and in French: this will expose the readers in both the languages with the nuances of the functioning of the local government institutions and their impact on the resource management as well as process of democratisation in very different contexts, in terms of economic development as well as cultural settings.

This contribution to the reader will be based on secondary sources, by including the published and unpublished works of the Indian and French collaborators.

Funding sources

- Go to the website ICSSR : Indian Council of Social Science Research (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website MSH : Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (Paris, France)
- Go to the website Université de Picardie Jules Verne (Amiens, France)

Presented Papers

- "Indian Political System and Decentralisation", written by KUMAR Girish for talk at Department of Law, University of Picardie. Took place in Amiens, 28 November 2003.
Wed, 01 Oct 2003 06:26:05 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/320-indo-french-perspectives-on-local-government-and-democracy
Creation of the state of Chhattisgarh and the new political strategies within the Indian federal system http://www.csh-delhi.com/321-creation-of-the-state-of-chhattisgarh-and-the-new-political-strategies-within-the-indian-federal-system The objective of the research is to analyse the changes in the relationship between the Central Government and the States through the process of creation of the State of Chhattisgarh in 2000. Are we witnessing a weakening of the central government in the face of regional political forces or, at the least, the affirmation of a new regional political elite specific to Chhattisgarh, a State often described as ‘tribal’?

The main method used for scientific investigation consisted of a comparison between official literature and the reality in the field (systematic analysis of the origins of political representatives at different levels of the political machinery, political measures undertaken by the two successive governments and a critical reading of the themes developed by the representatives). The diversity of sources (studies, official documents, local newspapers, accounts) made it possible to establish this perspective.

It can be established that the creation of this state was not the outcome of the emergence of a new political force, since the political scene was totally dominated by the two main national parties. Chhattisgarh was created more with reference to a geo-linguistic entity, which found itself divided into two by current borders. Further, none of the dominant sociological groups were able to really enhance their political representation. The creation of the state should be placed within the framework of the currently dominant philosophy of liberal governance in India. A study of economic and administrative measures has made it possible to corroborate this analysis (openness to multinationals, cottage industries, privatisation, role of NGOs). The creation of this new state does not, therefore, imply the restoration or even the establishment of public services in this region, which has many resources, but which essentially remains under-administered.

Funding sources

- Go to the website MSH : Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (Paris, France)
Wed, 01 Oct 2003 06:31:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/321-creation-of-the-state-of-chhattisgarh-and-the-new-political-strategies-within-the-indian-federal-system
India-China economic engagement http://www.csh-delhi.com/322-india-china-economic-engagement The Scientific problematic occurs in the dialectic that characterises the competitive-co-operative nature of India-China ties. While both continue to see each other as adversaries and competitors for expanding their regional influence, the two have also been the fastest growing largest economies and this makes co-operation an imperative. This is especially true given the wave of globalisation that has undermined hindrances based on differences in their political cultures and ideology. As a result, economic engagement has been rapidly expanding and has since come to be (a) the most agreeable and (b) the strongest pillar of their mutual confidence building.

The research objectives, in this backdrop, broadly include studying the recent trends in their economic co-operation and to explore into their future thinking and policy making. More importantly, this would be to explore its political impact i.e. how this expanding economic engagement will strengthen their mutual stakes and how will it impinge on their mutual differences and difficulties on issues like resolving their boundaries which has been the source of their mutual acrimony. This project particularly wishes to explore their border trade and to highlight the impact that it has had (a) for the lives of communities in border regions, (b) in cutting costs of border management, (c) in contributing to sustaining peace and tranquillity in border regions and, (d) in expanding their mutual confidence building in border regions.

The Methodology applied in this research project depends primarily on secondary materials (both published and online) while the critical mass of primary data remains vital. Chinese language material has been used to balance the perspective by incorporating views from both sides.

Presented Papers

- "Recent Developments in China-India Relations", written by SINGH Swaran for talk at the School of International Studies, Zhejinag University, Hongzhou, China. 26 December 2003.
- "China India Economic Engagement: Problems and Prospects", written by SINGH Swaran for talk at the Institute of South Asian Studies. Took place in Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shanghai, China, 23 December 2003.
- "India-China Boundary Question", written by SINGH Swaran for talk at the Academy of International Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. 24 December 2003.
Mon, 01 Sep 2003 06:34:06 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/322-india-china-economic-engagement
Peri-urban dynamics: population, habitat and environment on the periphery of large Indian metropolises http://www.csh-delhi.com/323-peri-urban-dynamics-population-habitat-and-environment-on-the-periphery-of-large-indian-metropolises Specific forms of urbanisation come up on the periphery of the large developing metro-polises: formation of mixed land use settlements, halfway between urban and rural zones, transitory spaces undergoing rapid and multiple transformations (physical, morpho-logical, social and demographic, cultural, economic, functional).

Our basic hypothesis, in order to apprehend these processes, is the non-neutrality of "location" within the metropolitan areas. The urban peripheries are not a mere analytical framework, but a specific space whose popu-lation and settlement dynamics, along with land-use, involve various and often conflicting interests at stake, which reflects a political and societal vision of the city and access to the city. Thus, housing needs, especially for the poor, green belt (agricultural farms and reserved forests/national parks), new industrial and commercial zones, all compete in the rural-urban fringes.

This project aims at better understanding the multiple facets of the peri-urban dynamics, in the context of large Indian metropolises. It relies on a multi-disciplinary working group whose objective is to put together a series of studies and fieldworks in order to promote reflection on the complex equation between population, habitat and environment in these suburban spaces and the political stakes involved.

Funding sources

- Go to the website CEPED : Centre Population et développement (Nogent sur Marne, France)
- French Ministry of Research (Incentive programme "Space and territories")
- Go to the website IRD : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (Paris, France)

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEIAS : Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CNRS/EHESS, Paris, France)
- Go to the website Centre for the Study of Law and Governance (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website CEPED : Centre Population et développement (Nogent sur Marne, France)
- Go to the website CESS : Centre for Economic and Social Studies (Hyderabad, India)
- Go to the website CSDS Delhi : Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (Delhi, India)
- Go to the website IFP : Institut Français de Pondichéry (Pondicherry, India)
- Go to the website IRD : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (Paris, France)
- Go to the website IUED : Institut Universitaire d'études du développement (Université de Genève, Suisse)
- Go to the website School of Planning (Ahmedabad, India)
- Go to the website UvA : Universiteit van Amsterdam (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

Presented Papers

- "Segregation in US Cities", written by JARGOWSKY Paul for RC21 Conference Paths of Urban Change. Took place in National University of Singapore, 11 December 2004.
- "Dynamiques péri-urbaines: population, habitat et environnement dans les périphéries des grandes métropoles indiennes. Problématique générale et contexte", written by DUPONT Véronique for Workshop Dynamiques périurbaines: population, habitat et environne-ment dans les périphéries des grandes métropoles. Took place in CePeD, Nogent sur Marne, 15 November 2004 (7 pages).
- "Peri-urban dynamics: Intro-duction to the research theme and objectives of the workshop", written by DUPONT Véronique for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics: popu-lation, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in CSH-India International Centre, New Delhi, 25-26-27 August 2004 (11 pages).
- "Population Dynamics and Settlement Patterns in Delhi's Peripheries", written by DUPONT Véronique for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics: population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in CSH-India International Centre, New Delhi, 25-26-27 August 2004 (28 pages).
- "Comparative Metropolitan Structures", written by JARGOWSKY Paul for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics: population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in India International Centre, New Delhi, 25-26-27 August 2004.
- "Tripartite agreement and water sharing in peri-ruban Chennai", written by GAMBIEZ Marie, LACOUR Emile, RUET Joël for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics: population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in CSH-India International Centre, New Delhi, 25-26-27 August 2004.
- "Conflicting Stakes over Land Use: Can Protection of Environment be reconciled with Housing Requirement? The Case of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai", written by ZERAH Marie-Hélène for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics : population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in CSH-India Inter-national Centre, New Delhi, 26-28 August 2004 (14 pages).
- "Defining the urban fringe through population mobility: the case of Madhapur and its Information Technology Park (HITEC City, Hyderabad)", written by BOURGUIGNON C., LECLERC Eric for International Workshop Peri-urban dynamics: population, habitat and environment on the peripheries of large Indian metropolises. Took place in CSH and India International Centre, New Delhi, 25-26-27 August 2004.
- "Noida, New industrial growth pole or satellite town of Delhi? The planners' model, its shortcoming and its evolution", written by DUPONT Véronique for Seminar Mega cities fringe dynamism. Took place in Department of Geography, Aditiat Mahavidyalaya (University of Delhi), Bawana, 30-31 January 2004 (28 pages).
Tue, 01 Jul 2003 06:40:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/323-peri-urban-dynamics-population-habitat-and-environment-on-the-periphery-of-large-indian-metropolises
Urban actors, policies and governance. The decision-making processes governing the demand and supply of collective goods and services in four Indian cities http://www.csh-delhi.com/324-urban-actors-policies-and-governance-the-decision-making-processes-governing-the-demand-and-supply-of-collective-goods-and-services-in-four-indian-cities This research project in political economy is the outcome of a multi-disciplinary international team. Its main purpose is to characterise urban governance in Indian metropolises, its variants and key variables. The objective is to describe and analyse urban governance, as redefined by the economic liberalisation and politico-administrative decentralisation policies initiated in the early 1990s by the Indian government, through the study of the decision-making processes associated with the supply and demand of public goods and services (health, education, food, water, housing) in four Indian metropolises: Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Kolkata.

The project shall strive to find an answer to two main questions: First and foremost, beyond the redistribution of roles defined by liberalisation and decentralisation, how are decision-making powers effectively distributed among the multiple actors who are henceforth involved in the management of urban affairs? Secondly, what is the impact of this new urban governance on the differential access of social groups to the goods and services under study?

The project consists of a series of coordinated case studies – essentially of two types. Firstly, sectoral monographs analysing the decision-making processes that govern the supply and demand of particular public goods or services, in at least two cities. Secondly, studies based on the relations between the main institutional actors that define and apply urban policies: international development organisations, courts, central government (especially the Ministry of Urban Development), the state concerned (its sectoral agencies, metropolitan development agencies and elected representatives), and municipal corporations (their administration, elected representatives).

The main methods used are semi-directive interviews, focus group discussions, analyses of discourses (laws, parliamentary debates, political speeches), studies of administrative archives and the mapping of the spatial distribution of the infrastructure under study.

For more information, kindly visit the official web site : http://www.csh-delhi.com/UAPG/

Funding sources

- French Ministry of Research (Incentive Programme "Sustainable urban development")

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEIAS : Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CNRS/EHESS, Paris, France)
- Go to the website Centre for the Study of Law and Governance (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website CNRS : Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)
- Go to the website GIDR : Gujarat Institute of Development Research (Ahmedabad, India)
- Institute of Social Sciences (Eastern branch, Calcutta, India)
- Go to the website IRD : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (Paris, France)
- Go to the website ISS : Institute of Social Studies (The Hague, Netherlands)
- Go to the website Université de Caen Basse-Normandie (Caen, France)
- Go to the website Université Paris X - Nanterre (Nanterre, France)

Presented Papers

- "Decentralisation and urban governance in Hyderabad. Assessing the role of different actors in the city", written by KENNEDY Loraine for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Hyderabad. Took place in Hyderabad, 20th September 2005.
- "The Implementation of the MLA & MP Local Area Development Scheme in Delhi and its Overlap with the Imperatives of the 74th Amendment", written by KUMAR Girish for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Delhi. Took place in Delhi, 14th September 2005.
- "The PDS as an Entry Point for the Study of Urban Governance. The Case of the Old City of Hyderabad", written by LANDY Frédéric for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Hyderabad. Took place in Hyderabad, 20th September 2005.
- "Governance and Primary Education: the Case of Hyderabad", written by for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Hyderabad. Took place in Hyderabad, 20th September 2005.
- "Calcutta: The New Deal of the Equation-State/Industry/Municipality in Calcutta and Impact on the Municipalisation vs. Metropolisation Issue", written by RUET Joël for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Kolkata. Took place in Kolkata, 9th September 2005.
- "Muddling with Water Systems in Delhi: the Race and Interface between Multilateral, State, Civil and Private Society Actors", written by RUET Joël for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Delhi. Took place in Delhi, 14th September 2005.
- "Municipal finance in Hyderabad", written by SREEDEVI N. for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Hyderabad. Took place in Hyderabad, 20th September 2005.
- "Urban governance through the prism of primary health care provision: A study of Delhi", written by TAWA LAMA-REWAL Stéphanie for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Delhi. Took place in Delhi, 14th September 2005.
- "Education and Health Services in Kolkata", written by CHAUDHURI Basudeb for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Kolkata. Took place in Kolkata, 9th September 2005.
- "Water and Sanitation Facilities in Kolkata", written by DAS K. for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Kolkata. Took place in Kolkata, 9th September 2005.
- "Actors and Policies for Slum Development in Kolkata: Focus on Local Government and Community Action", written by GHOSH Archana for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Kolkata. Took place in Kolkata, 9th September 2005.
- "Exploring the Dynamics of ‘Voice’ and ‘Responsiveness in Education Services in Delhi", written by JALAL J. for Workshop on Urban Actors, Policies and Governance in Delhi. Took place in Delhi, 14th September 2005.
- "Civil Society Partnerships and Governance in Mumbai", written by YANNIC Nathalie, ZERAH Marie-Hélène for 13th International Symposium of the Inter-University Consortium. Took place in Mumbai, 29 December 2003 - 2 January 2004 (23 pages).

Related resources

- Go to the website "Urban Actors, Policies and Governance" official web site.
Thu, 01 May 2003 06:53:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/324-urban-actors-policies-and-governance-the-decision-making-processes-governing-the-demand-and-supply-of-collective-goods-and-services-in-four-indian-cities
Reforms in the health sector : A study on the reach and impact of public-private partnership and community initiatives in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan http://www.csh-delhi.com/325-reforms-in-the-health-sector-a-study-on-the-reach-and-impact-of-public-private-partnership-and-community-initiatives-in-madhya-pradesh-gujarat-and-rajasthan Faced with the daunting task of handling growing a number of patients amidst budgetary constraints, several state governments have resorted to reforms based on the concept of partnership of different stakeholders under the aegis of the new management structure. The concerned actors at the local level include hospital staff, charitable bodies, bureaucracy, elected representatives and leading citizens of the area.

The research objectives of this project are: (a) to examine the process of evolution of 'new management structures' in order to oversee the functioning of public hospitals and delineate the roles and contributions of different stakeholders; (b) to evaluate the efficiency, reach and impact of reforms, in terms of catering to the healthcare needs of primary stakeholders and their level of satisfaction; and (c) to prepare a detailed inventory of suggested reforms to improve upon the health governance of the medical personnel.

Methodology: This project is based on the case studies of three different models of reforms in the health sector: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat. The methodology includes direct field observation, group discussions and interviews, with hospital staff, health bureaucracy, donors, eminent citizens, NGOs as well as with patients and attendants, on responsibility sharing, transparency in decision making, accounts and record keeping, monitoring and day-to-day management. Information was also collected from the directorate of health services and by scanning the minutes of executive committee meetings. The sample consists of 10 Public Hospitals situated in five cities of Madhya Pradesh, one Primary Health Centre in Gujarat and three villages covered under the Community Health Programme in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan.

Funding sources

- Go to the website ICSSR : Indian Council of Social Science Research (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website MSH : Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (Paris, France)


- "Promoting Public-Private Partnership in Health Services", written by KUMAR Girish edited by Economic and Political Weekly, 2003Mumbai, vol. Xxxviii. No. 29.

Presented Papers

- "Health Sector Reforms in India", written by KUMAR Girish for guest lecture at the University of Rouen. 4 December 2004.
- "Public Hospital Reforms in Madhya Pradesh (India)", written by KUMAR Girish for the 18th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies. Took place in Lund University, Sweden, 6-9 July 2004.
Thu, 01 May 2003 07:01:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/325-reforms-in-the-health-sector-a-study-on-the-reach-and-impact-of-public-private-partnership-and-community-initiatives-in-madhya-pradesh-gujarat-and-rajasthan
India in the dispute concerning World Trade Organisation law http://www.csh-delhi.com/326-india-in-the-dispute-concerning-world-trade-organisation-law

Aimed at settling trade disputes, the WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism is also the main indicator of the degree of conformity of national laws with WTO law. In this framework, India has a special place as it is at the forefront of the developing countries’ group. In legal terms, this is translated by a substantial quantitative involvement in the organisation’s dispute settlement mechanism. Whether as a defender, plaintiff or third party, India is already involved in over 15 disputes of primary importance.

In this project, each posture is examined in the light of substantive law and the structure of arguments used in each case. On the basis of these analyses, an attempt has been made to identify the major areas of interest for India. Beyond the sectoral analysis, at the overall research level, we should be able to assess India’s contribution to the jurisprudential development of WTO law over the previous 10 years, In doing so, we should be able to get a clearer picture of the role this country plays in the field of international trade law.

The material used for this study includes: the decisions of the Special Groups of the Dispute Settlement Body and the decisions of the Standing Appellate Body, and at the domestic level, the decisions of the Supreme Court of India and lower-level national jurisdictions. These documents have been analysed with the help of meetings with law researchers or practi-tioners, economists, diplomats and journalists.

Sat, 01 Feb 2003 07:06:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/326-india-in-the-dispute-concerning-world-trade-organisation-law
Influence of the China factor on India’s foreign relations since the normalisation of relations (1988-2003) http://www.csh-delhi.com/327-influence-of-the-china-factor-on-india-s-foreign-relations-since-the-normalisation-of-relations-1988-2003 The objective of this M.Phil. dissertation was to go beyond official allegations and assess the relative weight of the China factor on India’s strategic re-orientations since the end of the cold war.

The internship at CSH made it possible to conduct an in-depth analysis of the data provided by the media and strategic literature, through a series of interviews conducted with journalists, research scholars at IDSA (Indian Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis), diplomats and retired military officials.

The study has underlined the central and equivocal role played by China in India’s bilateral and multilateral relations despite the normalisation process that was initiated in 1998.

While India engaged in co-operative security with China, its China policy in the 1990s remained focussed on issues of territoriality and sovereignty. The fact that the rivalry between the two Asian giants was made official during the 1998 Indian nuclear tests conferred greater visibility to the underlying influence of the China factor. At the international level, post-Pokhran diplomacy also sought to reshape its relationship with the major powers within the framework of the two triangular relationships that involved China. On the one hand, the intensification of Sino-Russian military co-operation played a direct role in Indian initiatives to re-launch its strategic partnership with Russia, and on the other, India’s manoeuvres to move closer to the United States were conditioned by India’s desire to reverse American priorities in Asia to the detriment of China. Within the framework of the latter triangular relationship, which could potentially change into a zero-sum game, India sought to consolidate its regional position by co-operating with the United States while maintaining its relations with China.

Wed, 01 Jan 2003 09:02:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/327-influence-of-the-china-factor-on-india-s-foreign-relations-since-the-normalisation-of-relations-1988-2003
Reforms of the public sector http://www.csh-delhi.com/328-reforms-of-the-public-sector The objective of this project is to provide an analysis of the impact of regulatory and organisational changes (internal budget allocation, decentralisation of management et al.) in public sector enterprises and, as the case may be, the impact of their privatisation. The project aims at establishing the characteristics of the Indian ‘administered’ system (or system of controls). The case studies focused more specifically on the electricity, water and sanitation sectors.

Funding sources

- French Ministry of Research

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CERNA : Centre for Industrial Economics at the Ecole des Mines de Paris (Paris, France)
- Go to the website IGIDR : Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research (Mumbai, India)


- "Competition to serve: electricity management contracts in a constrained market of privatisation", written by RUET Joël edited by Margin, 2004New Delhi, Fall 2004, Volume 36, No. 3 (15-38. pages).
- "The future of State owned companies: is privatisation the answer?", written by RUET Joël edited by Indian Economic Journal, 2004Mumbai, Vol. 51, No. 1 (35-51 pages).
- "L'Europe vue de New Delhi", written by PAL CHOWDHURI P., RUET Joël, VASUDEVAN H. edited by Sociétal , 2003Paris, No. 41 (81-83 pages).
Wed, 31 Oct 2012 06:12:05 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/328-reforms-of-the-public-sector
The integration of slums into the global networks: the case of Delhi http://www.csh-delhi.com/329-the-integration-of-slums-into-the-global-networks-the-case-of-delhi The objective of this thesis project is to demonstrate that the specific form of urban segregation that slums constitute, irrespective of the type of habitat, does not prevent these areas from taking part in the dynamic of globalisation. In fact, slums may constitute pockets of poverty and exclusion, but ones in which there is a certain vitality, opportunities and activities. The fundamental hypothesis of this research is that there is a certain dynamism in slums and that they are not cut off from other urban localities, regions or the world as a whole.

Focusing on the particular case of Delhi, we will attempt to demonstrate the economic and social dynamism of two or three of its slum clusters. In order to do so, we will try and define the role of various actors in slums (inhabitants, communities, NGOs, et al.) and establish to what extent they contribute to the process of integration of these areas in the world economy. We will then examine how the connection between the local and the global takes place by attempting to discern the links, flows and networks that build up between slum inhabitants, their territories, the metropolis and the world.

The methodology is based on data collection, participatory observation and quantitative surveys, based on questionnaires, in order to identify the various networks of sociability, induced essentially by work, leisure, family and the frequency of movements. This set of information, combined with and used on the basis of a systemic approach, will make it possible to reinsert these areas and their inhabitants within the various networks at the city, regional and international levels.

Funding sources

- Ministry of Education and Research
Wed, 01 Jan 2003 09:23:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/329-the-integration-of-slums-into-the-global-networks-the-case-of-delhi
Last decades of the Portuguese empire in India : the Estado da India between 1945 and 1961 – destiny of an asian mirage during the cold war and decolonisation in the indian subcontinent http://www.csh-delhi.com/330-last-decades-of-the-portuguese-empire-in-india-the-estado-da-india-between-1945-and-1961-destiny-of-an-asian-mirage-during-the-cold-war-and-decolonisation-in-the-indian-subcontinent The main objective of the study is to understand the profoundly original nature of Portuguese colonialism in Asia and Goa, which was quite different from the Anglo-Saxon and French colonial models with which it is often confused. An in-depth analysis of the fundamental characteristics of Portuguese colonisation and the reality of ‘lusotropicalism’ would thus explain the miraculous life-span of the Estado Novo de Salazar’s colonial policy in India, despite the fragility of politico-administrative and military structures, as well as the little population that characterised these small territories.

A study of the last few years of the Estado da India helps in defining the cultural and ideological factors of Portuguese colonisation, which subsequently influenced the entire context of political and social pressures at the national and international level, and which led to the first crack in the Portuguese colonial Empire, which had been declared by the Portuguese constitution as being indivisible and unified from Minho to Timor.

After conducting research in Portuguese and French archives, a trip to India proved necessary in order to complete the thesis and consult the New Delhi-based National Archives as well as those in Goa and thereby gauge the place of these Portuguese enclaves in India’s national and international policies.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 06:11:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/330-last-decades-of-the-portuguese-empire-in-india-the-estado-da-india-between-1945-and-1961-destiny-of-an-asian-mirage-during-the-cold-war-and-decolonisation-in-the-indian-subcontinent
AIDS in India : access to generic drugs and industrial policy http://www.csh-delhi.com/331-aids-in-india-access-to-generic-drugs-and-industrial-policy In 2001, the national AIDS research agency initiated a research programme on the access of patients to anti-AIDS treatments in countries of the South. The programme, "ETAPSUD" proposes, in particular, to discuss the impact of the production of antiretroviral drugs in the South on the access of patients to more affordable anti-AIDS treatments.

In this context, a study was initiated in October 2002 at CSH to assess the methods used by Indian health authorities to check the disturbing increase of the infection among the Indian population. On the one hand, the study proposes to review the public health measures taken by the Indian authorities, while on the other, it examines India's industrial capacity in manufacturing generic antiretroviral drugs. With its voluntarist industrial policy, India has been able to build up a high-performance pharmaceutical industry to increase the country's autonomy in matters of health and to reduce the price of medicines.

Tue, 01 Oct 2002 09:37:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/331-aids-in-india-access-to-generic-drugs-and-industrial-policy
Indo-Chinese rivalry in Burma (Myanmar) : Burma in India’s China policy http://www.csh-delhi.com/332-indo-chinese-rivalry-in-burma-myanmar-burma-in-india-s-china-policy The purpose of this thesis project is to analyse India’s “Asian” diplomacy (Look East Policy), by focussing the research on New Delhi’s relations with China and Burma (Myanmar).

More specifically, the study of the strategic rivalry that China and India may instigate in Burma (Myanmar) and the analysis of India’s approach in the face of the “strategic competition” that is taking shape in the region is the main thrust area of this project. The region’s geopolitical issues have to be studied in order to explain India’s threat perceptions and / or the strategic opportunities in the area from the Indian North-East to the Yunnan plateau, through Burma and the Indian Ocean. What tools (diplomatic, economic and military) does India have for taking up the region’s strategic challenges?

The analysis of India’s Burmese and Chinese policies need a specific methodology, based on meetings and interviews (with Indian, Chinese and Burmese diplomats and officials, journalists, researchers, Burmese refugees, political activists, NGO activists, etc.), the analysis of media reports, books and reports on the region’s geopolitics (strategic, diplomatic and global literature on the region), and fieldwork in the concerned countries in order to ascertain local strategic issues.

Funding sources

- Go to the website CERI : Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (Sciences-Po / CNRS, Paris, France)
- Go to the website IRASEC : Institut de Recherche sur l'Asie du Sud-Est Contemporaine (Bangkok, Thailand)

Presented Papers

- "The Northeast and India’s New Burma Policy", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for International Seminar Transnationalism and a New Asia, Centre for Northeast, South and Southeast Asia Studies. Took place in Guwahati, India, 10-11 September 2004.
- "India-Burma New Economic Cooperation", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for Inter-national Seminar India-Burma Relations: Strengthening Civil Society Initiatives, India International Center (IIC). Took place in New Delhi, India, 16-17 September 2004.
- "Looking East: India's New Burma Policy", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for Institute of Strategic Studies. Took place in Islamabad, Pakistan, 2 September 2004.
- "China's Myanmar Policy: Implications for India", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for French Centre for Contemporary China Studies (CEFC). Took place in Hong Kong, 29 July 2004.
- "La Birmanie entre Inde et Chine", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for Centre for International Studies and Research (CERI-Sciences Po). Took place in Paris, 17 June 2004.
- "India's Northeast and Myanmar: boundary or gateway?", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for Centre for Northeast India, South and South East Asia Studies (CENISEAS). Took place in Guwahati, india, 26 May 2004.
- "India's new Burma Policy: the China Factor", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for talk at the Alliance Française, Bangkok. 26 November 2003.
- "India's Burmese Policy: Problems and Prospects", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for in collaboration with Soe, Myint, Editor of Mizzima New Group, talk at the School of International Studies. Took place in JNU, 14 October 2003.
- Download file "India-Burma Relations: From Idealism to Realism", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for talk at Indian International Centre. Took place in New Delhi, 11 September 2003.
- "The NDA's Burmese Policy: Towards a Strategic Relationship with Myanmar", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for seminar The NDA's Foreign Policy. Took place in School of International Studies, JNU, New Delhi, 29-30 July 2003.
- "India-Burma/Myanmar Relations since the Phnom Penh Summit (November 2002): Courting the Junta?", written by EGRETEAU Renaud for seminar India and ASEAN: Post Summit Perspectives. Took place in Centre for Indian Ocean Studies, Osmania University, Hyderabad, 3-5 July 2003.
Tue, 01 Oct 2002 09:42:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/332-indo-chinese-rivalry-in-burma-myanmar-burma-in-india-s-china-policy
Hindu nationalism and education : constructing the hindu nation at school http://www.csh-delhi.com/333-hindu-nationalism-and-education-constructing-the-hindu-nation-at-school

Scholars studying nationalism are well aware of the central role that schools play in constructing national identity. Yet there have been few studies to go more deeply into this subject and specify how this nationalization takes place and which mechanisms it employs. More attention needs to be given to how a certain representation of the nation is transmitted through school education. This research project focuses on the case of India where the Hindu nationalist influence on education has been strong. The project aims at answering the following question: How do the Hindu nationalist movements transmit their representation of the nation through school education?

To answer this question three areas will be covered: the making and organisation of the curriculum, the teaching of history, and the representation of territory. They will be analysed at the federal level through the reform of school education (New Curriculum Framework for School Education 2000), at the State level with a focus on Gujarat, and in the private school system by looking at the Saraswati Shishu Mandirs.

Funding sources

- Foundation Ernest Boninchi
Tue, 01 Oct 2002 09:46:09 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/333-hindu-nationalism-and-education-constructing-the-hindu-nation-at-school
India-China confidence building measures in the post-cold war era http://www.csh-delhi.com/334-india-china-confidence-building-measures-in-the-post-cold-war-era The scientific problematic of much of India-China relations remain focused on their border war during 1962 from where the two had evolved their rapprochement since early 1970s. This process was to be once again seriously challenged by India’s decision to conduct nuclear tests during May 1998 that pushed their mutual relations to its nadir. The whole process of Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) that had been so assiduously evolved stood derailed. However, given their cumulative wisdom and experience in working together their quick return to rapprochement and revival of CBMs was to surprise most experts.

The research objectives, in this backdrop, broadly include studying the unique strengths of India-China CBMs (in the context of Asian CBMs being different from Western models) as also to crystal gaze and highlight the likely future course and impact on India-China relations.

The Methodology applied in this research project depends primarily on secondary materials (both published and online) while some primary sources and especially the critical mass of Chinese language materials have been used to balance the perspective by incorporating views from both sides. The manuscript will be based on an analytical descriptive method and plans to evolve a policy focused prescriptive style to obtain a wider audience for the project’s outcome amongst scholars and policy makers.


- "China-India Relations", written by SINGH Swaran edited by World Focus, October-November-December 2003New Delhi (41-43 pages).
- "US-China: Post 9/11 Acrobatics", written by SINGH Swaran edited by World Focus, April-May 2003New Delhi, Vol. 24, No. 4-5 (35-38 pages).
- "Hu Jintao and the Future of Tibet", written by SINGH Swaran edited by Defence and Technology, July 2003New Delhi (3-5 pages).
- "Vajpayee's China Visit: An Overview", written by SINGH Swaran edited by World Focus, July 2003New Delhi, Vol. 24 No. 7 (3-5 pages).

Presented Papers

- "Cooperative Security Order in Asia-Pacific: Indian Perspectives on Challenges and Opportunities", written by SINGH Swaran for 13th Meeting of Council for Security and Cooperation in Asia-Pacific Working Group on Cooperative and Compre-hensive Security. Took place in Suzhou, China, 21-22 March 2005.
- "India and Disarmament", written by SINGH Swaran for talk at the 53rd Orientation Course of the UGC Academic Staff College. Took place in Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, 28 November 2003.
- "The future of China-India ties", written by SINGH Swaran for talk at the 53rd Orientation Course of the UGC Academic Staff College. Took place in Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, 28 November 2003.
- "China-India Relations: Reviving the Confidence Building Measures Approach", written by SINGH Swaran for Beijing's Annual Conference The Harmony and Prosperity of Civilizations. Took place in Beijing, 24 August 2004.
- "Escalation Dynamics in Sino-Indian Equations", written by SINGH Swaran for national Conference Emerging Security Environment, Escalation Dynamics and Risk Management in South Asia. Took place in National Institute for Advanced Studies, Bangalore, 2-5 March 2004.
- "China-India Relations: Future Prospects", written by SINGH Swaran for Center for Indian Studies, Peking University, Beijing, China. 9 December 2003.
- "Factoring Taiwan in India's Look East Policy", written by SINGH Swaran for conference Taipei-New Delhi Relations. Took place in Department of Diplomacy, College of International Affairs, Chengchi National University, Taipei, Taiwan, 21-22 November 2003.
- "China's Strategic Objectives, Foreign Policy and China-India Ties", written by SINGH Swaran for lecture at Defence Services Staff College (DSSC). Took place in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India, 26 June 2003.
- "China's Defence System", written by SINGH Swaran for talk at the Institute of Chinese Studies Orientation Course on Contemporary China for young Indian scholars on China. Took place in New Delhi, 11 January 2003.
- "Deterrence Theory and South Asia", written by for international workshop on International Relations Theory and South Asia. Took place in New Delhi, 26-27 August 2003.
Sun, 01 Sep 2002 09:59:16 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/334-india-china-confidence-building-measures-in-the-post-cold-war-era
Development policies of Tribal spaces in India: a geographical study of a Tribe in Andhra Pradesh http://www.csh-delhi.com/335-development-policies-of-tribal-spaces-in-india-a-geographical-study-of-a-tribe-in-andhra-pradesh This thesis project proposes to take a fresh look at the definition and perception of the concept of a Tribe in India, through the prism of space and its limits, starting with the case of the Chenchus in Andhra Pradesh, one of the last hunter-gatherer tribes in the Indian sub-continent. This study adds to the already abundant literature on Indian tribal populations, but it differs from conventional anthropological fields in that it adopts an essentially geographical approach. The factor of migration is used as a tool, as a means for understanding the tribal condition (well-being/discontent), and as an index to assess the degree of consistency between development programmes and the perceptions of stakeholders. Generally, seasonal migration is perceived as a marker of poor development, with the villagers migrating because of the lack of necessary support at the local level.

Thus, several issues are examined. How is seasonal migration actually perceived? What are the impacts of tribal rehabilitation programmes? What are the spatial strategies of the stakeholders in response to development policies? The research aims to assess the spatial trends of Andhra Pradesh's tribal component.

The study focuses on two districts in Andhra Pradesh, and the scale of observation is at the level of tribal spaces or areas that have been the subject of specific development programmes (positive discrimination).

Mon, 01 Jul 2002 10:03:34 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/335-development-policies-of-tribal-spaces-in-india-a-geographical-study-of-a-tribe-in-andhra-pradesh
Straddling faultlines: India’s foreign policy towards the greater Middle East http://www.csh-delhi.com/336-straddling-faultlines-india-s-foreign-policy-towards-the-greater-middle-east This study attempts to evaluate the underpinning values and paradoxes that drive India’s foreign policy toward the Greater Middle East, which includes the Arab world, Iran, Israel and Central Asia.

The events of September 11, 2001 not only dissolved the buffer status of Afghanistan which hitherto insulated India from the nstabilities of Central Asia but also, arguably, enhanced India’s role in the emerging US grand strategy in the Greater Middle East. To gauge India’s ability to respond to a transformed security neighbourhood as well as assess its ability to play a role befitting its “major power” status, this study reviews the state of New Delhi’s relations with key states such as Israel, Iran and Iraq besides featuring an overview of its Central Asia policy.

The objective was to discern the strategic worldview and institutional imperatives that inform India’s paradoxical policy of forming strategic alliances with both Israel and Iran – clearly the only country in the world to do so.

Mon, 01 Apr 2002 10:05:20 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/336-straddling-faultlines-india-s-foreign-policy-towards-the-greater-middle-east
Religious fundamentalism in the Indian subcontinent http://www.csh-delhi.com/337-religious-fundamentalism-in-the-indian-subcontinent This project, which has already led to two publications in 2002 (The Muslims of the Indian Subcontinent after the September 11 Attacks and Political Islam in the Indian Subcontinent: The Jamaat-i-Islami) endeavours to study different movements or phenomena that structure Islamism in the Indian subcontinent. Its purpose is to analyse the functioning, desire and influence of each of them in their country of origin, as well as on inter-State relations in the region. It also aims at throwing some light on their regional and international strategies and dismantling the mechanisms by which regional powers use Islamist organisations for promoting their own interests. The ties between political Islam and educational institutions are also examined in the same perspective.

The project is based on field studies and interviews in the concerned areas (North and North-East India, West Bengal, Bangladesh, Kashmir and Pakistan).

Presented Papers

- "Imaginary Taliban: Indian Madrasas and the Spectre of Terrorism", written by MEHDI Adil for International Workshop The Asian madrasa: transnational linkages and real or alleged political roles. Took place in ISIM, Leiden, Netherlands, 24-25 May 2004.
- "Militancy and Indian madrasas", written by MEHDI Adil for Centre d'Etudes de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Took place in Paris, France, 17 May 2004.
Mon, 01 Apr 2002 10:11:25 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/337-religious-fundamentalism-in-the-indian-subcontinent
Exporting through E-commerce http://www.csh-delhi.com/338-exporting-through-e-commerce This project aims at examining why the great promise of the Information Revolution in relation to the firms in the Third World has been belied in so far as the easy access to export markets have not materialised. Based on these research findings the project recommend measures that are to be taken by the State as well as individual firms to enable agents in India to access Western Markets through E-commerce.

The study is field based as well as based on secondary data. In the case of commodity exports, questionnaires were used extensively to gauge the intensity and level of e-commerce with which garment and handicraft exporters are familiar. Emphasis was placed on those firms that have a presence on the web in the form of a dedicated homepage. These findings were also analysed for policy implications. As for exports of services, interviews with practitioners constituted the dominant approach. Based on the interviews, tentative conclusions were drawn and re-submitted to the original respondents as well as new interviewees for their views, before finalising the research report.

Fri, 01 Feb 2002 10:35:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/338-exporting-through-e-commerce
Economic policies of the state in South Asia and public response http://www.csh-delhi.com/339-economic-policies-of-the-state-in-south-asia-and-public-response


- "India’s Trade Policy: A Hostage of Ghosts Past", written by AGARWAL Prof. Manmoham, SENGUPTA Dipankar edited by Taiwan Journal of WTO studies, 2005Taiwan, no 2.

Chapters in "Minorities and Human Rights in Bangladesh"

- "Economic Success and Legitimisation of Islamism", written by: (pages 75-88).
Fri, 01 Feb 2002 11:30:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/339-economic-policies-of-the-state-in-south-asia-and-public-response
India: The Decade After http://www.csh-delhi.com/340-india-the-decade-after Tue, 01 Jan 2002 06:14:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/340-india-the-decade-after Impact of globalisation on indian health system : the healthcare supply in Delhi metropolitan area http://www.csh-delhi.com/341-impact-of-globalisation-on-indian-health-system-the-healthcare-supply-in-delhi-metropolitan-area Following the 1991 economic reforms, the Indian healthcare system is undergoing major changes. The continuous decrease of public health investments, the implementation of new laws regarding intellectual property (ADPIC-TRIPS agreements), the growing middle-class asking for upgraded health services as well as the increase of foreign direct investment in healthcare industry. This renewed context leads each actor to rethink his position in the healthcare system. The general objective of this research project is to understand how each actor, whether at the international, national or local level, interact and control the Indian healthcare system. How do these actors create new spatial configurations in the access to health by generating complex interactions?

This project focuses on two key sectors of the Indian healthcare system: pharmaceutical industry (Pierre Chapelet) and corporate hos-pitals (Bertrand Lefebvre). The Delhi Metro-politan Area provides a relevant case study for this research. The methodology applied combines the use of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and field surveys. It further applies the Diffusion Theories in order to analyse the access to medicines and the emergence of new private nursing homes in different categories of space (urban, periurban and rural).

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website Université de Rouen, Département de geographie (Rouen, France)

Presented Papers

- "Le système de soins à Delhi", written by CHAPELET Pierre, LEFEBVRE Bertrand for Institut de Géographie. Took place in Paris, France, November 26th.
- "Restituer l’information géographique : l’apport du numérique", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand for Ateliers Jeunes Etudes Indiennes (AJEI). Took place in Delhi, India, February 28th – March 4th 2005.
- "Metropolitan fragmentation in Gurgaon: Exploring the relationship between land-use and healthcare system", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand for CSRD, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, India. March 30th – 31st 2005.
- "The impact of metropolisation on public health care in Delhi", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand for ENRGHI Conference. Took place in NUI Maynooth, Maynooth, Ireland, June 19th-20th 2004.
- "GIS in Social Sciences", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand for CSH Workshop. Took place in Centre de Sciences Humaines, April 14th 2004.
- "Revealing indian territory. How GIS can lie", written by LEFEBVRE Bertrand for Social Geography Group. Took place in CSRD, JNU, Delhi, India, April 12th 2004.
- "Métropolisation et système de santé : une approche SIG dans le Nord de l’Inde", written by CHAPELET Pierre, LEFEBVRE Bertrand for DEA Géographie de la Santé de Paris X. Took place in Nanterre, France, November 17th 2003.
- "Health as an Object of Research: The need for a multidisciplinary", written by CHAPELET Pierre for Revealing the Complexity of Health in Social Sciences. Which Methodologies for which Problematics. Took place in CSH, 6 March 2003.
- "Advantage and limit of GIS in health geography: modelling medicines diffusion in Delhi", written by CHAPELET Pierre, CLERC Mathilde, LEFEBVRE Bertrand for Ateliers Jeunes Etudes Indiennes. Took place in AJEI, Pondichéry, India, March 12th - 15th 2002.
Tue, 01 Jan 2002 06:22:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/341-impact-of-globalisation-on-indian-health-system-the-healthcare-supply-in-delhi-metropolitan-area
Cinema and television in India: from Globalisation to "Glocalisation" http://www.csh-delhi.com/342-cinema-and-television-in-india-from-globalisation-to-glocalisation The objective of this research is to understand how the globalisation of cultural industries has influenced popular Indian cinema during the 1992-2002 decade, in which the country experienced the liberalisation of its economy, thenceforth opened to foreign investors, and the penetration of the multinational media system.

The globalisation of cultural industries should not be envisaged simply as the standardisation of cultural products at the global level, but also as an opportunity to redefine oneself. In India, the evolution of cinema reflects the accelerated penetration of satellite television channels, the increasing role of the urban middle classes and the Indian Diaspora distributed world-wide. By operating on the basis of a Western industrial model, receiving foreign television programmes and, above all, by adapting them to India's social and cultural realities (hybridising and Indianisation), a new popular cinema is taking shape, at the boundaries of national and international cinema, composed of three main genres: "Hinglish Masala" films, "cross-over" films and recent experiments in recycling Hollywood films in their own original fashion.


- "La télévision indienne: un modèle d'appropriation culturelle", written by DEPREZ Camille edited by Questions de Communication, 2003Nancy, No. 3 (169-183 pages).
Sun, 11 Nov 2001 06:35:32 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/342-cinema-and-television-in-india-from-globalisation-to-glocalisation
Invigorating third-tier of governance : a study of politico-administrative dynamics of decentralisation through Panchayats in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/343-invigorating-third-tier-of-governance-a-study-of-politico-administrative-dynamics-of-decentralisation-through-panchayats-in-india The objective of this project is to reconstruct the history of democratic decentralisation in India and evaluate its impact by comparing the experiences of different states.

In the continuation of this main research work on decentralization, a new case study has been undertaken in 2004 on social transformation and change in Khalapur Village, in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

The objective of this sub-project is to capture the essence of democratic decentralization at the micro-level, measured in terms of the socio-economic transformation this non-descript village has undergone during the last four decades. This includes the impact of empowerment on the marginalized sections of the society including women through the instruments of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment. The study is also contextualized in the backdrop of the mobilization of backward castes and dalits during the last two decades.

The methodology includes data collection through focus group discussions and unstructured interviews with key informants. Official records available at the village, block and district level will be used as secondary data. The first visit to this village, in September 2004, was basically aimed at familiarizing with the study area and identification of the key informants, including the office bearers of the local village panchayat. Three other field-visits are scheduled during March- May 2005.

Presented Papers

- "Representation and Reconci-liation: Resurrecting Local Democracy in Madhya Pradesh: Resurrecting Local Demo-cracy in Madhya Pradesh", written by KUMAR Girish for Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. Took place in Delhi, 7 April 2004.
- "Mobilisation, Representation and Facilitating Grassroots Democracy in Madhya Pradesh", written by KUMAR Girish for talk at the European Institute of Asian Studies. Took place in Brussels, 19 November 2003.
- "Decentralisation and State Politics: A comparative account of Maharashtra and West Bengal", written by KUMAR Girish for Guest lecture at the Centre for Law and Governance. Took place in Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 22 August 2003.
- "Management Decentralisation of Collective Resources in Rural India: An appraisal for New Research Paths", written by KUMAR Girish for conference at Bangalore University of Agricultural Sciences. Took place in Hyderabad, 31 March 2003.
- "Hopes amidst Despair; Reinterpreting the 73rd Constitutional Amendment", written by KUMAR Girish for seminar at the Haryana Institute of Rural Development. Took place in Nilokheri, Haryana, 6-7 March 2003.
Mon, 01 Oct 2001 06:50:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/343-invigorating-third-tier-of-governance-a-study-of-politico-administrative-dynamics-of-decentralisation-through-panchayats-in-india
Women and decentralisation in urban India. The implementation of quotas for women in the municipal corporations of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata http://www.csh-delhi.com/344-women-and-decentralisation-in-urban-india-the-implementation-of-quotas-for-women-in-the-municipal-corporations-of-delhi-mumbai-chennai-and-kolkata The project has the following objectives: to observe the political representation of women during the first term of elected local representatives within the framework of the 74th amendment (defining an ambitious policy of decentralization at the urban level) in four Indian metropolitan cities; to assess the impact of quotas (33 % of seats) for women, both on the functioning of elected councils and on the political participation of women; and to identify the factors that enable the representation in the full sense of the word of women in elected councils, and those that, on the contrary, deprive quotas of any substance, so as to help draw up support policies for such quotas and to mobilize the most relevant actors.

The principal methods used were: surveys based on questionnaires filled by elected representatives (women and men), completed by focus group discussions; semi-structured interviews with actors/observers of political life at the municipal and party levels as well as local and feminist associations; direct observation of the electoral campaign of some candidates; the analysis of the minutes of municipal corporations' meetings.

The main conclusions of the programme are as follows :
  • The contrasts observed in the socio-economic profile and performance of women elected in the four cities studied revealed that the gender of the elected representative was not as significant a factor as suggested by the debate on Women’s Reservation Bill; it is the local political culture that largely determines the impact of quotas for women in the municipal corporations.
  • The “critical mass” theory (D. Dahlerup) that is often brought up in order to justify the reservation of 33 % of the seats for women has been found to be irrelevant in the first phase of implementation of the quotas: quantitative changes (in the number of women among elected representatives), do not translate into qualitative changes (in the agenda of municipalities).
  • For a more positive impact, the quotas must be accompanied by other reforms in political life, especially with regard to the status of elected officials and the funding of elections.

Funding sources

- Go to the website Ford Foundation
- Go to the website SIDA : Swedish International Development Agency

Presented Papers

- "The CSH-ISS study on reservations for women in the Municipal Corporations of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. Methodology and main findings", written by TAWA LAMA-REWAL Stéphanie for Center for Women's Development Studies. Took place in New Delhi, 12 March 2004.
- "Gender and Participatory Democracy: A Franco-Indian Perspective", written by TAWA LAMA-REWAL Stéphanie for Seminar Global Quest for Participatory Democracy. Took place in Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 20 February 2004.
- "Quotas as a Tool of Political Integration: A Profile of Women Councillors and an Account of the Municipal Campaign in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata", written by TAWA LAMA-REWAL Stéphanie for seminar Women's Quotas in Urban Local Government: A Cross-national Comparison. Took place in New Delhi, 6 February 2003.
Sun, 01 Apr 2001 08:30:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/344-women-and-decentralisation-in-urban-india-the-implementation-of-quotas-for-women-in-the-municipal-corporations-of-delhi-mumbai-chennai-and-kolkata
India-Europe dialogue on security issues http://www.csh-delhi.com/345-india-europe-dialogue-on-security-issues The primary objective of the project was to gain a deeper understanding of Europe and India’s security issues and the stands they had taken, in their respective regional contexts as well as internationally. More specifically, the project also sought to establish a common framework in order to better understand regional and global security issues, use the same language while speaking about them, ensure the existence and sustenance of a joint thinking process between Indian and European academicians on strategic issues and initiate a joint thinking process on Europe’s policy with regard to South Asia, through the participation of French and German experts.

Funding sources

- Go to the website European Commission

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CERI : Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (Sciences-Po / CNRS, Paris, France)
- Go to the website JNU : Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi, India)
- Go to the website SWP : Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (Berlin, Germany)
Mon, 01 Jan 2001 09:05:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/345-india-europe-dialogue-on-security-issues
India in the mirror of foreign diplomatic archives http://www.csh-delhi.com/346-india-in-the-mirror-of-foreign-diplomatic-archives

Chapters in "India in the Mirror of Foreign Diplomatic Archives"

- "France's political interaction with India through the Quai d'Orsay archives", written by: (pages 11-31).
Mon, 01 Jan 2001 09:34:28 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/346-india-in-the-mirror-of-foreign-diplomatic-archives
India, China and Russia : the dynamics of an asian triangle http://www.csh-delhi.com/347-india-china-and-russia-the-dynamics-of-an-asian-triangle

Chapters in "India, China, Russia – Intricacies of an Asian Triangle"

- "Strategic Triangle and the Ballistic Missile Defence", written by: (pages 89-117).


- "India-China-Russia: A Strategic Triangle?", written by SINGH Swaran edited by World Focus, January 2003New Delhi, Vol. 24 No.1 (15-17 pages).
Mon, 01 Jan 2001 09:42:07 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/347-india-china-and-russia-the-dynamics-of-an-asian-triangle
Integration of the informal sector in the world economy: an India-Egypt comparison http://www.csh-delhi.com/348-integration-of-the-informal-sector-in-the-world-economy-an-india-egypt-comparison This research project, initiated in September 2000, aims at developing an improved model of globalisation for emerging countries, by incur-porating the informal sector. More specifically, it examines the distribution by the informal sector of daily consumer products that can be traded worldwide. The study is based on a comparison between the cities of Delhi and Cairo. Its objective is to assess (i) the geographic expansion of the distribution area in peripheral districts, as well as (ii) its economic expansion to the underprivileged sections of society, by lowering distribution costs.

The methodology is based on quantitative surveys (300 questionnaires in each city), carried out between November 2001 and January 2002 in Delhi, and January 2002 and March 2002 in Cairo.

Funding sources

- Go to the website CEDEJ : Centre d’Etudes et de Documentation Economiques, Juridiques et Sociales

Institutional partnerships

- Go to the website CEDEJ : Centre d'Etudes et de Documentation Economiques, Juridiques et Sociales
Fri, 01 Sep 2000 11:15:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/348-integration-of-the-informal-sector-in-the-world-economy-an-india-egypt-comparison
The CSH is involved in the project NOPOOR - Enhancing Knowledge for Renewed Policies against Poverty http://www.csh-delhi.com/349-the-csh-is-involved-in-the-project-nopoor-enhancing-knowledge-for-renewed-policies-against-poverty NOPOOR aims to produce new and specific knowledge on poverty using comparative quantitative and qualitative analysis conducted by research institutions from the global North and South working in close cooperation and in consultation with national institutes of statistics. It will draw relevant theoretical and practical lessons from these studies. Civil society organizations will also be involved in NOPOOR. In order to improve knowledge of the different dimensions of poverty, NOPOOR will contribute to the development of new data collection methods in order to enable a more detailed understanding of poverty mechanisms from a dynamic and forward-looking point of view. NOPOOR will also contribute to the designing of new policies that could be implemented to tackle poverty with the active participation of stakeholders and policymakers in the perspective of extension of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations.


This project (classified FP7) brings together 19 research centers spread over four continents and with a budget of 8 million euros.

{loadposition nopoor}

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:06:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/349-the-csh-is-involved-in-the-project-nopoor-enhancing-knowledge-for-renewed-policies-against-poverty
Measuring Urbanization around a Regional Capital : The Case of Bhopal District http://www.csh-delhi.com/351-measuring-urbanization-around-a-regional-capital-the-case-of-bhopal-district Abstract

The starting point of this study is the observation that many villages in India seem to
possess urban characteristics. As compared to definitions of urbanization adopted by
other countries, the Indian definition of urban area is actually unique in the world. One of
the consequences of a restrictive definition is that it potentially excludes numerous
localities. This paper consequently explores a multi-dimensional approach to answer the
question of what is an urban area.

For this purpose, a literature review of various definitions of the notion of urban,
urbanism and urbanity from different disciplines, enables to develop indicators
susceptible to enter a multi-dimensional approach. The paper follows various approaches
to operationalize such an indicator and goes beyond the census definitions. It suggests a
palette of indicators (demographic, social, economic, spatial, infrastructural and
administrative) to categorize rural and urban localities which open up an important debate
on the notion of urbanity.

This methodological tool is then applied in a set of eight villages around Bhopal, the
capital of Madhya Pradesh. In particular, the study identified two types of urban areas,
those under the influence of Bhopal (suburban type) and those with a large degree of
autonomy (growth-centre type). The results show that even in a sub-metropolitan
environment, localities are very diverse and that factors of transformation depend on
multiple factors ranging from accessibility and location to situated historical capital.
Finally, this working paper demonstrates that studying urbanization only within the
Census classified urban local units is certainly limiting and a broader approach may help
us better understand the spread of urban characteristics in India even in small settlements
and micro agglomerations.and micro agglomerations.

PDF : Télécharger]]>
Thu, 07 Feb 2013 06:10:32 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/351-measuring-urbanization-around-a-regional-capital-the-case-of-bhopal-district
Review on : Subrata K Mitra and VB Singh, When Rebels Become Stakeholders Democracy, Agency and Social Change in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/352-review-on-subrata-k-mitra-and-vb-singh-when-rebels-become-stakeholders-democracy-agency-and-social-change-in-india Review on Mitra, Subrata K. & Singh, V.B. (2009) When Rebels Become Stakeholders. Democracy, Agency and Social Change in India, New Delhi: Sage, 320 p.]]> Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:38:03 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/352-review-on-subrata-k-mitra-and-vb-singh-when-rebels-become-stakeholders-democracy-agency-and-social-change-in-india La violence de caste en Inde aujourd’hui http://www.csh-delhi.com/353-la-violence-de-caste-en-inde-aujourd-hui Thu, 07 Feb 2013 11:15:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/353-la-violence-de-caste-en-inde-aujourd-hui Invisibilisation, mise au ban et remise au pas L'exemple de revendications étudiantes http://www.csh-delhi.com/354-invisibilisation-mise-au-ban-et-remise-au-pas-l-exemple-de-revendications-etudiantes Avec Borja Simon and alii]]> Wed, 25 Jun 2014 09:38:39 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/354-invisibilisation-mise-au-ban-et-remise-au-pas-l-exemple-de-revendications-etudiantes Pour une sociologie transdisciplinaire et non impériale http://www.csh-delhi.com/355-transdisciplinarity-as-a-non-imperial-encounter-for-an-open-sociology  

French translation of « Transdisciplinarity as a non imperial encounter: for an open sociology » by Steinmetz Georges in Thesis eleven, Sage Publications, Los Angeles, n°91, November 2007, pp 48-65

Translation made by Joël Cabalion and Mathieu Hauchecorne, Actes de la IIIème Ecole d’été ESSE 2007]]>
Thu, 07 Feb 2013 11:21:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/355-transdisciplinarity-as-a-non-imperial-encounter-for-an-open-sociology
The Gosikhurd Dam Project and Transformation of Rural Social Space in Vidarbha, Maharashtra", Chapter 9 http://www.csh-delhi.com/356-the-gosikhurd-dam-project-and-transformation-of-rural-social-space-in-vidarbha-maharashtra-chapter-9 Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/356-the-gosikhurd-dam-project-and-transformation-of-rural-social-space-in-vidarbha-maharashtra-chapter-9 For a sociology of dam-induced displacements: state-managed dispossession and social movements of resettlement in a region of Central rural India (Maharashtra) http://www.csh-delhi.com/357-for-a-sociology-of-dam-induced-displacements-state-managed-dispossession-and-social-movements-of-resettlement-in-a-region-of-central-rural-india-maharashtra Tue, 24 Jun 2008 11:10:39 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/357-for-a-sociology-of-dam-induced-displacements-state-managed-dispossession-and-social-movements-of-resettlement-in-a-region-of-central-rural-india-maharashtra Indian Special Economic Zones: The Difficulties of Repeating China’s Triumph http://www.csh-delhi.com/358-indian-special-economic-zones-the-difficulties-of-repeating-china-s-triumph About the Author:

Claudia Astarita is Adjoint Professor of Politics of China at John Cabot University, of Asian Studies al LUISS University, and International Relations Analyst (India) at Centre for Military and Strategic Studies (CeMiSS), in Rome. She obtained her Ph.D. from Hong Kong University in early 2010 and has worked as a researcher there as well as at the French Centre for the Study of Contemporary China (CEFC; UMIFRE n°18 Unité Mixte MAE-CNRS) from 2006 to 2010. Her main research interests include China’s political and economic development, Chinese and Indian Foreign policies, East Asian regionalism and regional economic integration. Her works have been published by Chinese, Indian, American, English and Italian publishers. In Italy, Claudia Astarita regularly contributes with articles on Asian political, economic and social issues to several newspapers and magazines such as Il Secolo XIX, Panorama and EAST.



This paper attempts to contribute to ongoing research on Special Economic Zones (SEZs) by discussing the characteristics, prospects and limitations of the SEZ experiment in India. The paper is divided in three sections. The first one deals with the origins of SEZs, going back to the first examples of Asian SEZs and deepening the analysis with a comparison of Chinese and Indian experiments. Grounding on this juxtaposition, the paper highlights the reasons why SEZs have been important strategies in both China and India and the role played by the two governments in shaping the characteristics of their ‘SEZ policy’.

The second section takes a critical look at India’s SEZ policy. Grounding on field work outputs, Indian SEZs’ strengths and weaknesses are assessed focusing on three different aspects: old and new SEZs; single-sector and multi-sector zones; and original support and planning backed by private or public developers. To provide an all-embracing evaluation of Indian SEZs strategy, these themes are approached from two different perspectives: the one of developers, and the ones of national and foreign firms investing in local SEZs.

The third section explores European reactions to Indian SEZs strategy, elaborating on a series of interviews with European diplomatic representatives based in New Delhi. After giving an account of the approaches of four EU countries towards SEZs -Spain, France, Germany and Italy-, this paper continues to identify, with the help of collected data, the reasons why the interests of foreign investors towards these zones have not generated the kind of response that was anticipated.

In conclusion, an assessment of the current status of Indian SEZs is offered, as well as a few suggestions on how to improve their rate of success, effectiveness, and foreign investments attractiveness.



Indian Special Economic Zones: The Difficulties of Repeating China’s Triumph


Asian SEZ: historical roots and economic implications

SEZs in China and India: A Comparison

            The difficulties of SEZs implementation

SEZs characteristics and impact. The Indian experience

Indian SEZ strategy: old and new SEZs

Indian SEZ strategy: single-sector and multi-sector SEZs

Indian SEZ strategy: public and private developers

Special Economic Zones: European Experiences Before and After the Global Financial Crisis








Annex 1: List of Operational SEZ of India

Annex 2: List of Formal Approvals Granted Under the SEZ Act, 2005

Annex 3: List of Valid In-Principle Approvals

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 05:59:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/358-indian-special-economic-zones-the-difficulties-of-repeating-china-s-triumph
Thomas Cavanna obtient le Prix Jean-Baptiste Duroselle 2013 http://www.csh-delhi.com/361-thomas-cavanna-obtient-le-prix-jean-baptiste-duroselle-2013 Thomas Cavanna, docteur de Sciences Po en histoire, vient d'obtenir le Prix Jean-Baptiste Duroselle  pour sa thèse soutenue en juin 2012 (mention «Très honorable et félicitations du jury») sur le thème «La politique étrangère américaine vis-à-vis de l'Inde et du Pakistan dans les années 1970», sous la direction de Pierre Melandri, Professeur émérite à Sciences Po.

Mon, 26 Aug 2013 08:38:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/361-thomas-cavanna-obtient-le-prix-jean-baptiste-duroselle-2013
Damien Krichewsky wins the 2013 RIODD thesis award / Damien Krichewsky obtient le Prix de thèse du RIODD 2013 http://www.csh-delhi.com/362-damien-krichewsky-obtient-le-prix-de-these-du-riodd-2013  

We extend him our warmest congratulations.

Le Réseau International de Recherche sur les Organisations et le Développement Durable (RIODD – The International Network for Research into Organisations and Sustainable Development) sponsored the 2013 RIODD thesis award to recognise the best social science theses related to the social or societal responsibility of organisations and/or sustainable development, with the support of ADECCO France and VIGEO.

Krichewsky, who has a PhD in sociology, defended his thesis in September 2012 on “Corporate social responsibility: a meta-embeddedness of firms:  An analysis of the Indian case”, under the supervision of Denis Segrestin, Professor at Sciences Po (Centre for the sociology of organizations, CSO) and of Christophe Jaffrelot, Director or research (CNRS/CERI).



Nous lui adressons toutes nos félicitations. 

Le Réseau International de Recherche sur les Organisations et le Développement Durable (RIODD) organise le Prix de thèse du RIODD 2013 pour valoriser les meilleures thèses en sciences sociales en lien avec la responsabilité sociale ou sociétale des organisations et/ou le développement durable, avec le soutien d’ADECCO France et VIGEO.

Damien Krichewsky, docteur en sociologie, a soutenu  sa thèse en septembre 2012 sur le thème "La responsabilité sociale d’entreprise : un méta-encastrement des firmes. Une analyse du cas indien", sous la direction de Denis Segrestin, Professeur à Sciences Po (Centre de sociologie des organisations, CSO) et de Christophe Jaffrelot, Directeur de recherche (CNRS/CERI).

L'article complet :


Fri, 11 Apr 2014 06:27:25 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/362-damien-krichewsky-obtient-le-prix-de-these-du-riodd-2013
Departure of the director, Basudeb Chaudhuri http://www.csh-delhi.com/363-departure-of-the-director-basudeb-chaudhuri Après six ans en tant que directeur, Basudeb Chaudhuri a quitté le CSH le 1er septembre 2013. Il a réintégré la faculté et le centre de recherche de Sciences Economiques et de Gestion de l'université de Caen en Basse Normandie. 


Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:37:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/363-departure-of-the-director-basudeb-chaudhuri
Do Indian States have the power to devise their own policies? A study on fiscal space http://www.csh-delhi.com/364-a-study-on-fiscal-space With the decentralization process of the 1990s, linked to economic liberalization, there emerged new decisional scope for regional governments to shape their own policies. Education, health and infrastructures are among the states’ prerogatives. However, the decentralization process remains partial: the macro-economic policies as well as most of the taxing powers continue to be of the responsibility of the Central Government. The delinking of taxing powers and spending decisions has led to important fiscal imbalances in a context of greater competition among the states, each striving to increase its own financial capacities, by attracting private investments for instance.

With these constraints, have the states managed to increase their fiscal capacities to customize their own policies? If so, do we observe any variations in the sectoral priorities of the states in the post-reform period?

Using data on states’ revenue and expenditure compiled by the Reserve Bank of India for the period 1993 – 2003 this paper provides elements to answer these questions.

A close look at the states’ fiscal space show that between 1993 and 2003, states’ spending capacities decreased mostly because of indebtedness. The data also show that the size of a state’s fiscal space does not necessarily depend on its level of wealth. .Under harsh financial constraints, India’s states had to make spending choices – and these choices appeared to differ from one state to another. This partly explains the growth divergence observed by many scholars among states during this period. 
Kim Robin graduated in 2010 with a Master’s Degree in International Affairs with a focus on Development Economics from the Institute of Political Studies (SciencesPo Paris). As part of her Master’s, she completed an internship at the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH) in Delhi, where her interest in development economics and in Indian political economy led her to take part in the program “Economic Reforms, Regional Economies and Evolving Federal Governance” under the supervision of Loraine Kennedy. As part of the program, she studied the States’ fiscal space in the post-reform period as well as the development strategy of the government of the state of Orissa. She collected primary data through qualitative interviews with government officials and members of the civil society, and to assess the pertinence of the state’s strategy, she conducted an in-depth household survey in two villages (in Puri and Koraput districts). She also studied the correlates of poverty in Orissa for her Master’s thesis. She now works in a consulting company in Paris specialized in social and public health policy.
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:13:33 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/364-a-study-on-fiscal-space
Nopoor project: Enhancing Knowledge for Renewed Policies against Poverty http://www.csh-delhi.com/365-nopoor-project-enhancing-knowledge-for-renewed-policies-against-poverty
NOPOOR aims to build new knowledge on the nature and extent of poverty in developing countries in order to provide policymakers with a broader understanding of poverty. Poverty cannot be tackled without a comprehensive approach. It is a multidimensional phenomenon, and NOPOOR explores its new and uncharted dimensions. An understanding of poverty entry and exit processes is also needed for achieving MDGs (Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations) and for making the policies more effective. Twenty experienced partners are engaged in the project, which includes ten teams from developing and emerging countries in three regions (Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia).


Fri, 07 Nov 2014 10:26:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/365-nopoor-project-enhancing-knowledge-for-renewed-policies-against-poverty
Activity report 2007 / Rapport d'activité 2007 http://www.csh-delhi.com/366-activity-report-2007-rapport-d-activite Find below the CSH activity report for 2007

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 08:34:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/366-activity-report-2007-rapport-d-activite
Activity report 2008 / Rapport d'activité 2008 http://www.csh-delhi.com/367-activity-report-2008-rapport-d-activite-2008
Find below the CSH activity report for 2008]]>
Tue, 15 Oct 2013 08:35:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/367-activity-report-2008-rapport-d-activite-2008
Activity report 2009 / Rapport d'activité 2009 http://www.csh-delhi.com/368-activity-report-2009-rapport-d-activite-2009 Find below the CSH activity report for 2009]]> Tue, 15 Oct 2013 08:35:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/368-activity-report-2009-rapport-d-activite-2009 Activity report 2010 / Rapport d'activité 2010 http://www.csh-delhi.com/369-activity-report-2010-rapport-d-activite-2010
Find below the CSH activity report for 2010]]>
Tue, 15 Oct 2013 08:43:58 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/369-activity-report-2010-rapport-d-activite-2010
Activity report 2011 / Rapport d'activité 2011 http://www.csh-delhi.com/370-activity-report-2011-rapport-d-activite-2011
Find below the CSH activity report for 2011]]>
Tue, 15 Oct 2013 08:39:01 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/370-activity-report-2011-rapport-d-activite-2011
Activity report 2012 / Rapport d'activité 2012 http://www.csh-delhi.com/371-activity-report-2012-rapport-d-activite-2012
Find below the CSH activity report for 2012]]>
Mon, 09 Dec 2013 13:18:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/371-activity-report-2012-rapport-d-activite-2012
Book Launch: Fresh Water in International Law http://www.csh-delhi.com/372-book-launch-fresh-water-in-international-law Tuesday 12 november 2013, the CSH participated in a book launch at the Indian Law Institute.
Mrs. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes is Professor of international law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Geneva and President of the European Society of International Law (ESIL). She has gained a wide-ranging reputation in academic circles for her contribution to international law, in such fields as the law of international organizations, international economic law ...


Fri, 11 Apr 2014 10:18:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/372-book-launch-fresh-water-in-international-law
International Conference: Re-thinking Politics, Policy and Governance in Federal Systems: India and the World http://www.csh-delhi.com/374-international-conference-re-thinking-politics-policy-and-governance-in-federal-systems-india-and-the-world Centre for Public Policy and Governance (Ramjas College), University of Delhi – International Political Science Association (RC-28) organizes an International Conference during 3 days on :

Re-thinking Politics, Policy and Governance in Federal Systems: India and the World


Venue:  Ramjas College, Conference Hall, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

14-16, November, 2013
Find below the details of the 3 days : 

Day 1
Thursday, November 14, 2013


  • Inaugural Session: 9.30 a.m. - 9.45 a.m.

Inauguration and Welcome Address                 

Prof. Dinesh Singh, Chief Guest, Vice-Chancellor, University of Delhi

  • Plenary: 9.45 a.m.-10.45 a.m.

ShriAnil Aggarwal, Chairman, Governing Body, Ramjas College

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Conference Chair, Principal and Chair, Centre for Public Policy and Governance, Ramjas College

Dr. Sonja Walti, Conference Chair, Chair-IPSA RC-28, American University, Washington, USA

Dr. Rupak Chattopadhyay, President and CEO, Forum of Federations, Canada

Dr. Rekha Saxena, Conference Chair, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi, and Honorary Vice Chairman, Centre for Multilevel Federalism ( CMF)

Inaugural Address:             Hon. Hamid Ansari

                                      Vice-President of India (TBC)

Vote of Thanks: Tanvir Aeijaz, Conference Convener, Ramjas College, University of Delhi


  • Tea: 10.45a.m.-11.00 a.m.
  • Special Public Lecture: 11.00 a.m.-11.45 a.m.

Introductory Remarks: Zoya Hassan, Professor, Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi


Inaugural Special Public Lecture
Upendra Baxi
                  (Former  Professor of Law and Vice Chancellor, University of Delhi)

Topic:  ‘The Place of Rights and Justice in Multilevel Governance’

Thematic Sessions  
Session I: 11.45 a.m.—1.45 p.m.

Theme: Constitutional Design and Institutional Functioning in Federal System
Rupak Chattopadhyay, CEO, Forum of Federations;

Zoya Hassan, CPS, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi

Discussant: Badrul Alam, Professor, Department of Political Science, Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi


  • Democratic Accountability in India’s Multilevel Federalism: Constitutional Design and Institutional Interaction


Balveer Arora, Chairman, Centre for Multilevel Federalism, Institute of Social Sciences, Delhi

  • The Institutional Design of FDI in India: Problems and Issues in an International and  Comparative Perspective.

Leila Choukroune, Director, Centre for Sciences and Humaines , Delhi

  • Probing the Relationship between Authority Migration and Developments in the Party System in India – a Longitudinal Analysis (1950 – 2009)

Wilfried Swenden, Associate Professor, University of Edinburgh, UK

  • Regional Leaders and Regional Parties: What Function do they Perform in Indian Federal System

Sanjay Kumar, Professor, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi

  • Union Model of India: A Critical Exploration

Ajay K. Singh, Professor, Centre for Federal Studies, Jamia Hamdard, Delhi

Political Monitoring in a Nested Game: Presidential Rule in Federal India

Thomas D. Lancaster, Professor, Department of Political Science, Emory University, USA

Rapporteur: Amna Mirza, Assistant Professor, DDU College, University of Delhi


  • Lunch: 1.45 p.m. – 2.15 p.m.
Session II: 2.15 p.m. -- 3.45 p.m.
Theme:  Governing Diversity in Federal Systems – I
(Under the Auspices of Centre for Multilevel Federalism, New Delhi)

Chairs:       Leila Choukroune, Centre for Science and Humaines, N.Delhi

                  Balveer Arora, Centre for Multilevel Federalism, New Delhi

Discussant:  Ash Narain Roy, Director, Institute of Social Sciences, Delhi


  • Diversity-claims and Equality-claims in Indian Federalism: Searching for Democratic Intention


Harihar Bhattacharya, Professor, University of Burdwan, West Bengal

  • Deliberating Diversity: Groups in India’s Constitution

Ashok Acharya, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

  • Federalism and Decentralization as an Institutional Framework for Celebrating Diversity – Drawing from Ongoing Experiments in South Sudan and Myanmar 

Sandeep Shastri, Pro-Vice Chancellor, Jain University, Bangalore

  • Humane Governance in Jammu & Kashmir: Issues & Concerns

Gull Wani, Director, UNESCO Madanjeet Singh Institute of Kashmir Studies, University of Kashmir, Kashmir

  • Issues in Ladakh

Navnita Chaddha Behera, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

  • Exploring the Demands for New States in India

Ashutosh Kumar, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Punjab, Chandigarh

Rapporteur:   Sri Ram Pandeya, Assistant Professor, Ramjas College, University of Delhi


  • Tea: 3.45 p.m.-4.00 p.m.
Session III: 4.00 p.m.-5.30 p.m.
Theme:  Governing Diversity in Federal Systems– II
(Under the Auspices of Centre for Multilevel Federalism, New Delhi)


Tishyarakshit Chatterjee, Director, Indian Institute of Public administration 
 M P Singh, Senior Fellow, Centre for Multilevel Federalism

Discussant: Dalbir Singh, Secretary, All India Congress Committee


  • Need forRethinking Contours of Federalism for More Inclusive and More People-oriented Governance in Jammu and Kashmir


Rekha Chowdhury, University of Jammu, Jammu

  •  Accommodation of Diversity in India

 D Raja, Leader, Communist Party of India

  • Gujarat Model of Governance

Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay, Journalist, India

  • Minority Culture

Mollica Dastidar, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

  • Coalitional Federalism and Neighbourhood Policy of India: A Case Study of West Bengal

Pratip Chattopadhyaya, University of Kalyani, West Bengal

  • Federalism and Cultural Accommodation: Lessons from India and Micronesia

 Thomas O. Hueglin, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada


Rapporteur : Pallavi Borgohain, Assistant Professor, Ramjas College, University of Delhi


  • Dinner: 7.30 p.m. – 8.30 p.m.


 Day 2
   Friday, November 15, 2013
Session IV: 9.30 a.m.-11.30 a.m.

Theme:  Joint Policy Process and Service Delivery in MultiLevel Systems

             (Under the Auspices of Forum of Federations)

Wilfried Swenden, Associate Professor, School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, UK;

Satyajit Singh, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

Discussant: Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, Political Analyst, India

  • Service Delivery in Federal Systems: The German Case

Wolfgang Renzsch, Professor, Monnet Chair of European Studies, Germany                      

  • Environmental Governance across Levels of Government

Sonja Walti, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration and Policy, American University, USA

  • Joint Service Delivery and Reform in Federal Systems

Rupak Chattopadhyaya, President and CEO, Forum of Federations, Canada

  • Flood Management in Uttarakhand: Recent Experiences

Ravi Dhingra, Former Additional Secretary, Inter-State Council Secretariat

  • Service Delivery in Rural India: Comparing Devolution Across States

 V N Alok, Associate Professor of Finance, Indian Institute of Public Administration, Delhi

  • Workplace Practice and Diversity in Canada: Employment Policy in Global Modernity

Lesley Alan Jacobs, Professor, University York, Canada and Lorne Foster, Director, Diversity and Human Right Certificate (DHRC), University of York


Rapporteur : Ashutosh K. Jha, Assistant.Professor, B R Ambedkar College,                               DelhiUniversity

  • Tea: 11.30 a.m.-11.45 a.m.


Session V: 11.45 a.m.-1.45 p.m.
Theme:  Evaluating Joint Policy Process in India

Chairs: Kamal Narayan Kabra, Former Professor at Institute of Public Administration

K. Sudarshan, Dean, Jindal Global University, Sonepat

Discussant: Ashutosh Kumar, Professor, Punjab University, Chandigarh



  • Federations, Political Dynamics and Policy Pathways: Patterns of Autonomy, Engagement and Resistance


Dolly Arora, Professor of Political Science, Indian Institute of Public Administration, Delhi

  • Federalism and Education Policy in India and US

Kumar Suresh, Professor,  National University for Educational Planning and Administration, Delhi

  • Federalism and India’s Foreign Policy

 Shanta Verma, Associate Professor, Department. of Political Science University of Delhi

  • Environment Policy and Civil Society in India

Subhendu Ranjan Raj, Associate Professor, PGDAVE College, University of Delhi and Fellow, CMF

  • Are PPPs the Instrument for Transforming Public Services in India?

Tanvir Aeijaz, Assistant Professor, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, and Fellow, CMF


Rapporteur:  Devika Malhotra, Assistant Professor,  Ramjas College, University of Delhi

  • Lunch: 1.45 p.m. – 2.15 p.m.


Session VI: 2.15 p.m.-4.15 p.m.

Theme:  Administrative, Legal and Financial Dimensions of Federal Governance


Chairs:  Wolfgang Renzsch, Monnet Chair of European Studies, Magdeburg University, Germany

Ujjwal K Singh, Professor and Head, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi 

Discussant: Deb K. Das, Ramjas College, University of Delhi

Papers :           

  • Independent Regulatory Authority


M P Singh, Senior Fellow, Centre for Multilevel Federations and Niraj Kumar, Assistant Professor, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi

  • Federalization of Treaty Making Power in India

Rekha Saxena, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

  • Parliamentary Committee in Federal System,

Rajesh Jha, Assistant Professor, Rajdhani College, University of Delhi

  • Legal Dimension to Indian Federalism

 Khagesh Gautam, Assistant Professor of Law, Jindal Global University, Sonepat

  • The emerging Dimensions of Distributive Fiscal Politics in India

Chanchal K. Sharma, Assistant Professor, MAC College, Haryana


Rapporteur : Annapurna Sharma, Assistant Professor,  MLN (E)College, University of Delhi

  • Tea: 4.15 p.m.—4.30 p.m.


Session VII: 4.30 p.m.-6.30 p.m.
Theme:  Good Governance and Decentralisation in Federal Systems

Chairs: Sonja Walti, Conference Chair,   American University, USA
George Mathew, Chairman, Institute of Social Sciences, Delhi

Discussant:  Madhulika Banerjee, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi


Papers :

  • Good Governance Initiatives from the Centre and the States in Post ’91India


 Rumki Basu, Professor, Department of Political Science, Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi

  • A Political Perspective on Decentralized Governance

 Satyajit Kumar Singh, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi 

  • INGO decentralization, legitimacy and Multi-level Governance

Fransisco Obino, London School of Economics, U K

  • Small Statesand Politics of Development: Story of Uttaranchal

Pampa Mukherjee, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Punjab University, Chandigarh

  • Urban Governance in North-West Region: A Case Study of Chandigarh

Manoj Tetotia, Assistant Professor, HUDCO Chair Coordinator, Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID)

  • Local Leadership and the Idea of Representation: Exploring Kalinganagar Tribal Movement in Orissa

Biswajit Mohanty, Associate Professor, Deshbandhu College, University of Delhi

Rapporteur :  Devki Nandan, Assistant Professor, Maharaja Agrasen College, Univ. of Delhi

  •  Dinner: 7.30 p.m. -8.30 p.m.

 Day 3 

 Saturday, 16 Novermber 2013

Session VIII: 9.30 am-12.00 noon
Theme:      Inter-governmental Relations and Conflict Resolution in Federal Systems

Chairs:   Louise Tillin, Lecturer in Politics, King’s College, London

Bidyut Chakrabarty, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

Discussant:  Nasreen Chowdhory, Assistant professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi


  • Public Security in the Indian ‘Union’


Ajay  K Mehra, Director, Centre for Public Affairs

  • Federalism and Maoist Insurgency in India

Niranjan Sahoo, Senior Fellow, Observer Research Foundation, Delhi

  • Democracy and Armed Struggle

Saroj Giri, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

  • Analysing Centre-State Role in Non-implementation of Forest Rights Act

Rajesh Ranjan, Social Activist

  • Vulnerabilities of Checks and Balances in Indian Federalism: The Case of the Adarsh Society Scam in Mumbai

 Vaidehi Tandel, Reseach Scholar, University of Mumbai, Mumbai

  • Governmental Arrangements to Protect Migrant Workers’ Human Rights: An Indian Experience

Pradipta Mukherjee,Asst. Professor, HMM College for Women, Dakshineswar, West Bengal

Rapporteur : Avantika Singh, Ph.D Scholar, University of Delhi

  • Tea: 12.00 noon – 12.15 p.m.


Session IX: 12.15 p.m. -2.15 p.m.
Theme: Comparative Federalism: Country Case Studies

Chairs:  Harihar  Bhattaharya, Professor,  Burdwan University

Rekha Saxena, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi and Hon.Vice Chairman, CMF


Discussant: A S Narang, Former Professor, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi



  • Syrian Version of Arab Spring: Implication of the Region


 S A M Pasha, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi

  • Federalism in Pakistan

Veena Kukreja, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Delhi

  •  Federalism in Austalia

Christine El-Khoury, Audience Producer, Q and A, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sydney 

  • The Constitutional-Design options for state formation in Palestine

 Nahed Odeh, University of South Wales, Australia

  • The Provision of Secession in Multi-ethnic Federal Constitution: A case study of Ethiopia

Samuel, University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Federal Practices in India and Brazil

 Aparajita Kashyap, Assistant Professor, Guru Govindsingh Indraprastha University

  • The Advisory Rule of the Supreme Court of India: Lessons from the Canadian Experience with Judicial Advice as Statecraft

Radha Krishna Persaud, University of York, Canada


Rapporteur :   N C M Robinson, Research Scholar, University of Delhi

  • Lunch: 2.15 p.m. – 2. 45 p.m.


Valedictory Session: 3.00 p.m.- 4.30 p.m.


Chair:  Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Principal, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, and Chair, Centre for Public Policy and Governance

Dr.Sonja Walti, Conference Chair, Chair IPSA RC-28, Washington University, USA

Dr. Rupak Chattopadhyay, President and CEO, Forum of Federations

 Professor Walgang Renzsch, Monnet Chair of European Studies, Germany

Dr. Wilfried Swenden, University of Edinburgh, UK

Dr.Rekha Saxena, Conference Chair, Department of Political Science and Honorary Vice Chairman, Centre for Mulitilevel Federalism

Keynote Address:                         

                                                Shri Manish Tewari

Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India

Chief Rapporteur’s Report: Dr. Subhendu Ranjan Raj,  PGDAVE College,

                                            University of Delhi

Vote of Thanks:  Mr. Tanvir Aeijaz, Conference Convener, Ramjas College,

                                            University of Delhi

  •  High Tea: 4.30


  • Dinner: 7.30-8.30


Mon, 13 Jan 2014 10:07:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/374-international-conference-re-thinking-politics-policy-and-governance-in-federal-systems-india-and-the-world
AJEI, Scholar Workshop : Labour, mobility and mobilization http://www.csh-delhi.com/411-ajei-scholar-workshop-labour-mobility-and-mobilization CSH is partner of the Indian and French Scholar's Workshop on Labour, Mobility and Mobilization, organized by the Young Researchers Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes (AJEI) and the Centre for Informal Sector and Labour Studies (CISLS) that will be held on February 11-14, 2014 at Committee Room, SSS-1, JNU, New Delhi

The Complete Agenda

The Association Jeunes Études Indiennes (AJEI) gathers students from different disciplinary fields of social sciences, from MA to post-doctorate level, who are undertaking fieldwork in South  Asia. The AJEI organizes every year a seminar in France and a one-week workshop in India for young  and senior researchers to present and discuss their work. The selected theme for the 2014 workshop is “Labour, mobility and mobilization in India“.
Labour in India has become in recent years a prolific theme for research in social and human sciences, as well as an important topic of debate among policy makers. The scholarly debate has evolved rather rapidly over the last twenty years, with a new focus on the informal sector, India's "jobless growth", labour welfare, workers' circulations, etc. The official conception of labour has undergone changes as well with a renewed interest for the labour force working in the informal sector, as the reports of the National Commission on Labour and the National Commission for Enterprises of Unorganized Sector demonstrate1.

The changing nature and conceptions of labour and of the labour force represent an ever growing challenge for the social and human sciences. The issue of labour remains however central in understanding and analysing the current economic and social context of India, as it raises a great number of questions related to economic development and welfare, the reality of inclusive growth, social and geographical mobility, political mobilizations, etc.

The 2014 Workshop of the AJEI on Labour, mobility and mobilization aims therefore at giving an encompassing view of the most recent research works being conducted on labour in India, in order to understand both these conceptual evolutions and the most recent and pregnant issues related to labour in contemporary India. By focusing on the issues of political and social mobilizations and mobility, the objective of the workshop is to place the workers and their daily challenges at the centre of the discussion.

International Labour Migrations from and to India :

Large-scale international labour migrations from India are usually considered to have started with the system of Indentured Labour in the 19th century. Poor and unqualified workers were sent to different parts of the British Empire to work in plantations and answer the demand for cheap labour after the abolition of slavery. Most of these migrations became permanent for lack of opportunities or resources to go back to India. Many other systems developed in parallel, such as the Kangani System in Tamil Nadu or the Sardari system in Bengal1, which relied on the workers' own networks to recruit new labourers. These "recruiting workers" had usually become foreman and could be considered as the equivalent of today's jobbers. In the mean time, many "Passengers" or free migrants travelled from India to other parts of the Empire to work as employees, merchants, clerks, taking part in the economic and political well-being of the British Empire.
After the Independence, in the 1950s and 1960s, most International labour migrations from India took place towards the former colonial metropole. As Great Britain toughened its laws on Immigration, the flow of migrants shifted towards the "new" anglophone countries, USA, Canada, Australia. In parallel, work migrations to the Gulf Monarchies increased, both for qualified workers (doctors, nurses, etc) and unqualified labourers. In a fourth wave of migration, software professionnals from India have been emigrating since the 1990s not only to North America, but also to Europe and East Asia.
Studies on skilled and highly qualified migrants tend to forget or oversee the fact that these migrants are first and foremost economic migrants. The labour dimension of their migration is therefore often overlooked. We would like to invite papers that develop this dimension, to try and understand the challenges these skilled workers meet during their migration. The migrations of unqualified migrants travelling to and from India will also be a topic of interest of the workshop, especially papers focusing on the role of migrants' networks, issues of working conditions, gender related issues, etc.

Seasonal and circular migrations of Labour in contemporary India :

Circular or seasonal migrations of labour for employment from rural to other rural or urban areas are not only an important reality of the Indian labour and urban landscape, but a central aspect of day-to-day lives and strategies of people in rural areas. These temporary workers usually do not benefit from any kind of welfare or security schemes and work in extremely difficult conditions (especially in certain sectors such as construction).

As Breman, Guerin and Prakash (2009) describe, the proletariat of landless and land poor labourers "constitutes a huge reserve army of labour hired and fired according to the need of the moment, in agriculture but increasingly also in other economic sectors. The extension in scale of the rural labour market gave rise to new patterns of both intra-rural and rural-to-urban labour circulation". They are what Jan Breman calls, "Footloose labour", who have to deal with low wages, no regular employment nor security or welfare. They often come across "new forms of labour bondage", especially in industries such as construction, brick kilns, rice mills, etc.
These circular migrations, as well as the permanent or long-term exodus of workers from rural areas to cities (which is, in India, of relatively low intensity), play a central role in urban and economic growth. For instance, the construction workers in cities such as Bombay or Delhi are instrumental to Infrastructures' development and Real Estate growth. However the official tendency is to look at permanent or temporary migrations to cities rather as a problem than as a part of the economic activity.

The AJEI would therefore like to invite papers on issues related to seasonal and circular migrations of Labour, especially if they focus on working conditions of the workers, Labour networks and role of jobbers, new and old forms of labour bondage in India, Gender-related issues, etc.

Workers' movements, Trade Unions and Labour Regulations :

Workers' movements in India have a long history, dating back to the end of the 19th century - beginning of the 20th century : the first workers Unions were created in the 1920s, in Chennai and other big industrial cities10. The absence of labour regulations, as well as the high concentration of industries and employment in the big urban areas are among the most symptomatic characteristics of the Indian industrial working class under the colonial period11. Post-Independence a "consensus" between the State, the big industrialists and the Unions led to relatively few workers' movements in the first 15-20 years of Independence12. However in the 1960s, the shift towards technology and capital intensive industries by the big Indian industrial firms, as well as changes in the sociological structure of the workers (more educated, more politicized, growing class-consciousness) and their representatives led to increasing unrest in the big industrial hubs and to the big strikes of the 1970s, and especially to the Railway Strike of 197413. As Heuze, Zins and Jagga (1993) 14 underline, these workers' movements did not necessarily benefit the workers

If they provided the large public industries workers with increased security and higher wages, they did not provide such advantages to other industrial workers.
In last 30 years, the structure of labour has evolved towards informalization. Smaller industries, as well as sectors often considered as "insecure" for the workers (construction, small manufactures, etc) have flourished. The working class has also been growing in smaller towns, leading to a lesser concentration of the workforce. The rise of the informal sector leads to numerous questions about Unions' influence, work quality, working conditions, wages, etc. As Bhowmik (2009) mentions, the average wage of a formal sector worker is 4 to 5 times higher than the wages in the informal sector. Workers in the unorganized sector moreover tend not to benefit from the protection of the largest Workers' Unions, to which they are often invisible, nor of Labour regulations, most of them being conceived for large industries. What consequences can these evolutions have on wages and power of the working class? Does the "steep slope" between the public sector workers and the rest of the working class still allow for a common class-consciousness among Industrial workers?

Papers dealing with Labour Regulations, Labour laws and the right to work, Labour and workers' security and working conditions, Labour conflicts and workers' mobilizations and movements in the formal and informal sectors, role of Workers' Unions, Informal sector's Workers Associations and Unions, etc, will be especially welcomed.

Informalization : Employment trends in Contemporary India and Ethnographies of Labour:

The recent decades have seen an important shift in the structure of employment in India. The
traditional sectors of employment, especially agriculture, have been receding, as the tertiary sector has been increasing at a steady pace. There has moreover been a growing imbalance between the organized and unorganized sectors. As mentioned before, the recent dynamic of the Indian workforce goes towards more and more informalization, especially in rural areas, which leads to degradation of working conditions, lower wages and lesser negotiation power for the workers. This informalization of the workforce makes the debate on the existence or not of a dual economy ever more pregnant. Is the steep slope of Holmstrom (1984)18 still pertinent, or has the situaton paradoxically evolved towards Holmostrom's (1976) first hypothesis, the state of a "citadel" that separates the workers with security and welfare from the others? Or on the contrary does the frontier between organized-sector workers and unorganized-sector workers go thinner with the informalization of the workforce?

One of the biggest current "challenges" for policy makers holds in making the current economic growth in India an inclusive one. Many recent studies have focused on India's jobless growth, even if the concept has since then been criticized by many economists. Is India experiencing a "jobless growth'? How to make the economic growth inclusive? Even if the economic growth is
leading to job creations, what kind of employment is created? Under this theme, we would therefore like to invite papers on liberalization and the evolution of the job market, place of employment in public policy, employment quotas and policies towards "minorities", unemployment and the concept of "jobless growth" in contemporary India, etc. 

In recent years, a new wave of studies have focused on the micro-level and on the workers themselves, towards a concrete knowledge of labour19. In the same spirit, the objective of our workshop is to place the workers and their daily challenges at the centre of the study. We would therefore like to dedicate a session of the workshop to more ethnographic papers on the day-to-day lives of workers and their working conditions. We hope thereby to collectively develop a better understanding of the current challenges and debates about labour in India. The objective of this session would be to study the concrete evolutions of labour in contemporary India, as well as the changing dynamics of work in different sectors and in different places.

Any paper focusing on the relationship between Labour and Society, both the social conception of labour and the place of labour in social evolutions will also be welcomed. We would like to invite papers on topics such as conception and relation to labour in Contemporary India, link between labour, caste and class, labour and gender, as well as on more specific topics such as Child labour, working discriminations, Workers' professional and social mobility, Labour security, distress employment, etc

Propositions of contribution:
The propositions of contribution (500 to 1000 words) should be submitted in French or in English before the 8th of November at the following address: ateliers@ajei.org. Each presentation will be in English, are to last 20 minutes, and will be discussed by a specialist. Please include with your proposal your last name, first name, your disciplinary field, your study level, your institution(s) of affiliation and your research topic. After the decision by the organization committee and the announcement of inclusion is announced, the contributors will be asked to send their complete articles (10 000 words) in English to the discutant of each session, before the 19th of December.

Please do not hesitate to contact the organizers for any further information regarding the workshop, accommodation, etc.

Alexandre Cebeillac (Centre de Sciences Humaines, CSH, New Delhi) : alexandre.cebeillac@cshdelhi.com
Bérénice Girard (EHESS, CEIAS, Paris) : girard.berenice@gmail.com, berenice.girard@ehess.fr

Please download here the entire description of the call for papers

Tue, 28 Jan 2014 06:32:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/411-ajei-scholar-workshop-labour-mobility-and-mobilization
Opportunities http://www.csh-delhi.com/378-opportunities

Tue, 28 Jan 2014 11:26:16 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/378-opportunities
Research areas http://www.csh-delhi.com/379-areas The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities of New Delhi carries out research projects in the field of social sciences that contribute towards a better understanding of the contemporary dynamics of development in India, in the regional and international context.
Politics and Society
The researches conducted under this section focus on the complexities of the Indian society after liberalization. Special attention is thus given to the new reconfigurations of the political, economic, cultural and social realms and to the way these four spheres interfere one with another. With strong grounding in sociology and in political science, the researchers of this division cover areas such as the analysis of the Indian stratification system, the impact of political and administrative reforms, the role of identity-based dynamics in politics, the evolution in practices of democracy, the study of social movements, the spatial inscription of inequalities, the study of lifestyles and socialization processes, the study of Indian educational system and educational policies and other issues.
Risks and Territorial Dynamics
Head : Eric Daudé

This research area focuses on technological, environmental and sanitary risks and their evolutions keeping in view major spatial dynamics in India at different scales (densification and urban growth, regional migration and daily mobility, land-use and land-cover change etc.). We cover a wide range of themes related to the identification and analysis of health risks (urbanization and epidemics, mobility and road accidents, food supply and non-communicable disease), technological risks (industrial events, urban pollution and public health) and environmental risks (flood, earthquake and human vulnerability). Studies are based on crisis analysis (Dengue epidemics in Delhi), evaluation of public policies and private initiatives on risk prevention (prevention plan and use of new communication technologies).
Globalisation and Regulation
Head : Leïla Choukroune

At a time of profound transformation of the economic and political landscape by the forces of globalisation, the need for regulation has never been so evident.

Adopting a genuine multidisciplinary approach blending law, economics, political sciences and sociology with practical and conceptual approaches, the CSH globalisation and regulation research area aims at questioning the role and autonomy of the State in the regulating process while looking many other actors and norms of globalisation and regulation from a truly comparative angle encompassing South Asia’s most striking developments. 
Economics and Development
Head : Bruno Dorin

The research activities conducted in the Economics and Development area cover a wide range of interrelated themes including economic growth (convergence across India’s states, regional determinants, impact on poverty reduction, city-centric growth), evaluation of public policies (employment guarantee scheme, special economic zones), comparative efficiency of regulatory tools and models of cooperation in resource management and public goods, and state-level policy dynamics.


Wed, 25 Jun 2014 07:50:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/379-areas
Publications http://www.csh-delhi.com/380-publications The CSH promotes its own range of publications: books, working papers, articles and newsletter. In this page, you will soon find the entire list of recent and archived publications.


Fri, 16 May 2014 12:28:16 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/380-publications
Library http://www.csh-delhi.com/381-library The CSH library is a resource centre, which has evolved to meet the research needs of the Centre's programmes in the social sciences. This research library aims at enhancing the knowledge of scholars about contemporary South Asia and India in particular. Its collection includes books, periodicals and magazines.

The CSH library is reserved primarily for CSH scholars and students and research assistants, and for external visitors. It cannot be used as a general working or office space by lay visitors.

Library Rules

Books and Periodicals

The library provides free access to about 15300 books in the field of Social Sciences and Humanities, in English and French as well as to 154 periodicals including 25 ongoing subscriptions.

Other Resources

  • 8 Indian Newspapers.
  • Selected CD-roms, in particular of the Census of India 2001;2011 etc.
  • A subscription to Indiastat.coma website providing socio-economic statistical data on India.
  • Access to Jstor, Sciencedirect, Spingerlink, Cairn & many other digitized platforms including more than 10000 online academic journals via CNRS information portal (BiblioSHS)
  • A subscription to digital archives of the Economic & Political Weekly http://www.epw.in/
  • Seven (online & print) academic journals of Sage Publications.

Facilities / Service

  • The library is fully air -conditioned & opens Monday to Friday (9.00-17.00)
  • The closest Metro station is Khan Market (violet line) or Race Course (yellow line - a half mile walk)
  • The CSH library is a member of the Developing Libraries Network, Delnet, for inter-library loans and article photocopies. This network provides access to a million references (only for own staff).
  • The CSH library is equipped with an efficient library management software package (LIBSYS)
  • Photocopy is provided @ Rs. 1/- per page (max 1 chapter from book) & Scanned copy is also available @ Rs. 2/- per page.
  •  Power points and Wi-Fi system for the use of laptops are available in library.


For any other information please contact
Mrs. Priyanka JAIN

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 08:46:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/381-library
Research programs http://www.csh-delhi.com/382-research-programs

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Fri, 07 Nov 2014 09:55:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/382-research-programs
What is happening at the CSH ? http://www.csh-delhi.com/383-news-events Through its Conferences, Lecture Series, Seminars and Workshops, CSH aims to spread the fruits of its research among but also beyond academic circles while strengthening and enlarging its network of partners across South Asia and elsewhere. 

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 10:05:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/383-news-events
Tagore Publication Assistance Programme http://www.csh-delhi.com/387-tagore-publication-assistance-programme TAGORE

Tagore Publication Assistance Programme; French Embassy in India – Book Office / Institut français de Paris. This part of a Publication Assistance Programme (P.A.P) started in 1990 which has enabled more than 12000 titles by French language writers to be translated and published in 75 countries. The programme has benefited foreign publishers wishing to add French language publications in their catalogue via translation (or in certain cases local editions in French).
The publication Assistance Programme in India, called Tagore, is a support programme for Indian publishers who wish to publish a French book translated into English or into any Indian language.

Tagore fait partie des Programmes d’aide à la publication (P.A.P) fondés en 1990 qui ont permis jusqu’à aujourd’hui de contribuer à la traduction et la publication de plus 12 000 titres d’auteurs français et francophones dans 75 pays. Ces programmes bénéficient aux éditeurs étrangers désireux d’ouvrir leur catalogue à des textes d'auteurs francophones, via la traduction (ou éventuellement la publication locale en langue française).

Dans ce contexte le P.A.P. indien « Tagore » est un programme de soutien destiné aux éditeurs indiens qui souhaitent publier un ouvrage français traduit - que ce soit en anglais ou en langue indienne.

Pour plus d’informations, visitez la page : http://institutfrancais.in/fr/content/programme-d%E2%80%99aide-%C3%A0-la-publication-%C2%AB-tagore-%C2%BB-ambassade-de-france-en-inde-bureau-du-livre-ins  

Contact : judith.oriol@diplomatie.gouv.fr

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:11:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/387-tagore-publication-assistance-programme
Ruchira Bhattacharya, Research Assistant at CSH was awarded the Ruddar Datt Memorial Award Paper http://www.csh-delhi.com/389-ruchi-bhattacharya-research-assistant-at-csh-was-awarded-the-ruddar-datt-memorial-award-paper Ruchira Bhattacharya, (Research Assistant at CSH) presented a paper titled “Effect of Non Market Sources of Consumption on Levels of Nutritional Intake Among Rural Labours in India” at the 55th ISLE Conference, JNU University, New Delhi on 16-18 December 2013. Her paper was awarded the Ruddar Datt Memorial Award Paper.


Wed, 22 Jan 2014 07:17:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/389-ruchi-bhattacharya-research-assistant-at-csh-was-awarded-the-ruddar-datt-memorial-award-paper
Research Grants and Projects http://www.csh-delhi.com/390-research-grants-and-projects A WUN (Worldwide Universities Network - http://www.wun.ac.uk/ ) Research Development Fund has been granted to. Dr. Leïla Choukroune, (Director of the CSH) as lead collaborator, for a research project on “Managing the globalization of water services in a world affected by climate change: regulatory and economic challenges”.

Led by Dr Julien Chaisse (Chinese University of Hong Kong), this multidisciplinary international project will be conducted in association with the University of Sydney and the University of Leeds. It is envisaged as a basis for further research and publications on the economics, policy and regulatory framework of water services with a special focus on North-South synergies and challenges.

Several outreach events are planned for 2014 and an international workshop will take place at Maastricht Law Faculty in the spring. 

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 10:10:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/390-research-grants-and-projects
CSH Lecture Series, with Dr Surya Deva http://www.csh-delhi.com/391-csh-lecture-series-with-dr-surya-deva On 3 January 2014, the CSH launched its Lecture Series with Dr Surya Deva’s presentation: “Controlling Crime by (Not) Executing People: Does India Need Capital Punishment?”.  Heexamined whether the current practice of administering capital punishment in India serves any deterrent purpose in controlling crime.
Dr Surya Deva is an Associate Professor at the School of Law of City University of Hong Kong. His primary research interests lie in Business and Human Rights, Corporate Social Responsibility, Indo-Chinese Constitutional Law, International Human Rights, Globalisation, and Sustainable Development. Surya’s recent books include Human Rights Obligations of Business: Beyond the Corporate Responsibility to Respect? (co-edited with David Bilchitz) (Cambridge University Press, 2013); Confronting Capital Punishment in Asia: Human Rights, Politics, Public Opinion and Practices (co-edited with Roger Hood) (Oxford University Press, 2013); and Regulating Corporate Human Rights Violations: Humanizing Business (Routledge, 2012).

Controlling Crime by (Not) Executing People:
Does India Need Capital Punishment?
Prof. Surya Deva


This seminar will examine whether the current practice of administering capital punishment in India serves any deterrent purpose in controlling crime. It will consider this issue with special reference to three sets of crimes: murder, rape, and terrorist attacks. By employing a number of factors (e.g., pitfalls of criminal justice system, arbitrariness in judicial process, politics over disposing mercy petitions, and the practice of selective sporadic executions), an attempt will be made to show that capital punishment in India can hardly be regarded as an effective tool to control crime. India should therefore move towards abolishing capital punishment. While doing so is unlikely to spike the crime rate, an abolitionist India can reap several benefits at the international level. The seminar will conclude by considering a few strategies that should be tried to achieve the goal of abolishing the death penalty in India.


Dr Surya Deva is an Associate Professor at the School of Law of City University of Hong Kong. His primary research interests lie in Business and Human Rights, Corporate Social Responsibility, Indo-Chinese Constitutional Law, International Human Rights, Globalisation, and Sustainable Development. He has published widely in these areas. Surya’s recent books include Human Rights Obligations of Business: Beyond the Corporate Responsibility to Respect? (Co-edited with David Bilchitz) (Cambridge University Press, 2013); Confronting Capital Punishment in Asia: Human Rights, Politics, Public Opinion and Practices (co-edited with Roger Hood) (Oxford University Press, 2013); and Regulating Corporate Human Rights Violations: Humanizing Business (Routledge, 2012). Surya has also prepared two major reports on Access to Justice: Human Rights Abuses Involving Corporations (concerning India and China) for the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Geneva. He is the Founding Faculty Editor of the City University of Hong Kong Law Review, and sits on the Editorial Board of the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights and the Vienna Journal on International Constitutional Law.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:11:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/391-csh-lecture-series-with-dr-surya-deva
CSH Trade Investment and Development Initiative (TIDI) http://www.csh-delhi.com/392-csh-trade-investment-and-development-initiative-tidi

The CSSH continues its initiative by participating to the international conference on Thursday/Friday 21-22 may 2015 organised by 

Jindal Global Law School (JGLS), O.P. Jindal Global University (JGU) & Wolrd Trade Institute (WTI), University of Bern, SWITZERLAND on the subject : 

A stocktaking of India's trade policy: Past, Present and the Future

As a leading player in the multilateral trading system, India’s trade policies exert a significant influence on other World Trade Organization (WTO) members. The 20th Anniversary of the WTO is an opportunity to reflect upon the successes and failures of India’s past trade policies as well as to carry out meaningful course corrections to make them suitable to achieve India’s development aspirations.
Four decades ago, at the peak of the “license raj”, India’s trade to GDP ratio was in single digits, with trade limited to certain essential categories of goods and exports undertaken with the help of export incentive schemes. The above trends have changed markedly in recent years, especially in the immediate aftermath of the economic liberalization campaign undertaken in the early 1990s. India’s once closed economy is now an outward-oriented one, with a trade-to-GDP ratio in excess of 50 percent. With growth in imports and exports, cross-border flows of capital, and accompanying increases in Indian inbound and outbound foreign direct investment, Indian businesses and entrepreneurs generally feel optimistic about the future.

Such developments prompt several important policy questions: What will be the thrust of India’s evolving trade policy? How will Prime Minister Modi’s ‘Make in India’ campaign figure in India’s new trade strategy? What would happen to India's trade profile (and thus the country’s trade strategy) if it satisfactorily tackled its infrastructural bottlenecks? What will be the respective roles of the State and the private sector in devising and implementing the country’s new trade strategy? Does the lack of regional integration at India's doorstep affect the country's ability to compete in world markets?
The joint Jindal Global Law School- World Trade Institute [JGLS-WTI] conference on the theme “A Stocktaking of India’s Trade Policy: Past, Present and Future” seeks to situate India in the pantheon of emerging nations and see how its development prospects and the constraints it carries from the license raj days affect its ability to use trade with a view to overcoming growth bottlenecks and shifting the country's political economy narrative towards more openness and competition and less policy precaution. The conference brings together some of the leading academics, policy makers, diplomats and civil society representatives who have had and continue to have a major role in shaping India’s trade policy. The conference provides a platform to discuss the lessons drawn from past experiences, the challenges currently facing India’s trade policy formulation process and the steps to be taken in aligning the country’s future trade policy to overall development objectives and evolving global realities.

Find the conference programme

The CSH launched its trade, investment and development initiative with a presentation of the book "Fresh Water in International Law" by Prof. Dr. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes (Geneva University), which was followed by a discussion on Tuesday 12 November 2013, at the  Indian Law Institute (ILI).

Hon’ble Justice Madan B.Lokur (Judge, Supreme Court of India),  -Prof. Ved P. Nanda (Professor of Law, University of Denver, U.S.A.), Prof. Dr. Manoj Kumar Sinha, (Director of the India Law Society), and Dr. Leïla Choukroune, (Director of the CSH) participated in this event and gave a number of related presentations.

This first event will soon be followed by a number of lectures or research seminars, which will aim at covering the fast changing landscape of trade, investment and development related issues in India and South Asia in a global and comparative perspective. 
Wed, 20 May 2015 07:09:34 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/392-csh-trade-investment-and-development-initiative-tidi
opportunities-showcase http://www.csh-delhi.com/393-opportunities-showcase The CSH welcomes Senior Researchers, Post-Docs, PhD candidates, Research Assistants and Interns from French, Indian and foreign Universities for short or long term stays. Our main objective is to provide opportunities to researchers and students in terms of research fields access, knowledge sharing and global exposure.  Based on a three pillars approach, this section compiles various CSH opportunities: jobs offers, research grants and scholarships as well as internships.

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 07:37:25 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/393-opportunities-showcase
[Workshop] The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme (MG-NREGS): Understanding the Constraints to Implementation http://www.csh-delhi.com/395-workshop-the-mahatma-gandhi-national-rural-employment-scheme-mg-nregs-understanding-the-constraints-to-implementation The objective of the workshop is to disseminate the findings of a research project undertaken by the Effective States and Inclusive Development (ESID) Research Centre based at the University of Manchester in collaboration with the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), Delhi, on understanding the constraints to the implementation of the NREGS.

The project has examined the factors that determine successful implementation of the NREGS across 8 states in India. The workshop will involve presentations on both qualitative findings and statistics which present differences in state-wise implementation, and within state and outcomes of the MGNREGA, and provide explanations for the reasons behind these variations. The research has taken a political economy perspective to understanding policy implementation. The findings of the research have significant implications for the ability of the scheme to lead to sustained reductions in poverty in India going forward. 

  • 10:00-10:30 Registration and Tea

  • 10:30-11:00 Opening Session
-Welcome to Participants – Dr Leïla Choukroune, Director, Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), New Delhi

-Opening Remarks – Dr N C Saxena, Member, National Advisory Council

-Objectives of the Workshop and Background to the Research Project – Professor Kunal Sen, IDPM, University of Manchester, and Joint Research Director of ESID

  • 11:00-12:45 Explaining Success, Understanding Failure in MGNREGA Implementation: A Presentation of Research Findings 
(Chair: Dr Kiran Bhatty, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi)

-The Role of Capacity and Commitment in MGNREGA Implementation– Dr Deepta Chopra, Institute of Development Studies, UK

-Political Determinants of MGNREGA Implementation in Rajasthan – Dr Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay, Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi

-Local Power Relations and MGNREGA Implementation in Bihar and Gujarat – Dr Indrajit Roy, University of Oxford

-Political Feedback Effects and MGNREGA Implementation in West Bengal –  Subhasish Dey, University of Manchester.

Tea Break of 20 Mins at 1140
Open Discussion from 1140 to 1245

  • 12:45-14:15 Lunch

  • 14:15-16:15 What do the Research Findings Imply for Policy?
(Chair: Dr Anuradha Joshi, Institute of Development Studies, UK)

-Summary of Research Findings – Prof Kunal Sen

-Policy Implications – Dr Deepta Chopra and Dr Himanshu (CSH, and Jawaharlal Nehru University)

-Comments by Dr Mihir Shah, Member, Planning Commission, Govt of India

-Comments from State Representatives

Open Discussion

  • 16:15-17:15 Tea/Snacks
Wed, 15 Jan 2014 10:19:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/395-workshop-the-mahatma-gandhi-national-rural-employment-scheme-mg-nregs-understanding-the-constraints-to-implementation
Showcase-team http://www.csh-delhi.com/396-menu-team The CSH team consists of around 25 people, half of whom are Senior Researchers, Post-Doctoral Researchers, Ph.D. candidates or Research Assistants. In addition, the Centre hosts post-graduate student interns and visiting scholars for short research stays.

This section provides detailed information on the CSH staff members and researchers' profiles, with their latest news and publications.
Mon, 17 Feb 2014 05:31:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/396-menu-team
CSH-Staff-menu http://www.csh-delhi.com/397-test CSH staff is composed of the Director, the Finance team, the Information Systems Administrator, the Scientific Secretary and the Librarian.


Thu, 24 Apr 2014 07:46:15 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/397-test
publications http://www.csh-delhi.com/398-publications Mon, 29 Sep 2014 07:11:52 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/398-publications CSH-researchers-menu http://www.csh-delhi.com/399-csh-researchers-menu In this section you will find all the details of CSH team of Senior Researchers, Post-Doctoral Researchers, Ph.D. candidates and Research Assistants.


Tue, 21 Jan 2014 07:08:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/399-csh-researchers-menu
CSH-Associates-menu http://www.csh-delhi.com/400-csh-associates-menu CSH hosts a network of affiliates working on contemporary India and South Asia. Associates remain based in their departments but work on specific projects or programmes with the Centre.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 07:08:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/400-csh-associates-menu
CSH-Previous members http://www.csh-delhi.com/401-previous-members All the people; staff, researchers, associates; who contributed and worked with the CSH.

Wed, 06 May 2015 10:12:32 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/401-previous-members
Stephanie Leder, University of Cologne http://www.csh-delhi.com/402-stephanie-leder-university-of-cologne " During my research affiliation at CSH, I enjoyed a vibrant environment to conduct social science research and had the opportunity to gain an insight into interesting interdisciplinary projects in India. I had the chance to present preliminary results of my PhD project on Education for Sustainable Development in Indian classroom teaching and truly benefitted from my colleagues’ comments and questions. I especially enjoyed academic events such as a book presentation on fresh water in international law or the reading group meeting, where we discussed citizenship in the margins. I especially thank the director Leïla Choukroune for offering me a research affiliation for two months as well as the warm welcome by all of the CSH staff! "
Tue, 20 May 2014 11:27:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/402-stephanie-leder-university-of-cologne
Professor Carlos Miguel Herrera http://www.csh-delhi.com/403-professor-carlos-miguel-herrera Professor Carlos Miguel Herrera teaches Comparative Constitutional Law and Philosophy of Law at the University of Cergy-Pontoise, France.

He heads the Centre of Philosophy of Law and Political Philosophy (CPJP) and is an honorary Member of the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF).

His fields of specialization include comparative public law, social rights, philosophy of law and the history of political thought.
He has been invited by a large number of leading academic institutions in Europe, Latin America and Asia to deliver a variety of lectures and specialised seminars.  

Prof Herrera is an internationally recognized specialist of Hans Kelsen's theory and of the concept of social rights. 
He has published nine books and  edited 12 other books on Rousseau and the Law, the Methodology of Constitutional HistoryDemocracy and Constitutionalism, and The Weimar Republic notably. His books have been published in several countries and languages, including in France, Brazil, Canada, and Colombia. In addition, he has published more than 100 academic contributions in peer reviewed journals and books.
He is the Editor of the book collection "Nomos & Normes" published by Kimé, Paris.

" At the CSH, I have found the perfect environment to further develop my researches in comparative law. The CSH and its multidisciplinary, welcoming, available and active team provided me with the necessary support to engage in complex projects on India". 

Tue, 20 May 2014 11:27:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/403-professor-carlos-miguel-herrera
Rethinking Urban Land Use Planning in India (Vaidehi Tandel, University of Mumbai) http://www.csh-delhi.com/404-rethinking-urban-land-use-planning-in-india-vaidehi-tandel-university-of-mumbai As part of our Urban Workshop Series, the Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), Delhi invite you to a workshop titled 'Rethinking Urban Land Use Planning in India' (Vaidehi Tandel, University of Mumbai)
Date:               Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

Time:               3.45 p.m.

Venue:            Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021

Planning in Indian cities is under pressure to adapt to the dynamic urban condition but is constrained by the technical and bureaucratic process of master/development plan making. As a result, plans are neither able to adequately meet infrastructure requirements nor address the increasing informalization of shelter and livelihoods in cities. Why don’t Indian cities look like their spatial plans? How does planning respond to informal development? What should be the nature of planning in Indian cities? These are the key questions explored. To illustrate the divergence between spatial plans and actual land use, an empirical study of land use in a suburban area in Mumbai is undertaken and the reasons for this divergence are discussed. We find that master/development plans based on technical principles with micro level detailing are unable to foresee and  adapt to the economic dynamics and spatial restructuring in Mumbai and are partly undermined by “occupancy urbanism” (Benjamin 2008). Finally, we articulate a re-thinking of urban planning in India so that plans are better able to reflect the requirements and needs of the citizens. The presentation is based on a co-authored paper by Vaidehi Tandel along with Abhay Pethe, Ramakrishna Nallathiga, and Sahil Gandhi.


Vaidehi Tandel
is currently a doctoral student at the Department of Economics, University of Mumbai. Her doctoral thesis focuses on the political economy issues in the governance of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. She has published co-authored papers in peer reviewed journals and has co-authored a chapter in a forthcoming book. She also has worked on projects commissioned by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, World Bank, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, and Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Her research interests lie in the areas of New Institutional Economics, Urban Economics, Urban Studies, and Political Economy. She can be reached on

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 12:26:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/404-rethinking-urban-land-use-planning-in-india-vaidehi-tandel-university-of-mumbai
Home http://www.csh-delhi.com/405-home
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Tue, 02 Aug 2016 05:43:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/405-home
Visiting researchers http://www.csh-delhi.com/408-visiting-researchers Fri, 24 Jan 2014 07:09:33 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/408-visiting-researchers An interview with Roland Lardinois by Jules Naudet http://www.csh-delhi.com/409-an-interview-with-roland-lardinois-by-jules-naudet This interview was first published in the 8th newsletter of the CEIAS: http://ceias.ehess.fr/docannexe/file/2763/the_ceias_newsletter_n8.pdf

Interview with
Jules Naudet
1° You began your academic career as a demographer, spent the major portion of your career developing a sociology of Indian studies, then you turned to initiating important research on engineers in India. Despite the apparent diversity of your work, what has been the guiding line of your intellectual career?
Rather than a “guiding line”, I would rather speak in terms of internal and external tensions between the possibilities that came to me at a certain point in time, and the probables that I had to fight for because they were not given. Biographical “accidents”, geographic and social changes, contraried desires, but also encounters and opportunities have contributed to my intellectual path.

When I enrolled at university in Rouen in 1967, I wanted to study history, but for some practical reasons I switched to geography. First I did a BA opting for a major in “tropical geography” as we said then (it was the legacy of Pierre Gourou’s book, Les pays tropicaux [Tropical countries]), and had a minor in history, and later on I wrote an MPhil. Yet, I was intellectually unsatisfied with the discipline (at the time, I would say that tropical geography was the poor man’s ethnography, socially speaking, as in Richard Hoggart’s La Culture du Pauvre [literally “The Culture of the Poor”, in English the original title is different, The Uses of Literacy], and the idea of becoming a professor was not appealing to me. But I had been working since the age of 19 and had to find a profession. In 1974, I obtained my diploma as Expert Demographer from the Institut de Démographie de Paris [Paris Demographic Institute] (two years post-graduation) specializing in Sub-Saharan Africa. At that time, it was a diploma that had a potential for getting professional employment.

Then I did my military service as a demographer in the Central African Republic, working in Bangui with a team which was preparing the first national census of the country. Some years later, I worked for the United Nations in Haute-Volta (present-day Burkina Faso) for nine months where I published the census results in two volumes. I became very interested in anthropology at that time. I read the works of the leading French anthropologists of African Studies who were at the time Eric de Dampierre (who I met at Bangui in 1975), Denise Paulme, Germaine Dieterlin, Geneviève Calmane-Griaule (who is related to Jean-Luc Chambard who I met later, the anthropologist who published this fascinating atlas of Pirpasod, a village in Central India), and Marxist anthropologists such as Claude Meillassoux (who I encountered in India at the beginning of the 1980s), Pierre-Philippe Rey, Emmanuel Terray, and Maurice Godelier who I attended his seminars at the EHESS in the early 1970s. When I moved from Rouen to Paris in order to study demography, I was eager to attend seminars at the EHESS whenever I was free.
In 1973 I had the opportunity to go to India with a group of geography students from the University of Rouen who were doing their fieldwork for their MPhil in the Guntur district of the state of Andhra Pradesh. I was completely drawn to the Indian world and this first visit triggered my strong desire to study this social and cultural universe. After this first contact with village India, I read Louis Dumont’s Homo Hierarchicus which I had heard about during my BA courses (at least geography did allow me to read a few good books!).
In the mid 1970s, back from my military service, I wanted to conduct an ethno-demographic study in Central African Republic under the supervision of Eric de Dampierre (who was the director of the Laboratory for Comparative Ethnology and Sociology at Nanterre University). But it did not materialise. This is the reason why, considering my interest in India, Dampierre introduced me to the anthropologist Olivier Herrenschmidt (who was teaching at Nanterre) and who invited me to the CEIAS seminar. At that time the seminar, which was held on Saturday mornings at the EHESS, was not “open” and we needed to be introduced by a senior scholar to attend it.

Yet, earning a living as a scholar on India seemed difficult for me, for all sorts of reasons. Nonetheless, even though I couldn’t do fieldwork (for which I had neither the means nor the time then), I wrote a PhD in demography taking as subject the 1876-1878 famine in South India. I used secondary sources available mainly in Paris (notably the Indian collection of the Hôtel de Ville Library). With the support of the geographer François Durand-Dastès and the anthropologist Marie-Louise Reiniche I was recruited, while still a doctoral student, as member of the CEIAS. Then, after my PhD, I had the opportunity to obtain a position as contractual researcher at the French Institute of Pondichéry, thanks to the Tamil scholar François Gros who supported my project to study the historical demography of the Tamil population. For four years I lived in Madras (that was not yet called Chennai) and spent all my time in the Tamilnadu State Archives, a rich depository of archives but a really difficult place to work in.
In the 1970s the works of historians, demographers, anthropologists, and sociologists on the family were very influential at the EHESS (Paris). The studies done by Peter Laslett, who co-founded the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, were inspiring for me, as were the works of Jack Goody on the cycles of family development and dowry in Africa, and those of Pierre Bourdieu on family strategies among Bearnais peasants. My articles on the Indian family were influenced by all these scholars.

Then, as I had explained in the postface of L’Invention de l’Inde, my research took another direction that was unexpected. And after having spent twenty-some years in archives in India, in France, and in England, I wanted to return to studies which would open new fields of research on the sociology of contemporary India. The milieu of engineers rapidly struck me as a good entrance point to understand the social changes at hand in India since Independence and even more so for the past fifteen years or so. There is not even one single academic work about these modern professions even though they have been active almost for two centuries in India.
2° Within Indian studies in France, sociology is the poor cousin. Do you feel that this discipline’s place has evolved during your career?
In France, the disciple has an ambivalent history as it was not completely distinct from anthropology. The sociology of caste is divided at least between those two trends: on the one hand anthropologists study kinship or religion while on the other hand sociologists are more interested in issues related to working classes or social mobility. Louis Dumont, who was a student of Marcel Mauss, developed the first line, but proposed a sociological understanding of the caste system in Homo hierarchicus. Yet, I find Dumont at pains when he comes to deal with changes in contemporary India, which was not really his subject. It is true that the sociology of India is underdeveloped in France, and the consequence is that this vacuum has been filled by political scientists and geographers.

French sociologists focus mainly on France, or at most on Europe. The models are rarely set to social and cultural worlds outside Europe. The situation is slowly changing, but I have the feeling that French sociologists are more interested in contemporary China than in India. We must also take into account the high costs of the intellectual investment needed in order to study the sociology of these literate and complex societies, whose social structures and value systems differ entirely from ours (Western).
3° In your book, you demonstrate that Indian studies are structured according to a tension between two poles, on the one hand a scholarly pole (universities, researchers), and on the other, a mundane pole, that you call the prophetic pole or something we could also call worldly (journalists, writers, essayists, clerks). Do you feel that this opposition continues to structure contemporary Indian studies?
Very deliberately, in my book L’Invention de l’Inde, I didn’t want to investigate researchers who were still alive at the time when I was preparing the work, and who were for the most part my colleagues. I contented myself with conducting interviews about the post-year wars, in particular among researchers who were close to Dumont, notably Madeleine Biardeau.
From time to time, I read essays on India written by academics that I would place on the prophetic pole. I am thinking of a little book recently published that once more takes stereotypes on Indian spirituality and misery, cast in a pseudo-lyric Malraux type language, and that aims to confront Gandhian thought with Judaism; needless to say that the result is of staggering intellectual poverty. I fear that this type of literature is an inherent part of the interest that many Westerns have in India. But to answer more precisely your question, investigations should be carried out.
4° In applying the tools of sociology of science and cognition as developed by Pierre Bourdieu, your work has manifested an exhaustive criticism of Dumont’s work. How has this angle of your work been received by your French and foreign colleagues, notably those of the CEIAS, a research center founded by Louis Dumont?
This question would need quite a long elaboration. I never attended even one of Louis Dumont’s seminars. It happens that in the 1970s Dumont’s seminars at the EHESS were held in a room next to that of Pierre Bourdieu’s seminars that I did attend (the seminars took place in a town house located at the rue de Varenne in the 7th arrondissement).
I would say that I encountered both an understanding, a sort of gentle indifference towards the substance, and a violent rejection on the part of certain intellectual heirs of Louis Dumont. Reflexivity and historicisation are terms often uttered, but these principles are rarely put into practice. The social history of scholarship on India in France was largely ignored. On the one hand there was the criticism of Orientalism led by Edward Saïd, a work that has never had an influence on my reflections, and on the other hand a vague history of ideas, for example on the reception of Buddhism in France. No one had really studied the inter-war period (although just brushed upon by Raymond Schwab), a period where Louis Dumont’s work took root. In addition, the university milieu tends to produce a very official, quite institutional, and streamlined history of Orientalist studies.
The question of the denominational factor, in France, is and remains taboo because we are prisoners of the categories of thought stemming from the separation of the State and the Church, a law that aims to relegate religion to the private sphere. And we take this separation for granted (it is closely associated with a strong and old,  quite outdated republicanism). Yet, this has never really occurred in this way: the obituaries, the conflicts and controversies (in book reviews for example) display how the denominational factor is cleaving, not always in the way one could expect. No one pointed out the controversial aspect of the little book written by the English anthropologist Arthur Hocart, Les Castes, prefaced by Marcel Mauss, in which Hocart strongly attacked Bouglé for his anticlericalism but without mentioning his name; you have to know the ideological debate going on in the 1920s-1930s in France in order to understand Hocart and Mauss stands. There is a strong yet widely unconscious censorship that made thinking about these questions historically and sociologically difficult.
5° Some of your colleagues have noticed that you have published and taught relatively little — your major publication L’invention de l’Inde was published late in your career. Why such parsimony in your writing? What are your plans for the beginning of your retirement?

In 1985, after spending four years at the French Institute of Pondicherry I had the opportunity to join the CNRS, which suited me perfectly. If I had wanted to teach, I would have tried to compete for a university position. It is true that so far I have only published one monograph, but that required ten years of research. I have a manuscript in progress on the beginning of Oriental studies in India, and I have also collected a lot of materials on the genesis of sociology in India — I referred to this work in the postface of the English translation of my book Scholars and Prophets. I am certainly quite demanding when it comes to writing. But I often read books or articles that I have been written too hastefully, that have not been thought out completely, and that no one seriously discusses because no one has the time to read; the social conditions of scholarship has changed a lot in the past thirty years.

Meanwhile, I have translated the works of Indian social scientists into French. I have collaborated with Isabelle Kalinowski on the translation of Max Weber’s Hindouisme et Bouddisme, I have edited and annotated two volumes of correspondence written by Sylvain Lévi, with lengthy introductions, and I have just published the letters written by Lévi to his friend and colleague, the sinologist Paul Pelliot. I initiated an international conference on Sylvain Lévi and wrote two articles which required a lot of research, one on his family milieu, the other about his publications in order to understand Lévi’s position in the field of Oriental studies. But the publication of primary sources, which used to be the subject of many thèses secondaires for French historians [when the old thèse d’État was in force, scholar had to write a “secondary thesis”, on a complementary subject], has been overlooked today and it is negatively considered, perceived as an activity of little worth and not personal enough. Yet, this kind of publication is also part of the accumulation of knowledge which is useful for the scholarly milieu.
I am still doing research on Sylvain Lévi. With Catherine Fhima, a historian completing her dissertation on Jewish intellectual networks before WWII, we have published two articles. One deals with Jewish academic sociability at the beginning of 20th century and the other addresses the intellectual and political relationships that Lévi entertained with the East. We are currently preparing the publication of the correspondence between Sylvain Lévi and Marcel Mauss (and partly with Henri Hubert), which highlights Mauss’s training in Sanskrit. Over the past fifteen years I have gathered more than four hundred manuscript letters written by Sylvain Lévi (others are yet to be discovered). I do not intend to publish all of them even though many do merit as much, especially those from the WWI years. These letters should allow us to write Sylvain Lévi’s biography in which we shall explore the intellectual stakes that link his scholarship on India and his political engagements as a Jew.
Finally, I have just spent four years (2010-2013) at the Centre de Sciences Humaines at Delhi where I initiated an Indo-French research project on the history and sociology of Indian engineers. The project, now headed by the historian Vanessa Caru, is financed by the ANR (2014-2016). I have also submitted a two-hundred page report to the Agence pour l’emploi des cadres (APEC) [Association of the Employment of Executives], which is a general survey of the ICT sector in India; it should be published shortly. I intend to carry on my research on the ICT sector and plan to write a book on “The Making of Indian IT Engineers”.
Fri, 24 Jan 2014 09:53:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/409-an-interview-with-roland-lardinois-by-jules-naudet
In-Kind Food Transfers - Impact on Poverty http://www.csh-delhi.com/410-in-kind-food-transfers-impact-on-poverty This paper, in two parts, reports an evaluation of existing in-kind food transfers. Part I outlines the dimensions involved, in terms of reach, transfer content and physical leakages, and deals with the impact of these transfers on poverty as officially measured. Part II reports the impact of these transfers on calorie intakes and also discusses some issues regarding the financial cost of these transfers. Contrary to the view that food self-sufficiency and income growth have reduced the need for direct food interventions, the paper reports a significant increase in contribution of in-kind transfers to both poverty reduction and nutrition. Moreover, much of this increased impact is attributable to improved public distribution system efficiency.

The first part, presented here, was motivated by some issues that arose in the context of the Tendulkar method of estimating poverty as regards its treatment of food prices. This method treats food prices differently from the earlier Lakdawala method and is sensitive to treatment of in-kind food transfers. The paper suggests a decomposition method that modifies the Tendulkar
poverty lines and distinguishes between household out-of-pocket expenditures and transfers received from the PDS and mid-day meals. The poverty reducing impact of these food transfers is found to have increased over time and is more pronounced in the case of distribution-sensitive measures of poverty.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 11:39:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/410-in-kind-food-transfers-impact-on-poverty
Tarangini Sriraman, Postdoctoral Fellow at CSH, published an article in the latest issue of South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (SAMAJ) http://www.csh-delhi.com/412-tarangini-sriraman-postdoctoral-fellow-at-csh-published-an-article-in-the-latest-issue-of-south-asia-multidisciplinary-academic-journal-samaj This paper argues that the various encounters of female slum residents residing in Delhi’s margins with identification documents shape certain instrumental and symbolic forms of knowledge about the city. Urban poor women’s encounters with identity documents produce ‘piecemeal pedagogies’ in


Tue, 28 Jan 2014 08:22:44 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/412-tarangini-sriraman-postdoctoral-fellow-at-csh-published-an-article-in-the-latest-issue-of-south-asia-multidisciplinary-academic-journal-samaj
Christophe Jalil Nordman, Development Economics, Labour, Gender studies http://www.csh-delhi.com/413-christophe-jalil-nordman-development-economics-labour-gender-studies Christophe Jalil Nordman was recently involved in the design and implementation of a World Bank enterprise level survey assessing skills of workers in the formal labour market of Bangladesh. He took and continuous to take part in research projects involving the collection of social network data in West Africa (Senegal, Burkina Faso) and in Vietnam using household surveys. In the framework of the NOPOOR project, of which the CSH is a partner, he participates in activities touching on the issue of the informal sector and social networks, and is a member of the coordinating team, specifically in charge of Work Package 7 (Education and Social Protection to Alleviate Poverty).

Together with a team of DIAL researchers (see below), he recently applied for funding for a comparative research on gender gaps in labour outcomes in Madagascar, Senegal, and India, with the main objective of assessing the role of gender identity norms, preferences and personality traits in these gaps. Over the past forty years, research in the field of labour economics and sociology has contributed to a better understanding of the factors that explain gender gaps at work. In the case of earnings, labour economists have shown that gender differences in human capital endowments – such as education and experience – explain a significant share of the gender gap in labour market outcomes. However, it is difficult to separate empirically the differences that are due to discrimination from differences in unobserved preferences and productive traits. With this in mind, the ambition of the project is to ask two questions: what are the nature and magnitude of barriers to women’s economic empowerment and to closing gender gaps in earnings and productivity? How can these barriers be overcome? The project intends to implement and analyse first hand data from original surveys in order to analyse how gender gaps at work, gender identity norms and non-cognitive factors interact in the different contexts of Senegal, Madagascar and India.

Christophe Jalil Nordman is research fellow at the French Institute of Research for Development (IRD), currently in post at DIAL, an IRD - University Paris-Dauphine research center in the field of development economics in Paris. He is also affiliated to the IZA netwok (Institute for the Study of Labour) as a research fellow. He worked previously in the Department of Educational Studies of the University of Oxford, after receiving a PhD in development economics from University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne in 2002. His research focuses on the functioning of labour markets in developing countries, including the formation of earnings, human and social capital, gender inequalities, the informal sector and household vulnerability, as well as the employment consequences of international mobility. He has served as a consultant for various international organizations including the World Bank, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the OECD and bilateral donors such as the AFD. He teaches regular courses in labour economics for development at the ILO, at the University of Paris East, and methods of impact evaluation of development projects at the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne and in developing countries, especially in West Africa and Vietnam.
Profile online

Tue, 20 May 2014 11:27:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/413-christophe-jalil-nordman-development-economics-labour-gender-studies
Rethinking trade multilateralism / Refonder le multilatéralisme commercial, by Leïla Choukroune http://www.csh-delhi.com/414-refonder-le-multilateralisme-commercial-par-leila-chouckroune

"Rethinking trade multilateralism", Le Monde, Ideas, January 21, 2014.

To access the article: http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2014/01/21/refonder-le-multilateralisme-commercial_4351714_3232.html 

By Leïla Choukroune, director of the CSH, New Delhi and Professor of International Economic Law at the Law Faculty of the University of Maastricht.

Refonder le multilatéralisme commercial
Le Monde, Idées, 21 Janvier 2014.

Pour accéder à l'article : http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2014/01/21/refonder-le-multilateralisme-commercial_4351714_3232.html

Par Leïla Choukroune, directrice du Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), New Delhi et professeur de droit international économique à la faculté de droit de l'Université de Maastricht.]]>
Mon, 05 May 2014 09:03:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/414-refonder-le-multilateralisme-commercial-par-leila-chouckroune
[Round Table] India and Afghanistan Post 2014 http://www.csh-delhi.com/415-round-table-india-and-afghanistan-post-2014
On Thursday 13 February 2014, CSH will host a round-table conference on
INDIA AND AFGHANISTAN POST 2014: AN INDO-FRENCH DIALOGUE. This event will take place in the CSH Library, 2 Aurangzeb Road, New Delhi.

The opening remarks will be made by Dr.Jean-Luc Racine, Vice-President of the Paris-based think tank Asia Centre.

Dr.Radha Kumar, Director General of the Delhi Policy Group and Lt.Gen. Aditya Singh (Retd), Advisor, National Security Programme, Delhi Policy Group
will discuss the major trends related to India’s positioning in Afghanistan.

The roundtable will be chaired by Dr.Leïla Choukroune, Director, Centre de Sciences Humaines

For a brief presentation of the questions that will be explored, click here

We kindly ask you to confirm your participation to the event by email to: xavier.houdoy@csh-delhi.com

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 05:24:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/415-round-table-india-and-afghanistan-post-2014
Mélissa Levaillant, Sciences Po Paris http://www.csh-delhi.com/416-melissa-levaillant-sciences-po-paris Mélissa Levaillant holds an MRes in International Relations from Sciences Po Paris and wrote her dissertation on Indian foreign policy towards Iran. She completed last year an MA at the Department of War Studies at King’s College London, where she focused on insurgencies in South Asia and especially in Sri Lanka. She is currently doing a Phd on the modernisation of India's diplomacy since the end of the Cold War at Science Po, funded by the Ministry of Defence (DGA). She also obtained a research support grant from the Ministry of External Affairs to spend three months at the Centre de Science Humaines in Delhi (October-December 2013). During her stay at the CSH, she conducted about 40 interviews with Indian Foreign Service officers.

Presentation at CSH :

Economic development, liberalization and diplomatic structures of emerging powers

The case of India’s Ministry of External Affairs since 1991

The main preliminary results that have emerged from the interviews conducted in October and November 2013 at the Indian Ministry of External Affairs and with former diplomats. First, she will explain her theoretical framework and her methodology. Second, she will attempt to give a few interpretations that answer her research question: how have socio-economic imperatives of development and the adoption of liberalisation policies affected India’s diplomatic bureaucracy and practices?
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 09:32:23 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/416-melissa-levaillant-sciences-po-paris
Anne Casile, French Institute of Research for Development (IRD) http://www.csh-delhi.com/417-anne-casile-french-institute-of-research-for-development-ird Anne Casile is a research fellow at the French Institute of Research for Development (IRD), affiliated to the Research Unit called PaLoc ("Patrimoines Locaux", IRD/National Museum of Natural History). Her research in Madhya Pradesh focuses on the archaeology of settlements dynamics, land use and water management in medieval times. Her visit at the CSH extended between mid-November and end of December 2013, and was aimed at developing a scientific programme of “water archaeology".]]> Thu, 10 Apr 2014 09:28:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/417-anne-casile-french-institute-of-research-for-development-ird Fabien, PhD candidate at the University of Paris http://www.csh-delhi.com/418-fabien-phd-candidate-at-the-university-of-paris
Fabien has been a Ph-D. candidate at the University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France since December 2012. His research project consists of an ethnographic study of several departments of forensic medicine, in three medical colleges in North India. Institutionally, the activities of the medical staff of these departments, mostly made up of judiciary autopsies, clinical medico-legal examinations and depositions in courts of law as expert witnesses, are situated at the interface between judiciary and scientific spheres.

In the field, he observes, on a day-to-day basis, the process of narrative “emplotment” which drives these medico-legal experts to give an opinion as to the cause of a death or to characterise an injury. This narrative process reveals itself at various stages of the treatment of a postmortem or clinical case: in doctors’ interactions with police officers, with relatives of the deceased or between each other, in their attitudes while working on a case or in the autopsy room, or in the various documents they produce. Through this process, doctors integrate to their understanding of the “history of the case” brought by the police in the inquest papers, a heterogeneous set of elements such as medical findings on a dead body, medical knowledge, sociological representations and moral values, which determine the manner in which they observe a body, to understand their case and to make decisions.

Fabien's research leads him to observe how some judicial categories (such as the manner of death: natural death, suicide, homicide or accident) are articulated through medico-legal reasoning and oral and written productions of forensic experts, who look to anticipate some of the judicial consequences of their choices and actions, whereas the very idea of judicial expertise relies on the independence of the expert from the process of investigation.
Wed, 21 May 2014 07:13:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/418-fabien-phd-candidate-at-the-university-of-paris
Book chapter, « La mobilité sociale entraine-t-elle un affaiblissement des liens avec ses parents ? » by Jules Naudet http://www.csh-delhi.com/419-book-chapter-la-mobilite-sociale-entraine-t-elle-un-affaiblissement-des-liens-avec-ses-parents-by-jules-naudet Jules Naudet: « La mobilité sociale entraine-t-elle un affaiblissement des liens avec ses parents ? » in L’intégration inégale : étude des liens sociaux, dirigé par Serge Paugam, Paris : PUF, février 2014

Abstract : 

A number of factors contribute towards hierarchizing the population throughout a discontinuum pitting two poles against each other: cumulative force of social relations predisposed to a stabilised social integration and the weakening or even rupture of such relations leading to a weaking of protection and denial of recognition.

Abstract : 

Un certain nombres de facteurs contribuent à hiérarchiser la population tout au long d’uncontinuum qui oppose deux pôles : la force cumulative des liens sociaux qui prédispose à une intégration sociale stabilisée et la faiblesse, voire la rupture, de ces liens, provoquant un déficit de protection et un déni de reconnaissance.


Fri, 23 May 2014 10:47:58 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/419-book-chapter-la-mobilite-sociale-entraine-t-elle-un-affaiblissement-des-liens-avec-ses-parents-by-jules-naudet
Laurence Gautier, PhD student in History at the University of Cambridge http://www.csh-delhi.com/420-laurence-gautier-phd-student-in-history-at-the-university-of-cambridge
Laurence Gautier is a PhD student in History at the University of Cambridge. She studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon and holds an MPhil degree in Modern South Asian Studies from Cambridge.

She is currently working on the redefinition of Indian Muslim identities after Partition (1947-1990s), particularly in the context of “Muslim” universities such as Aligarh Muslim University and Jamia Millia Islamia. She is looking at these universities as places of debates - on Urdu as a medium of instruction and as a cultural symbol, on the minority status, on the interpretation of Indian citizenship and secularism, on the place of women in educational institutions - as well as objects of debates and interaction with government authorities, political parties and Muslim organisations. Through this study, she examines the different ways in which Indian Muslims have positioned themselves both as “Indian citizens” and as “Muslims” in the context of the new nation-state. 

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 09:23:39 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/420-laurence-gautier-phd-student-in-history-at-the-university-of-cambridge
Lecture on "Chinese Universalism", by Prof Anne Cheng http://www.csh-delhi.com/421-lecture-on-chinese-universalism-by-prof-anne-cheng Friday 14 March 2014, 10:30am - 01:00pm Location: CSH, 2 Aurangzeb road, DELHI

Chinese universality : from “all under Heaven” to “Greater China”

The advent of the universality of human rights is generally seen as a pure product of the Enlightenment in Europe, which itself represented the “triumph of Reason”; whereas Chinese universality is inseparable from a certain idea of civilization, with a centre shining upon surrounding regions, and upon which the reality of imperial power superimposed itself.

The geographical embodiment of this shining force is what is commonly called the sinicized world, which includes the entire East Asian region surrounding China itself: Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Mongolia and Tibet – cultures which have been influenced by China to different extents and at different moments in history. Conversely, each time China itself was encroached upon, invaded or occupied by “barbarians”, it was always assumed that the latter would end up being transformed, and adopt Chinese civilization. Imperial China thus depicted itself not only as the centre of the world but also as a sort of “civilization-world”, and it was not until the second half of the nineteenth century, under attack from Western powers, that it had to consider itself as being a nation amongst others.
It is the same universality of “China as a world” which, after having been jeopardized by colonial powers (including Japan) at the end of the nineteenth century, is once again becoming a type of nostalgic self-representation and a unifying factor in the predominant ideology of a “Greater China”, and which is now being opposed as a kind of “Chinese universality” against the universality of human rights. 


Née en 1955 à Paris de parents chinois, Anne Cheng a suivi un parcours complet à l’école de la République, nourri d’humanités classiques et européennes, jusqu’à l’Ecole Normale Supérieure, avant de choisir de se consacrer entièrement aux études chinoises. Depuis près de trente ans, elle a mené ses travaux d’enseignement et de recherche sur l’histoire intellectuelle de la Chine, en particulier sur le confucianisme, d’abord dans le cadre du CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifique), puis de l’INALCO (Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales), avant d’être nommée à l’Institut universitaire de France et, tout dernièrement, élue au Collège de France.

Elle est l’auteur notamment d’une traduction en français des Entretiens de Confucius (Seuil, « Points-Sagesses », 1981), d’une étude sur le confucianisme du début de l’ère impériale et d’uneHistoire de la pensée chinoise (Seuil, 1997, rééditée en poche « Points-Essais » en 2002 et déjà traduite en de nombreuses langues). Elle a également dirigé plusieurs ouvrages collectifs dont le plus récent s’intitule La pensée en Chine aujourd’hui (Gallimard, 2007).



Wed, 21 May 2014 12:04:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/421-lecture-on-chinese-universalism-by-prof-anne-cheng
Sofia Péquignot, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales http://www.csh-delhi.com/422-sofia-pequignot-ecole-des-hautes-etudes-en-sciences-sociales

Sofia Péquignot is pursuing her Masters at l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences). She is working on Gujarat’s Siddi ethnic group, also known as Habshis, descendants of Africans who arrived in India – part of the complex African diaspora in the Indian Ocean area.

Specifically, she is working on the theme of "Interactions and social relations between the Siddis and Indian society".

The Siddi diaspora’s spread across the Indian Ocean was spread over centuries. Their history and origins are disparate and they occupied different positions in Indian society. Arriving as traders, slaves soldiers (the list is far from exhaustive), often from East Africa, they played an important role in India’s construction and have at times attained high social status.

However, it seems that the Siddis now occupy a place often comparable to India’s lower castes. Different colonial and post-colonial circumstances lay behind their marginalisation and impoverishment. Most Siddis are Muslims but there are Catholics and Hindus too among them. While constantly adapting to local dominant communities, they have nevertheless held on to some heritages of their African past. Péquignot’s research interests lie in the Siddis’ current interactions among themselves and with the rest of Indian society.

Sofia Péquignot, étudiante en master à l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Elle travaille sur les Siddis au Gujarat : Les Siddis ou Habshis sont des Indiens descendants d'africains arrivés en Inde avec la complexe diaspora africaine dans l'Océan Indien.

Titre : "Interactions et Relations Sociales entre les Siddis et la Société Indienne"

Les Siddis descendent d'une histoire complexe de la diaspora africaine dans l'Océan Indien qui a durée plusieurs siècles. Les Siddis auraient occupé différentes positions dans la société Indienne. Ils ont des histoires et des origines très disparates. Venus comme marchands, esclaves, soldats (cette liste n'est pas exhaustive) et souvent originaires de l’Afrique de l’Est, ils jouèrent un rôle important dans la construction de l'Inde actuelle et ont parfois accédé à des places sociales élevées.

Il semble pourtant que les communautés de Siddis actuelles occupent une place pouvant être comparée à celle des basses castes indiennes. Différentes circonstances coloniales et postcoloniales ont été à l’ origine de leur marginalisation et de leur appauvrissement. De religion musulmane (en majorité) mais aussi Catholique ou Hindou, les Siddis n'ont cessé de s'adapter aux communautés locales dominantes et ont pourtant gardé certains héritages de ce passé Africain. L'intérêt de mes recherches porte sur les interactions actuelles des communautés de Siddis entre elles et avec le reste de la société Indienne.
Wed, 21 May 2014 07:13:02 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/422-sofia-pequignot-ecole-des-hautes-etudes-en-sciences-sociales
"The deployment of clean energy in Delhi in the context of the mistrust of urban society" by Marie-Hélène Zérah and Gautier Kohle http://www.csh-delhi.com/423-the-deployment-of-clean-energy-in-delhi-in-the-context-of-the-mistrust-of-urban-society-by-marie-helene-zerah-and-gautier-kohle The deployment of clean energy in Delhi in the context of the mistrust of urban society.This article focuses on the deployment of clean energy in Delhi and aims to understand how the interactions between technology, society and regulation promote or hinder an energy transition. Our assumption considers that the support or the resistance of urban society to this transition needs to be understood as a conflicting and democratic process toward the construction of new technical and social paradigms. The methodology of the article is based on an analysis of public policies as well as the practices of companies and users related to power sector reform in Delhi. Our analysis shows that the wait-and-see attitude of electricity companies and the resistance of households and even government institutions is explained as much by the lack of clarity of public policies and a desire to maintain low energy prices as it is in the deep diffidence in the legitimacy and competence of the political and bureaucratic elites defining the content of this transition.

Available on in flux 93-94: http://www.cairn.info/revue-flux-2013-3.htm
This paper is a part of the TERMOS research program. 

Fri, 23 May 2014 10:47:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/423-the-deployment-of-clean-energy-in-delhi-in-the-context-of-the-mistrust-of-urban-society-by-marie-helene-zerah-and-gautier-kohle
Small and medium-sized towns in India on the fringes of urban development by Rémi de Bercegol et Shankare Gowda http://www.csh-delhi.com/425-slumdog-non-millionnaires-petites-et-moyennes-villes-indiennes-en-marge-du-developpement-urbain-by-remi-de-bercegol-et-shankare-gowda In India, the dominant theme of megacities and their development has concealed the significance of small and medium-sized towns. Though numerous, these towns have benefited only marginally from reforms introduced since the 1990s and need to be better taken into consideration if they are to escape poverty.

The poverty of the Indian megalopolises’ urban slums was depicted in the film Slumdog Millionaire (2008). The situation in these huge cities, such as Mumbai (Patel and Masselos 2003), Delhi (Dupont et al. 2000) or Kolkata (Chaudhuri 1995), substantiates this portrayal just as much as urban research work on India. However, of the country’s 7,935 urban centres identified in the 2011 census, the vast majority are much smaller in size, with 7,438 of these having fewer than 100,000 inhabitants (and of this figure, 2,774 are new small towns).

Similarly, while 40% of the population is now concentrated in around 40 cities with over a million inhabitants, 40% still continue to live in towns with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants. Furthermore, in the shadow of the “India shining” metropolises, there is another urban India, that of small and medium-sized towns, which, though not so well-known, are nonetheless home to a significant portion of the urban population. These small urban centres, vital to the development of rural areas (Hinderink and Titus 2002), often face extreme poverty [4] (Himanshu 2006). Despite the reforms undertaken since the beginning of the 1990s with the introduction of decentralisation, they continue to severely lack basic public services (Bhagat 2011). This raises the question of the extent to which they are actually taken into consideration by the authorities. Why do these small towns remain on the margins of urban development? How are reforms implemented, and what impact do they have in reality?


Find the complete article published in Métropolitiques on April 18th (and in .pdf at the bottom of this page):


Slumdog non-millionnaires, Petites et moyennes villes indiennes en marge du développement urbain

En Inde, le développement des mégapoles focalise l'attention et tend à masquer l'existence de 
petites et moyennes villes. Ces dernières, très nombreuses, ont peu bénéficié des réformes entreprises depuis les années 1990 et nécessitent d’être mieux prises en compte pour sortir de la pauvreté.

La misère des bidonvilles des mégapoles indiennes a été largement médiatisée par le film Slumdog Millionaire (2008). Ces immenses agglomérations, comme Mumbai (Bombay), Delhi ou Kolkata (Calcutta), cristallisent en effet aussi bien les représentations que les travaux de la recherche urbaine sur l’Inde (Patel et Masselos 2003 ; Dupont et al. 2000 ; Chaudhuri 1995). Pourtant, parmi les 7 935 agglomérations du pays comptabilisées par le recensement de 2011, l’immense majorité a une taille beaucoup plus modeste : 7 438 d’entre elles comptent moins de 100 000 habitants (dont 2 774 nouvelles petites villes).

De même, si 40 % de la population se concentre désormais dans une quarantaine 
d’agglomérations millionnaires, une part égale habite toujours dans ces villes de moins de 100 000 habitants. Aussi, à l’ombre de « l’Inde qui brille » des métropoles, il existe une autre Inde urbaine, celle des villes petites et moyennes, moins connue, mais qui concerne une part notable de la population. Ces petites agglomérations, essentielles au développement des zones rurales (Hinderink et Titus 2002), font face à des situations de grande pauvreté (Himanshu 2006). Elles connaissent d’importants déficits en matière de services publics de base (Bhagat 2011), en dépit de réformes récentes et d’un processus de décentralisation. Se pose donc la question de leur prise en compte par les autorités : pourquoi ces petites villes se retrouvent-elles en marge du développement urbain ? Comment les réformes s’y mettent-elles en place et avec quels effets ?

( ....... )

Fri, 23 May 2014 10:42:41 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/425-slumdog-non-millionnaires-petites-et-moyennes-villes-indiennes-en-marge-du-developpement-urbain-by-remi-de-bercegol-et-shankare-gowda
[Workshop] CSH-CPR on "City-size Distribution in a Quasi-open Economy: The Indian Evidence" by Om Prakash Mathur http://www.csh-delhi.com/426-workshop-csh-cpr-on-city-size-distribution-in-a-quasi-open-economy-the-indian-evidence-by-om-prakash-mathur Date:               Tuesday, 29 April 2014
Time:               3.45 p.m.

Venue:     Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021 

Is city-size distribution sensitive to the nature of the economic system?  Does city-size distribution change when an economy characterized by a command-control mode transits to one which is open or substantially open? The literature discuses two principal forms of city-size distributions: (i) the Zipf’s Law - distributions according to rank-size rule and (ii) the primate city form where one city dominates and attracts much of the development. The former is associated with the relatively developed countries; the latter is a characteristic of developing and small countries. There are numerous examples of the latter where capital cities alone account for 35-50 percent of national GDP.

The presentation will compare the 1991 city-size distributions, when India was in a command-control mode, with the 2011 city-size distributions when India had done away with much of the regulation and control. This is important given that most countries, including India, reveal policy preferences for different sizes of cities. For example, India, in the mid 1970s, undertook the Integrated Development Small and Medium Towns Scheme based on the argument that small/medium cities were handicapped on account of poor infrastructure; and in 2005, it launched the JNNURM which focused on large and capital cities, arguing that these were central to growth. The purpose of this presentation is to suggest that policy preferences for size classes of cities can be “informed exercises”, using strong analytical frameworks.

Om Prakash Mathur, currently with the Institute of Social Sciences, New Delhi, is one of India’s most distinguished urban researchers. He was previously Director, National Institute of Urban Affairs, New Delhi and has held positions with the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, the Planning Commission, Government of India, United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Nagoya, Japan and the Government of Iran. Recently he was a member of the Prime Minister's National Review Committee on Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, the JNNURM Technical Advisory Group, the High-Powered Expert Committee on Urban Infrastructure Investment Requirements and the Advisory Group of Experts on Decentralization (AGRED), of UN-Habitat. He serves on the editorial board of many important journals and has numerous publications. 
Fri, 25 Apr 2014 05:02:37 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/426-workshop-csh-cpr-on-city-size-distribution-in-a-quasi-open-economy-the-indian-evidence-by-om-prakash-mathur
Activity report 2013 / Rapport d'activité 2013 http://www.csh-delhi.com/427-activity-report-2013-rapport-d-activite-2013 Find below the CSH activity report for 2013]]> Fri, 25 Apr 2014 09:33:32 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/427-activity-report-2013-rapport-d-activite-2013 Dr Lion Koenig, South Asia Institute, Department of Political Science, Heidelberg University http://www.csh-delhi.com/428-dr-lion-koenig-south-asia-institute-department-of-political-science-heidelberg-university
Dr. Lion Koenig is a Research Associate at the Department of Political Science, South Asia Institute, and at the Cluster of Excellence ‘Asia and Europe in a Global Context’, both Heidelberg University. He studied Political Science of South Asia and English Philology at Heidelberg and at the University of Edinburgh, UK. In 2013, he was awarded a Ph.D. in Political Science for his dissertation on ‘Cultural Citizenship and the Politics of Censorship in Post-colonial India: Media, Power, and the Making of the Citizen’. His research interests include citizenship, identity politics, cultural nationalism and political iconography in the South Asian context. Dr. Koenig is the co-editor of The Politics of Citizenship, Identity, and the State in South Asia (New Delhi: Samskriti, 2012).He was a Visiting Research Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi, and a Visiting Researcher at the Centre de Sciences Humaines in New Delhi in 2014.


Political iconography, the study of the creation and deployment of images as political tools, is a relatively new field at the interface of the social sciences, art history, and cultural theory. Icons play a crucial role in understanding how the abstract nation-state comes to give itself a concrete shape and presence in the hearts and minds of its citizens, and, in turn, instills a sense of nationhood in the populace. Against this background, this presentation embeds the arguments of cultural theory and art history in a political science framework, in order to explain the construction of national identities. In comparing the French national icon Marianne, and her Indian counterpart Bharat Mata, this lecture traces the conceptual development of the national imagery of the two States, the psycho-history underlying the continuous formative processes and their strategic function as signifiers that reinforce national identity. The conceptual prism of iconisation, it is argued, is what makes the study of processes of cultural negotiation in the visual realm and an exploration of the impact on the formation of national identities possible.
Wed, 21 May 2014 06:54:07 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/428-dr-lion-koenig-south-asia-institute-department-of-political-science-heidelberg-university
Formation, Qualification, Employment A quantitative survey of the IT Industry, by Roland Lardinois (CSH) http://www.csh-delhi.com/429-formation-qualification-employment-a-quantitative-survey-of-the-it-industry-by-roland-lardinois-csh  

The publication is the product of a partnership between Roland Lardinois (CSH) and APEC, with the participation of P. Vignesh Illivarasam (IIT-Delhi).

« Le secteur des technologies de l’information et de la communication en Inde. Éducation, formation et emploi des informaticiens »

Le secteur des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) est devenu, depuis une dizaine d’années, l’image de marque du développement économique de l’Inde et le symbole de l’entrée de ce pays dans l’ère de la postmodernité, celle des réseaux du monde de l’informatique, de l’Internet et de la téléphonie mobile. 

Les milliers d’Engineering Colleges, ces écoles d’ingénieurs visibles partout en ville et dans les campagnes, le développement des quartiers d’affaires et de services dans les grandes métropoles comme Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune ou Delhi avec leur foule d’employés en col blanc, la présence de ces techniciens qualifiés dans les entreprises nord-américaines et européennes, la réussite d’entrepreneurs indiens ou d’origine indienne, notamment aux États-Unis, revenus pour certains investir en Inde dans les TIC, tout cela contribue encore à la renommée de ce succès économique et social. Aussi, les pays du sud observent avec intérêt ce qui est présenté comme un modèle de développement qui pourrait être reproduit dans d’autres contextes nationaux

Complete report below 

Fri, 23 May 2014 11:17:26 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/429-formation-qualification-employment-a-quantitative-survey-of-the-it-industry-by-roland-lardinois-csh
Justifier l'ordre social by Christophe Jaffrelot, Jules Naudet http://www.csh-delhi.com/435-justifier-l-ordre-social-by-christophe-jaffrelot-jules-naudet Ce livre s’appuie sur l’exemple de la caste pour proposer une réflexion sur la façon dont la justification des inégalités et de l’exclusion des membres de minorités s’opère dans différentes sociétés.

Le racisme, la caste, le sexisme assignent des groupes entiers à une position subalterne. Les idéologies qui soutiennent ces discriminations sont différentes et varient selon les pays, mais elles partagent la même caractéristique : elles constituent les fondements d’une structure sociale dans laquelle certains individus seraient par nature inférieurs. En partant de l’exemple de la caste, l’une des formes d’assignation statutaire les plus rigides au monde, cet ouvrage s’efforce de penser la manière dont on justifie et légitime un ordre social inégalitaire. Au-delà, il s’agit de comprendre la distribution inégale des statuts dans les sociétés modernes.

Pour toute information supplémentaire : 


Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:17:24 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/435-justifier-l-ordre-social-by-christophe-jaffrelot-jules-naudet
Grand patron, fils d’ouvrier par Jules Naudet http://www.csh-delhi.com/436-grand-patron-fils-d-ouvrier-par-jules-naudet Fils d’ouvrier, Franck dirige la filiale française d’un des principaux groupes pétroliers internationaux. Grâce à son talent et à une forme de hasard heureux, il a échappé aux déterminismes de son milieu : il est devenu un très grand patron. Dans cette ascension sociale fulgurante, il est resté étranger à la honte des origines. Franck n’a pas non plus adopté les codes du monde auquel il appartient désormais. Son itinéraire offre un autre modèle : celui de la survalorisation des origines populaires comme arme de pouvoir. Charismatique et meneur d’hommes, il peut aussi être un patron d’une extrême dureté.

Franck a laissé le sociologue pénétrer dans son univers de travail et son intimité, mais n’a pas souhaité que son nom soit imprimé.

Pour toutes informations supplémentaires : 

Les articles publiés

"Une heure de peine" 25/08/14

"Les InRocks" 15/08/14
"Libération" 02/07/14
"France inter" 19/06/14

"Raconter la vie": 

"Usine nouvelle" 31/05/14
"France culture" 23/05/14 :

"Non Fiction" 20/05/14 :

"le Monde" 14/05/14: 


Mon, 25 Aug 2014 09:37:49 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/436-grand-patron-fils-d-ouvrier-par-jules-naudet
Prasad Khanolkar PhD, Planning and South Asian Studies University of Toronto http://www.csh-delhi.com/437-prasad-khanolkar-phd-planning-and-south-asian-studies-university-of-toronto Prasad Khanolkar is a PhD student of Planning and South Asian Studies at the University of Toronto, Canada. He holds a degree in architecture from Kamla Raheja Institute for Architecture, Mumbai and a masters in regional planning from Cornell University, NY. He is also a member of Collective Research Initiative Trust (CRIT), Mumbai. He is interested in exploring the relationship between praxis, politics, and aesthetics in urban contexts.
His current doctoral research entails two parts: first, an ethnographic study of different objects, spaces, and practices in a slum locality of Mumbai. And second, constructing literary constellations by contextualizing and re-contextualizing these objects of study within different histories—of the city, of colonialism, of technology, of religion, of capitalism, of planning, of people—through a montage of writing, drawings and photographs. In doing so, he hopes to put forth new theoretical ideas on slums and highlight their relevance for reinventing planning pedagogy for urban contexts in the Global South. 
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 06:37:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/437-prasad-khanolkar-phd-planning-and-south-asian-studies-university-of-toronto
'Aux sources du capitalisme indien' Un entretien avec Claude Markovits par Jules Naudet http://www.csh-delhi.com/438-aux-sources-du-capitalisme-indien-un-entretien-avec-claude-markovits-par-jules-naudet

Référence : http://www.laviedesidees.fr/Aux-sources-du-capitalisme-indien.html

Aujourd’hui la 10e puissance mondiale en termes de valeur nominale du PIB, l’Inde reste largement absente des travaux comparatifs sur les variétés du capitalisme contemporain. L’historien de l’économie Claude Markovits revient ici sur le rôle du colonialisme, de la diaspora ou encore de la caste sur l’évolution de l’industrie et du capitalisme en Inde.

 Claude Markovits est Directeur de Recherche Émérite au CNRS, rattaché au Centre d’Études de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud (École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris). Il est l’auteur de plusieurs ouvrages et articles sur l’histoire économique de l’Inde coloniale. Parmi ses publications : Indian Business and Nationalist Politics 1931-39 : The indigenous capitalist class and the rise of the Congress Party(Cambridge University Press, 1985), The Global World of Indian Merchants c. 1750-1947 : Traders of Sind from Bukhara to Panama(Cambridge University Press, 2 000), Merchants, Traders, Entrepreneurs : Indian Business in the Colonial Era (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).” The Colonised as Global Traders : Indian Trading Networks in the Global Economy”, in C. Dejung, N.P. Petersson (eds), The Foundations of Worldwide Economic Integration : Power, Institutions and Global markets, 1850-1930 (Cambridge University Press, 2013).  

Capitalisme et domination coloniale

La Vie des Idées : Quel a été l’impact de la période coloniale britannique sur le développement de l’industrie et l’expansion du capitalisme après l’indépendance ?

Claude Markovits  : C’est une idée fort répandue en Inde que l’héritage de la période coloniale a pesé lourd sur le développement industriel et l’expansion du capitalisme après l’indépendance. Mais, quand on cherche à définir plus précisément les aspects négatifs de l’héritage colonial, on se heurte à certaines difficultés. La vulgate nationaliste indienne associe la période coloniale à un processus de « désindustrialisation », qui renvoie surtout au déclin de certaines productions artisanales, en particulier dans le textile. Cette question a fait l’objet de nombreux débats dans les années 1980, mais la notion de désindustrialisation a été contestée plus récemment par Tirthankar Roy (Roy, Traditional Industry in the Economy of Colonial India, Cambridge UP, 1999), qui a souligné la résilience de certains secteurs artisanaux. Par ailleurs une assez puissante industrie moderne s’est développée en Inde à partir du milieu du XIXe siècle, d’abord dans le textile, puis dans d’autres branches (sidérurgie avec les usines Tata inaugurées en 1911, cimenteries, sucreries). Bien que les capitaux britanniques aient joué un rôle dominant dans certains secteurs comme l’industrie du jute, c’est le capital indien qui a été le moteur principal de ce processus de développement industriel colonial, et la période 1860-1947 a vu la naissance d’un certain nombre de grands groupes capitalistes, dont les deux plus connus sont Tata et Birla. À l’indépendance donc l’Inde était le seul parmi les pays coloniaux à disposer d’une certaine infrastructure industrielle et d’une classe d’entrepreneurs déjà ancienne.

Cependant cette avance apparente masquait des déséquilibres profonds, dont le poids allait se faire sentir de façon durable. L’Inde restait un pays agraire, et l’archaïsme des structures agraires mises en place pendant la période coloniale constituait un formidable obstacle au développement d’une économie moderne. L’industrie, après des débuts difficiles, s’était largement édifiée à partir de 1918 à l’abri de barrières douanières, et était donc peu compétitive au niveau international. Par ailleurs la plupart des branches avaient une structure fortement oligopolistique, qui faisait obstacle à l’entrée de nouveaux venus. Enfin le secteur industriel était largement aux mains de firmes qui opéraient selon une logique plus financière qu’industrielle, et le secteur bancaire, pour sa part, encore dominé par des intérêts étrangers, n’était pas du tout orienté vers le soutien à l’industrie. Donc la nature même du secteur capitaliste privé qui s’était édifié pendant la période coloniale le rendait peu à même d’enclencher un processus de développement rapide. D’où la nécessité d’une intervention importante de l’État dans l’économie, à laquelle la plupart des capitalistes eux-mêmes s’étaient ralliés, comme en témoigne le « plan de Bombay » (voir ci-dessous) publié par les plus grands d’entre eux en 1944, qui se prononçait pour un modèle d’économie mixte.

La Vie des Idées : Dans quelle mesure les institutions, réseaux et structures du capitalisme indien ont-ils été forgés par le contact prolongé avec le modèle britannique ?

Claude Markovits  : La réponse à cette question ne peut être que nuancée. L’Inde pré-coloniale avait une forte tradition marchande, et se caractérisait par l’existence pluriséculaire de puissants réseaux commerciaux et financiers dont les ramifications s’étendaient d’ailleurs bien au-delà du sous-continent, allant des côtes de l’Afrique orientale jusqu’au détroit de Malacca, sans parler d’une pénétration jusqu’au fin fond de l’Asie Centrale. Ces réseaux utilisaient un instrument de crédit, le hundi, sorte de lettre de change, qui permettait la circulation de fonds sur de très grandes distances, et ils étaient au fait des techniques financières les plus avancées comme la comptabilité en partie double. Cependant on remarquait dans cet univers l’absence d’une lex mercatoria comparable à celle qui s’était développée en Europe. Dans la mesure où les transactions ponctuelles (« spot transactions ») prédominaient, une législation réglementant les contrats ne paraissait pas nécessaire, et les disputes se réglaient en général dans le cadre de guildes fortement auto-régulées.

Dans ce domaine, la principale innovation coloniale fut l’introduction graduelle du droit commercial britannique, en particulier les lois sur les sociétés par actions (« joint-stock companies »). Cependant elle eut des aspects pervers, car le capitalisme indien resta familial, et l’existence d’une entité juridique appelée la « Hindu joint family », qui bénéficiait d’une forte protection légale permettait en fait aux capitalistes, qui étaient en grande majorité Hindous, de s’émanciper largement des stipulations du droit commercial en matière de transmission d’héritage, de faillite, etc. Donc on vit se mettre en place un système hybride dans lequel des firmes familiales purent profiter des innovations institutionnelles introduites par les Britanniques, sans avoir à se soumettre aux obligations de transparence induites par la législation sur les sociétés. Par ailleurs la sphère financière fut réglementée dans le but de limiter l’importance des instruments financiers comme les hundi et de favoriser le développement d’un système bancaire moderne. Ce ne fut qu’un demi-succès, et le système financier « informel », connu maintenant en général sous le terme de hawala, demeure important en Inde, en particulier pour le financement des petites et moyennes entreprises, et pour le transfert des fonds des émigrés de l’étranger vers l’Inde.

Cependant, certaines institutions introduites par les Britanniques ont eu une influence durable sur la structure du capitalisme indien. Je pense en particulier à la « managing agency », un système de gestion qui permettait à quelques individus de gérer de nombreuses sociétés sans posséder nécessairement la majorité du capital, par le biais d’un contrat de gestion qui leur donnait de facto le contrôle de l’entreprise en les dispensant de demander l’avis des actionnaires. Créé au départ en raison du déséquilibre entre le petit nombre de managers britanniques compétents présents en Inde, et le grand nombre de sociétés à gérer, ce système fit l’objet d’une appropriation par les capitalistes indiens, qui l’utilisèrent en particulier pour la gestion des usines textiles à Bombay. Il donna lieu à de nombreux abus, les managers recevant en général une rémunération fixe, indépendante de la performance, ce qui favorisait des formes d’ « asset-stripping », mais il ne fut aboli qu’en 1970. Combiné avec la « joint Hindu family », il favorisa une concentration du capital entre les mains d’opérateurs qui n’étaient pas nécessairement les plus compétents, et pour qui la prospérité des actionnaires était souvent le dernier des soucis. Donc, plutôt que de l’influence d’un « modèle » britannique importé de la métropole, il faudrait parler d’une hybridation entre des formes de capitalisme indigène et des institutions de type britannique adaptées au climat indien des affaires.

Le capitalisme indien dans l’Inde indépendante

La Vie des Idées : Peut-on parler d’un « capitalisme nehruvien » et quelles en seraient les caractéristiques ?

Claude Markovits  : L’expression paraît presque un oxymore, dans la mesure où l’on associe plutôt généralement la figure de Jawaharlal Nehru, premier ministre de l’Inde de 1947 à sa mort en 1964, au développement du « socialisme à l’indienne », qui devint à partir de 1955 la doctrine officielle du Parti du Congrès. Cependant elle n’est pas dépourvue de pertinence, et un auteur comme Charles Bettelheim, dans l’Inde indépendante (Paris, Armand Colin, 1962) n’est pas loin de la reprendre à son compte. Bettelheim insistait en effet sur le fait que, malgré l’adhésion formelle du Congrès à une forme de socialisme, l’Inde était clairement un pays capitaliste. Le capitalisme de l’ère Nehru présentait cependant certaines spécificités par rapport d’une part au capitalisme de l’ère coloniale qui le précédait et d’autre part par rapport aux formes de capitalisme plus libéral qui se développèrent en Inde à partir du début des années 1980. C’était un capitalisme dans lequel l’État jouait un rôle important, mais en conjonction étroite avec un secteur privé resté puissant. Les origines de ce système original remontent à 1938 quand le parti du Congrès a créé un National Planning Committee dans le but de coordonner les politiques économiques des différents gouvernements provinciaux qu’il contrôlait depuis les élections de 1937 (tenues dans le cadre d’une nouvelle constitution coloniale introduite en 1935), et de jeter les bases d’une planification de l’économie d’une future Inde indépendante. Au sein de ce comité, des dirigeants nationalistes, en particulier Nehru, se retrouvaient avec des représentants des principaux groupes capitalistes indiens. Le comité suspendit ses travaux à la fin de 1939 quand les gouvernements congressistes provinciaux démissionnèrent, mais les principaux capitalistes publièrent en 1944 une esquisse de plan, connu sous le nom de « Bombay Plan », qui servit en fait de projet (« blueprint ») pour l’élaboration du premier plan quinquennal indien (1951-55).

Ce plan, aux objectifs de croissance relativement modestes, prévoyait une étroite collaboration entre secteur public et secteur privé, en particulier dans le secteur industriel. Il optait pour une forme de « planification indicative » à la française plutôt qu’une « planification impérative » à la soviétique. Il définissait quelques objectifs généraux en termes de croissance (qui ne furent d’ailleurs pas atteints), mais ne cherchait pas à orienter plus décisivement l’action des agents économiques. Une étape décisive dans l’histoire de la planification indienne fut l’adoption du second plan (1956-60), dont l’inspirateur fut le Professeur P. C. Mahalanobis, directeur de l’Indian Statistical Institute. Cependant, comme Bettelheim le montre dans son livre, la première version (« draft ») de Mahalanobis, qui donnait la priorité, sur le modèle des plans soviétiques, à l’industrie lourde, fut en partie modifié pour inclure des allocations plus importantes aux industries de biens de consommation et au secteur des transports. Ses objectifs étaient nettement plus ambitieux que ceux du premier plan, et, bien qu’ils n’aient pu être entièrement réalisés, la croissance économique de l’Inde s’accéléra nettement au cours de cette période. Les réalisations les plus importantes et les plus spectaculaires concernaient le secteur public avec l’édification, en coopération avec différents pays étrangers, dont l’Union Soviétique, de complexes sidérurgiques et de grands barrages et centrales hydroélectriques.

Cependant le secteur privé connut aussi une expansion non négligeable, bénéficiant en particulier de mesures douanières qui, en 1957, aboutirent à restreindre considérablement l’importation de biens de consommation. Un certain nombre d’importateurs se convertirent alors en industriels. Par ailleurs, même dans le secteur de l’industrie lourde, les Tatas furent en mesure d’accroître la production de leurs installations de Jamshedpur. On se dirigeait donc vers une sorte de division du travail entre secteur privé et secteur public qui était avantageuse pour le premier. L’État prenait en effet largement à sa charge l’investissement dans les industries de base, dont la rentabilité à court terme était faible ou nulle, et fournissait au secteur privé travaillant surtout dans l’industrie des biens de consommation les « inputs » de base à des prix avantageux, permettant à ce dernier de dégager des marges confortables. Ce système connut cependant une crise en 1962 quand l’éclatement du conflit frontalier avec la Chine obligea à réviser les objectifs du troisième plan (1961-65) pour tenir compte des impératifs de la défense. Le système se perpétua largement, après la mort de Nehru, jusqu’à la fin du règne d’Indira Gandhi (1966-1977), mais avec un « gauchissement », dont témoigna en 1969 la nationalisation des banques et des assurances, qui renforça considérablement le poids de l’État dans l’économie aux dépens de celui du secteur privé. En même temps ce dernier était soumis à une réglementation plus stricte : ce fut ce qu’on appelle le « licence permit raj », qui ne fut véritablement démantelé qu’à partir de 1991. Cependant ce système représentait un développement largement postérieur à l’ère Nehru, et le « capitalisme nehruvien » ne doit pas être, comme c’est parfois le cas, confondu avec ces développements ultérieurs de la période Indira Gandhi.

Un capitalisme encastré dans des réseaux familiaux et communautaires

La Vie des Idées : Comment s’organisent les réseaux marchands indiens transnationaux ? Ont-ils été affectés par les transformations de l’économie après l’indépendance ?

Claude Markovits  : L’Inde a été depuis la période médiévale le berceau de réseaux marchands opérant bien au-delà du sous-continent. Formés essentiellement d’originaires d’Inde de l’Ouest, avant tout Gujarati mais aussi Sindhi, mais comprenant aussi des Tamouls ainsi que des Punjabi et des Marwari du Rajasthan, ces réseaux ont connu une importante expansion pendant la période coloniale, surtout en direction de l’Afrique orientale et de l’Asie du sud-est (Birmanie). Ils reposaient sur la circulation d’individus, en grande majorité des hommes, entre des localités situées en Inde, où se trouvaient les sièges des firmes, et des localités à l’étranger, où elles avaient des filiales. Ces firmes avaient en général une structure familiale, mais, si elles atteignaient une certaine dimension, étaient obligées de recruter des employés en dehors du cercle de la famille. Le recrutement se faisait cependant en général localement, souvent dans le cadre d’une caste ou d’une communauté particulière. Ce n’est que rarement que les propriétaires des firmes s’installaient pour de bon à l’étranger, surtout quand des mesures de restriction de l’immigration rendaient plus difficile une circulation régulière entre l’Inde et l’étranger.

Ces réseaux, souvent peu visibles, car leurs membres adoptaient généralement un profil bas, jouaient un certain rôle dans les échanges extérieurs de l’Inde avec l’Afrique, le Moyen-Orient, l’Asie orientale et l’Asie du sud-est, bien que leur part soit difficile à quantifier avec précision. Mais ils avaient souvent aussi une position forte, voire quasi-dominante, dans la vie économique interne de certains territoires coloniaux de l’empire britannique (Ouganda, Kenya, Birmanie). Enfin certains s’étaient taillé une place dans des circuits internationaux sans liens directs avec l’Inde. Ainsi des commerçants sindhi d’Hyderabad (Sind) vendaient-ils des tissus japonais en Afrique occidentale britannique dans les années 1930. Leurs liens avec les capitalistes installés en Inde étaient variables : certains commerçants gujarati d’Ouganda approvisionnaient les usines textiles de Bombay en coton ougandais, et des commerçants tamouls en Asie du Sud-Est achetaient des produits textiles auprès des producteurs artisanaux d’Inde du Sud. Mais, plus généralement, les réseaux transnationaux d’origine indienne étaient relativement indépendants du grand capitalisme indien travaillant avant tout pour le marché domestique. La plupart opéraient dans le cadre impérial britannique et jouaient sur le fait que les Indiens, après 1858, étaient en droit sujets britanniques, même si dans les faits ils se heurtaient, dans de nombreux territoires de l’empire, à des discriminations.

L’indépendance de l’Inde créa pour ces réseaux, formés en partie de musulmans, de sérieux problèmes. Certains de ces musulmans de l’extérieur optèrent pour la nationalité pakistanaise, et ceux, musulmans comme Hindous, qui choisirent la nationalité indienne, ne bénéficièrent guère de ce choix, car l’Inde, sous l’impulsion de Nehru, leur fit savoir très rapidement qu’elle n’entendait pas leur accorder une protection particulière. Ainsi quand la junte militaire birmane prit en 1962 des mesures de nationalisation qui aboutirent à un départ massif de commerçants indiens, New Delhi ne prit aucune mesure pour les aider. Avec la vague des indépendances africaines le gouvernement indien conseilla à ses ressortissants en Afrique d’adopter la nationalité du pays de résidence, un choix qui n’était pas toujours possible, comme en témoigne l’expulsion des « Asians » d’Ouganda par Idi Amin Dada en 1972. L’Inde de Nehru, concentrée sur un développement économique largement auto-centré, ne considérait pas sa diaspora comme une chance, mais plutôt comme un fardeau. C’est seulement avec la libéralisation d’après 1991 que l’Inde a tenté de renouer avec sa diaspora dans l’espoir de renforcer ses liens avec l’économie mondiale.

La Vie des Idées : Quel rôle joue la caste dans le fonctionnement du capitalisme indien ?

Claude Markovits  : C’est là une question délicate et controversée. Une vue répandue du système des castes est qu’il fixe de façon rigide la structure professionnelle. D’après cette théorie, les capitalistes devraient tous appartenir à la caste des bania ou plutôt à différentes sous-castes de cette caste. Dans les faits, outre la présence importante de non-Hindous dans les rangs des capitalistes (Parsis, Jains, musulmans, voire chrétiens), l’adéquation est loin d’être parfaite. Ainsi trouve-t-on d’assez nombreux brahmanes dans les rangs des entrepreneurs, surtout dans le secteur des hautes technologies, et a-t-on assisté récemment à l’apparition de quelques capitalistes issus de rangs des Dalits (ex-intouchables). Cependant, globalement, le monde du grand capital indien reste dominé par des groupes familiaux le plus souvent issus du milieu des castes marchandes hindoues (et jaïnes). Ils sont le plus souvent originaires de quelques régions du sous-continent, avant tout du Gujarat (Gujaratis hindous, jaïns et musulmans) et du Rajasthan (Marwaris hindous et jaïns). Cette prédominance globale des castes marchandes a des racines dans la période pré-coloniale, mais paradoxalement elle a eu tendance à se renforcer pendant la période coloniale.

Les causes en sont complexes. Il y a des raisons avant tout politiques, le fait que les groupes qui combinaient commerce et métier des armes, comme les caravaniers Banjara ou les « ascètes » Gosain ont été victimes de la volonté de l’État colonial d’établir son monopole sur l’usage de la violence armée. Au contraire les castes marchandes non armées (et en particulier les Jaïns, dont la religion est non-violente) se sont vu privilégiées par le nouveau pouvoir, qui leur a confié en particulier l’approvisionnement de ses propres armées. D’autre part la mise en place d’institutions financières modernes essentiellement contrôlées par des Britanniques (banques d’État ou privées) s’est souvent accompagnée d’une politique restrictive en matière d’avances aux capitalistes indigènes, jugés constituer un trop gros risque. Ainsi, pour financer leurs entreprises, les capitalistes indiens ont-ils dû avoir souvent recours à leur réseau de parenté, mais aussi, dans la mesure où ce dernier était insuffisamment efficace, à leur réseau de caste. La caste en est venue parfois à constituer un véritable « resource group », jouant un rôle de substitut à des institutions financières inexistantes ou trop faibles. Le rôle de la caste a pu cependant varier suivant les lieux et les circonstances. Un anthropologue américain, David Rudner, à partir d’une étude portant sur des banquiers tamouls appartenant à la sous-caste des Nattukottai Chettiars (Rudner, Caste and Capitalism in Colonial India, University of California Press, 1994) a conclu à l’existence d’un véritable « capitalisme de caste » chez ces banquiers, opérant surtout en Birmanie, qui utilisaient leurs temples de caste comme des « clearing houses » pour des transactions considérables qui concernaient exclusivement des membres de la caste.

Cependant ce modèle était loin d’être universel, et mes propres travaux sur des réseaux marchands du Sind (Markovits, The Global World of Indian Merchants, Cambridge UP, 2000) voient la localité plutôt que la caste comme le principe de base d’organisation des réseaux. Au-delà de ces études portant sur l’histoire du capitalisme indien, la question qui se pose est celle de savoir si dans la phase néo-libérale actuelle, le rôle de la caste va en diminuant, comme il serait logique qu’il le fasse. Il y a des indications qui vont dans ce sens, comme l’origine assez variée des entrepreneurs du secteur des hautes technologies, mais il est trop tôt pour affirmer qu’il s’agit d’une tendance lourde et irréversible.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 07:18:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/438-aux-sources-du-capitalisme-indien-un-entretien-avec-claude-markovits-par-jules-naudet
Power, Policy and Protest from Loraine Kennedy a former CSSH Senior Researcher and currently CNRS Research Directior, Centre for South Asian Studies (CEIAS), EHESS, Paris http://www.csh-delhi.com/439-power-policy-and-protest-from-loraine-kennedy-a-former-cssh-senior-researcher-and-currently-cnrs-research-directior-centre-for-south-asian-studies-ceias-ehess-paris Power, Policy and Protest  is the outcome of a project coordinated at the CSSH, with a grant from the Ford Foundation. Scientific direction was provided by Loraine Kennedy, posted at CSSH from 2007 to 2009, Rob Jenkins (Hunter College, City University of New York) and Partha Mukhopadhyay (Centre for Policy Research, Delhi).

Power, Policy and Protest in short :

India’s attempt to spur growth, boost exports, and create jobs by establishing Special Economic Zones remains a paradox. While the policy represents an intensification of the country’s increasingly market-oriented development paradigm, implementation has required active government involvement. But an industrialization strategy pioneered in authoritarian China has faced huge political resistance in democratic India. Protest movements arose in many localities where SEZs were proposed. A crucial point of contention has been the alienation of private and community owned land by business interests, abetted by the state.

To date, no systematic study of the politics of India’s SEZ experiment has been undertaken. This volume fills this gap, examining variations in protest movements within and between eleven states where SEZs were proposed. Detailed case studies investigate differences in the nature and extent of SEZ-related political mobilization and the means employed by governments to manage dissent. By covering a broad range of regional contexts, industrial sectors, and political conditions, this volume furnishes a comprehensive picture of the politics surrounding one of India’s most controversial reform measures. 

From "The Hindu" on the 17/06/2014
Thu, 26 Jun 2014 07:30:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/439-power-policy-and-protest-from-loraine-kennedy-a-former-cssh-senior-researcher-and-currently-cnrs-research-directior-centre-for-south-asian-studies-ceias-ehess-paris
Forward and Backward Linkages of Migrants to Slums in Delhi, by Vandana Solanki http://www.csh-delhi.com/442-forward-and-backward-linkages-of-migrants-to-slums-in-delhi-by-vandana-solanki Linkages with the native place as well as integration within the city constitute backward and forward linkages of slum dwellers. Remittances are important part of these linkages. The paper explores the existing linkage and role of remittances of migrants staying in Delhi’s slums within the city and region. It also explores the impact of resettlement on the socio-cultural and economic ties of slum dwellers.


Earlier Migration has been seen as having negative influence on a city (UNICEF 2011). It has been proved later that it affects positively with remittances contributing in both backward and forward linkages. People move to urban areas due to economic opportunities followed by cultural, social, environmental factors (Nair 2011, Singh 1994). Migrants contribute to the development of their place of origin by sending remittances, which diversify risk, increase consumption capacity, provide financial support and knowledge (Dev 2011). The migrants stay largely in slums, which are environmentally unsustainable habitats (Kumar 2006, UNFPA 2007). The present study analyses the linkages between migrants’ place of origin and destination, based on primary survey data of Delhi.


This study has been published in the Indian Journal of Regional Science Vol.XLVI,No.1, 2014.

Complete PDF here
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 07:14:12 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/442-forward-and-backward-linkages-of-migrants-to-slums-in-delhi-by-vandana-solanki
Access to water between urban inequalities and technical constraints - the decentralization of supply in four Uttar Pradesh municipalities http://www.csh-delhi.com/444-access-to-water-between-urban-inequalities-and-technical-constraints-the-decentralization-of-supply-in-four-uttar-pradesh-municipalities By focusing on the case of drinkable water supply in India, this paper intends to shed light on the process of decentralization that has characterized the late 20th century and on the situation of small cities, too often neglected by researchers and public authorities alike. This level of analysis is key, since it concentrates most of the future urbanizing trends, between rural exodus and metropolization. The paper suggests that the subsidiarization of water supply is difficult to implement in small municipalities whose human, technical and financial capacities remain too weak, and whose specificities are not taken into account by water policies. The analysis of four small cities of Uttar Pradesh shows that the social distance between regional engineers and local plumbers, and the constraints related to the building of the technical system contribute to explaining the difficulties of decentralized service.

Complete article will be available soon.
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 09:53:19 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/444-access-to-water-between-urban-inequalities-and-technical-constraints-the-decentralization-of-supply-in-four-uttar-pradesh-municipalities
[Workshop] CSH-CPR Highway Urbanization and Public-Private Cities: Evidence from Highways in the Pune region by Sai Balakrishanan of Rutgers University http://www.csh-delhi.com/445-workshop-csh-cpr-highway-urbanization-and-public-private-cities-evidence-from-highways-in-the-pune-region-by-sai-balakrishanan-of-rutgers-university As part of our Urban Workshop Series, the Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), Delhi, are delighted to invite you to a Workshop on Highway Urbanization and Public-Private Cities: Evidence from Highways in the Pune region by Sai Balakrishanan of Rutgers University.

In 2001, the Indian government launched an ambitious infrastructure development program, comparable in scale to the 19th century railway enterprise of colonial India. These highways are expected to spur the growth of new cities that will be developed as public-private partnerships (PPPs). Proponents see them as catalysts that will kick-start India’s transition to a globally competitive, urban economy; whereas critics argue that they are a variation on the old theme of infrastructure-induced displacement.

The workshop’s focus will be on a cluster of highways in the Pune region – the Pune-Mumbai, Pune-Nashik and Pune-Sholapur highways - that fall within the shadow of the grand Delhi-Mumbai Infrastructure Corridor. These three highways are a comparative natural experiment because new urban developments along them are being implemented as PPPs, but the organizational form of the PPPs varies. The state coercively acquired land along the Pune-Mumbai highway, leading to the widespread displacement of tribal land owners/occupiers. Along the Pune-Sholapur highway, agrarian landowners voluntarily pooled and converted their fragmented agricultural land into urban townships and retained ownership of their land through pro rata shares in shareholding companies. The Pune-Nashik highway also led to no displacements, with bureaucrats mediating the land transactions and allocating the shares of the new urban developments amongst private sector firms, state agencies and agrarian landowners.

The presentation will use the PPPs in Pune highway region as inroads into analyzing India’s new version of infrastructure-led development and its distributional implications. The focus will be on how the specific organizational structure of PPPs insulates certain actors from project risks while exposing others, how the PPPs co-exist with the recent political mobilization of poor and low-caste groups and the deepening of democracy, and how these new public-private urban developments are re-ordering claims to the Indian city.

Sai Balakrishnan is Assistant Professor in International Development at the Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University. Previously, she was a postdoctoral scholar at the Center on Global Legal Transformation, Columbia Law School. Sai has worked as an urban planner in India, the U.S and the U.A.E and as a consultant to the UN-HABITAT, Nairobi. She is a Research Associate at the Land Governance Laboratory, a not-for-profit organization that works on innovative, inclusive land tools. Sai holds a Masters in City Planning from MIT and a PhD in Urban Planning from Harvard.


This is the fifty fifth in a series of Urban Workshops planned by the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), New Delhi and Centre for Policy Research (CPR). These workshops seek to provoke public discussion on issues relating to the development of the city and try to address all its facets including its administration, culture, economy, society and politics. For further information, please contact: Jayani Bonnerjee at jayani.bonnerjee@csh-delhi.com, Partha Mukhopadhyay at partha@cprindia.org or Marie-Hélène Zerah at marie-helene.zerah@ird.fr
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 11:48:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/445-workshop-csh-cpr-highway-urbanization-and-public-private-cities-evidence-from-highways-in-the-pune-region-by-sai-balakrishanan-of-rutgers-university
Veena Kulkarni, Associate Professor at Arkansas State University http://www.csh-delhi.com/447-veena-s-kulkarni-associate-professor-at-arkansas-state-university

Veena S. Kulkarni, Associate Professor at Arkansas State University, holds a PhD in Sociology with specialization in Demography and Development from University of Maryland –College Park, USA. Her research interests lie at the intersections of studying social and economic inequalities with the focus on labor market processes and indicators, health and educational outcomes in the context of developing and developed countries. Her research appears in peer reviewed journals such as Demography, International Migration Review, International Review of Applied Economics, Journal of Developing Areas, Sociological Forum, World Development and as book chapters published by the Sage Publication and Oxford University Press. She is presently working on a book manuscript, ‘Indian Immigrants in Developed Democracies: A Cross-National Study’, to be published by Routledge as part of the ‘Routledge Studies of Diasporic Peoples’.  The book examines the economic outcomes of immigrants from India in the five developed countries of Australia, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States in a comparative perspective.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 07:06:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/447-veena-s-kulkarni-associate-professor-at-arkansas-state-university
Tarangini Sriraman, a petition-like application? Rhetoric and rationing documents in wartime Delhi, 1941–45 http://www.csh-delhi.com/450-tarangini-sriraman-a-petition-like-application-rhetoric-and-rationing-documents-in-wartime-delhi-1941-451 This article looks at rhetorical devices employed by certain classes of claimants in applications for rationed commodities in wartime Delhi in the last decade of colonial rule. In the face of a war-driven colonial frenzy to regulate and constrict all essential and non-essential commodities, rhetoric in application-writing flourished. The covering letters accompanying application forms for rations resembled petitions in their appeals to sovereignty, their affinity to rhetorical parlance, the scope they extended to applicants to exploit colonial structures of bureaucratic authority and their role in shaping the formation of cultural subjectivities. This turn to rhetoric was equally implicit in colonial responses to requests for supplementary rations which were phrased in turgid and caustic prose that drew out the various rationalities of the war and colonial rule while taking cognizance of the encumbrances and cultural imperatives of the everyday. Rhetorical thrusts were not confined to the written requests accompanying the application form. The forms for rationed commodities like motor spirit, electricity, tyres and tubes were themselves peppered with persuasive graphic signs and artifacts that enacted certain relationships between the document and the rule, between intermediate and higher authorities, between applicants and rationed commodities.

The Indian Economic and Social History Review, 51, 3 (2014): 353–382

Mon, 29 Sep 2014 07:09:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/450-tarangini-sriraman-a-petition-like-application-rhetoric-and-rationing-documents-in-wartime-delhi-1941-451
Karine Eliane Peschard, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies http://www.csh-delhi.com/451-karine-eliane-peschard-graduate-institute-of-international-and-development-studies

Karine Peschard
holds a PhD in anthropology from McGill University and was recently a postdoctoral fellow at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Her research interests are centered on social movements, biotechnology, biodiversity and intellectual property rights, with a comparative focus on Brazil and India. She has researched and published on the issue of patents on essential medicines and access to HIV drugs in the Global South and, more recently, on farmers’ rights over genetic resources. Her research appears in the Annual Review of Anthropology, the Canadian Journal of Development Studies and the Journal of Peasant Studies, as well as in a book chapter published by Routledge. Her current research project aims at exploring and documenting contemporary social and legal conflicts over plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in Brazil and India. Her research speaks to the debates over new global legal regimes, dispossession and the changing role of the state, as well as to the emerging discussion on how to apply the open source software model to plant breeding. 

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 07:12:56 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/451-karine-eliane-peschard-graduate-institute-of-international-and-development-studies
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Find below the CSH's Pattrika and the last Activity Reports.
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 12:09:14 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/452-newsletters-reports
News http://www.csh-delhi.com/453-in-the-news


Thu, 08 Oct 2015 05:36:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/453-in-the-news
Research http://www.csh-delhi.com/454-research


Thu, 08 Oct 2015 05:37:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/454-research
Conference / Workshop http://www.csh-delhi.com/455-conference-workshop


Thu, 08 Oct 2015 05:31:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/455-conference-workshop
All of us have closed ourselves into a Cocoon: Self-Segregation and Representations of Poverty by Upper Class Neighborhoods residents in New Delhi By Dr Jules Naudet http://www.csh-delhi.com/456-all-of-us-have-closed-ourselves-into-a-cocoon-self-segregation-and-representations-of-poverty-by-upper-class-neighborhoods-residents-in-new-delhi-by-dr-jules-naudet  South Asian University Faculty of Social Sciences Sociology Seminar Series Monsoon Semester 2014-15

Monday 27 October 2014, 02:30pm - 05:00pm
Location FSI HALL, South Asian University, Akbar Bhawan, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110021

How do the inhabitants of the most privileged neighborhoods of big metropolises see the poor? How do they distance themselves (both physically and symbolically) from them? Can their representations of the urban poor be analyzed as part of traditional or neoliberal repertoires of action and justification? To answer these questions, this paper will be drawing on the Delhi part of a comparative research on upper-class and upper-middle-class residents of the most socially selective areas (both in the inner-cities and in the suburbs) of Paris, São Paulo and New Delhi. The paper will explore the articulation between five themes, whose possible mobilization as subjective reasons for self-segregation has been systematically tested in the interviews. These topics are: (1) insecurity and crime-exposure, (2) hygiene and the risks of contamination, (3) the attachment to a moral order that would need to be protected, (4) the naturalization (or racialization) of poverty, and (5) the various valuations of competition and merit vs. solidarity.
Dr. Jules Naudet studied at Sciences Po. Paris and the Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales. His research has been published in several journals including Contributions to Indian Sociology. His book "Entrer dans l’élite : Parcours de réussite en France, aux Etats-Unis et en Inde" was published in 2012 by the Presses Universitaires de France. He is currently the head of the ‘Politics and Society Division’ at the CSH.
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 10:36:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/456-all-of-us-have-closed-ourselves-into-a-cocoon-self-segregation-and-representations-of-poverty-by-upper-class-neighborhoods-residents-in-new-delhi-by-dr-jules-naudet
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop, Improvement, Redevelopment and Resettlement: Governance of Poverty Alleviation Policies in Contemporary Kolkata by Sarani Khatua http://www.csh-delhi.com/457-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-improvement-redevelopment-and-resettlement-governance-of-poverty-alleviation-policies-in-contemporary-kolkata-by-sarani-khatua Tuesday 28 October 2014, 03:45pm - 05:00pm
Location  Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021 

The last three decades have been significant to urban India. Concern for urban governance involving a number of actors: state and non-state, and addressing different challenges with respect to environment, services and infrastructure, climate etc. dominates India’s urban planning today. Poverty alleviation is one such facet that finds place in most development policies and at the same time has given rise to much debate and controversy.

This presentation will consider components of two recent multidimensional initiatives addressing improvement, resettlement and redevelopment of slums and squatter settlements in Kolkata. They are Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) under the centrally funded Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and Slum Improvement and Resettlement of canal bank dwellers under the Asian Development Bank funded Kolkata Environmental Improvement Project (KEIP, initially CEIP). While slum improvement was aimed to create model slums in some parts of the city through their physical and social improvement, resettlement was provided through provision of housing to the involuntarily displaced canal bank dwellers as per the Resettlement Plan prepared for KEIP. Through BSUP, redevelopment targeted replacement of slums and squatter settlements by multi-storied housing along with provision of basic amenities. These three components implemented almost simultaneously at different locations in the city evoked mixed results. Improvement of slums has been met with peaceful implementation; whereas resettlement and redevelopment have induced protests from the targeted population.

Specific cases of Nonadanga, a resettlement site and Kumartuli, an artisans’ settlement, which were selected for the projects in the last decade, will be explored.  Finally, the presentation will attempt to bring forward larger issues of governance of poverty alleviation in the city and its peripheries in contemporary times.

Sarani Khatua has recently received her PhD in geography from the University of Calcutta, for her dissertation on urban governance and poverty alleviation policies in contemporary Kolkata. She was an ICSSR Doctoral student at the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta (CSSSC). Previously, she has worked at a Kolkata-based NGO where she was engaged in a field based project dealing with policies relevant to poor rural women in areas surrounding the city. She is interested in contemporary urban issues of low income settlements and their relevant policies, politics and processes. She can be reached at saranikhatua@gmail.com
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 10:58:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/457-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-improvement-redevelopment-and-resettlement-governance-of-poverty-alleviation-policies-in-contemporary-kolkata-by-sarani-khatua
[internal seminar] Consumption of Animal Products in Delhi : a socio-anthropological perspective, by Estelle Fourat http://www.csh-delhi.com/458-internal-seminar-consumption-of-animal-products-in-delhi-a-socio-anthropological-perspective-by-estelle-fourat Wednesday 12 November 2014, 03:00pm - 04:00pm
Location CSH Conference room, 2 Aurangzeb road, Delhi
Contact  efourat@gmail.com

Estelle Fourat's phd deals with the consumption of animal products at stake in the so-called food transition. She has conducted fieldwork in Delhi during 8 months and will present first results. Through lens of contemporary representations and narratives she proposes to explain the reasons behind increases anf declines of consumptions, and construct a continuum of edible animal products. She will then examine determinants of food choices and diets, from the inclusion of all meats to the exclusion of dairy products.
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 10:53:58 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/458-internal-seminar-consumption-of-animal-products-in-delhi-a-socio-anthropological-perspective-by-estelle-fourat
[Lecture] State Spatial Rescaling in India: Subnational States and the Politics of Economic Restructuring, by Loraine Kennedy http://www.csh-delhi.com/459-conference-state-spatial-rescaling-in-india-subnational-states-and-the-politics-of-economic-restructuring-by-loraine-kennedy Wednesday 12 November 2014, 05:00pm - 07:00pm
CSH Library, 2 Aurangzeb road, DELHI

State re-scaling is the central concept mobilized in Loraine Kennedy’s new book to interpret the political processes that are producing new economic spaces in India. In the quarter century since economic reforms were introduced, the Indian economy has experienced strong growth accompanied by extensive sectoral and spatial restructuring. The book argues that in this reformed institutional context, where both state spaces and economic geographies are being rescaled, subnational states play an increasingly critical role in coordinating socioeconomic activities.

The core thesis is that the reform process has profoundly reconfigured the Indian state’s rapport with its territory at all spatial scales, and these processes of state spatial rescaling are crucial for comprehending emerging patterns of economic governance and growth. It demonstrates that the outcomes of India’s new policy regime are not only the product of impersonal market forces, but that they are also the result of endogenous political strategies, acting in conjunction with the territorial reorganisation of economic activities at various scales, ranging from local to global. Extensive empirical case material, primarily from field-based research, is used to support the book’s theoretical assertions.

Loraine Kennedy will present the book’s main arguments and elaborate on several case studies that form the empirical basis of her thesis, including the implementation of the SEZ policy in Haryana, the use of spatial engineering instruments in Andhra Pradesh and industrial estate development in Tamil Nadu.


Loraine Kennedy is a CNRS research director at the Centre for South Asian Studies (Centre d’Etudes de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud, CNRS-EHESS) in Paris and Associate Researcher at the CSH, New Delhi. She conducts research on the politics of public policy, using a qualitative political economy approach, with particular attention to subnational scales.

Her current work in India covers three main areas: the linkages between new forms of economic governance and industrial development in relation to state rescaling strategies; the positioning of state governments in relation to the national economic reform agenda, both in discourse and action; the assertion of metropolitan cities as growth engines and the deployment of urban megaprojects as an economic development strategy.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 07:18:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/459-conference-state-spatial-rescaling-in-india-subnational-states-and-the-politics-of-economic-restructuring-by-loraine-kennedy
[Internal seminar] mHealth in the global south : the use of mobile phones in health projects, by Marine Al Dahdah http://www.csh-delhi.com/460-internal-seminar-mhealth-in-the-global-south-the-use-of-mobile-phones-in-health-projects-by-marine-al-dahdah mHealth in the global south : the use of mobile phones in health projects
by Marine Al Dahdah

Thursday 20 November 2014 at 4.30 PM
CSH Conference Room, 2 Aurangzeb road 110011 New Delhi

In 2014, almost seven billion people were mobile phone users, thus propelling mobile phone ahead of all ICTs. From mobile Personal Health Record to confidential clinical data send by SMS, those devices are increasingly used to provide “better" services with less financial and human resources and more implication of health consumers. Among ICTs for health, Internet has been extensively studied whereas the use of mobile technologies for health called mHealth or mobile Health has been less documented so far. This communication offers an overview of this new field. First by assessing the current state of knowledge on mobile health in developing countries, as well as the issues and challenges raised by mobile health. We then focus our discussion on the link between mHealth and Global Health. Finally we’ll present the study of a particular project deployed in West Africa for pregnant women. We propose to focus more specifically on the perceptions of the end-users - health professionals and pregnant women- of this technology as an expression of its effects.

Key words: mobile health ; mHealth ; mobile phone ; ICT ; developing countries.


Marine Al Dahdah is working upon Information and Communication Technologies applied to health in India and in Ghana. Her research mixes sociology of science and technology with sociology of health. She is a PhD student at Paris Descartes, supervised by Annabel Desgrées du Loû (IRD, CEPED) and Cécile Méadel (CSI, Ecole des Mines). She has been teaching upon issues of communication and technology in health at Paris Descartes University.

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 05:39:06 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/460-internal-seminar-mhealth-in-the-global-south-the-use-of-mobile-phones-in-health-projects-by-marine-al-dahdah
[internal seminar] Dengue as a complex system: case studies in Delhi, Bangkok and "artifical cities" http://www.csh-delhi.com/461-internal-seminar-dengue-as-a-complex-system-case-studies-in-delhi-bangkok-and-artifical-cities By Eric Daudé, Somsakun Maneerat, Alexandre Cebeillac and Renaud Misselin

Thursday 11 December 2014, 03:00pm - 06:00pm
CSH conference room

Places, social's functioning and practices influence aspects of health in population groups. Using geographic data of past or ongoing epidemics, spatial analysis methods help to identify socio-environmental processes affecting geographic heterogeneity in health indicators. With the help of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), it is possible to perform territorial diagnostics of health indicators and to follow their progression in a monitoring perspective. When data are partially available or even the processes on health phenomena and population future health statuses are still to be tested and predicted, researchers use models, especially geosimulation. With agent-based models, different populations of agents interact in heterogeneous environments and lead to specific dynamics, according to the scenarios/parameters tested by the researchers. In the same agent-based model different kinds of agents can coexist: human beings, mosquitoes, viruses and spatial units. The transmission of this vector-borne disease involves the mosquito Aedes aegypti as vector, the humans as hosts, the four serotypes of virus (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4) as pathogenic agent and environments that can either constrain or favor the mosquito life and/or the virus transmission cycle. Each of these elements is dynamic and contributes to the epidemic risk. The fluctuations in mosquito populations, the mobility of people, the introduction of a new virus strain and meteorological variations are in interaction and may have an impact on the emergence of the disease in a given place. Local context and past dynamics as well act as important elements of future dynamics. Thus, geosimulation enables investigating the relative weight of the different factors according to multiple scenarios. Furthermore, based on initial conditions which depict observed situations, different possible evolutions of the system can be inferred.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 05:31:43 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/461-internal-seminar-dengue-as-a-complex-system-case-studies-in-delhi-bangkok-and-artifical-cities
[Lecture] Caste in Contemporary India, by Prof Surinder S Jodhka http://www.csh-delhi.com/462-caste-in-contemporary-india-by-prof-surinder-s-jodhka Tuesday 16 December 2014, 05:00pm - 07:00pm
CSH Library 2 Aurangzeb Road

Many in urban India tend to believe that caste would and should have disappeared by now had it not been politicized and used by wily actors in India’s electoral politics. Its institutionalization through the reservation policy, the quotas for Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes, is also cited as the other reason for its continued survival.

Caste in Contemporary India

Against the popular middle-class assumption that the continued presence of caste is a result of incomplete modernization of India’s economy and its cultural values, the book constructs a different trajectory of caste. The institution of caste has seen significant changes, particularly during the past four or five decades. This change has been experienced almost at all levels and almost in all regions of the country, although not following a single evolutionary or linear path of progression.

More importantly, even when the institution of caste and the social and economic structures sustaining it undergo significant changes, caste has not disappeared. Even in regions where the change in social and economic domains of rural life has been quite “radical” and the older order of caste has nearly disintegrated, caste-based divisions and inequalities continue to matter and often overlap with the emergent disparities of the new economy, both rural and urban. The realities of caste in contemporary times are also not exhausted by analyses of electoral politics. Caste matters in multiple ways and in different spheres of social, economic and political life, sometimes visibly, sometimes not so visibly.

The book is an outcome of Prof. Jodhka’s work on caste completed over the past decade and half. Most of this research has been in the form of empirical explorations of contemporary manifestations of caste carried out both in rural as well as in urban settings in northwest India. They represent a specific mode of engaging with the subject, which is different from the manner in which caste was imagined and studied by sociologists/ social anthropologists and other social scientists until the 1970s, or even in the 1980s. However, the book is not only about documenting the empirics of caste in contemporary India, but tries to present a framework that would hopefully help us understand social inequalities in other societies as well.


Surinder S. Jodhkais Professor of Sociology at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He is also an affiliate Senior Fellow at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH), New Delhi. He researches on different dimensions of social inequalities – old and new – and the processes of their reproduction. Empirical focus of his work has been the dynamics of caste and the varied modes of its articulation with the nature of social and economic change in “neo-liberal” India; studies of agrarian social change and contemporary rural India; and the political sociology community identities. His publications include Interrogating India’s Modernity (ed. OUP 2013); Caste: Oxford India Short Introductions (OUP 2012); Village Society (ed. Orient Blackswan 2012); Community and Identities: Contemporary Discourses on Culture and Politics in India (ed. Sage 2001). He is editor of the Routledge India book series on ‘Religion and Citizenship. He is among the first recipients of the ICSSR-Amartya Sen Award for Distinguished Social Scientists, for the year 2012.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 05:56:30 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/462-caste-in-contemporary-india-by-prof-surinder-s-jodhka
TOXI-CITY: an agent-based model for exploring the effects of risk awareness and spatial configuration on the survival rate in the case of industrial accidents http://www.csh-delhi.com/463-toxi-city-an-agent-based-model-for-exploring-the-effects-of-risk-awareness-and-spatial-configuration-on-the-survival-rate-in-the-case-of-industrial-accidents By Paul Salze, Elise Beck, Johnny Douvinet, Marion Amalric, Emmanuel Bonnet, Eric Daudé, Françoise Duraffour et David Sheeren

Industrial accidents are a major risk in many countries. Despite this observation, effective preventive action is not being developed and studies of the behaviours of vulnerable populations remain under-explored. According to safety instructions, residents must take shelter and remain indoors but other behaviours may be observed such as: running away from the affected area, panicking, or following people around. In order to assess the attitudes of people and the effects of local contingencies that could interfere with official advice in the event of a toxic cloud, a specific agent-based model called TOXI-CITY has been developed. The aim of this explorative model is to determine whether a minimum number of well-informed agents (i.e. those who follow the emergency protocol) can save a maximum number of uninformed and impressionable ones. Simulations indicate that the initial number of agents and the spatial configuration of the grid strongly influence final survival rates. A non-linear pattern emerged: survival rates increase when well-informed agent rates are low (below 30%) while increasing the percentage of informed agents (from 70%) seems to improve only slightly the chances of survival.

For the complete publication, see the pdf below or the following article: 
European Journal of Geography (Cybergeo), n°612
DOI : 10.4000/cybergeo.26522
Mon, 01 Dec 2014 11:52:52 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/463-toxi-city-an-agent-based-model-for-exploring-the-effects-of-risk-awareness-and-spatial-configuration-on-the-survival-rate-in-the-case-of-industrial-accidents
Joël Cabalion, Des existences paysannes au fil de l'eau http://www.csh-delhi.com/464-joel-cabalion-des-existences-paysannes-au-fil-de-l-eau Le CSSH a le plaisir de féliciter Joël Cabalion, docteur en sociologie, pour l'obtention des prix suivants pour son mémoire intitulé : 
Des existences paysannes au fil de l'eau 
Le grand barrage Gosikhurd et les déplacements de population au Vidarbha (Inde centrale

Sur la rivière Wainganga en Inde centrale, le barrage de Gosikhurd force le déplacement de 83000 personnes, condamnant 93 villages à disparaitre sous les eaux du réservoir. Cette thèse explique les transformations et ruptures générées par ces déplacements et conduit à intérroger l'émergence tourmentée des nouveaux villages indiens.

Prix Schneider / Aguirre-Basualdo en sciences humaines décerné par la Chancellerie des universités de Paris Décision du Jury le 2 décembre 2014 , page 34
Prix Pierre Massé "Eau et Société" en Sciences Humaines et Sociales  remis par la SHF, Société Hydrotechnique de France) Décision du Jury le 17 septembre 2014

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 10:06:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/464-joel-cabalion-des-existences-paysannes-au-fil-de-l-eau
AJEI, Scholar Workshop, Call for papers http://www.csh-delhi.com/465-ajei-scholar-workshop-call-for-papers
In association with the CSH

The “Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes” (AJEI) is a students’ organization whose members are young researchers coming from various disciplines of the human and social sciences (from master degree to postdoctoral level) and whose area of research is South Asia. Every year, a research seminar in France and a workshop in India bring junior and senior researchers together in order to discuss the topics and papers presented.

The theme of the 17th annual workshop of the AJEI is “Gender: politics, labour, law, development.”
9 - 12 March 2015
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Download the complete document

En partenariat avec le CSH

L'Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes (AJEI) regroupe des étudiants de différents champs disciplinaires des sciences humaines et sociales, du niveau mastère au niveau postdoctoral, ayant pour aire de recherche l’Asie du Sud. Elle organise chaque année un séminaire en France et des ateliers en Inde, rassemblant jeunes chercheurs et chercheurs confirmés, pour discuter des travaux présentés.

Le thème retenu pour l’édition 2015 des ateliers de l’AJEI est « le genre : politique, travail, droit, développement ».
9 - 12 Mars 2015
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Télécharger le document complet

Fri, 12 Dec 2014 13:04:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/465-ajei-scholar-workshop-call-for-papers
Only if daddy says ‘yes’, by Parul Bhandari http://www.csh-delhi.com/466-only-if-daddy-says-yes-by-parul-bhandari This saturday 13th of december, Parul Bhandari, a postdoctoral fellow at CSH, wrote an article in the Indian Express : 


Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (DDLJ), one of Indian cinema’s most iconic movies, has been running uninterrupted at Maratha Mandir in Mumbai for nearly 20 years now. DDLJ’s blockbuster status and cross-generational appeal is as puzzling as it is exciting. The movie’s resonance with the 1990s generation is astounding. The main reason for its success and continued popularity is that it captures the essence of a post-liberalisation generation: economic liberalism within the framework of social conformism. Young India, perhaps, identifies with the juxtaposition of these two narratives of an Indian identity... 

See the complete article : 
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 09:06:21 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/466-only-if-daddy-says-yes-by-parul-bhandari
Book review by Mujibur Rehman on: 'Dalits and Adivasis in India's Business Economy' by Barbara Harriss-White http://www.csh-delhi.com/467-book-review-by-mujibur-rehman-on-dalits-and-adivasis-in-india-s-business-economy-by-barbara-harriss-white

For long, I have realised India’s political economy cannot be explained in conventional sense rooted in Western tradition of analysis of capitalism and socialism. Almost every significant mind of India’s Marxist tradition came from upper caste background, and they failed to realise how pernicious the caste could be; and fell into the trap of class analysis — almost to the extent of not recognising caste at all. Consequently, Marx or Gramsci decisively displaced Ambedkar in the narrative of India’s suffering. In the radical intellectual world, it was more glamorous to be a Marxist than an Ambedkarite; and that romance with Marxism continues. Perhaps, sub-consciously, they became accomplices to what Gopal Guru calls the “silencing of Ambedkar” as much as India’s ruling regimes.

The never-ending debate whether class or caste has more explanatory power that dominated the 20th century remains alive even today. In the post-Mandal era, with the rise of caste-based parties, there is growing evidence that the intellectual wind has been in favour of caste rather than class. Barbara Hariss-White’s path-breaking book, India Working (Cambridge, 2003) shook up the class-inspired tradition of analysis. And it raised a few more questions that inspired further research that led to this book. In a way, it is a rehabilitation of the long-neglected caste factor in India’s political economy. In that sense, it is a pioneering work...

Read the complete article:
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 06:27:46 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/467-book-review-by-mujibur-rehman-on-dalits-and-adivasis-in-india-s-business-economy-by-barbara-harriss-white
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop on "Power to the People? A study of Bangalore’s Urban Taskforces" by Neha Sami of Indian Institute for Human Settlements http://www.csh-delhi.com/468-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-power-to-the-people-a-study-of-bangalore-s-urban-taskforces-by-neha-sami-of-indian-institute-for-human-settlements
Tuesday, 27 January 2015 3.45pm
Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

With economic liberalization, several new actors have emerged in Indian cities. Earlier, actors like international consultants, financial institutions and foreign architects were largely absent from decision-making processes that influenced urban development. Others, like politicians, developers, landowners and civil society groups are reinventing themselves to adapt to and take advantage of a rapidly transforming urban environment.  Building on primary and secondary data collected in India, this paper examines the role that existing and emerging stakeholders play in urban development in post-liberalization India, and the alliances they form to promote a common agenda.  These alliances have their roots in largely informal personal social networks and function mainly on the basis of such connections. This talk will focus on coalitions in Bengaluru, Karnataka in the form of taskforces that were set up by consecutive state governments to advise on urban policy, viz. the Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF) in 1999, that has since been dissolved and the Agenda for Bangalore Infrastructure Development (ABIDe) in 2008. These groups have no formal standing in government and yet have been given considerable power especially in the creation of urban policy that would transform the structure and approach of city government. The argument is that increasingly, it is such coalitions are shaping Indian cities and not the institutional frameworks that have been and are being set up by politicians, corporate leaders and civil society organizations.
Neha Sami is faculty at the Indian Institute for Human Settlements in Bengaluru, India. She studies the urban politics of real estate development and governance in post-liberalization India.  Her previous research focused on the political economy of land and governance under conditions of globalization. She is currently studying industrial corridor development projects between Indian cities like the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor. She is also interested in the politics of implementation of urban environmental plans, particularly climate change action plans, in Indian cities and on questions of environmental governance. She holds a Ph.D. in Urban Planning from the University of Michigan, a Master’s degree in Environmental Management from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai. 
This is the sixtieth in a series of Urban Workshops planned by the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH), New Delhi and Centre for Policy Research (CPR). These workshops seek to provoke public discussion on issues relating to the development of the city and try to address all its facets including its administration, culture, economy, society and politics. For further information, please contact: Jayani Bonnerjee at jayani.bonnerjee@csh-delhi.com, Partha Mukhopadhyay at partha@cprindia.org or Marie-Hélène Zerah at marie-helene.zerah@ird.fr 
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 06:49:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/468-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-power-to-the-people-a-study-of-bangalore-s-urban-taskforces-by-neha-sami-of-indian-institute-for-human-settlements
[National Consultation] Biodiversity and Intellectual Property: Policy Options for Implementing Access and Benefit Sharing in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/469-national-consultation-biodiversity-and-intellectual-property-policy-options-for-implementing-access-and-benefit-sharing-in-india [National Consultation] Biodiversity and Intellectual Property: Policy Options for Implementing Access and Benefit Sharing in India

January 29-30, 2015, National Law University, New Delhi

Organized by: Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway and National Law University, New Delhi

India has been a key player as one of the leaders of the developing world in promoting equitable access and benefit sharing (ABS) mechanisms in international negotiations. India is also among the first countries in the world to have established laws on access and benefit sharing. Owing to the requirement of providing stronger intellectual property under the TRIPs Agreement - more specifically patents related to genetic resources - it remains to be seen how countries can deal with a complex interface between biodiversity and intellectual property rights. This consultation aimed to bring together policy makers, academicians, NGO representatives and legal experts to deliberate on the best policy options for India for implementing access and benefit sharing mechanisms.

Karine Peschard, visiting researcher at the CSH, participated in the consultation, where she gave a talk entitled “Implementing Access and Benefit Sharing: the Brazilian Experience.”

The consultation was organized by the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI), Norway, and the National Law University (NLU), New Delhi as part of an international project on “International Objectives for Adaptation, Access and Benefit-Sharing: Effects on the Management of Plant Genetic Resources in India and Nepal” being conducted by the FNI and SAWTEE (Nepal).
Mon, 02 Feb 2015 05:37:07 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/469-national-consultation-biodiversity-and-intellectual-property-policy-options-for-implementing-access-and-benefit-sharing-in-india
"Lost in transition? Comparing strategies of electricity companies in Delhi"Criqui L and M-H Zérah http://www.csh-delhi.com/470-lost-in-transition-comparing-strategies-of-electricity-companies-in-delhi-criqui-l-and-m-h-zerah Abstract

This paper examines the notion of energy transition when implemented by private utilities. In 2000, the Delhi government privatized electricity distribution to three private distribution companies. Most research was concerned with the impact of privatization on energy reliability, tariff settings and regulation issues. This paper looks at two under-researched themes: the expansion of services to poorer neighborhoods and the rollout of clean energy policies. This focus allows to unpack the materiality of socio-technical systems, to analyze how energy infrastructures are being technically deployed on the ground and to identify which social approach is used. To detail the specific practices of each company provides a more nuanced and accurate understanding of the reform. In-depth analysis of the three private utilities show that they interpret the reform mandate differently: they use a varied range of technical tools; they respond differently to social concerns in poorer neighborhoods; and they have distinctive internal management choices and corporate cultures. All these four factors can strengthen or undermine the transition towards increased access and clean energy.

See more http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421514005758
Mon, 02 Feb 2015 07:12:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/470-lost-in-transition-comparing-strategies-of-electricity-companies-in-delhi-criqui-l-and-m-h-zerah
The CSH co-organizes the Indian Society of International Law (ISIL) 2015 World Congress http://www.csh-delhi.com/471-the-csh-co-organizes-the-indian-society-of-international-law-isil-2015-world-congress
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With Judge Peter Tomka, President of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) as a guest of honour, as well as ICJ Judge Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf and Hon’ble Justice Shri Dalveer Bhandari (ICJ) as key participants, this year’s edition of the ISIL World Congress gathered a very large audience of international law scholars, practitioners and students for a 3 days fascinating discussion.
Building upon its expertise in international trade and investment law and its large network of world experts, the CSH directly contributed to the ISIL congress in putting together a very successful panel on the topical issue of “Judging the State in International Trade and Investment Law”. Conceived by Prof. Leïla Choukroune (Director of the CSH) and chaired by Justice Shri Arjan Kumar Sikri, Supreme Court of India and Mr A. Singh Bhatia, Member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Appellate Body, the CSH trade and investment panel brought together a variety of renown experts in the trade field with notably Pierre Sauvé (WTI, Bern), Prof. Julien Chaisse (Chinese University, Hong Kong), Prof. dr. Prabhash Ranjan (South Asian University), Prof. Denise Prévost (Maastricht University), Dr. Arthur E. Appleton (Appleton Luff) and Anuradha RV (Clarus Law Associates). These extremely rich ISIL – CSH discussions will soon be published in an edited book by Prof. Leïla Choukroune.
The ISIL-CSH trade and investment panel was also the occasion to launch Prof. Leïla Choukroune’s book series, International Law and the Global South, published with Springer.  While focusing on today’s law and international economic law in particular, the series brings together contributions from, or influenced by, other social sciences disciplines. In referring to the “rest of the world”, the book series puts forward new and alternative visions of today’s law from emerging and developing countries and authors who deliberately integrate this perspective into their thinking. The series approach is not only comparative, post-colonial or critical, but also truly universal in the sense that it places a plurality of well-informed visions at its center (http://www.springer.com/series/13447).
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 12:01:22 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/471-the-csh-co-organizes-the-indian-society-of-international-law-isil-2015-world-congress
Launch of Collège de France Lecture Series http://www.csh-delhi.com/472-launch-of-college-de-france-lecture-series
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The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH) and the prestigious Collège de France, one of the leading French international academic institutions, launched the Collège de France Lecture Series. The official series launch took place on 12th January 2015 at the CSH with Professor Philippe Sansonetti. World-renowned scientist in the field of microbiology, Professor at the Pasteur Institute and Chair of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases at the Collège de France, Prof. Sansonetti gave a series of four additional lectures in three Indian cities.

Prof. Gilles Boeuf Chair in Sustainable Development, Environment, Energy and Society will be the next Collège de France invitee (February 2015), then followed by Prof. François Bourguignon, annual Chair in Knowledge against Poverty (April 2015) and Prof. Edouard Bard, Chair in Climate and Ocean Evolution (Fall 2015).

In March 2014, as a first step towards this new initiative, Collège de France Professor Anne Cheng, distinguished specialist of Chinese thought and intellectual history, delivered several talks in various Indian universities including one at CSH on the concept of “Chinese Universalism”.

Under the aegis of the CSH, the Service for Science & Technology and with the support of the French Embassy in India, this conferences series is nurturing a long tradition of scientific partnerships and collaborations between France and India.

Wed, 18 Feb 2015 12:00:19 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/472-launch-of-college-de-france-lecture-series
Social Sciences, Arts and Creation – First CSH Visual Evening http://www.csh-delhi.com/473-social-sciences-arts-and-creation-first-csh-visual-evening
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On 15 January 2015, the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities organized the screening of the award-winning film The Sky Below, directed by Sarah Singh. Shot on both sides of the Indo-Pak border, with a strong local ethos communicated through the music, the language and the people, the film evokes both painful memories and raises powerful issues, linked on the Partition of India and its long-lasting impacts on the subcontinent.

Followed by a discussion with the Director, this first CSH visual evening was also marking the launch ofthe Social Sciences Arts & Creation Research programme. This new programme aims at extending the traditional academic approach of the Centre in using different research tools.]]>
Wed, 18 Feb 2015 11:58:00 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/473-social-sciences-arts-and-creation-first-csh-visual-evening
Bus Porters’ Petition for Aadhaar – A Political Analysis: Tarangini Sriraman http://www.csh-delhi.com/474-bus-porters-petition-for-aadhaar-a-political-analysis-tarangini-sriraman Published in Kafila on February 22, 2015

Barely six years into its introduction, the Aadhaar project, otherwise known as the Unique Identification (UID) project has been studied and critiqued extensively – its promises to strengthen welfare delivery, curb corruption, exorcise ghost beneficiaries from government databases, initiate financial inclusion and enhance intra-governmental coordination have been enthusiastically received in certain corporate and technocratic circles and skeptically, if not scathingly viewed in other academic and journalistic quarters. The liberties this far-advanced project has taken with individuals’ privacy and its failure to acquire a statutory basis (even as enrollment drives continue unabated) have justly attracted severe censure. And until recently, the surreptitiously mandatory nature of the project – where welfare entitlements were linked to the possession of numbers – was cause for alarm. The Supreme Court judgment in 2013 challenging this mandatory linkage between Aadhaar and subsidies/entitlements may have slowed down processes of the number’s proliferation as an exclusive proof....

Read the complete article
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 06:48:55 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/474-bus-porters-petition-for-aadhaar-a-political-analysis-tarangini-sriraman
Forum http://www.csh-delhi.com/475-forum Fri, 20 Mar 2015 09:47:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/475-forum "Emergence, diffusion et déclin d’un réseau de cliniques franchisées en Inde" by Lefebvre, Bertrand http://www.csh-delhi.com/476-emergence-diffusion-et-declin-d-un-reseau-de-cliniques-franchisees-en-inde-by-lefebvre-bertrand Published in Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography, document 710

Le franchisage est devenu une stratégie courante dans le développement de réseaux commerciaux. Alors que la science de la gestion s’est intéressée aux raisons du choix de la franchise par les acteurs économiques, la géographie s’est encore peu intéressée à cette forme particulière de contrôle d’établissements et à ses conséquences sur la diffusion spatiale et l’implantation de ces réseaux. On revient dans cet article sur les raisons qui ont poussé une entreprise indienne à s’appuyer sur le modèle de la franchise pour développer ses cliniques et aux conséquences de ce choix sur la diffusion spatiale de son réseau. Quelles stratégies sont définies pour contrôler un réseau de franchises et tenir compte de l’effet de la distance ? On s’appuie sur des entretiens semi-directifs réalisés auprès des franchisés et des dirigeants du réseau et le développement d’une base de données sur les établissements pour suivre la diffusion spatiale du réseau dans le système urbain indien. Après une première phase de diffusion rapide, le développement du réseau va se ralentir et stagner jusqu’à l’abandon du modèle de la franchise au profit d’une croissance interne.

Franchising has become a common strategy in the development of commercial networks. While management science has long been interested in the reasons for choosing franchising, geography has shown little interest in this particular form of network’s control and its impact on the spatial diffusion of these networks. The present paper analyses the reasons for an Indian company to expand its network of clinics through franchising and the consequences on its spatial distribution. Considering the effect of distance, what strategies are designed to control a network of franchises? Our methodology is based on semi-structured interviews with franchisees and management of the network coupled with the development of a database to study the spatial distribution of the network in India’s urban system. After an initial phase of rapid diffusion, network development was slowed down and later stagnated until the company finally dropped the franchise model for an internal growth model...

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 07:15:17 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/476-emergence-diffusion-et-declin-d-un-reseau-de-cliniques-franchisees-en-inde-by-lefebvre-bertrand
Scientartist http://www.csh-delhi.com/477-scientartist
About Scientartist]]>
Tue, 12 May 2015 06:36:31 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/477-scientartist
Petites villes et décentralisation en Inde http://www.csh-delhi.com/478-petites-villes-et-decentralisation-en-inde Cet ouvrage s’intéresse aux effets des lois de décentralisation de 1992 dans des petites villes en Inde. Étant donné l’échec des précédentes politiques, cette réforme a suscité d’importants espoirs de changement. Mais les effets de cette gestion dans les petites municipalités, essentielles au développement régional, restent encore mal connus. En contribuant à combler cette lacune, ce livre offre une meilleure appréhension d’une partie négligée de l’urbanisation et sera utile pour les étudiants, les chercheurs et les planificateurs travaillant sur les villes du Sud...


Tue, 17 Mar 2015 09:41:56 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/478-petites-villes-et-decentralisation-en-inde
Yves-Marie Rault, Master’s student in Geography at Sciences Po Rennes and Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne http://www.csh-delhi.com/479-yves-marie-rault-master-s-student-in-geography-at-sciences-po-rennes-and-paris-1-pantheon-sorbonne

Yves-Marie Rault is a Master’s student in Development Geography in Sciences Po, Rennes, and Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He studied for a year at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Since then, his interest for Indian contemporary issues never declined: in the Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, New Delhi, he researched on South Asian geopolitical issues; in the Integrated Research and Action for Development, New Delhi, he investigated the urbanization-related problems in India; he is also involved in the production of knowledge on cultural and religious pluralism issues in India within the Pharos Observatory, Paris.

He joined the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities in January 2015 as a visiting researcher, with the purpose of researching on Delhi upper class. He is currently investigating the interactions between place, space and lifestyles through an ethnographic study of consumption sites. He is particularly interested in deciphering the building of a group identity in light of globalization.
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:14:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/479-yves-marie-rault-master-s-student-in-geography-at-sciences-po-rennes-and-paris-1-pantheon-sorbonne
Caste in Contemporary India, by Prof Surinder S Jodhka http://www.csh-delhi.com/481-caste-in-contemporary-india-by-prof-surinder-s-jodhka On the 16th december 2014, The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH) has held  a book launch and conversation by Prof. dr. Surinder on his book: the Caste in Contemporary India

Many in urban India tend to believe that caste would and should have disappeared by now had it not been politicized and used by wily actors in India’s electoral politics. Its institutionalization through the reservation policy, the quotas for Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes, is also cited as the other reason for its continued survival.


Caste in Contemporary India

Against the popular middle-class assumption that the continued presence of caste is a result of incomplete modernization of India’s economy and its cultural values, the book constructs a different trajectory of caste. The institution of caste has seen significant changes, particularly during the past four or five decades. This change has been experienced almost at all levels and almost in all regions of the country, although not following a single evolutionary or linear path of progression.

More importantly, even when the institution of caste and the social and economic structures sustaining it undergo significant changes, caste has not disappeared. Even in regions where the change in social and economic domains of rural life has been quite “radical” and the older order of caste has nearly disintegrated, caste-based divisions and inequalities continue to matter and often overlap with the emergent disparities of the new economy, both rural and urban. The realities of caste in contemporary times are also not exhausted by analyses of electoral politics. Caste matters in multiple ways and in different spheres of social, economic and political life, sometimes visibly, sometimes not so visibly.

The book is an outcome of Prof. Jodhka’s work on caste completed over the past decade and half. Most of this research has been in the form of empirical explorations of contemporary manifestations of caste carried out both in rural as well as in urban settings in northwest India. They represent a specific mode of engaging with the subject, which is different from the manner in which caste was imagined and studied by sociologists/ social anthropologists and other social scientists until the 1970s, or even in the 1980s. However, the book is not only about documenting the empirics of caste in contemporary India, but tries to present a framework that would hopefully help us understand social inequalities in other societies as well.


Surinder S. Jodhkais Professor of Sociology at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He is also an affiliate Senior Fellow at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH), New Delhi. He researches on different dimensions of social inequalities – old and new – and the processes of their reproduction. Empirical focus of his work has been the dynamics of caste and the varied modes of its articulation with the nature of social and economic change in “neo-liberal” India; studies of agrarian social change and contemporary rural India; and the political sociology community identities. His publications include Interrogating India’s Modernity (ed. OUP 2013); Caste: Oxford India Short Introductions (OUP 2012); Village Society (ed. Orient Blackswan 2012); Community and Identities: Contemporary Discourses on Culture and Politics in India (ed. Sage 2001). He is editor of the Routledge India book series on ‘Religion and Citizenship. He is among the first recipients of the ICSSR-Amartya Sen Award for Distinguished Social Scientists, for the year 2012.

Wed, 23 Sep 2015 10:17:04 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/481-caste-in-contemporary-india-by-prof-surinder-s-jodhka
Feminism, Poetry, Social Sciences and Humanities http://www.csh-delhi.com/482-feminism-poetry-social-sciences-and-humanities On the 3 of march, The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH) has held  a conversation by Prof. dr. Sukrita Paul Kumar with Dr. Virginie Dutoya on "Feminism, Poetry, Social Sciences and Humanities" 

Filmed by Chandra Mohan

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Photos by Tarun Patel 

In the eve of the 2015 International Women’s Day, the CSH is launching a series of social sciences discussions on feminism and gender and the many ways these issues can be approached by a variety of disciplines.
Prof. dr. Sukrita Paul Kumar, an academic and well-known poet and critic,has kindly accepted to open our series by sharing her poems, paintings, reflections and personal research work at the crossroad between social sciences and art.


Sukrita Paul Kumar, born in Kenya, is a poet and critic who currently holds the Aruna Asaf Ali Chair at Delhi University. Formerly, a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, she was an invited poet and also is an Honorary Fellow of the International Writing Programme, University of Iowa (USA), as also of Hong Kong Baptist University. She has been a recipient of many prestigious fellowships and residencies.
Amongst many others, her critical books include Narrating Partition and The New Story. She has published many collections of poems, some of which are Dream CatcherPoems Come Home (with Hindustani translations of her poems by Gulzar) and Without Margins. Her edited/co-edited books include Speaking for Herself: Asian Women’s Writings (Penguin) and Ismat: Her Life, Her Times. A known translator and an artist, she has also been a guest editor of some important journals such as Manoa of the University of Hawaii.
V.Dutoya Virginie Dutoya holds a PhD in political science from Sciences Po Paris. She joined the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) as a research fellow in 2014 and she is posted at the Centre Emile Durkheim in Bordeaux. Her current research interests include women's political representation and participation in India and Pakistan, feminist and LGBT politics in these countries, focusing on the effects of globalization and transnational circulations of concepts, tools and funding.


Wed, 06 May 2015 09:41:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/482-feminism-poetry-social-sciences-and-humanities
Agrimonde-Scenarios and Challenges for Feeding the World in 2050 http://www.csh-delhi.com/483-agrimonde-scenarios-and-challenges-for-feeding-the-world-in-2050

How will the world be able to feed close to 9 billion people in 2050 and still maintain the ecosystems? In this perspective, INRA and CIRAD launched the initiative, in 2006, to develop a foresight project for analysing issues pertaining to the world's food and agricultural systems on the 2050 timeline. This book provides a synthetic presentation of the main conclusions that this foresight project has yielded. First, it recapitulates the main statistical references for the period 1961 to 2003...


Tue, 17 Mar 2015 09:48:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/483-agrimonde-scenarios-and-challenges-for-feeding-the-world-in-2050
Scientartist-Login http://www.csh-delhi.com/484-scientartist-login Welcome in the Scientartist section: 

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Mon, 06 Apr 2015 09:01:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/484-scientartist-login
Scientartist-Presentation http://www.csh-delhi.com/485-scientartist-presentation Fri, 20 Mar 2015 08:16:48 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/485-scientartist-presentation Scientist http://www.csh-delhi.com/486-article
Scientist List]]>
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 10:43:58 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/486-article
Artist http://www.csh-delhi.com/487-artist

Wed, 08 Apr 2015 10:44:11 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/487-artist
The Non-Utilitarian Foundations of General Social Theory - International Symposium of Cerisy, May 2015 http://www.csh-delhi.com/488-the-non-utilitarian-foundations-of-general-social-theory-international-symposium-of-cerisy-may-2015 Frederic Vandenberghe, visiting researcher at CSH, together with Alain Caillé, Philippe Chanial and Stéphane Dufoix is organising a prestigious international symposium on the non-utilitarian foundations of general social theory. The symposium will take place from the 16th to the 23rd of May 2015 at the Centre Culturel international de Cérisy-la-Salle, in Normandy, France.

The venue of the event’s reputation - the castle of Cérisy-la-Salle- is well-known for the epochal debates it has historically hosted around the work of Heidegger, Barthes, Habermas, Derrida among others (see http://www.ccic-cerisy.asso.fr.) We are confident that this event will be exciting, significant, and pleasurable.
We recommend all the participants to stay at Cérisy for the whole week. This will enhance the quality of the debate and the conviviality among the participants.
The flyer can be downloaded from the following address:
The full programme with abstracts can be found here:
The working languages of the conferences are French and English. People who would like to attend the conference will find the necessary information on the flyer. Please circulate this announcement to your lists.
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 09:10:27 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/488-the-non-utilitarian-foundations-of-general-social-theory-international-symposium-of-cerisy-may-2015
[Book launch] "The Globalization of Inequality", by Prof François Bourguignon http://www.csh-delhi.com/492-book-launch-the-globalization-of-inequality-by-prof-francois-bourguignon “The Globalisation of Inequality

by Professor François Bourguignon, Collège de France

Book launch


23 April 2015 5:00 PM


In The Globalisation of Inequality, distinguished economist and policymaker François Bourguignon examines the complex and paradoxical links between a vibrant world economy that has raised the living standard of over half a billion people in merging nations such as China, India, and Brazil, and the exponentially increasing inequality within countries. Exploring globalisation’s role in the evolution of inequality, Bourguignon takes an original and truly international approach to the decrease in inequality between nations, the increase in inequality within nations, and the policies that might moderate inequality’s negative effects.

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François Bourguignon holds the Chair in Knowledge Against Poverty (2013-2014) at Collège de France, Paris. He is Emeritus Professor of economics at the Paris School of Economics. He has been the Director of the Paris School from 2007 to 2013. Before that he was the Chief Economist and Senior Vice-President of the World Bank in Washington.  He spent the rest of his career as a Professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. He is a specialist in public economic policy, income distribution and inequality, and economic development and has authored a large number of academic papers and books. He is also active in the international development community, lecturing and advising leading international agencies as well as foreign governments.



The Collège de France Lecture Series

Collège de France, Paris, is committed to fundamental research and it teaches "knowledge in the making in every field of literature, science and the arts. Presently chaired by Serge Haroche, French Nobel Prize 2012 in Physics, the 500 years old French institution, had Henry Bergson, Michel Foucault, Claude Lévi-Strauss among its professors.

You can watch most of the lectures online by visiting: www.college-de-france.fr
The Collège de France Lecture Series were inaugurated on 12 January 2015 at the Center for Social Sciences & Humanities in Delhi, in presence of Professor Philippe J. Sansonetti, Chair of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases at Collège de France, Professor at the Pasteur Institute and world-renowned scientist in the field of microbiology. These Lectures fall within the long tradition of scientific collaboration between France and India, and aims to strengthen this collaboration by generating new projects and budding new research partnerships. Every year, until 2017, three to four Professors from this prestigious French institution will come to India and deliver lectures in renowned universities and institutes all over the country.

Tue, 05 May 2015 09:25:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/492-book-launch-the-globalization-of-inequality-by-prof-francois-bourguignon
The Journal of the Indian Ocean Region (JIOR) - Call for Papers http://www.csh-delhi.com/493-the-journal-of-the-indian-ocean-region-jior-call-for-papers The Journal of the Indian Ocean Region (JIOR) is making a call for papers for a special issue focusing primarily on India, its growing role in the region and how it is influencing changing dynamics in the region. The issue is planned for publication in December 2016.

Please find the Call for Papers here

Thu, 07 May 2015 11:19:50 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/493-the-journal-of-the-indian-ocean-region-jior-call-for-papers
Activity Report 2014 / Rapport d'activité 2014 http://www.csh-delhi.com/494-activity-report-2014-rapport-d-activite-2014 Find below the CSH activity report for 2014

RA 2014 CSH]]>
Thu, 07 May 2015 11:44:59 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/494-activity-report-2014-rapport-d-activite-2014
Home, Belonging and Identity: The Chinese Community in India http://www.csh-delhi.com/496-home-belonging-and-identity-the-chinese-community-in-india The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH) is delighted to invite you to a discussion


Dr. Jayani Bonnerjee, Dr. Rita Chowdhury & Vidura Jang Bahadur


Home, Belonging and Identity: The Chinese Community in India

Home, Belonging and Identity_cover

Followed by a conversation moderated by

Prof.dr. Leïla Choukroune

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Ideas of home encompass a broad range of concerns and emotions, particularly for a minority diaspora such as the Chinese community in India. Revolving around issues of belonging, citizenship and claims to a unique identity of its own, the notion of home also raises questions on how to represent and tell the story of this community.


This discussion will forge a conversation between existing academic, artistic and literary work on the Indian Chinese community to explore different modes of representation and narration focusing on the idea of home. Each presenter will reflect on their work on the community and the challenges associated with their respective modes of representation. The event will include oral history narratives, exhibition of photographs, clips from a documentary and book-reading.

Dr. Jayani Bonnerjee

Jayani is a cultural geographer, interested in postcolonial urbanism in South Asia and critical geographies of diaspora. She completed her PhD (Geography) from Queen Mary, University of London, focusing on Calcutta’s Chinese and Anglo-Indian communities. Her thesis engaged with everyday lived spaces of these two communities through a focus on ideas of home, identity, belonging, cosmopolitanism and nostalgia.

Dr. Rita Chowdhury

Dr. Rita Chowdhury is a well-known Assamese poet and novelist. She won the prestigious Sahitya Akademi Award for her novel Deo Langkhui (2005) (The Divine Sword). Her recent novel Makam (2010) creates history by being ten-edition-old within a year. Makam took up the story of the Assamese-Chinese, who were arrested, interned and deported by the Indian state during the 1962 Sino-Indian war – a momentous part of war strangely never touched by any scholar. Both these books are being translated into quite a few languages including English; Makam will be shortly published in English by  Zubaan.

Rita is also senior lecturer in Political Science at Cotton College, Guwahati. She has previously participated actively in politics by joining the ASOM JATIYATABADI YUVA CHATRA PARISHAD (AJYCP), the torchbearer of the Assam Movement, at the age of eighteen. It was a crucial juncture in the transitional demographic and cultural history of Assam. As one of the women pioneers of this movement, she left home, reached each and every corner of Assam to organize the village folk despite many arrest warrants over her head. She was jailed thrice, twice in Guwahati, once in Dibrugarh jail at the age of 21.

Vidura Jang Bahadur

Born in 1975, in Lusaka, Zambia, Vidura Jang Bahadur studied at St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, and went on to receive his Master’s degree in Mass Communication from MCRC at Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi. Following his graduation, Vidura spent three years traveling in China, where he taught English, studied Chinese and explored telling stories using photography. Through his work, Bahadur tries to create a better understanding of communities and individuals. His recent projects include a series of photographs that focus on the Chinese community in India.
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 06:42:37 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/496-home-belonging-and-identity-the-chinese-community-in-india
From Rights to Adjudication and Beyond: Legal Anthropology Perspectives on Contemporary India http://www.csh-delhi.com/497-from-rights-to-adjudication-and-beyond-legal-anthropology-perspectives-on-contemporary-india On the 16th April 2015, The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH) has held  a conversation by Kriti Kapila on From Rights to Adjudication and Beyond: Legal Anthropology Perspectives and Contemporary India. She is Lecturer in Anthropolgy and Law at the India Institute, King’s College London. Her main research interests lie in understanding the public life of the culture-concept - in popular politics, law and public policy.  She has written extensively on the pol.....


]]> Wed, 27 May 2015 09:58:36 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/497-from-rights-to-adjudication-and-beyond-legal-anthropology-perspectives-on-contemporary-india Internal Agenda http://www.csh-delhi.com/498-internal-agenda
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Tue, 19 May 2015 05:45:30 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/498-internal-agenda
Emopolis : "Emotions and Political Mobilizations in the Indian Subcontinent" http://www.csh-delhi.com/499-emopolis-emotions-and-political-mobilizations-in-the-indian-subcontinent For the first time, a collective research project based at the CEIAS, ‘Emotions and Political Mobilizations in the Indian Subcontinent’ (EMOPOLIS), held its midterm workshop at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSSH) in New Delhi on February 26-27, 2015; this marks the beginning of a new phase of institutional collaboration between both centres.

EMOPOLIS was launched in late 2012 thanks to a grant from Emergence(s), the City of Paris’ support program for fundamental research. This three-year interdisciplinary and international program is co-directed by Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal (CEIAS) and Amélie Blom (Sciences Po). EMOPOLIS is an experimental project that explores the different ways in which emotions inform social and political mobilizations in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. It began with the realization that South Asia has been largely left out of the social sciences’ renewed interest in the role of emotions in social movements and in the public sphere more generally.

In form as well as in content, the mid-term workshop was an important milestone in EMOPOLIS’ development. The 16 team members (researchers in Political Science, Sociology, Anthropology, History, and Cultural Studies, based in France, Germany, India, Pakistan, Singapore, Brazil and the US) shared the preliminary results of their fieldwork with Delhi-based colleagues form a variety of institutions (Delhi University, Ambedkar University Delhi, Ashoka University, The Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, The Indian Institute of Technology, The Institute of Economic Growth, Jamia Millia Islamia). True to the spirit of the project, the workshop was diverse and experimental in the kinds of approaches it brought together. By exploring emotions and mobilizations in conjunction in a variety of case studies, the discussion contributed to a better understanding of the universal and culture-dependent dimensions of the emotional dynamics of collective action, while delivering new insights on South Asian political protest culture as well. The next step for the EMOPOLIS program will be a concluding conference set to take place in Paris, at the CEIAS, in February 2016. 

Fri, 22 May 2015 12:22:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/499-emopolis-emotions-and-political-mobilizations-in-the-indian-subcontinent
Urban inequality rising far more in India: François Bourguignon http://www.csh-delhi.com/500-urban-inequality-rising-far-more-in-india-francois-bourguignon Published in LiveMint on friday 22/05/2015, interview of François Bourguignon on growing inequality and the challenges it poses

François Bourguignon, emeritus professor of economics at the Paris School of Economics, is one of the foremost experts on inequality—something that has become a talking point thanks to the seminal book by Thomas Piketty, coincidentally a colleague of Bourguignon. The former chief economist of the World Bank has just published his own tome—Globalization of Inequality.

The professor, who was in Delhi recently, spoke to Mint on the growing challenges of inequality, both in developing and developed countries.
Edited excerpts:

Why is there a renewed interest in inequality worldwide, both among intellectuals and politicians? Globally, it seems to have taken wing.

This is because inequality has increased over the last 15-20 years in several countries; not just in the US but throughout the developed world. At the same time, the growth rate of those economies is slowing down. There may be no correlation between the two (trends), but the fact is that people feel the impact of inequality in economies that are growing very slowly. Consequently, inequality becomes less easy to bear than if the economy was booming.
If you look at the US—actually quite intriguing—especially the last 30-40 years, you observe that despite an average growth of the economy of about 1-1.5%, the (real) income of the median household showed no growth. And below the median, the income of some has gone down. As economists we have sounded a warning that something is not right here—all the growth cannot accrue only to the top income earners.
So, in the US, it was a wake-up call on inequality and when the politicians started picking up the issue, beginning with (President Barack) Obama, then this became a national issue. It is likely that the next presidential campaign will focus on the inequality issue.
In most successful emerging countries like China, India and Indonesia, too, we observe that inequality has increased a lot. Now, we may think that this is basically an outcome of economic development. This may or may not be (the case). Regardless there are some worrying signs that inequality has increased but it will not go down very easily. (...)

Complete article here]]>
Tue, 26 May 2015 11:31:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/500-urban-inequality-rising-far-more-in-india-francois-bourguignon
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop "You Can Call it a Muffasil Town, but Nothing Less: New Narratives of Urbanization and Urbanism from Census Towns in West Bengal", by Srilata Sircar http://www.csh-delhi.com/502-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-you-can-call-it-a-muffasil-town-but-nothing-less-new-narratives-of-urbanization-and-urbanism-from-census-towns-in-west-bengal-by-srilata-sircar Monday, 23 February 2015 Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

The dominant narrative of urbanization in India, and also globally, has been metro-centric and overdetermined by perspectives grounded in economics. In the Census of 2011, close to 2800 new settlements were categorized as “urban”, of which more than 2500 were classified as “Census Towns”. Census Towns (CT) are defined as settlements that have a population of at least 5000, density of 400 or more per sq. km. and where 75 per cent or more of the male workforce is employed in non-agricultural activities. The category of CTs represents the lowest size-rank of urban settlements in India. However, CTs remain under the administration of rural local governing bodies (Gram Panchayats) for indefinite periods of time, until the respective state governments act to endow them with Statutory Town (ST) status through a legislative intervention. With this unforeseen and unprecedented proliferation of CTs as per the census data, the academic gaze has shifted somewhat from large metropolitan areas to smaller urban centres. One of the key steps in this direction has been taken by the Subaltern Urbanization (SUBURBIN) project, which seeks to study the processes of urbanization that are taking place independently and away from big cities. Taking this as a point of entry into the discussion on the nature of urbanizations taking place in India, my presentation will draw from my fieldwork in Garbeta CT in West Medinipur, West Bengal. Based on oral histories of place, life story interviews, business histories and participatory mapping exercises, I will attempt to describe what ‘Garbeta town’ means to its current residents. I will focus on questions of land, identity and informality, and how aspects of change and continuity in socio-political relations have given shape to the present morphology of the town. In doing this, I make a conscious effort to revisit economic processes established in the mainstream literature as “urban”, and deconstruct them from a social justice standpoint. The work being presented is part of my doctoral project, which has an overall aim of diversifying and democratizing the narratives of urbanization and urbanism. The fieldwork for this project has been supported by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography and the Margit Althin Foundation of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
Srilata Sircar is a doctoral candidate at the Department of Human Geography, Lunds Universitet, Sweden. Her previous education has been in History and Development Studies
Fri, 03 Jul 2015 06:39:34 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/502-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-you-can-call-it-a-muffasil-town-but-nothing-less-new-narratives-of-urbanization-and-urbanism-from-census-towns-in-west-bengal-by-srilata-sircar
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop on "Pipe Politics: Contested Infrastructures of Millenial Mumbai", by Lisa Bjorkman http://www.csh-delhi.com/503-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-pipe-politics-contested-infrastructures-of-millenial-mumbai-by-lisa-bjorkman Tuesday, 24 February 2015
Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

In the Indian city of Mumbai, two dazzling decades of urban development and roaring economic growth have presided over the steady deterioration – and sometimes spectacular breakdown – of the city’s water infrastructures. Water troubles plague not only the more-than 60% of city residents now reported to live in ‘slums,’ but city elites as well have seen their taps grow increasingly erratic and prone to drying up. The everyday risks of water shortage that infuse the city’s water infrastructures– risks that flow across class lines – are managed and mitigated through the forging and maintenance of elaborate knowledge-exchange networks. Getting water to come out of Mumbai’s pipes is an activity that requires continuous attention to and intimate knowledge of a complex and dynamic social and political hydraulic landscape. Ethnographic attention reveals how water is made to flow by means of intimate forms of knowledge and ongoing intervention in the city’s complex and dynamic social, political, and hydraulic landscape. The everyday work of getting water animates and inhabits a penumbra of infrastructural activity – of business, brokerage, secondary markets and socio-political networks – whose workings are transforming lives as well as reconfiguring and rescaling political authority in the city. Mumbai’s illegible and volatile hydrologies are lending infrastructures increasing political salience just as actual control over pipes and flows becomes contingent upon dispersed and intimate assemblages of knowledge, power, and material authority.

Lisa Björkman is a research scholar at the University of Göttingen’s Transregional Research Network (CETREN) in Germany. Her work studies how global processes of urbanism and urban transformation are redrawing lines of socio-spatial exclusions and inclusions in Mumbai, animating new arenas of political mobilization, contestation and representation Lisa’s forthcoming book (Duke University Press 2015), Pipe Politics, Contested Waters: Embedded Infrastructures of Millennial Mumbai, which was awarded the American Institute of Indian Studies’ 2014 Book Prize in the Indian Social Sciences, is a political ethnography about the encounter in Mumbai between market-oriented urban development reforms and the material politics of the city’s water infrastructures. Lisa received a PhD in Politics from the New School for Social Research in New York in 2011.

Fri, 03 Jul 2015 06:42:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/503-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-pipe-politics-contested-infrastructures-of-millenial-mumbai-by-lisa-bjorkman
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop on "Fear and the City: Negotiating Everyday Life as a Young Baloch Man in Karachi", by Nida Kirmani http://www.csh-delhi.com/504-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-fear-and-the-city-negotiating-everyday-life-as-a-young-baloch-man-in-karachi-by-nida-kirmani Tuesday, 31 March 2015
Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

Covering approximately 1800 acres of land in Karachi’s South district and with a population of around 1.6 million, the densely populated, multi-ethnic and largely working class area of Lyari in Karachi, has been the site of an on-going conflict between criminal gangs, political parties and state security forces for over a decade. Lyari has come to be identified as one of the city’s ‘no-go areas’ because of on-going conflicts in the area. However, residents tell a different story; they refer to Lyari as ‘Karachi ki maan’ (the mother of Karachi) because the area was one of Karachi’s original settlements and long predates Partition. As such, many of the area’s residents identify as members of ‘indigenous communities’, distinguishing themselves from migrants who arrived in Karachi after Partition.
In particular, this talk will focus on fear and insecurity as emotional practices that structure the spatial and social relations within the city.  Using the narratives of young Baloch men who must negotiate the threat of violence at the hands of criminal gangs and state security forces within their area and rival political parties outside the area, the research presented will highlight how fear and insecurity must be understood as being contextually situated depending on one’s social and geographical position within the city. The experiences of these young men demonstrate how emotions, such as fear and insecurity, are both produced by and reproduce urban configurations of power. 

Nida Kirmani is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the Lahore University of Management Sciences. Her previous research focused on Muslims in India and the interaction between women’s movements and Islam in India and Pakistan. She has published widely on issues related to gender, Islam, development and urban studies. Her book, Questioning ‘the Muslim Woman’: Identity and Insecurity in an Urban Indian Locality, was published in 2013 by Routledge. Her current research focuses on urban violence and insecurity in Karachi.

Fri, 03 Jul 2015 06:43:38 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/504-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-fear-and-the-city-negotiating-everyday-life-as-a-young-baloch-man-in-karachi-by-nida-kirmani
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop on "“We are visioning it”: Availing the Futures of the Delhi Metro", by Rashmi Sadana http://www.csh-delhi.com/505-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-we-are-visioning-it-availing-the-futures-of-the-delhi-metro Tuesday, 28 April 2015
Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

The on-going construction of the Delhi Metro is a reminder that even twelve years on, the city is in a suspended state of transformation. This great unearthing, as we currently witness on the Ring Road, is also a continual reckoning with our very urban space. In contrast to Marc Augé’s classic meditation on the Paris Metro as an evocation of things past, here in Delhi the Metro represents a quintessential present and a referencing of the future.

The Delhi Metro is an exceptional project in every respect – for its costliness most of all but also for the way it was built and the kind of support it has received in the agencies that matter most. It is the ultimate top-down approach to city planning and one that cements middle-class interests from the city’s centres to its peripheries. The Metro also invites a wide swathe of society into the ambit of middle-class desire. This paper explores the visions at play, working to further urbanise the city. How are the city’s futures – in terms of traffic and pollution, safety and surveillance, status and inequality – being articulated? Drawing on interviews with urban planners, architects, and bureaucrats from the DMRC, DDA, UTTIPEC, and elsewhere, as well as empirical data from observations and interactions on trains and around stations, my paper offers a short, recent history of the Metro’s present in order to delve into its possible futures.

Rashmi Sadana is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at George Mason University in the Washington DC metro area. Her current project considers new forms of sociality, development of urban spaces, and politics of planning and design, through the prism of Delhi’s Metro. Her first book, English Heart, Hindi Heartland: The Political Life of Literature in India (University of California Press, 2012), is an ethnography of Delhi’s literary sphere and its multi-layered politics of cultural authenticity. She is co-editor of The Cambridge Companion to Modern Indian Culture and writes a regular column for DNA. She holds a Ph.D. in Anthropology from U.C. Berkeley, an M.A. in South Asia Studies from SOAS, University of London, and a B.A. in English from U.C. Berkeley. She was a National Science Foundation-funded postdoctoral fellow in Anthropology and in the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University and has taught as visiting faculty at IIT Delhi and IIT Madras.

Fri, 03 Jul 2015 09:57:53 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/505-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-we-are-visioning-it-availing-the-futures-of-the-delhi-metro
[Workshop] CSH-CPR urban workshop on "Public interest litigation as a slum demolition machine", by Anuj Bhuwania http://www.csh-delhi.com/506-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-public-interest-litigation-as-a-slum-demolition-machine-by-anuj-bhuwania Tuesday, 26 May 2015
Conference Hall, Centre for Policy Research, Dharma Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

In the first decade of the 21st century, the Delhi High Court presided over the most comprehensive and ruthless slum removal campaign that the city had seen in a generation. In this paper, the author will examine how the procedural departures made possible by India’s unique Public Interest Litigation (PIL) jurisdiction enabled it to function as a slum demolition machine. While much of the critique of the Indian appellate courts’ interventions in urban governance   has focused on its ideological predilections relying on a dissection of judgments, Dr Bhuwania argues that such discursive analysis serves only a limited purpose in helping us understand this phenomenon. This is because, city-related PIL cases of this era often did not end up in any ‘judgments’ at all but in an endless spiral of ‘orders,’ that are not reported in law journals. This is just another peculiarity of the 21st century PIL, among its numerous other anomalous features, which enabled the Court to perform a role that can scarcely be called adjudication, as it is usually conceived. However, much of the scholarship on PIL has ignored such specificities of this jurisdiction and has continued to concentrate on the completed judicial process, i.e. judgments and other reported decisions of the courts, and the discursive charge they have. The author argues, on the other hand, that to understand this phenomenon of the court-led remaking of the city in its materiality, the procedural departures of PIL, which the Delhi High Court took to its reduction ad absurdum in this period, have to be understood and foregrounded.

Anuj Bhuwania is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at South Asian University, New Delhi. He studied law in National Law School of India University, Bangalore and School of Oriental and African Studies, London before doing his PhD in Anthropology at Columbia University. He has been a visiting fellow at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance (CSLG), Jawaharlal Nehru University and at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), both in New Delhi.

Fri, 03 Jul 2015 06:46:18 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/506-workshop-csh-cpr-urban-workshop-on-public-interest-litigation-as-a-slum-demolition-machine-by-anuj-bhuwania
Seminar-Disparity,Exclusion,Discrimination http://www.csh-delhi.com/509-seminar-disparity-exclusion-discrimination The Center for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH) is proud to be credited in the last issue of the journal Seminar on Disparity, Exclusion, Discrimination edited by Prof. Surinder S. Jodhka (CSH) and in which also figure articles authored by Dr. Jules Naudet (CSH) and Dr. Himanshu (CSH).

You can directly access to the introduction of this issue on INEQUALITY by clicking here:

Full online version is not yet available but you can find the paper version which is already available in every good kiosk!

Wed, 02 Sep 2015 11:26:34 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/509-seminar-disparity-exclusion-discrimination
Mother India Screening http://www.csh-delhi.com/510-mother-india-screening At a time of revival of mythological references in the construction of the Indian Nation and against the backdrop of our previous conversations on women, gender and feminism in contemporary India, this CSH “visual evening” aimed at fostering discussion and thinking on essential matters at the crossroad between arts, politics and social sciences research.

{loadposition MIS}

Released in post-independent India and responding to Katherine Mayo’s 1927 highly controversial Mother Indiabook written against India’s demand for auto-determination 
and violently attacking Indian culture and society, Khan’s Mother India sets a goddess-like moral example of an ideal Indian women fighting hardship with dignity and courage.

The screening was followed by a conversation with Prof Sukrita Paul Kumar and Anandana Kapur.

Prof. Sukrita Paul Kumar
was born in Kenya and is a poet and critic who currently holds the Aruna Asaf Ali Chair at Delhi University. Formerly, a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, she was an invited poet and also is an Honorary Fellow of the International Writing Programme, University of Iowa (USA), as also of Hong Kong Baptist University. She has been a recipient of many prestigious fellowships and residencies. 

Amongst many others, her critical books include Narrating Partition and The New Story. She has published many collections of poems, some of which are Dream Catcher, PoemsCome Home (with Hindustani translations of her poems by Gulzar) and Without Margins. Her edited/co-edited books include Speaking for Herself: Asian Women’s Writings (Penguin) and Ismat: Her Life, Her Times. A known translator and an artist, she has also been a guest editor of some important journals such as Manoa of the University of Hawaii.

Anandana Kapur
 is an award winning filmmaker and communications designer who has worked extensively towards integrating film and social change initiatives. With a chosen specialization in documentary practice, Anandana has also worked on information and video campaigns for UNICEF, India. As a researcher and film scholar she has written extensively on gender, media, culture and social practice. children, university students, youth leaders and NGOs. Her films 'Much Ado About Knotting', 'The Great Indian Jugaad',  ‘Chamba Nede Aa ki Door’ and 'Blood on My Hands' have screened globally and received critical acclaim. Anandana's current work is on interactive cinema and the city of Delhi.






Tue, 18 Aug 2015 08:56:19 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/510-mother-india-screening
[Workshop] Water Regimes Questioned from the “Global South”: Agents, Practices and Knowledge http://www.csh-delhi.com/512-workshop-water-regimes-questioned-from-the-global-south-agents-practices-and-knowledge Scientific issues
During the 20th century, water distribution and treatment services (as well as gas, electricity, transportation and telecommunications services) emerged as a socio-technical system, vital for people living in towns and large metropolises. Deeply embedded in the materiality of social life and the environment, the system is closely linked to a physical geography (an hydric resource, pluviometry, terrain, ecosystem) that gives rise to economic factors (fixed assets) and legal institutions (norms, laws, contracts); it also corresponds to an institutional system that manages this resource in a specific territory occupied by social groups, with their conflicting interests; it requires specific skills in terms of administration and engineering and most of the time these are defined by the administrative services responsible for the management and construction of water infrastructures.

Aims of the workshop:
1) Essentially it would allow a first exchange, with a view to a publication, between the researchers specialized in water and working on its agents (engineers, lawyers, etc.), knowledge and practices, particularly interested in an analysis of the socio-technical systems that were established to transform a natural resource into a service in the region under study.

Participation in the workshop
Papers addressing the following areas are particularly welcome:

-Sociological and/or historical studies of different categories of agents who produced or are producing the doxa on water
-Sociological and/or historical approaches dealing with skills, professional practices and knowledge mobilized by these agents
-Historical analysis of the development of different kinds of knowledge (academic, expertise), and  their evolution.
-Political economy/critical geographies of (co)production of hydraulic regimes and socio-technical transformation (in terms of new regulations)
-Comparative studies of local and/or national configurations, especially including “South/North” perspectives
Papers are expected to be empirically grounded and proposals should include:
-The title of the paper
-The author (s), their institutional affiliation, phone number and e-mail address
-A brief summary of the paper, including the research problem, the main substantive argument and details regarding material and the methodology mobilized in the paper (not more than 6500 characters)
Abstract proposals are due August 31th, 2015 and should be submitted to waterregimes@gmail.comThe authors of accepted abstracts will be notified by September 1st, 2015. Full papers of accepted abstracts are due on December 1st, 2015.

Date and Venue:
The workshop will be held in Delhi on the 14th 15th and 16th of January 2016 at theCenter for social sciences and humanities (UMIFRE 20, USR 3330 « Savoirs et mondes indiens »).
The 3-day program will include presentations, collective discussions around the presentations, possibly the plan for a first level of publication based on on-going research, the formulation of a comparative problematic between the regions discussed.

For full details please download the attached-file: Water Regimes
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 12:11:57 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/512-workshop-water-regimes-questioned-from-the-global-south-agents-practices-and-knowledge
Discussions with Prof Surinder S Jodhka http://www.csh-delhi.com/513-discussions-with-prof-surinder-s-jodhka Prof Surinder S. Jodhka appears recently in different TV shows, you will find all the videos below (click on links to open):
1°) A discussion in English on the subject question of banning meat and the religious sentiments of the Jains. The government of Maharashtra and some other state governments banned the sale of meat for several days on the name of Jain community's religious sentiments during the Jain festival in September.
The Big Picture - Meat ban: Has Supreme Court said the final word?

2°) A discussion in Hindi language on the question of culture and how Indian culture should shape itself.
Sarokaar - Dialogue on Culture

3°) Rajya Sabha TV discussion on Religious Census (English) (August 2015). Government of Indian has recently released 2011 Census data on religious communities. It shows a relatively higher increase in Muslim population. How do we understand it?
Rajya Sabha TV discussion on Religious Census (English) (August 2015)

4°) NDTV India Discussion on Patel agitation (August 2015). In the last week of August 2015, members of a dominant caste community of Guajarat, Pattidar Patels began to protest for inclusion of their community in the list of Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Like other dominant castes, Patels have not only been a politically influential and economically prosperous community in rural Guajrat, they have also been quite successful in diversifying into urban businesses.
NDTV India Discussion on Patel agitation (August 2015)

This discussion was on the internal organisation problems of the Aam Admi Party, after they won elections in Delhi. Rajya Sabha (May 2015) discussion on AAP.
Internal organisation problems]]>
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 10:39:32 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/513-discussions-with-prof-surinder-s-jodhka
[Workshop] India in the Modern: Visions, Imaginings, Practices http://www.csh-delhi.com/514-workshop-modern-india-visions-imaginings-practices  

Prabhakar Barwe, Untitled, Ink on Paper, 1966
Photo credits:
Bodhana Arts Research Foundation


The Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH)

in collaboration with Alliance Française de Delhi,

  invites you to a workshop on


10th December 2015


M L Birla Auditorium, Alliance Française, New Delhi.

“By ‘modernity’ I mean the ephemeral, the fugitive, the contingent which make 

up one half of art whose other half is the eternal and the immutable.

Charles Baudelaire, "The Painter of Modern Life" in The Painter of Modern Life and Other Essays


Modern India weaves together multiple histories of thought, affect, and art, articulated through practices of consciousness of the political, the law and the social, gender and performances of the body and mind. These dense conceptualizations of the ‘modern’ are crucial to answer the questions of what constitutes ‘modern’ and what is the future envisioning of the ‘modern’? These enquiries are particularly pertinent for the current time that is witness to debates regarding turning to the past to deal with the present and to conceptualize a future; a time that is constantly making sense of the binaries of ‘modern’ and ‘tradition’ as appropriate for a post-colonial society.

{loadposition indmod}
This CSH workshop is a discussion on the multiple approaches of being modern in India. We bring in conversation, academics, artists, and professionals, who, informed by their personal and intellectual backgrounds, will share their visions and imaginings of the ‘modern’. The aim is not to arrive at a unified conceptual understanding of the ‘modern’, but the opposite: to open a discussion of the many visions of the modern as articulated through multiple forms of thoughts and expressions.
These explorations will be discussed at four panels, each presenting a distinctive theme: conceptual understandings, legal thought and practice, gender dynamics, and visual and performing arts. The panels will focus on genealogies of thought, social movements, everyday experiences and temporality of inequalities, gender based identities, legal rights, and the use of arts as a space for articulation, to understand the ‘modern’ of/in contemporary India.

Tue, 26 Jul 2016 07:23:30 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/514-workshop-modern-india-visions-imaginings-practices
Politics and Society http://www.csh-delhi.com/515-politics-and-society
The researches conducted under this section focus on the complexities of the Indian society after liberalization. Special attention is thus given to the new reconfigurations of the political, economic, cultural and social realms and to the way these four spheres interfere one with another. With strong grounding in sociology and in political science, the researchers of this division cover areas such as the analysis of the Indian stratification system, the impact of political and administrative reforms, the role of identity-based dynamics in politics, the evolution in practices of democracy, the study of social movements, the spatial inscription of inequalities, the study of lifestyles and socialization processes, the study of Indian educational system and educational policies and other issues.
{loadposition slideps}


Projet 1
Projet 2
Projet 3

Book 1
Book 2
Book 3

Publications 1
Publications 2
Publications 3


Wed, 23 Mar 2016 09:04:29 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/515-politics-and-society
Risks and Territorial Dynamics http://www.csh-delhi.com/516-risk-and-territorial-dynamics This research area focuses on technological, environmental and sanitary risks and their evolutions keeping in view major spatial dynamics in India at different scales (densification and urban growth, regional migration and daily mobility, land-use and land-cover change etc.). We cover a wide range of themes related to the identification and analysis of health risks (urbanization and epidemics, mobility and road accidents, food supply and non-communicable disease), technological risks (industrial events, urban pollution and public health) and environmental risks (flood, earthquake and human vulnerability). Studies are based on crisis analysis (Dengue epidemics in Delhi), evaluation of public policies and private initiatives on risk prevention (prevention plan and use of new communication technologies).]]> Mon, 11 Jan 2016 04:45:40 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/516-risk-and-territorial-dynamics Globalisation and Regulation http://www.csh-delhi.com/517-globalization-and-regulation At a time of profound transformation of the economic and political landscape by the forces of globalisation, the need for regulation has never been so evident.

Adopting a genuine multidisciplinary approach blending law, economics, political sciences and sociology with practical and conceptual approaches, the CSH globalisation and regulation research area aims at questioning the role and autonomy of the State in the regulating process while looking many other actors and norms of globalisation and regulation from a truly comparative angle encompassing South Asia’s most striking developments. 
Tue, 12 Jan 2016 06:31:13 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/517-globalization-and-regulation
Economics and Development http://www.csh-delhi.com/518-economics-and-development
The research activities conducted in the Economics and Development area cover a wide range of interrelated themes including economic growth (convergence across India’s states, regional determinants, impact on poverty reduction, city-centric growth), evaluation of public policies (employment guarantee scheme, special economic zones), comparative efficiency of regulatory tools and models of cooperation in resource management and public goods, and state-level policy dynamics.

Tue, 29 Mar 2016 05:45:08 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/518-economics-and-development
CSSS Colloquium http://www.csh-delhi.com/520-csss-colloquium CSSS Colloquium by Prof. Jules NAUDET gives a talk on The Three Worlds of Indian Capitalism Revisiting the Owner/Manager Opposition through an Analysis of the Social Space of Indian Top CEOs and Chairmen


While most of the sociological literature on the Indian business class has been focused on certain castes or communities, on certain industries or on certain localities, our paper proposes the first systematic pan-India analysis of top CEOs and chairmen in the contemporary period. We’ve indeed analyzed the social space of the CEOs and Chairmen of the top 100 Indian companies of 2012 using Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA). We draw on this analysis to discuss the internal divisions among top Indian property owners and top company managers. We more specifically look at the divisions by educational capital, the divisions by inherited capital, the divisions by caste and the division by social capital (drawing on a previous network analysis of the interlocking directorates of the top 250 Indian firms)..

Bio Data

Jules Naudet is a Research fellow at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities in New Delhi where he heads the “Politics and Society” division. He holds a doctorate degree in Sociology from SciencesPo Paris. His previous research focused on a comparative analysis of the experience of upward social mobility in France, in India and in the United-States. His book "Entrer dans l’élite: Parcours de réussite en France, aux Etats-Unis et en Inde" was published in 2012 by the Presses Universitaires de France. He co-edited the book “Justifier l’ordre social: Caste, race, classe et genre” with Christophe Jaffrelot (PUF, 2013). He is also the author of “Grand patron, Fils d’ouvrier” (Seuil, 2014). He now dedicates his research to the study of the Indian business elite.

Thu, 14 Jan 2016 06:37:42 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/520-csss-colloquium
Untouchability in Rural India http://www.csh-delhi.com/521-untouchability-in-rural-india This book is focused and systematic documentation of the incidence and extent of the practice of untouchability in contemporary India. Based on the results of a large survey covering 565 villages in 11 states, it reveals that untouchability continues to be widely prevalent and is practiced in one form or another in almost 80 per cent of the villages. Field data is supplemented by information about the forms of discrimination which Dalits face in everyday life, such as: 

– The ‘unclean’ occupations open to them
– The double burden of Dalit women, who suffer both gender and caste discrimination
– The upper-caste violence with which any Dalit self-assertion is met

The authors also describe Dalit efforts to overcome deeply entrenched caste hierarchies and assert their right to live with dignity. While the evidence presented here suggests that the more blatant and extreme forms of untouchability appear to have declined, discrimination continues and is most prevalent in the religious and personal spheres. The authors show that the notion of untouchability continues to pervade the public sphere, including a host of state institutions and the interactions that occur within them.]]>
Tue, 20 Oct 2015 06:59:55 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/521-untouchability-in-rural-india
Towards a Postcolonial Theory of Democracy, 17 June 2015, University of Cergy-Pontoise http://www.csh-delhi.com/522-towards-a-postcolonial-theory-of-democracy-17-june-2015-university-of-cergy-pontoise On 17 June, Prof. Partha Chatterjee, (Columbia University, New York), has presented his views on a Post-Colonial Theory of Democracy. The event was part of the workshop series “Démocraties / Démocratisations” organised by the Political Sciences Institute of Saint- Germain-en-Laye and the Centre for Political and Juridical Philosophy of the University of Cergy-Pointoise. The lecture was moderated by Prof. Carlos M. Herrera, Director of the CPJP, University of Cergy and Prof. Leïla Choukroune, Director of the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSH). 

{loadposition Dem}
Wed, 04 Nov 2015 06:50:51 GMT http://www.csh-delhi.com/522-towards-a-postcolonial-theory-of-democracy-17-june-2015-university-of-cergy-pontoise
Developing North-East India: the regional integration policy confirms its marginalization, by Xavier Houdoy, IFG http://www.csh-delhi.com/523-developing-north-east-india-the-regional-integration-policy-confirms-its-marginalization-by-xavier-houdoy-ifg

In January 2015, the Minister of Development of North Eastern Region (MDONER) announced the launch of the “Make in Northeast” initiative, a regional policy inspired by the vast national industrial development program known as “Make in India” strongly desired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Territorially landlocked, permanently kept on the fringe of the Indian collective imaginary, North-East India[1] is a land peninsula covering an area of nearly 255,000 square kilometres (7.7% of the Indian territory) bordering from West to East, Bhutan, China (Tibet), Myanmar and Bangladesh. Connected to the rest of India by the Siliguri corridor, a mere twenty-kilometre wide strip of land, the region suffers, at the national scale, of a growing socio-economical gap and qualifies as a periphery through both symbolic and political lenses. Over the last few years however, New Delhi has shown a growing interest in the development of the area, home to an estimated 40 million people (3.1% of the national population). The primary goal is to fight the isolation of the region by working towards its regional integration -in the official rhetoric, turning a "dead-end" into a "bridge" between South Asia and its eastern extended neighbourhood. This policy, originally outlined by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) coalition which ruled the country from 2004 to 2014, has since then been adopted by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), its rival now in power. Although shared beyond political divides, this approach raises certain interrogations as it validates the supremacy of the Central government over a region that appears as artificial under many aspects. In fact, the so-called “North-East” evokes neither any cultural reality nor any collective memory but rather embodies an homogenized and simplified vision promoted by New Delhi in its efforts to expand its reach over a largely ignored and marginalized territory.

Map of India and North-East India
(© 2015 / X. Houdoy)

The construction of a periphery : a multi-layered marginalization

The land known today as the "North-East" became part of the British Empire in 1826 when the signing of the Yandaboo Treaty marked the end of the first Anglo-Burmese War. Aside from the Brahmaputra valley (presently located in the State of Assam), endowed with sizeable hydrocarbon resources and suitable for tea culture, the rest of the territory was considered by the British Raj as a buffer zone to contain expansive moves from the enemy - Burmese, Chinese and later French, Japanese. In those areas, the colonial ruler merely sought the allegiance of local population without establishing a proper administrative presence. While this state of ‘loose governance’ continued for a few years after the Independence of India in 1947, the Partition that ensued aggravated the region’s isolation and created the conditions for its economic marginalization by depriving it from its main maritime outlet, the harbour of Chittagong.

In the 1950s-1960s, the country’s integrity faced challenges by the emergence of internal threats - the Naga, Mizo, and Manipuri uprisings - and external threats - the border dispute with China which caused the 1962 war - that convinced New Delhi of the necessity to assert its sovereignty. As a result, the Constitution of 1950 granted exceptional tutelary powers to the Centre, hence creating a ‘flexible’ federalism, commonly described as asymmetric. However, the increasing military presence and the intensification of the process of national integration kept increasing the growing distrust towards the federal government, damaging even more the native populations’ already weak sense of national belonging. The first attempt to foster development implemented at the time was widely regarded as a tool to anchor the presence of the State in the region. This implantation was mostly driven by a security approach that the State used to legitimate an irregular deployment of democratic institutions, hence contributing to the marginalization of the NER.

The promotion of a development-driven approach in the 2000s: the strengthening of a top-down dynamic

The security-driven angle ultimately failed to resolve the issues faced by the Indian nation-state, thus forcing New Delhi to reformulate its approach to the region at the turn of the 1990s. In order to foster development in the region, the UPA government decided to incorporate the NER into the Look East Policy (LEP), which since the early 1990s had been focusing on strengthening the economic ties between India and its neighbours to the East. Including the NER in the regional and trans-border initiatives already in place[2] would on the one hand encourage the region’s integration and on the other hand intensify India’s external relations with its South-East and East-Asian partners.

This policy contributed in bringing new actors to the forefront, thus breaking the monopoly that the Ministries of Home Affairs (MHA) and Defence (MOD), respectively in charge of the internal and external security of the region, had enjoyed hitherto. The 2000s saw the installation of India’s main chambers of commerce and industry in the region, as well as the opening of a branch of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in charge of coordinating the inclusion of the NER into the LEP. Although this undoubtedly reveals a renewed interest for the region, it also creates a paradox: by working towards its territorial opening, the region is getting institutionally land-locked, wedged between the pro-liberal logic promoted by the MEA and a security-driven prism kept alive - and at times exploited - by the traditional actors. The creation of the Ministry of Development of the North-East Region (MDONER) in 2004 was intended as a solution to this problem, as the newly established institution’s mandate was to coordinate the roles of the variou